Roman Style Mass Chasuble
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Gothic Style Mass Chasuble
Front & Back
Brethren: Know you not that they that run in the race, all run indeed, but one receiveth the prize? So run that you may obtain. And every one that striveth for the mastery, refraineth himself from all things: and they indeed that they may receive a corruptible crown; but we an incorruptible one.
I therefore so run, not as at an uncertainty: I so fight, not as one beating the air: But I chastise my body, and bring it into subjection: lest perhaps, when I have preached to others, I myself should become a castaway. For I would not have you ignorant, brethren, that our fathers were all under the cloud, and all passed through the sea. And all in Moses were baptized, in the cloud, and in the sea: And did all eat the same spiritual food, And all drank the same spiritual drink; and they drank of the Spiritual Rock that followed them, and the Rock was Christ.
But with most of
them God was not well pleased.
Please stand for the Holy Gospel.
The Gospel appointed to be read during the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass today is taken from the Holy Gospel of Saint Matthew Chapter 20, Verses 1-16.
At that time, Jesus spoke to His Disciples this parable: The Kingdom of Heaven is like to an householder, who went out early in the morning to hire labourers into his vineyard. And having agreed with the labourers for a penny a day, he sent them into his vineyard. And going about the third hour, he saw others standing in the market place idle. And he said to them: Go you also into my vineyard, and I will give you what shall be just. And they went their way.
And again he went out about the sixth and the ninth hour, and did in like manner.
But about the eleventh hour he went out and found others standing, and he saith to them: Why stand you here all the day idle? They say to him: Because no man hath hired us. He saith to them: Go you also into my vineyard.
And when evening was come, the lord of the vineyard saith to his steward: Call the labourers and pay them their hire, beginning from the last even to the first. When therefore they were come, that came about the eleventh hour, they received every man a penny. But when the first also came, they thought that they should receive more: and they also received every man a penny. And receiving it they murmured against the master of the house, Saying: These last have worked but one hour, and thou hast made them equal to us, that have borne the burden of the day and the heat. But he answering said to one of them: Friend, I do thee no wrong: didst thou not agree with me for a penny? Take what is thine, and go thy way: I will also give to this last even as to thee. Or, is it not lawful for me to do what I will? is thy eye evil, because I am good?
So shall the last be first, and the first last. For many are called, but few chosen
Thus far are the words of today's Holy Gospel.
What does it take to be one of the chosen few?
Because contrast is usually one method that can be quite effective to more clearly understand a certain Truth, you should first consider what it means not to be one of the chosen few.
At the end of today’s Epistle, the Church makes use of Saint Paul’s clear explanation of what happened to the “chosen people” of the Old Testament.
The text reads in part: “For I would not have you ignorant, brethren, that our fathers were all under the cloud, and all passed through the sea. [You will note that here the Apostle is clearly talking about the Israelites.] And all in Moses were baptized, in the cloud, and in the sea: And did all eat the same spiritual food, And all drank the same spiritual drink; and they drank of the Spiritual Rock that followed them, and the Rock was Christ. But with most of them God was not well pleased.” (1 Corinthians 10:1-5).
These, then, are the many who were called, but they were not chosen!!! WHY?
Even Saint Paul wants all of us to learn from their stupid mistakes so that none of us make the same dumb mistakes they made so that all of us can in fact be numbered among the chosen.
WHAT did they do not to be chosen? The Apostle says that all the Israelites were baptized through Moses in the cloud and in the sea. This does not mean that Moses had physically baptized the Israelites when they passed through the Red Sea under the protection of the cloud. Rather, this “baptism” is to be taken figuratively in a Spiritual sense, not literally. It refers to the benefits the Israelites received from the cloud because this cloud kept them cooler during the heat of the day while it lit their way at night.
In this sense, it foreshadowed the New and Eternal Law’s Grace of the Sacrament of Baptism which cools concupiscence and lights the mind. The Red Sea was a type of the water of Baptism, out of which a new Catholic safely comes forth, just as the Israelites safely came forth from the waters of the Red Sea after passing through it. Moses, who led the Israelites through the Red Sea, is considered to prefigure the Priest or Prelate who Baptizes, or rather Christ, by Whose Holy Name he Baptizes in Persona Christi as the theologians teach, i.e. in the Person of Christ.
Saint Paul says the Israelites ate the same spiritual food, the daily manna with which God fed the Israelites during their forty-years of wandering in the desert. This daily manna is a type of the Blessed Sacrament, as Christ Himself hints where He says:
“I am the bread of life. Your fathers did eat manna in the desert, and are dead. This is the bread which cometh down from Heaven; that if any man eat of it, he may not die. I am the living bread which came down from Heaven.” (John 6:48-51).Then the Apostle says that all drank the same Spiritual drink from the Spiritual Rock that followed them, and the Rock was Christ. This was the rock that Moses had struck and, after striking it a second time, water flowed from it in such abundance that all the people could quench their thirst with it. This rock followed the Israelites, not physically, but in the sense that the Israelites never again suffered from the want of water, and were provided by God with everything necessary.
This rock is called the Spiritual Rock because it referred to Christ and prefigured Him because Christ is the rock that was struck with the staff, that is, with the holy cross, and out of whose Sacred side flowed His Most Precious Blood which we drink unto eternal life in the Sacrament of the Most Holy Eucharist remembering that the Council of Trent teaches that "Christ is received", "whole and entire"
(“The Catechism of the Council of Trent”, translated by John A. McHugh, O.P. and Charles J. Callan, O.P., Part II: The Sacraments - The Sacrament of the Eucharist, Testimony Of The Fathers; Meaning of the Real Presence, Christ Whole And Entire Is Present In The Eucharist),i.e. not only His Sacred Body, but also His Most Precious Blood, in the Sacred Consecrated Host. And, just as the rock “followed” the Israelites, today Christ, the rock of our salvation, continually flows for us on our pilgrimage towards Heaven.
But with most of them God was not well pleased because the Israelites should have shown gratitude to God, thanking Him for the benefits of daily manna and the water from the rock. They should have served God with great zeal. Sad to say, they failed to do this as the Bible recounts how they were so extremely fickle and stubborn that even Moses was at his wits end trying to please these grumpy people of all ages. No wonder only two of them, from among the entire group that had left Egypt, were permitted to enter the Promised Land!
Despite everything God did for them, they offended God again and again by a life of sin, even falling into idolatry. Hence, with most of them God was not well pleased, that is, with all those who sinned against the Ten Commandments. The result was that out of the original 600,000 Israelites who left Egypt with Moses, 40 years later only two of them, Josue and Caleb, entered the Promised Land. The rest of the original 599,998 Israelites died in the desert without even seeing the Promised Land!
Contrast this disaster, not only with the chosen two, but today with the chosen few who desire to be faithful to the Holy Catholic Faith by coming here to Christ, the Spiritual Rock, during the Holy Sacrifice of the unchangeable Catholic Traditional Mass, Who is the living bread Who comes down from Heaven during the Transubstantiation and Who gives you the manna of Himself in Holy Communion so that your Immortal Soul does not Spiritually die of hunger and thirst here in the desert of this life.
By contrast then, IF you really want to be one of the chosen few, be sure to thank God for everything He has ever given to you. This is one of the beauties of the Mass because, in part, it is a Holy Sacrifice of Thanksgiving and thus the perfect time during which to give gratitude to God for every Blessing He has showered on you!
Also, be sure to keep your soul spotless with the Sacrament of Penance whenever, despite your best efforts to the contrary, you fall into sin or relapse into your former sins. The scary thing today is that it is still True that many are called, but few chosen because too many Catholics do not really do what is required for salvation.
Therefore, if you do not want to be lost with the crowd of the many, but to be saved with the chosen few, work with zeal for your salvation, remembering that: “The Kingdom of Heaven suffereth violence, and the violent bear it away” (Matthew :12) by which “violence” is meant assault Heaven with your Masses, prayers, acts of mortification, the practice of Virtue, etc.
We suggest you begin by really making an effort, by the Grace of God, to practice the Virtue of Humility. But first pray for Humility because Humility is the basis of all of the Virtues as the Angelic Doctor is wont to teach, saying:
“Wherefore the first step in the acquisition of Virtue may be understood in two ways. First by way of removing obstacles: and thus Humility holds the first place, inasmuch as it expels pride, which God resisteth, and makes man submissive and ever open to receive the influx of Divine grace. Hence it is written (James 4:6): ‘God resisteth the proud, and giveth Grace to the humble.’ In this sense Humility is said to be the foundation of the Spiritual edifice.” (Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., [b. 1225 A.D. in Rocca Secca, Naples, Italy - d. Wednesday, March 7, 1274 A.D., in Fossa Nuova, Italy], Doctor of the Church, Summa Theologica, Part II-II, Question 161, Article 5, Reply to Objection 2; emphasis added).“Spiritual edifice”, means the “Spiritual structure” of one’s Spiritual Life which should not be built upon the sand of the sea-shore, but rather built upon the rock-solid mountain of the Catholic Traditional Spiritual Life which is in complete conformity and uniformity with the Sacred Scriptures upon which certain Holy Catholic Saints have given us Spiritual roadmaps to Heaven, so to speak.
The Spiritual roadmaps to Heaven are also known as Schools of Catholic Traditional Spirituality which are the time-tested classical methods of some of the great Saints in the Catholic Church, e.g. the Benedictine, Dominican, Franciscan, Carmelite, and Jesuit Schools of Spirituality, to name a few.
Because one who does not have the Virtue of Humility not only lacks a solid basis for one’s Spiritual Life, but also blocks the acquisition of the other Virtues. This is why We recommend that you pray the Litany of Humility every day.
As part of an objection, the Angelic Doctor quotes the Doctor of Grace, who: “says (De Nat. et Gratia xxxiv): ‘Humility should take the part of Truth, not of falsehood.’” He then continues: “Now some men are of the highest rank, who cannot, without falsehood, subject themselves to their inferiors. Therefore one ought not, by humility, to subject oneself to all men.” (Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., [b. 1225 A.D. in Rocca Secca, Naples, Italy - d. Wednesday, March 7, 1274 A.D., in Fossa Nuova, Italy], Doctor of the Church, Summa Theologica, Part II-II, Question 161, Article 3, Objection 2; emphasis added).
Saint Thomas responded to this objection:
“If we set what our neighbor has of God’s above that which we have of our own, we cannot incur falsehood. Wherefore a gloss [*St. Augustine, QQ. lxxxiii, qu. 71] on Philippians 2:3, ‘in Humility, let each esteem others better than themselves,’ says: ‘We must not esteem by pretending to esteem; but we should in Truth think it possible for another person to have something that is hidden to us and whereby he is better than we are, although our own good whereby we are apparently better than he, be not hidden.” (Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., [b. 1225 A.D. in Rocca Secca, Naples, Italy - d. Wednesday, March 7, 1274 A.D., in Fossa Nuova, Italy], Doctor of the Church, Summa Theologica, Part II-II, Question 161, Article 3, Reply to Objection 2; emphasis added).What does this mean? Christ taught the people profound doctrinal and moral Truths in parables in which Christ spoke in “certain” general terms? Christ sometimes did mention general types of persons, but never a specific person by name. For example, in His parable on who is one’s “neighbour”, found in Chapter 10 of Saint Luke, Christ mentions six generic people:
1) “a certain man”;In the imitation of Christ, consider the meaning of the Angelic Doctor about Humility and false Humility:
3) “a certain priest”;
4) “a Levite”;
5) “a certain Samaritan”;
6) “the host”.
Now there is “a certain 5-Star General” whom “a certain 1st Lieutenant” tries to badger to relinquish both his Rank of, and his uniform of, a 5-Star General, and instead to call himself, and to wear the uniform of, that of which his protagonist is, namely a 1st Lieutenant. It would be false humility for the “certain 5-Star General” to accede to the ignorance of, or jealously of, the “certain 1st Lieutenant”. In the Humility of Truth, the “certain 5-Star General”, resplendent in the insignia of his Rank, prays for the enlightenment of that “certain 1st Lieutenant”.Now the ultimate criterion of Humility is this - “HUMILITY IS TRUTH” -
and anything contrary to the Truth of Humility is either the sin of pride or the sin of the hypocrisy of false humility which is also falsehood.(Father Walter Farrell, O.P., S.T.D., S.T.M., [b. Chicago, Illinois on Tuesday, July 21,1902 A.D. - d. River Forest, Illinois on Friday, November 23, 1951 A.D.], a Moral Theologian, Member of the Thomistic Institute, A Companion to the Summa, Volume 3, Chapter XVIII -- The Fullness of Truth [Q. 155-165])
N.B. The parable of the 5-Star General and the 1st Lieutenant “is a riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma.” (Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill, KG, OM, CH, TD, FRS, PC (Can) [b. Monday, November 30, 1874 A.D. - d. Sunday, January 24, 1965] Radio Broadcast, Sunday, October 1, 1939) which conundrum’s (puzzle) key is the peripatetic (itinerant) 5th labor (of Hercules) of the Augean stables, or more like the culmination of the Capture of Cerberus (the guardian dog of Hades) (the 12th labor of Hercules), resulting in an erysipelas (infection of the skin) cacophony of (harsh-sounding) theories which devolve into the black hole of a nanosecond of nothingness (much ado about nothing) resulting in an exercise of futility in which that which was imputed comes to naught with no ultimate basis in fact but which instead is but a phantasm, “a false creation, proceeding from the heat-oppressed brain.”
(William Shakespeare [Baptized on Sunday, April 26, 1564 A.D. - d. on Saturday, April 23, 1616 A.D.], “The Tragedy of Macbeth”, 1606 A.D., Act II, Scene I, Macbeth, Dagger Soliloquy Scene),akin to the wispy Wagnerian theatrical “Ride of the Valkyries”, the proverbial will-o’-the-wisp, a.k.a. ignis fatuus (elusive), overheated imagination in a zombizied knock-off akin to Lady Macbeth’s irremovable “spot”
(William Shakespeare, “The Tragedy of Macbeth”, 1606 A.D., Act V, Scene I, Lady Macbeth speaking to the Doctor)of “The Thane of Fife had a wife” fame and the myth of the Odyssean Siren’s Odyssey juxtaposed by harassed illusions of “spotted snakes with double tongue”
(William Shakespeare, “A Midsummer Night's Dream”, 1596 A.D., Act II, Scene II, First Fairy’s song)all of which goes to say that this parable is nothing more or less than a general observation which should not be misconstrued as applying - in any way - to any one particular person or persons in the real world, just as the parables of Christ did not apply to any specific person or persons but were used only as general examples and principles of doctrinal Truths and moral issues and hence the above are general examples of the principles of moral issues concerning false humility.
IF some of you may be wondering why the above explanation of the parable of the 5-Star General and the 1st Lieutenant is necessary?, the reason is that its application has to do with the fact that, over the years, a few Catholic Traditional Clergy, for various reasons, have been told they commit the sin of pride by correctly identifying and exercising their lawful ecclesiastical Offices as they work in the Vineyard of the Lord - which the other many Clergy do not want to acknowledge, probably through jealousy?
These other many Clergy - among whom are found not a few other many Catholic Traditional Clergy - take it upon themselves to admonish the few Catholic Traditional Clergy that they need to practice the Virtue of Humility and demand that they give up their "fake" ecclesiastical Offices.
Sad to say, many such jealous Clergy do not understand that for the few Catholic Traditional Clergy to do what these many jealous Clergy (which includes many from among the Catholic Traditional Clergy) want them to do, would be a sin against the Truth because their ecclesiastical Offices are valid and true (certainly not "fake" in any way having been conferred by legitimate ecclesiastical superiors lawfully exercising their own ecclesiastical Offices) and also against the Virtue of Humility because Humility is Truth as is clear from the above.
Rather, to do such a thing would also be the sin of "false humility", which is contrary to the real Virtue of Humility and is likewise a disguised attack against the integrity of said few Catholic Traditional Clergy.
Although this issue may seem meaningless, or even stupid, to the average Catholic Laity?, it is a major issue that is found just under the visible "surface", or "behind the scenes", if you prefer, with many disgruntled, jealous, Clergy (which even includes many from among the Catholic Traditional Clergy) with covetous eyeballs who seem to be much more concerned with Church politics than with saving souls which is the focus of the few Catholic Traditional Clergy who try to ignore such "temper-tantrums" of the said many Clergy and, instead, continue to go about doing God's Holy Work in the Vineyard of the Lord, even though the many Clergy before them have borne the burden of the day and the heat (Matthew 20:12).
Perhaps if many of these burden of the day and the heat Clergy/politicians were more focused on really saving souls and putting forth a real honest effort to do good work in the Vineyard of the Lord, they might also end up with some of these same ecclesiastical Offices which they so jealously covet? But, since they have not earned such Offices, they choose to denigrate these Offices and begrudge those few who have been lawfully and validly given these Offices.
The bottom line is this: These many jealous, pride-filled Clergy, who are so overly concerned about how a few of their Brother Clergy have been "rewarded", are among the many who were called (1 Corinthians 10:1-5), but they are not - with good reason - among the few chosen you find in today's Gospel (Matthew 20:16)!!!
“It can neither profit me, the speaker, to speak, nor you, the hearers, to hear, unless we comply with the things which are spoken, ...so let us not limit the display of our zeal to hearing only, but let us observe what is said in our deeds. For it is indeed a good thing to spend time continually in hearing the Divine oracles: but this good thing becomes useless when the benefit to be derived from hearing is not linked with it.” (Patriarch Saint John Chrysostom [b. Antioch, c. 347 A.D. - d. at Commana in Pontus on Friday, September 14, 407 A.D.], Patriarch of Constantinople [Thursday, February 26, 398 A.D. - Thursday, June 24, 404 A.D.], exiled from his See the 2nd time on Thursday, June 24, 404 A.D., Father and Doctor of the Catholic Church. Sermon on Romans 12:20; emphasis added.)
For our resolutions, let all of us, by the Grace of God, firmly resolve, by the Grace of God, to always practice the Virtues of Humility and Meekness and to rejoice at the good fortune of others. Let all of us pray to overcome even the most remote feelings of jealous towards others when they are rewarded in whatever way.
Recite the Litany
of Humility frequently, preferably daily. In this way, you can work
to become worthy of being numbered among the chosen few because
is not the place of the many but of the few chosen (Matthew
20:16). God is into quality, not quantity!
This explains why Hell is the place of the many and Heaven is
the place of the few chosen (Matthew 20:16).