Roman Style Mass Chasuble
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Gothic Style Mass Chasuble
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Put ye on therefore, as the elect of God, holy, and beloved, the heart of mercy, benignity, humility, modesty, patience: Bearing with one another, and forgiving one another, if any have a complaint against another: even as the Lord hath forgiven you, so do you also. But above all these things have Charity, which is the bond of perfection: And let the peace of Christ rejoice in your hearts, wherein also you are called in one body: and be ye thankful.
Let the word of Christ dwell in you abundantly, in all wisdom: teaching and admonishing one another in psalms, hymns, and spiritual canticles, singing in Grace in your hearts to God. All whatsoever you do in word or in work, do all in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ, giving thanks to God and the Father by Him.
Please stand for the Holy Gospel.
The Gospel appointed to be read during the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass today is taken from the Holy Gospel of Saint Luke, Chapter 2, Verses 42-52.
When Jesus was twelve years old, they going up into Jerusalem, according to the custom of the feast, and having fulfilled the days, when they returned, the Child Jesus remained in Jerusalem; and His Parents knew it not. And thinking that He was in the company, they came a day's journey, and sought Him among their kinsfolks and acquaintance. And not finding Him, they returned into Jerusalem, seeking Him.
And it came to pass, that, after three days, they found Him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, hearing them, and asking them questions. And all that heard Him were astonished at His wisdom and His answers. And seeing Him, they wondered.
And His Mother said to Him: Son, why hast thou done so to us? behold Thy Father and I have sought Thee sorrowing. And He said to them: How is it that you sought Me? Did you not know, that I must be about My Father's business? And they understood not the word that He spoke unto them. And He went down with them, and came to Nazareth, and was subject to them. And His Mother kept all these words in her heart. And Jesus advanced in wisdom, and age, and Grace with God and men.
Thus far are the words of today's Holy Gospel.
The English word “subject” comes from the word “subditus” found in the Latin Vulgate of Saint Jerome which was chosen to be the official Scripture of the Roman Catholic Church by the Roman Catholic General Council of Trent which stated that it:
“declares that the said old and Vulgate edition [of Saint Jerome] which, by the lengthened usage of so many ages, has been approved of in the Church, be, in public lectures, disputations, Sermons and expositions, held as authentic; and that no one is to dare or presume to reject it under any pretext whatever.” (Roman Catholic Council of Trent, Session IV, Monday, April 8, 1546, Decree Concerning the Edition and the Use of the Sacred Books; emphasis added.)The original Greek text, in Roman characters, reads “hupotassomenos”, the root word of which is “hupotasso” (pronounced: hoop-ot-as'-so) which means “to subordinate”.
Reflexively, it means:
“to obey; to be under obedience; to be obedient; to put under; to subdue unto; to be or to make subject to or unto; to be, or, to put, in subjection to or under; to submit oneself unto”.In other words, this Scripture is really saying that the Christ Child “went down with them, and came to Nazareth, and was” obedient “to them”.
In doing this, the Christ Child gave all Children the example which He expects all Children to follow, namely for all Children to obey their Parents. Consider how the Christ Child, also being God the Son in virtue of His Hypostatic Union, the union of His Divinity with His human nature, was actually giving everyone, including Children, an example for all of us to follow, namely the Virtues of Humility and Meekness. So this goes far beyond the Virtue of Obedience.
For example, you may recall how the Scripture testifies how God the Father, referring to Jesus Christ: “hast subjected all things under His feet. For in that He hath subjected all things to Him, He left nothing not subject to Him.” (Hebrews 2:8).
In other words, even though God the Father left nothing, which includes no one person, “not subject to Him”, meaning to Christ, yet Christ, to Whom God the Father made everything and everyone subject to Christ, in giving each of us the example of the practice of the Virtues of Obedience, Humility and Meekness, “went down with them, and came to Nazareth, and was” obedient “to them” in His human nature, even though, technically, they themselves were subject to Him in terms of His Divine nature as God the Son!
Before His death, which was necessary to redeem the human race, the Scripture again reminds all of us of His heroic acts of Obedience, Humility and Meekness where you read that: “He humbled Himself, becoming obedient unto death, even to the death of the cross.” (Philippians 2:8).
Christ has given each of us the most perfect examples of the Virtues of Obedience, Humility and Meekness to imitate, no matter what your age might happen to be. We would remind you of that Scripture of Saint Peter who tells all of us to: “insinuate humility one to another, for God resisteth the proud, but to the humble He giveth Grace. Be you humbled therefore under the mighty hand of God, that He may exalt you in the time of visitation. Casting all your care upon Him, for He hath care of you.” (1 Peter 5:5-7).
Returning to the Scripture for the Sermon today which says: “And He went down with them, and came to Nazareth, and was subject to them” (GOSPEL - Luke 2:51), WHO are the “them” to whom He was obedient?
To His Holy Mother, the Blessed Virgin Mary, and also to His foster Father, Saint Joseph who, according to some Mystics, was an Uncle of the Blessed Virgin Mary.
IF this is true, which even the Scripture tends to suggest is the case, it would therefore probably answer the question some of you might have had about why the Evangelist Saint Matthew traces the lineage of Christ in His Gospel from Abraham up to Saint Joseph rather than up to the Blessed Virgin Mary?
To refresh your memories, beginning with Abraham, Saint Matthew traces the lineage of Christ in His Gospel where he writes in part: “The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham: Abraham begot Isaac. And Isaac begot Jacob....” (Matthew 1:1-2).
After reciting the 14 verses of the lineage of Christ, the Evangelist concludes with these two verses: “And Eliud begot Eleazar. And Eleazar begot Mathan. And Mathan begot Jacob. And Jacob begot Joseph the Husband of Mary.” (Matthew 1:15-16).
But it is not enough for Parents to require obedience from their Children because Parents themselves need to be living examples of the Virtues of Obedience, Humility, and Meekness to their Children by obeying the 10 Commandments of God and also obeying each and every one of the Precepts of the Catholic Church and, by the Grace of God, by living a Spiritual Life.
“It can neither profit me, the speaker, to speak, nor you, the hearers, to hear, unless we comply with the things which are spoken, ...so let us not limit the display of our zeal to hearing only, but let us observe what is said in our deeds. For it is indeed a good thing to spend time continually in hearing the Divine oracles: but this good thing becomes useless when the benefit to be derived from hearing is not linked with it.” (Patriarch Saint John Chrysostom [b. Antioch, c. 347 A.D. - d. at Commana in Pontus on Friday, September 14, 407 A.D.], Patriarch of Constantinople [Thursday, February 26, 398 A.D. - Thursday, June 24, 404 A.D.], exiled from his See the 2nd time on Thursday, June 24, 404 A.D., Father and Doctor of the Catholic Church. Sermon on Romans 12:20; emphasis added.)
For our resolutions, let all of us, by the Grace of God, firmly resolve to ask the Christ Child for the Graces you need TO REALLY LIVE a Spiritual Life, in part, by imitating His sterling examples of the Virtues of Obedience, Humility, and Meekness so that you, too, will grow to perfection in the Virtues of Obedience and of Humility - of which Humility is the basis of all of the Virtues - assisted by Meekness.
Sadly, too often adult Catholics think nothing of disobeying the Precepts, also known as the Commandments, of the Catholic Church, including the 5th Precept/Commandment of the Church.