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Editorials

From the Desk of
Patriarch Jacobus Maria DeJesus, D.D.

Editorial

Introduction to
A Brief History of the
Traditional Catholic Mass
Of the Roman Catholic Church
Known as the Ancient Roman Rite of Mass



Preface

Make a Decision On the Conclusion



“6. Now I beseech you by the Mercy of the Lord, that as I will in this letter according to your desire write to you of Divine things and of the witness of a pure conscience to our Faith, no one will think to judge me by the beginning of my letter before he has read the conclusion of my argument. For it is unfair before the complete argument has been grasped, to conceive a prejudice on account of initial statements, the reason of which is yet unknown, since it is not with imperfect statements before us that we must make a decision for the sake of investigation, but on the conclusion for the sake of knowledge.   I have some fear, not about you, as God is witness of my heart, but about some who in their own esteem are very cautious and prudent but do not understand the Blessed Apostle’s precept not to think of themselves more highly than they ought: for I am afraid that they are unwilling to know all those facts, the complete account of which I will offer at the end, and at the same time they avoid drawing the true conclusion from the aforesaid facts.  But whoever takes up these lines to read and examine them has only to be consistently patient with me and with himself and peruse the whole to its completion. Perchance all this assertion of my Faith will result in those who conceal their Heresy, being unable  to practice the deception they wish, and in True Catholics attaining the object which they desire.” (Bishop Saint Hilary of Poitiers [b. at Poitiers, France in  c. 315 A.D. - d. Poitiers, France on Saturday, January 13, 368 A.D.], a married Bishop of Poitiers [350  A.D. - Saturday, January 13, 368 A.D.], Father and Doctor of the Catholic Church, “Select Works on the Trinity and Psalms”; On the Councils, or the Faith of the Easterners, ¶ 6; emphasis added.)



Pope Pius XII, Pontifical Low Mass in Saint Peter's, at the Vatican
Please Click on Photo for Video



What Is The Big Deal About the Traditional Catholic Mass
Of the Roman Catholic Church
Known as the Ancient Roman Rite of Mass?


Answer



Part One

Almighty God DID NOT Have To Create YOU!

Almighty God did NOT have to create YOUR Immortal Human Soul and infuse it into YOUR physical body as it existed at the exact, precise instant of YOUR physical conception!

It should be noted that “the Catholic Faith obliges us to hold that [Immortal Human] Souls are immediately created by God”.  (Pope Pius XII, Eugenio Pacelli, [Thursday, March 2, 1939 - Thursday, October 9, 1958], Encyclical “Humani Generis”,  On Human Origin,
Concerning Some False Opinions Threatening to Undermine The Foundations of Catholic Doctrine, ¶ 36, Wednesday, April 12, 1950.)
This means that YOU ARE NOT some phantasm of the mind in an alter world of a discordant Dr. Who, and, likewise, YOU ARE NOT  “a false creation, proceeding from the heat-oppressed brain.” (William Shakespeare, [b. at Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England in April 1564 A.D. - d. at Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England on Saturday, April 23, 1616], Theatrical Play:  “The Tragedy of Macbeth”, 1606 A.D., Act II, Scene I, The Dagger Scene Soliloquy.)

Similarly, YOU ARE NOT   some freak of a dour, delusional, non compos mentis evolutionist.  So also, YOU ARE NOT   some long-forgotten robotic ape from a Star-Wars episode.

On the contrary, YOU WERE  CREATED  BY  GOD,  and even the “very hairs of YOUR head are all numbered.” (Matthew 10:30.)

Lest We be remiss by inadvertently ignoring those of you who are philosophers and theologians, We respectfully provide you with some savory meat for your well-honed inglenook, as well as for your prayerful perusal:

“5. If anyone examines the state of affairs outside the Christian fold, he will easily discover the principal trends that not a few learned men are following. Some imprudently and indiscreetly hold that evolution, which has not been fully proved even in the domain of natural sciences, explains the origin of all this, and audaciously support the monistic and pantheistic opinion that the world is in continual evolution. Communists gladly subscribed to this opinion so that, when the Souls of men have been deprived of every idea of a personal God, they may the more efficaciously defend and propagate their dialectical materialism.”

“6. Such fictitious tenets of evolution which repudiate all that is absolute, firm and immutable, have paved the way for the new erroneous philosophy which, rivaling idealism, immanentism and pragmatism, has assumed the name of existentialism, since it concerns itself only with existence of individual things and neglects all consideration of their immutable essences.”

“The Faith tells us that God daily creates the Souls of babies, and that in the beginning He created the Spiritual Soul of the first man. For Him the miracle is an absolute beginning which is not at all repugnant to reason.”  (Footnote # 33.)  (Father Reginald Garrigou - Lagrange, O.P., La nouvelle théologie où va-t-elle?, Where is the New Theology Leading Us?, ¶¶ 5-6; and also Footnote # 33; emphasis added.)

Nevertheless, Almighty God was NOT under any kind of obligation to create YOU, but God DID create YOU!

Consider the huge numbers of the trillions upon trillions of possible Rational Immortal Souls God could have created, but He never did, and never will do, and never will infuse into any physical human body!

BECAUSE Almighty God created YOU is the ultimate reason WHY the Traditional Catholic Mass
of the Roman Catholic Church truly IS a really BIG DEAL!

YOU are a creature created by Almighty God, the Creator.  Irregardless whether or not you are aware of it, YOU, the created, have a direct relationship with Almighty God, the Creator.

YOU, the created, have a duty and a responsibility to YOUR Creator, Almighty God!

YOUR duty and responsibility to YOUR Creator, Almighty God, is to be found in the proper sacrifice to Almighty God.

It makes no difference whether or not you personally believe this or not, the bottom line is this duty and responsibility is still there and still consists in the proper..sacrifice to Almighty God - but it can, and must be, ONLY  the proper sacrifice which GOD requires from you!

Primitive people instinctively knew this truth which is why one finds a history of various kinds of IMPROPER sacrifices made by those beings endowed with a human rational nature.  Said another way, it is an instinctive part of human rational nature to try to offer the proper..sacrifice to Almighty God because of the relationship of the created human being, with a rational Immortal Soul, to the Infinite Creator, Almighty God.

Sadly, those people today, to whom the pejorative term snowflakes is applied, because of their insanely intense hatred of the Truth, due to their severe Demonic Possession, have become nothing more than virtual mindless humanoid robots controlled by the human agents of Satan to do the work of the Devil and are incapable of almost any rational thought, will automatically run to their safe corner in order to be emotionally protected from the beautiful objective Truths, found herein, by their habitual paganistic invocation of a quasi-penumbral spasmodic aphorismal chant inimical to their God-given intellect which is capable of recognizing when they have been conned by their modern-day Slave Masters - while the Lovers of Truth respond with a hearty:  BRAINWASHED!

Please join with Us in praying for the Grace of Conversion for these  snowflakes  who are Demonically abused and woefully confused, extremely emotionally unstable, crass, intolerant, subjective, ignorant people, who prefer crayons and/or playdough to even the slightest knowledge of any/all beautiful, objective Truths, what with their proclivity for lies and deception, who are ultimately sinful scoundrels of deceit and duplicity and for whom, too often, a cell phone, seems to be an artificial appendage, especially when driving, which selfishness has already killed a number of innocent victims, at least according to real news reports of vehicular accidents, which sometimes seems to have a slight hint of being a quasi-portmanteau, or of even the classical double-talk, via snowflake..fake news’ typical reductio ad absurdum!



Part Two

The Old Testament Covenant

The Old Testament of the Roman Catholic Bible provides proof of how Almighty God revealed the specific sacrifices which He, the Infinite Creator, wanted from each created human being with a rational Immortal Soul.  This explains why there are so many details concerning the various types of specific sacrifices in the Old Testament which were minutely regulated and performed by the Jewish Priesthood, but which were only a shadow of the good things to come  (Hebrews 10:1).



Part Three

The New and Eternal Testament Covenant

But the Eternal High Priest, Jesus Christ, completed the Old Covenant Law which God had made with Abraham, when He instituted the New and Eternal Covenant which is the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass.

This historical fact is briefly summarized by the Roman Catholic Council of Trent:

“Since, under the former Testament, according to the testimony of the Apostle Paul, there was no perfection because of the weakness of the Levitical priesthood, there was need, God the Father of mercies so ordaining, that another priest should rise according to the Order of Melchisedech [Hebrews 7:11], Our Lord Jesus Christ, Who might perfect and lead to perfection as many as were to be sanctified. He, therefore, our God and Lord, though He was by His death about to offer Himself once upon the altar of the cross to God the Father, that He might thereby accomplish an eternal redemption, nevertheless, that His Priesthood might not come to an end with His death [Hebrews 7:24], at the Last Supper, on the night He was betrayed, that He might leave to His beloved spouse, the Church, a Visible Sacrifice, such as the nature of man requires, whereby that bloody sacrifice once to be accomplished on the cross might be represented, the memory thereof remain even to the end of the world, and its salutary effects applied to the remission of those sins which we daily commit, declaring Himself constituted a Priest forever according to the Order of Melchisedech [Psalm 109:4], offered up to God the Father His own Body and Blood under the form of bread and wine, and under the forms of those same things  [Christ] gave to the Apostles, whom He then made Priests of the New Testament, that they might partake, commanding them and their Successors in the Priesthood by these words to do likewise: Do this in commemoration of Me [Luke 22:19; 1 Corinthians 11:24f.], even as the Catholic Church has always understood and taught. For having celebrated the ancient Passover which the multitude of the children of Israel sacrificed in memory of their departure from Egypt [Exodus 13.6], He instituted a new Passover, namely, Himself, to be immolated under visible signs by the Church through the Priests in memory of His own passage from this world to the Father, when by the shedding of His blood He redeemed and delivered us from the power of darkness and translated us into His Kingdom [Colossians 1:13]. And this is indeed that clean oblation which cannot be defiled by any unworthiness or malice on the part of those who offer it; which the Lord foretold by Malachias was to be great among the Gentiles [Malachias 1:11], and which the Apostle Paul has clearly indicated when he says, that they who are defiled by partaking of the table of devils cannot be partakers of the table of the Lord [Cf. 1 Corinthians 10:21], understanding by table in each case the Altar. It is, finally, that [sacrifice] which was prefigured by various types of sacrifices during the period of nature and of the law [Genesis 4:4; 12:8, etc.], which, namely, comprises all the good things signified by them, as being the consummation and perfection of them all.”  (Canons and Decrees of the Council of Trent, Translated from the Original Latin by H. J. Schroeder, O.P.  Nihil Obstat: Fr. Humbertus Kane, O.P.; Fr. Alexius Driscoll, O.P. Imprimi Potest: Fr. Petrus O’Brien, O.P., Prior Provincialis. Nihil Obstat:  Sti. Ludovici, die 5. Septembris, 1941, A. A. Esswein, Censor Deputatus.  Imprimatur:  Sti. Ludovici, die 5. Septembris, 1941, + Joannes J. Glennon, Archiepiscopus. Copyright © 1941 by B. Herder Book Co.  Twenty-Second Session, Chapter 1, The Institution of the Most Holy Sacrifice of the Mass; emphasis added.)



Part Four

Four Human Acts Perfected by the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass

Proper Adoration of Almighty God
Proper Atonement for Actual Sins Committed
Proper Thanksgiving to Almighty God
Proper Petition to Almighty God for One's Proper Needs


The Four Ends of the Holy Sacrifice of the Traditional Catholic Mass



Part Five

How the Holy Sacrifice of the Traditional Catholic Mass Helps You

Every Traditional Catholic Mass you devoutly attend:

1. Fulfills your Sacred SUNDAY duty and responsibility to your Infinite Creator, Almighty God, by uniting yourself with the Mass Celebrant who, as your Mediator with God, Offers to God an Infinite SACRIFICE of:

1) Adoration/Worship;
2) Thanksgiving;
3) Petition;
4) Propitiation/Reparation for your actual sins.
2. Renders the greatest gratitude and homage to the Sacred Humanity of our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ, God Incarnate.

3. At the hour of your death, will be your greatest consolation.

4. Will go with you to your Judgment to plead for pardon for you from the Just Judge.

5. Diminishes the temporal punishment due to your sins.

6. Supplies for many of your faults, negligences, and sins of omission.

7. Forgives your Venial Sins you are determined to avoid and for which you are truly sorry.  Forgives your unknown/forgotten sins which you never confessed.

8. Reduces Satan’s power over you.

9. Gives the Suffering Souls in Purgatory the greatest possible relief.

10. Is of more value/benefit to you than 1,000 Masses offered for you after your death.

11 You are preserved from many dangers/misfortunes which otherwise would have befallen you.

12.  Shortens your time in Purgatory by hundreds of earth years.

13. For each Mass, God will send one Holy Saint, and one Holy Angel, to comfort you at your death.

14. You kneel amid a multitude of Holy Angels from Heaven.

15.  Brings Blessings to you in regard to your temporal goods and concerns.

16.  Every Valid Holy Mass you devoutly attend which is Offered to Almighty God in honor of the Blessed Virgin Mary, e.g. Our Lady of Mount Carmel (July 16), Assumption (August 15), Immaculate Heart of Mary (August 22), Immaculate Conception (December 8), etc., Our Blessed Mother will shower you with her special love, Blessings, and protection in this life.  On your Day of Judgement, Our Lady will be permitted to plead for Mercy for you with her Divine Son, the Just Judge, with the same degree of fervor as the same number of Masses you devoutly attended in her honor.

17.  At every week-day Valid Holy Mass you devoutly attend (i.e. not at the Sunday Mass), which is Offered to Almighty God in honor of any particular Holy Angel or Holy Saint, thanking God for the favors bestowed on that Holy Angel or Holy Saint, you provide that Holy Angel or Holy Saint a new degree of honor, joy, and happiness in Heaven.  Because of this, you then receive the special love and protection of that Holy Angel or Holy Saint for yourself.



Part Six

The Holy Sacrifice of the Traditional Catholic Mass
Is a Type of “Living Catechism” of the Traditional Catholic Faith,
 






Part Seven


The Holy Sacrifice of the Traditional Catholic Mass
Is the Proper Public Profession of the Unchangeable Traditional Catholic Faith
Which Liturgically Provides the External Expression of Faith in
Certain Unchangeable Truths of the Unchangeable Traditional Catholic Faith



Part Eight

This Profession of the Unchangeable Traditional Catholic Faith is summarized by the prayers and ceremonies of the Traditional Catholic Mass according to this axiom:

“All [Liturgical] Ceremonies are Professions of Faith, in which the interior Worship of God consists.”  (Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., [b. 1225 A.D. in Rocca Secca, Naples, Italy - d. Wednesday, March 7, 1274 A.D., in Fossa Nuova, Italy], Doctor of the Church, Summa Theologica, Part I-II, Question 103, Article 4.)
This is the theological and liturgical basis for the axiom, previously anticipated over 800 years before by Pope Saint Celestine I [Saturday, September 10, 422  - Tuesday, July 27, 432 ] who taught the principle:  Legem Credendi Lex Statuit Supplicandi.  (The Liturgical form of prayer becomes the standard of Faith.)

This is sometimes shortened to simply Lex Orandi, Lex Credendi.  (The Law of Praying is the Law of Believing.)  This simply means that a Catholic declares, by an exterior Liturgical Act of Worship, both the personal interior beliefs of a Catholic's Faith, and also the Catholic's personal interior Worship of God, expressed in an external Liturgical Worship Ceremony, which today is called the Traditional Catholic Mass, although before the illegal and .invalid. flood of changes, it was called, for many, many decades:  The Mass.  In other words, a Catholic externally Liturgically Prays in the Traditional Catholic Mass, what a Catholic interiorly believes; and a Catholic interiorly believes what a Catholic externally Liturgically Prays in the Traditional Catholic Mass.



Part Nine

The Lord sees all the evil that wants to triumph, He sees Satan make tents on the land and assembling his friends to complete the final effort to overthrow. Never was a time so terrible, but do not be afraid! I will walk on the line with you. I will walk this line from France to Rome with my flaming sword ... I come to destroy the wicked by the Lord’s command. ‘War to Christ and death to the Church!’ That is what they sing, the wicked! They are just prolonging the existence of the afflicted. Without their prayers, the hour of God would not be suspendedIt is the Holy Sacrifice of the  [Traditional]  Mass that soothes the irritated anger of the Lord.”  (“The Breton Stigmatist”, Saint Michael the Archangel, Monday, September 29, 1879; emphasis added.)



Part Ten

Part Eleven



“In order to check the... audacity of many Modernists... We do, by Our Apostolic Authority... add the Penalty of Excommunication... We Declare and Decree that should anybody... defend... the propositions, opinions, or teachings, condemned... he falls, ipso facto [by this fact], under the ...  Excommunications Latæ Sententiæ [automatic Excommunication]... especially when they advocate the [Heretical] errors of the Modernists... the synthesis of all heresies.” (Pope Saint Pius X, Præstantia Scripturæ Sacræ, Monday, November 18, 1907, ¶ 5.)



Part Twelve

The Traditional Catholic Mass is necessary for the UNIVERSAL well-being of all people because all people, in one way or another, derive some limited benefits from the Infinite value of each Traditional Catholic Mass.



A Brief History of the
Traditional Catholic Mass
Of the Roman Catholic Church
Known as the Ancient Roman Rite of Mass


Brief Video of an Ancient Roman Rite
Traditional Catholic Solemn High Mass
The Consecration of the
Sacred Body of Jesus Christ




Brief Video of an Ancient Roman Rite
Traditional Catholic Solemn High Mass
The Consecration of the
Most Precious Blood of Jesus Christ




“In the beginning was the Word and the Word was with God and the Word was God.” (John 1:1.)

“...and God created man to His own image; to the image of God He created him; male and female He created them.” (Genesis 1:27.)

“And God saw all the things that He had made and they were very good.” (Genesis 1:31.)

Yet, we all know too well the sinful story of how Adam and Eve fell from that life of God within them called Sanctifying Grace.  They were driven from the Garden of Paradise in disgrace-but not in despair.

Why?  Because before they were driven out of the Garden of Paradise, God the Almighty had promised to send a Redeemer to heal the breach of Original Sin between God and mankind.

Cain and Abel made offerings to the Lord (Genesis 4:3,4).


“Noe built an altar unto the Lord and...offered holocausts upon the altar.” (Genesis 8:20.)


The High Priest Melchisedech offered bread and wine on behalf of Abraham (Genesis 14:18-20).

In the Old Testament the lamb was always used for a sacrifice of expiation to God the Almighty whom the prophet Isaias describes:

“Enter thou into the rock and hide thee in the pit from the face of the fear of the Lord and from the glory of His majesty. The lofty eyes of man are humbled...”

“.....and the Lord alone shall be exalted in that day... and they shall go into the holes of rocks and into the caves of the earth from the face of the fear of the Lord and from the glory of His Majesty when He shall rise up to strike the earth.....woe to the wicked unto evil..... the Lord Standeth up to judge....The Lord will enter into judgment.” (Isaias 2:10-11, 19; 3:11, 13, 14.)

The Redeemer God promised to Adam we call the Messias.

Because Jesus Christ fulfilled all of the prophecies of the Old Testament concerning the Messias and because of His teaching, confirmed by His miracles, especially by His Resurrection from the dead, Catholics accept Him as the Messias, the Son of God.

The people of the Old Law were saved by the application of the fruits of the Sacrificial Redemption of the Messias. This was accomplished, not only:

1)  by their Supernatural Faith in the Redeemer;
but also:
2) by taking upon themselves the yoke of good works in this Supernatural Faith;
even though they actually lived prior to the Redemption.

This is, in summary, according to Pope Saint Leo I, the Great [Saturday, September 29, 440 - Thursday, November 10, 461], as found in his 23rd Sermon, which is also his Third Sermon for Christmas:  On the Feast of the Nativity, Sermon 3,  ¶ 3,  ¶ 4, and  ¶ 5.

The mission of Christ was to complete the Old Covenant Law before instituting the New Covenant Law.

Saint Paul teaches that Jesus Christ is the High Priest of the New Law:  “For it is fitting that we should have such a High Priest, Holy, Innocent, Undefiled, separated from sinners....Who needeth not duly...to offer sacrifice first for His own sins...the Law maketh men Priests, who have infirmity, but the Word of the Oath, which was since the Law, the Son has perfected forever.” (Hebrews 7:11-28.)

Almighty God Himself-no one else-most precisely and minutely had regulated and prescribed the entire sacrificial rite of the Old Law through Moses.

But, Saint Paul teaches that the Mosaic Rite of the Old Law had “only the shadow of the good things to come” (Hebrews 10:1).... by which Saint Paul meant that the gifts of Grace which Christ would acquire for us in the New Covenant and which Graces Christ would entrust to the Church He would establish.

Today, why are so many people surprised when they come face to face with the reality that Jesus Christ Himself perfectly instituted both the unchangeable. .Ontological Essence..and the  .Metaphysical Essence..for each of the Seven Sacraments, and also both the unchangeable. .Ontological Essence..and the. .Metaphysical Essence..for the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass?



Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P.  teaches:
“Since, therefore, the sanctification of man is in the power of God Who Sanctifies, it is NOT for man to decide what things should be used for his Sanctification, but this IS determined by Divine Institution.” (Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., [b. 1225 A.D. in Rocca Secca, Naples, Italy - d. Wednesday, March 7, 1274 A.D. in Fossa Nuova, Italy], Doctor of the Church, Summa Theologica, Part III, Question 60, Article 5,  Body; emphasis added.)
“The Apostles and their successors are God’s Vicars in governing the Church which is built on Faith and the Sacraments of Faith....  Wherefore, just as they may not institute another Church, so neither may they deliver another faith, nor institute other sacraments:....

“...on the contrary, the Church is said to be built up with the Sacraments which flowed from the side of Christ while hanging on the cross.” (Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., Summa Theologica, Part III, Question 64, Article 2, Reply to Objection 3.)

Why is sacrifice necessary? Sin is like getting black tar on the Soul. It can not be removed except by Grace.  Yet, the only source of Grace is the Sacrifice of Jesus Christ on the Cross.  Saint Paul teaches:

“There is no forgiveness of sin without the shedding of sacrificial blood.” (Hebrews 9:22.)

Now the sacrifices of the Old Law, the Mosaic Rite, were “weak and needy elements” (Galatians 4:9) which could not make perfect those who offered them. (Hebrews 10:1.)

In other words, the sacrifices of the Old Law could neither obtain for man the pardon of sin nor cause any interior purification and sanctification.

But, the sacrifice of Christis both a Sacrifice because it is offered up to Almighty God as a propitiation for our sins..... and also a Sacrament because it is received.”  (Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., Summa Theologica, Part III, Question 79, Article 5, Conclusion; emphasis added.)

The Roman Catholic Church teaches the following.

If anyone, even a pope of the Roman Catholic Church, should attempt to change it, he incurs instant excommunication:

“Because Christ's Priesthood was not to be extinguished by His death ..He left...to His own beloved spouse, the Church....”

“....a visible Sacrifice

(not a circus act, not a group of dancers, not a bunch of clowns, etc., etc., as found today in the  anti-Catholic..Satanic..Synod Vatican 2 pseudo-church..of .automatically  excommunicated. .Apostates, .Modernist Heretics, and .NEW Theology Heretics),
such as the nature of man requires, whereby that Bloody Sacrifice, once to be accomplished on the cross, might be represented and the memory thereof remain even unto the end of the world (1 Corinthians 11:24).... and its salutary virtue be applied to the remission of those sins which we daily commit.....”

“.....He offered up to God the Father His own Body and Blood.... under the species of bread and wine....”

“....and, under the symbols of those same things He delivered His own Body and Blood to be received by His Apostles.......”

“....whom He then constituted Priests of the New Testament.....”

“....and by those words: ‘Do this in commemoration of Me’ (Luke 22:19) (1 Corinthians 11:24)...  even as the Catholic Church has ALWAYS understood and taught....”

“....For, after having celebrated the Ancient Passover.....  He instituted the New Passover, (to wit), Himself to be immolated, under visible signs.... by the Church through (the ministry of) Priests.....”

“...That is indeed that Clean Oblation which cannot be defiled by any unworthiness or malice by those who offer (it)..  which the Lord foretold by Malachias was to be offered in every place, clean to His Name, which was to be great among the Gentiles (Malachias 1:11).....”

“. . . this is that Oblation which was prefigured by various types of sacrifices (Genesis 4:4; 8:20, etc.) during the period of nature and of the [Old] Law; inasmuch as it comprises all the good things signified by those sacrifices as being the consummation and perfection of them all.” (Roman Catholic Council of Trent, Session 22, Monday, September 17, 1562, Chapter 1; emphasis added.)

But both the unchangeable  .Ontological Essence. and the   .Metaphysical Essence, of the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass, were perfectly instituted by Christ Who did not give anyone any power, authority, and/or jurisdiction to change, in any way, both the unchangeable.Ontological Essence. and the   .Metaphysical Essence, of the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass, which Jesus Christ Himself had perfectly instituted.



In addition to perfectly and Divinely instituting both the unchangeable .Ontological Essence. and the Metaphysical Essence, of the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass, Jesus Christ, the Eternal High Priest, also perfectly and Divinely instituted both the unchangeable.Ontological Essence. and the Metaphysical Essence, of each of the Seven Sacraments, including the Sacrament of Holy Orders in order to provide for both the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass, and also the Seven Sacraments, the unchangeable .Ontological Essence. and the Metaphysical Essence, of each Sacrament, which He had also perfectly instituted, for all future generations until the end of the world.

Therefore, besides the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass, it is likewise important to learn about the Sacrament of Holy Orders before We continue with this history of the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass which would not exist without the Sacrament of the Holy Priesthood.

So here is a brief review of the Sacrament of Holy Orders which consists of Tonsure, Minor Orders, and Major Orders, each one of which is required before any Candidate for the Holy Catholic Priesthood can receive the Sacrament of the Holy Catholic Priesthood.  It is only after the .valid. reception of the Sacrament of the Holy Catholic Priesthood that a.validly.Ordained Roman Catholic Priest can.validly. begin to Offer the Holy Sacrifice of the Traditional Catholic Mass.

In other words, without the Sacrament of the Holy Priesthood, there can be no real,.valid.Mass.



The Sacrament of Holy Orders

Candidates for the Holy Priesthood begin their progress to the Sacrament of the Holy Priesthood with these steps in sequence:

Tonsure, Porter, Lector, Exorcist, Acolyte, Sub-Deacon, Deacon, and Priest.
The Order of the Episcopacy makes a Priest a Bishop, which is the fullness of the Sacrament of the Priesthood.

Ordinations have a profound significance for Catholics. The young Clerical student sees in them the fulfillment of youthful visions, the goal of aspirations and labors during the many years of college and seminary training.  Happy parents, relatives, and friends of the Ordinand await the days of Ordination with anxious hopefulness, as days of honor and happiness, of abundant reward for all the sacrifices made in behalf  of the Candidate.

But Catholics in general also feel the greatness of these days and rejoice with the happy ones who are called, by the Ordaining Bishop, to the Altar for Ordination. Consider the large number of people who, before Synod Vatican 2, used to attend the Ordination of Priests and/or be present at their First Mass! After all, Priests are not ordained for their families or friends alone; they belong to the people. The Priest, “taken from among men, is ordained for men in the things that appertain to God, that he may offer up gifts and sacrifices for sins.” (Hebrews 5:1.)  The honor bestowed upon the Priest is an honor bestowed upon the whole Catholic people out of whose midst he is taken.

A deeper understanding, therefore, of the dignity, duties and mission of the Priest cannot but increase the general reverence and love for the Priest and add to the happiness of those whom God calls to offer one of their own to His service.

How many parents would do much more to foster Priestly vocations among their children IF they had a better knowledge and correct understanding of such an exalted dignity and profound significance of the Holy Priesthood! It is just such an understanding attitude towards Priestly vocations which must be developed among the Catholic Laity. The Catholic Church can fulfill her mission of bringing salvation to the world only through Priests and Bishops.  But today, as in the days of Christ, “the harvest indeed is great, but the laborers are few.” (Luke 10:2.)  May this purpose be accomplished for the Greater Honor and Glory of our Divine High Priest, Jesus Christ.

Christ, our Divine Savior, united in His Person the Office of Priest, Teacher, and King. As the Eternal High Priest, He offered the Great Sacrifice of Atonement when He died on the Cross.  He anticipated this Bloody Sacrifice in an unbloody manner at the First Mass, after concluding the Old Law with the Jewish Seder Supper.  As a Teacher, He announced the glad tidings of the Gospel and brought to its completion the revelation contained in the Old Testament. As King He gave  to the world the law of salvation, which every person must observe in order to save their Immortal Soul.

Although Christ  Himself ascended into Heaven, He willed that the work which He had begun should be continued on earth. For this reason, the Eternal High Priest, Jesus Christ, perfectly instituted the Sacrament of Holy Orders, by which He conferred upon the Apostles His own mission and powers, and prescribed that they in turn should transmit them to their Episcopal successors, the Bishops.

He did this at the First Mass after He had changed bread and wine into His own Body and Blood.  He conferred the same power upon the Apostles by the words: “Do this for a commemoration of Me” (Luke 22:10), by which the Apostles were made the first Bishops and Priests of the New Testament, the New and Eternal Covenant.

Order signifies the dignity, rank, and spiritual  power, as well as the state, to which a person is  raised by the reception of the Sacrament of Holy Orders.

We speak of the Sacrament of Holy Orders, because there is more than one Order. The powers residing in the Priesthood are communicated by degrees.  While some consider there to be seven such Degrees of Order, the Seventh, the Priesthood, is actually composed of two parts, namely the Priesthood and the Episcopacy which is the fullness of the Order of the Priesthood.

Therefore, to avoid confusion, We refer to eight individual Orders as proven by the eight separate Liturgical Rites for the Administration of Holy Orders.  Of course, not all Orders are equal as to dignity and importance. There are Minor Orders and Major Orders.

First Tonsure, by which a person is made a Cleric, is not an actual Order, per se.

There are four separate Liturgical Rites for the Administration of Minor Orders which are: 1)    The Order of Porter; 2) The Order of Reader; 3) The Order of Exorcist; and, 4) The Order of Acolyte.

There are four separate Liturgical Rites for the Administration of Major Orders which are: 1)  The Order of Sub-Diaconate; 2) The Order of Diaconate; 3) The Order of Priesthood; and, 4) The Order of Episcopacy.

Before Candidates for the Priesthood may receive any Order, they must be made a Cleric by the reception of the First Tonsure.  The Sacred Rite by which Orders are conferred is called Ordination for the first seven Orders, and Consecration for the eighth, the Episcopacy.


The Bishop who Administers each of these Orders, uses a ritual book called the Pontificale Romanum which contains all of the prayers and rubrics the Administrating Bishop, and his assistants, are required to follow without any deviation.  Here is the Title Page of the 1891 edition which We use.

The Pontificale Romanum, with its august, beautiful, sublime, and glorious Liturgical Rites for the Administration of Holy Orders   It is intended, in the first place, for the Clerical students preparing for the reception of Holy Orders.  They must understand and possess the Spirit of the Priesthood.  Nowhere else will they find it portrayed so clearly and impressively as in the Rite of Ordination.

The guidance and mysterious unction of God the Holy Ghost, the Maker of the Priest, are clearly visible in the beauty, vigor, and unction of the instructions, prayers, and ceremonies which give to it its form and substance. All Candidates for the Priesthood should have a copy of the Pontificale with its Rite of Ordinations in order to study it and to meditate upon it, not only before Ordination but also afterwards:  “I admonish thee, that thou stir up the Grace of God which is in thee, by the imposition of my hands.” (2 Timothy 1:6.)

Before the Ordinations, those who are to receive Orders vest in their respective sacred vestments corresponding to the Order to which they are to be promoted.  The Ordinands are vested in a black cassock and black cassock cincture or, if they are Religious, the Religious Habit of their respective Religious Orders or Religious Congregations, or are vested according to the highest Order which they have received up to that point in time.

Those who are to receive First Tonsure carry a folded surplice on their left arm.

Those to be Ordained to Minor Orders vest in a surplice.

Those to be Ordained to the Order of Sub-Diaconate vest in an amice, alb and cincture, and, on the left arm, carry a maniple and a tunic.  They should be careful not to have the amice drawn tight around the neck, but to let it hang a little above the alb so that the Ordaining Bishop may be able to draw it over the head.

Those to be Ordained to the Order of Diaconate vest in an amice, alb, cincture, and wear a maniple on the left arm on which they carry a dalmatic and a folded stole.

Those to be Ordained to the Order of Priesthood put on an amice, alb, cincture, and wear a maniple on the left arm, a stole on the left shoulder, fastened at the right side, after the manner of a Deacon, carry a chasuble folded on the left arm, and have a white linen handkerchief fastened to the cincture which is used after the anointing with oil by the Ordaining Bishop.

All Ordinands carry lighted candles in their right hand.

After vesting, those who are to receive Orders wait until everyone else in the procession to the church is ready, especially the Ordaining Bishop.

The Ordaining Bishop is preceded in a solemn procession to the church by the Cross Bearer and two Acolytes (or Altar Servers) who both carry a lighted candle in a candle-stick, all of the other Altar Servers, the Ordinands, all Priests present, and all other Bishops, of whatever rank of Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction they might have,  who may be present.  The number of Attendants and Altar Ministers vary considerably depending upon whether or not the Holy Sacrifice of the Traditional Catholic Mass is a Pontifical Low Mass (fewer Episcopal Assistants) or a Solemn Pontifical High Mass (many more Episcopal Assistants).

The same procedure is also followed if there is to be an Episcopal Consecration (Administration of the Sacrament of the Episcopacy), as in the above photo.

The procession enters through the front door of the church and proceeds down the center aisle to the Main (High) Altar where everyone takes their traditional assigned places and the Ordaining Bishop vests for Offering the Holy Sacrifice of the Traditional Catholic Mass, after which the Mass begins.






Pontificali
First Part

Here are a few photos of most of these Grades of Orders which are Administered by a Bishop, usually the Bishop of the Diocese in which the Candidates for Holy Orders live.

The Ordinations

The Mass is interrupted after the Kyrie Eleison has been said.

Note:  It is supposed that the Ordinations take place during a Pontifical Low Mass. Should, however, a Pontifical High Mass be celebrated, the usual ceremonies are always observed, and the prayers of the Ordinations, instead of being read, are sung. For the exact place in the Mass, the Pontificale Romanum  provides this data for each Order.

Each Candidate who is to receive one or more Orders leaves his place and comes before the Altar, kneeling before the Ordaining Bishop.  If there is more than one Candidate, they kneel in a kind of semicircle, in such a way, however, that those to receive Tonsure are nearest to the Altar, those to receive Minor Orders next, and, lastly, those who are to be Ordained to Major, i.e. to Sacred,  Orders.  But this is done only if the size of the church, and the number of those to be Ordained, permit; if not the Candidates kneel in their places.

The Arch-Deacon turns towards those who are to be Ordained, and reads the Mandate from the Pontificale Romanum.




On Making Clerics



Tonsure


The Bishop cuts some hair of the head of the Candidate

Tonsure, from the Latin tonsura, denotes the cutting of the hair as well as the shaven crown worn by Clerics as a distinctive mark of their state.

The origin of the Tonsure must probably be sought in the custom prevailing among the Romans of shaving the head of a slave. Confessors of the Catholic Faith were in some cases treated in the same manner out of contempt and mockery. To proclaim themselves slaves of Christ, at a very early date slaves shaved their heads. Toward the beginning of the Sixth Century, Clerics gradually adopted the custom of the Monks, however in a modified form.  They did not shave the whole head, but left a narrow crown of hair. In this form the Tonsure is still worn by members of some Religious Orders. Generally, however, it was greatly reduced in size until it now resembles a half-dollar coin. In some countries, where Catholics form a minority among a non-Catholic population, as in the United States, the Tonsure is not worn.

In the beginning, no special Rite was employed for giving the First Tonsure. When a man decided to devote himself to the service of God and was assigned to the personnel of a certain church, he began to wear the Tonsure. In the course of time, suitable ceremonies were developed for the adoption into the Clerical State. For a long time, these ceremonies formed part of the Rite, by which the First Minor Order was conferred.  It was probably only in the Eighth Century that the giving of the First Tonsure became a separate Rite. The wearing of the Tonsure was made obligatory for all Clerics during the Middle Ages.

Tonsure is not an Order, since no Office and no Spiritual Power is conferred by it. It is a Sacred Rite, by which a member of the Laity is formally received into the Clerical State, and is the prerequisite for the reception of Holy Orders.

The Candidates present themselves for Ordination dressed in a black cassock and a black cassock cincture, or, if they are members of a Religious Order or a Religious Congregation which wears a distinctive Habit, the Religious Habit is worn in the place of the black cassock and black cassock cincture.

Over their left arm, they carry a white surplice, while they carry a burning candle in their right hand.

During the Mass, using a scissors, the Ordaining Bishop cuts some hair, from as close as possible to the scalp, on the head of each Candidate for Tonsure, in five places, so as to form a cross: 1) in front, 2) in the back, 3) above the right ear, 4) above the left ear, and, 5) from the crown (top) of the head.


The Bishop Invests the new Cleric with a white Surplice.

The Ordaining Bishop now seats himself and invests each Tonsured Cleric with the Surplice.




On Minor Orders



Porter/Ostiari


The Ordaining Bishop presents the keys of the Church to each Candidate.
Each Candidate touches the keys with the right hand.

The Order of Porter is also known as the Ostiariate and is the first of the four Minor Orders.

In the Old Testament Levites were appointed to keep the gates of the tabernacle and later of the temple. “They were over the chambers, and treasures, of the House of the Lord.” (1 Paralipomenon 9:26.) The sacredness of the House of God in the New Testament and of the vessels used for the celebration of the Divine Mysteries calls for the same care and safekeeping. The Ostiarii were the doorkeepers or Porters of the church. The word Ostiari is derived from the Latin ostium, the door.

The Office was of special importance during the times of persecution. Reliable adults were needed to inform the Faithful of the time and place of the Divine Services, to open and lock the doors, to keep out undesirables. After the bloody Roman/Jewish persecutions ended in the 4th Century, the ringing of bells sufficed for the purpose of informing the Faithful of the time of the Divine Services, since there was no further need of informing them of the place.



Lector/Reader


The Ordaining Bishop presents the  the book containing the Lessons.
 This can be a Missal, a Breviary, or
The Vulgate, or Douay-Rheims, Edition of the Catholic Bible.

The Order of the Lectorate, a.k.a. the Order of Lector or Reader, is the second of the four Minor Orders.

The Lector is a Reader. Readings from the sacred books formed part of the Divine Services even in the Old Testament. In the Catholic Church such readings were incorporated from the very beginning into the celebration of the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass.  The first part of Holy Mass constituted the so-called Mass of the Catechumens, or instruction service, for those who prepared for Baptism and were not allowed as yet to assist at the whole Mass.

The instructions were based on Holy Scripture, and the Reader would read the text. It must be remembered that the ancient manuscripts were not as easy to read as a modern book. No distinction was made between small letters and capitals, and words were not separated from each other.  Historically, punctuation marks were not used in the West until about the 4th Century A.D.. Reading, therefore, required careful preparation in order to be done correctly, fluently, and distinctly.

Too often people of today tend to judge people of previous generations by current standards and without taking the time and effort to study the history of those people.  For example, how often are Catholics condemned because the Church used to have Bibles chained to a table in the back of the Church.  What such rash judgment fails to consider is the fact that it was not until the invention of the printing press in the West in about the 14th century so that all of the books of the Bible could be put together between two covers, making one complete book, instead of individual scrolls of each book of the Bible.

What is also conveniently ignored is the historical fact that the average person could not read or write because most schools were seminaries and public schools were very few, if at all, in most places in the Western world.  Likewise, most people could not afford to buy a Bible, so the Church made the Bible available for everyone in its vestibule.  It was chained to the table to prevent thieves from stealing it so that those few people who could read in those days would be able to do so.

In the 20th Century, it was customary in seminary chapels that a Reader would sing the Epistle during a simple High Mass. But the singing of the Epistle at a Solemn High Mass was reserved to the Sub-Deacon.  Readers, however, sing the 12 Prophecies on Holy Saturday and also on the Saturday before Pentecost.



Exorcist


The Order of Exorcistate/Exorcist - The Third of the Minor Orders

“These twelve [Apostles] Jesus sent: commanding them, saying...  going, preach, saying: ‘the Kingdom of Heaven is at hand’.  Heal the sick, raise the dead, cleanse the lepers, cast out devils.” (Matthew 10:5, 7; emphasis added.)

This Scripture proves the historical and liturgical fact that the Eternal High Priest, Jesus Christ, instituted the Order of Exorcistate/Exorcist.

To Exorcize means to deliver a person from the presence, or influence, of evil spirits. That the devil, within the limits allowed by God, has retained a certain power over mankind, even after the coming of Christ, is clearly testified by Holy Scripture and the history of the Catholic Church. Christ drove out devils from the possessed and He bestowed this power upon His Apostles and Disciples. In the early days of the Catholic Church, many of the Laity possessed this power as a Charism.  However, the Order of Exorcistate/Exorcistis NOT a CharismIt IS the Third of the Minor Orders. Minor Orders are NOT Charisms!

It is in harmony with reason and faith to realize that the devil has greater power over the unbaptized in consequence of Original Sin. For this reason, at a very early date, Exorcisms were performed repeatedly over the Catechumens in preparation for Baptism. To perform these Exorcisms and, in general, to Exorcize persons possessed by, and/or under the influence of evil spirits, Exorcists were Ordained just as Christ Himself had Ordained His Apostles as Exorcists.

The Rite speaks of Exorcists as spiritual physicians endowed with the Power of Healing. This may also refer to bodily afflictions caused by the devil; because once the influence of the devil is broken by the Exorcism, the affliction ceases!  We have personally witnessed this Truth when Baptizing several Adults since the Liturgical Rite of Baptism contains four Exorcisms!

The other duties of the Exorcist stand in close relation to this as a principal function of this Order. According to the usual interpretation of the instruction read to the Ordinands, they are to direct persons under Exorcism, and for that reason barred from Holy Communion, when to withdraw from the Mass. Furthermore, it is their duty at Sacred Functions to administer the water for the washing of hands to the officiating Priest or Bishop.

This ceremony of the pouring of the water for the washing of the hands of Priests and Bishops, symbolizes purification from sin, hence a banishing of the influence of the evil spirits.  Therefore, it is fitting to assign this duty to an Ordained Exorcist.

Today, the pre-1943 Rituals for all Baptismal Exorcisms are embodied in the Solemn Rite of Baptism, and are performed by the Deacon, Priest or Bishop who Baptizes.

In pre-Vatican 2 days, for anything other than Baptismal Exorcisms, which are an intrinsic part of the liturgical Rite of Baptism, and are forbidden to be changed for any reason(s), the explicit permission of the local Ordinary was required, or, in case of an emergency at least presumed, for a Catholic Priest, using the Traditional Roman Catholic Rituale Romanum, to Exorcize a Catholic who had been previously Baptized some time before then, but who was later considered to be possessed by one or more Devils.

In “normal” times, this permission is only given to a Priest.  But during this time of the Modern Day Catacombs, if a .validly. ordained Roman Catholic Priest is not available, this permission can also be given to a.validly.Ordained Exorcist who may also do an Exorcism of a person, place and/or thing.  However, whoever the Exorcist happens to be, whether a .validly. Ordained Exorcist, a .validly.Ordained Priest or a .validly.Consecrated Bishop, it is strongly recommended that said .validly.Ordained Exorcist should  first go to Confession, receive Absolution, and perform the Penance given, in order to protect said .validly.Ordained Exorcist from any attacks (whether verbal, physical, etc.) against the Exorcist by the Devil(s) the Exorcist is about to Exorcize.

Lighted Blessed candles should be used, if at all possible, during an Exorcism, along with plenty of Holy Water.  The Rite of Exorcism, in Latin, found in the pre-1944 Rituale Romanum, should be used.



Acolyte


The Order of Acolyte,is the fourth and the highest of the four Minor Orders.

The Ordaining Bishop presents a candlestick with an unlighted candle to each Candidate.

Each Candidate touches the candlestick with the thumb, and the candle with the index finger of the right hand.

The Acolyte is the highest of the Minor Orders. The term is derived from a Greek word which signifies to follow, to accompany. The Acolyte’s duty and privilege was, and is, to assist members of the Major Orders at the Celebration of the Holy Sacrifice of the Traditional Catholic Mass and other liturgical functions.  The Acolyte takes care of the lights in the church, i.e. the candles, and serves the wine and the water, in their respective cruets, to the Mass Celebrant, during  the Holy Sacrifice of the Traditional Catholic Mass.

Light was always extensively used at Divine services, even in the Old Testament, because of its deep significance. To the symbolic reasons was added the practical necessity, when services were held at nighttime or, as it frequently happened during the times of persecution, in the Catacombs.

For a long time, Acolytes performed other very important functions, at least in the Church at Rome. At the Communion of the Mass they received the Sacred Species in linen bags, hung around their neck, and presented them to the Priest or Bishop for distribution to the people. As we know from the story of Saint. Tarsicius, Acolytes were employed to bring the Blessed Eucharist to the absent, especially the Confessors of the Faith detained in prison.  They also carried Consecrated particles from the Mass of the Bishop of Rome to those Priests who offered Holy Mass in the parish churches of Rome.  Finally, they were the bearers of the blessed bread, called the eulogia, which Bishops exchanged among themselves as a symbol of their communion in the Charity of Christ.

In the course of time, however, some of these functions were discontinued, others were taken over by members of the Major Orders. And, because of the practical difficulty of having Ordained Acolytes stationed at every church, Laymen, especially boys, were admitted to function as Mass Servers and Torchbearers.  Thus, the Order of Acolyte began to merely serve as a transition to the Major Orders.  The Order of Acolyte is Administered during the Holy Sacrifice of the Traditional Catholic Mass.


The Ordaining Bishop presents an empty cruet to each Ordinand who touches it.


On Conferring Major Orders

Sub-Diaconate
Diaconate
Priesthood

There are Four Major Orders: the Sub-Diaconate, the Diaconate, the Priesthood, and the Episcopacy.  They are called major or sacred because of their dignity, powers, and obligations. Of these Orders three are Sacramental, namely, the Diaconate, the Priesthood and the Episcopacy.  These last three Orders imprint an indelible mark on the Soul and thus can not be repeated.

They have a special similarity with Christ, the Eternal High Priest. We mention the Consecration of a Bishop as a distinct Order, because the Episcopal Order is the fullness of the Holy Priesthood in its highest perfection.  Although the Sacrament of the Episcopacy confers the full powers of the Priesthood upon the Bishop-Elect, these powers are not shared by the ordinary Priest, who is therefore a Priest of a lower Priestly rank.

Although some have taken the position that the Episcopacy is simply the highest part of the Priesthood, which is true, the fact that there is an unique and separate Rite for Episcopal Consecration adds further proof that it is a separate Sacrament, distinct from the Priesthood per se which has its own specific Rite.

Major Orders must be conferred during the Holy Sacrifice of the Traditional Catholic Mass.  The Rite of conferring Major Orders is more solemn than that of Minor Orders. The features of the preceding Ordinations remain: The Call, the Instruction, the Administration of the Office, and Prayer.  But there are added more prayers and other ceremonies, in accordance with the nature of the respective Orders.





The Order of the Sub-Diaconate

The Sub-Diaconate - The 1st of the Major Orders

The Sub-Diaconate is the Order which is under, and just before, the Order of the Diaconate. As with the growth of the Church, the work of Deacons increased, and also Divine Services, especially the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass, were celebrated with greater solemnity, Holy Church introduced this Order and assigned to its members some of the functions which before then had been taken care of by Deacons. This must have been done before the middle of the Third Century.

Although the Sub-Diaconate is not a Sacrament, it has been counted a Major Order since the beginning of the Thirteenth Century at the latest. The reason for giving it such a high rank lies in the functions and obligations attached to the Order.

The Sub-Diaconate is the decisive step in the life of the Cleric.  The recitation of the Divine Office grew out of the custom, found already in the Old Testament, of reciting prayers at stated hours, i.e., the third, sixth, and ninth hour. It was but natural that the Monks from the very beginning of the Monastic Life should adopt this custom. In the course of time the prayers were given a more definite form, and the number of hours was increased to seven to bring them into conformity with the Psalmist’s words: “Seven times a day I have given praise to Thee” (Psalm 118:164).

Psalms made up the principal part of the Office. The obligation for secular Clerics to recite the Divine Office publicly and in common is found first in the Fifth Century. For a long time the obligation was incumbent only on those Clerics who held some benefice. It was only towards the end of the Twelfth Century that all members of the Major Orders were obliged to the private recitation of the Office by the Roman Catholic Church in the West.

The Sub-Deacon assists at solemn liturgical functions and sings the Epistle during a Solemn High Mass and Solemn Pontifical High Mass. He also washes the Corporals, Palls, and Purificators that have been used for offering the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass. If no Sub-Deacons are available, Deacons or Priests attend to these duties.

The features which appear in the Ordination of Sub-Deacons are:

1.  The statement of the title under which the Candidate is Ordained.
2.  The prostration and the Litany of the Saints.
3.  The investiture with the insignia of the Order.
Of these features, only the title calls for a brief explanation.

By title, we understand a certain guarantee, or security, insuring decent support to the Cleric. Originally, title designated the church to which a Cleric was attached, the service of which entitled him to support. Holy Church wishes that Clerics should be free from material cares, so as to be able to devote themselves wholly to Priestly work.  The customary titles for secular Priests were: the title of benefice, of service of the Diocese, and, of the missions.  In the United States it was the title of the service of the Church. Religious Priests are Ordained to the title of poverty, or the title of the Common Table.

The Sub-Diaconate is administered during the Holy Sacrifice of the Traditional Catholic Mass on:

1) The Saturdays of Ember weeks immediately after Lesson Five.
2) The Saturday before Passion Sunday, immediately after the Collect.
3) on Holy Saturday immediately after the Collect and before the Epistle.
4) During the year: immediately after the Orations, but before the Epistle.
The Candidates for Sub-Diaconate present themselves for Ordination dressed in the Amice loosely hanging about the neck, plus an Alb and Cincture,  On their left arm, they carry the Tunic and Maniple, and in their right hand a burning candle.

IF there is (are) an already Ordained Sub-Deacon(s) who is (are) a Candidate(s) for the Diaconate, and/or, IF there is (are) an already Ordained Deacon(s) who is (are) a Candidate(s) for the Priesthood who is (are) present, he is (they are) called now and come to the Altar.

Now follows the Prostration and the Litany of the Saints.



The Prostration
Instructions for the Prostration and the Litany of the Saints

1) There now follows the touching ceremony of the Prostration. Every Ordinand (Candidate), for Sub-Diaconate, Diaconate and Priesthood goes to his pre-assigned place in the Sanctuary and Prostrates on floor, i.e. lays flat on the floor with the front of his body on the floor, his arms folded at head level with the forehead resting on his folded arms. The Prostration is a sign of the unworthiness and the need of Divine assistance by each Ordinand.

2) The Ordaining Bishop, Mitre still ON, takes Crozier in left hand, kneels on the predella, facing the Tabernacle, with his Faldstool in front of him on which he may lean for support and also on which he may place the Pontificale Romanum which is opened to the Litany of the Saints.

3) Everyone else also kneels - at their places.

4) The Ordaining Bishop begins chanting the Litany of the Saints in Latin. The Clergy in attendance, and the Choir, if there is one, all chant each response in Latin as each versical is chanted in Latin by the Ordaining Bishop.

After the Litany of Saints has been concluded, the Arch-Deacon announces in a loud voice that the Candidate(s) for the Diaconate and/or the Priesthood are to return to their designated places.




The Bestowal of the Office of the Sub-Diaconate

The Ordaining Bishop now presents an empty Chalice with a Paten to the Ordinand(s). Each one touches both the empty Chalice with a Paten in such a way as to put the thumb against the cup of the Chalice and the index finger upon the Paten.

The Arch-Deacon presents to each Candidate Cruets filled with wine and water, also a basin and a towel; all of which the Candidates touch in like manner.




Investiture with the Amice
A Vestment of the Office of the Sub-Diaconate

The Ordaining Bishop invests the Ordinand(s) with the Amice which the Ordinand wears around the neck.  The Ordaining Bishop pulls it over the head of each Ordinand.




Investiture with the Maniple
A Vestment of the Office of the Sub-Diaconate



Investiture with the Tunic
A Vestment of the Office of the Sub-Diaconate



(Photo not Available)

Investiture with the Librum Epistolarum - Book of the Epistles
An Insignia of the Office of the Sub-Diaconate

The Ordaining Bishop presents to each Ordinand the Librum Epistolarum - The Book of Epistles, which each Ordinand touches with his right hand.

The Ordaining Bishop continues the Holy Sacrifice of the Traditional Catholic Mass, and while he reads the Epistle, one of the newly Ordained Sub-Deacons reads it aloud with him.




Holy Deacons

The Order of the Diaconate

The Diaconate - The 2nd of the Major Orders

The Diaconate is the lowest Order of the Divinely established Hierarchy, as well as the lowest Sacramental Order, except for that of Exorcist. The Diaconate is a true Sacrament and imprints an indelible mark upon the Soul of the recipient. The Deacon partakes of the Priesthood insofar as he is the Assistant of the Priest and Bishop. The election and Ordination of the first Deacons is related in the Acts of the Apostles (Acts 6, 1-6). In the Old Testament, the Order of the Diaconate was typified by the Levites.

Deacons have always held an important place in the Catholic Church. Their duties in ancient times were manifold: to assist the Priest at the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass, to distribute Holy Communion, to read the Gospel, to preach and to instruct the people. They also exercised a certain supervision over the Faithful, and together with Priests assisted the Bishop in the ecclesiastical courts.  Deacons also had charge of the care of the poor and the sick, and administered the revenues of the Catholic Church.  Currently, the primary function of the Deacon is to assist the Priest at Solemn High Masses, or the Bishop at Solemn Pontifical Masses.  Only in extremely rare emergency cases do Deacons Baptize, or Preach.  Deacons almost never take  Holy Communion to the bed-ridden, whether in their homes or in hospitals.

These ceremonies are found in the Ordination of Deacons:

1. The Postulation.  The Arch-Deacon requests the Ordaining Bishop, in the name of the Church to perform the Ordination. The postulation is the public expression of the anxious desire of the Church that worthy ministers of the Altar be Ordained, so that the public worship of God may be continued and the mission of Christ for the Salvation of Souls be carried on.

2. The Scrutiny.  The Ordaining Bishop makes inquiry as to the worthiness of the Candidates. Many laws have been passed, and many are still in force, whereby it is the responsibility of authorities who are required to watch over the Candidates for the Priesthood and to recommend for Ordination only such men as, according to their opinion, will be worthy Priests.

3. The Consultation of the People.  The assembled people are called upon to state openly if they know anything concerning a Candidate which would make him undesirable for the service of the Catholic Church. This, as well as the preceding act, was of eminently practical value in ancient times, when Candidates for the Priesthood did not receive a proper Seminary training of many years as was the case in the recent past before Synod Vatican 2 destroyed the Seminary curriculum with a cornucopia of Heresies, which the Roman Catholic Church has vigorously and Infallibly condemned down through the centuries, not to mention the blatant Apostasy which runs rampant in the evil Seminaries of the  .anti-Catholic..Satanic..Synod Vatican 2 pseudo-church..of .automatically  excommunicated. .Apostates, .Modernist Heretics, and .NEW Theology Heretics.

The ceremony clearly shows the importance which the Catholic  Church attaches to the selection of worthy Candidates for the service of the Altar. Indeed, the Ordaining Bishop cannot in good conscience Ordain anyone concerning whose worthiness he does not have a positive assurance.

4. The Imposition of the Hands.  This is the essential rite by which the Orders of Sacramental character are conferred; it symbolizes the communication of Supernatural Grace and power through the God the Holy Ghost.

The Diaconate is always administered during the Holy Sacrifice of the Traditional Catholic Mass which is done immediately after the Epistle.  Please note: On Holy Saturday, each Candidate is prostrate during the Litany before the Mass.

Candidates for Diaconate present themselves for Ordination dressed in Alb, Cincture, Amice, and Maniple.  On their left arm they carry the Diaconate Stole and Dalmatic, and in their right hand a burning candle.

The Order of the Diaconate is always administered immediately after the Epistle has been read.

The Ordinand(s) rise(s), after the Prostration, the Scrutiny, the Consultation by the Ordaining Bishop with the People, and the Instruction.

N.B.: If no Sub-Deacon(s) has (have) been Ordained today during these Ordinations, the Prostration takes place with Litany of the Saints.


The Ordinand(s) walk in a single file up to the foot of the Altar.  Then, one by one, each Ordinand walks up the Altar steps, and kneels on the first step below the predella and directly in front of the Ordaining Bishop.

The Ordaining Bishop lays his right hand on the top of the head of the Ordinand (the Matter required for .validity), saying in Latin (English Translation provided):

“Receive the Holy Ghost, unto power and to resist the Devil
and his temptations. In the name of the Lord.”

Nota Bene: According to the Apostolic Constitution Sacramentum Ordinis, Sunday, November 30, 1947, the imposition of the Bishop’s hand is the Matter, and the words (Emitte in ... roboretur)  are that part of the Form of the Sacrament of the Diaconate required for .validity. Both the Matter and Form are required for the .validity. of this Sacrament.

English translation of that part of the Form required for .validity. (Emitte in ... roboretur):

“Send forth upon him, We beseech Thee, O Lord, the Holy Ghost that he may be strengthened by Him, through the Gift of Thy Sevenfold Grace, unto the faithful discharge of Thy service.”



Investiture with the Diaconate Stole
A Vestment of the Office of the Diaconate



Investiture with the Dalmatic
A Vestment of the Office of the Diaconate



Investiture with the Librum Evangeliorum
The Book of the Gospels
An Insignia of the Office of the Diaconate




Holy Priests

The Holy Priesthood


The Order of the Priesthood
The Holy Priesthood - The 3rd of the Major Orders
The Eternal High Priest, Jesus Christ,
Ordained all of His Apostles Priests and also Consecrated them Bishops

The Holy Priesthood is the great Sacrament by which the Deacon becomes a Priest of the New Testament, an alter Christus, another Christ. The word Priest is derived from the Greek word  presbyteros, which means elder.  The term elder designates a person holding an Office which usually is conferred only on such as are distinguished by age, experience, nobility of character and life. The Priest is distinguished from the rest of the people by the dignity and authority inherent in the very nature of the Priesthood.

Priests were typified in the Old Testament by the seventy elders who were chosen by Moses in the desert to assist him in the government of the people. At what time the Apostles Ordained the first Priests cannot be established with certainty. However, it is probable that when Saint Paul wrote to Bishop Saint Timothy: “Impose not hands lightly upon any man” (1 Timothy 5:22), he had in mind the Ordination of Priests.

Of the awe-inspiring powers vested in the Priesthood, three are conferred by a special ceremonial act:  1)  the power to offer the Holy Sacrifice of the Traditional Catholic Mass; 2) the power to forgive sins; 3) the power to Bless. The indelible Character of the Priesthood is impressed upon the Priest’s Soul so that for all eternity he shall be “a Priest forever according to the Order of Melchisedech” (Psalm 109: 4).

The Sacrament of the Holy Priesthood is always administered during the Holy Sacrifice of the Traditional Catholic Mass.

The Rite of the Ordination of Priests is truly sublime. Of the many ceremonial acts which appear in the Rite, a brief explanation is needed for the following.

1.The Anointing of the Hands of the Priest.  Holy Oil was used extensively in the liturgical functions of the Old Testament. The High Priest and the Priests, the Tabernacle, and its furniture, the prophets and kings, were all anointed.   Christ Himself is announced as the Messias, which means the Anointed.

Jesus Christ is the Supreme Prophet, King, and Eternal High Priest. It is fitting, therefore, that the Priest of the Catholic Dispensation, who is an alter Christus, “another Christ,” should also be anointed. The anointing symbolizes the dedication of a person to the service of God, and the Administration of the Sacraments of Sanctifying Grace.

2.The Concelebration.  Concelebration denotes the celebration of the same one Mass by more than one Mass Celebrant, i.e. by one or more Bishops and/or by one or more Priests. From the Offertory, forward, the newly Ordained Priest offers the Holy Sacrifice of the Traditional Catholic Mass together with the Ordaining Bishop, so that the Ordination Mass is really the first Mass of each Newly Ordained Priest. Concelebration takes place only on the occasion of:

1) The Ordination to the Priesthood.
2) The Consecration to the Episcopacy.
Any Concelebration at any other time is strictly forbidden.

3. The Profession of Faith.  Towards the end of the Holy Sacrifice of the Traditional Catholic Mass, all of the Newly Ordained Priests recite  the Apostles’ Creed together. It is fitting that, as each Newly Ordained Priest enters upon his mission of teaching, he should solemnly profess the Faith which he will announce to the world.

4. The Promise of Obedience.  This Promise of Obedience is not a vow like the Vow of Obedience made by Religious, but it imposes upon the Priest the solemn obligation to administer his Office in faithful obedience to his ecclesiastical superiors.

Without obedience the Catholic Church could not carry out her work and Divine mission. After all, how fitting is it that the Priest, who is “another Christ,” should distinguish himself and merit the Blessing of God for his work by the practice of that Virtue which may be called the characteristic Virtue of our Savior Jesus Christ, Who “ humbled himself, becoming obedient unto death, even to the death of the cross” (Philippians  2:8).



The Prostration for the
Holy Sacrament of the Roman Catholic Priesthood

Just as with the Candidates for the Diaconate, so also for the Holy Priesthood, the Ordinand(s) rise(s), after the Prostration, the Scrutiny, the Consultation by the Ordaining Bishop with the People, and the Instruction.

N.B.: If no Sub-Deacon(s) and/or Deacon(s") has (have) been Ordained today during these Ordinations, the Prostration takes place with the Litany of the Saints.



The Administration of the
Holy Order of the Sacrament of the Holy Priesthood

The most solemn moment of the Rite of the Administration of the Sacrament of Holy Orders, by which each Ordinand is Ordained to the Holy Priesthood, has now arrived, the moment in which that wonderful transformation takes place in the Soul of the Ordinand, which makes him “a Priest forever according to the Order of Melchisedech” (Psalm 109:4).

The Ordinand(s) rise(s), and, one by one, walks up the Altar steps, and kneels on the top of the predella and before the Ordaining Bishop as in the above photo.

The Matter of the Order of the Priesthood
Required for.Validity

As in the above photo, the Ordaining Bishop, without any prayer, imposes both of his hands upon the top of the head of the Priestly Ordinand kneeling before him.

Immediately after the Ordaining Bishop removes both of his hands from the top of the head of the Priestly Ordinand, the Priestly Ordinand, rises from the predella, turns around with his back to the Altar and to the Ordaining Bishop, and slowly walks down the Altar steps, solemnly walking to his assigned place in the Sanctuary, where he kneels down, facing the Main Altar.

Each of the Priests who are present also impose both of their hands upon the top of the head of each Priestly Ordinand, but only after the Ordaining Bishop has first imposed both of his hands on teach of the Priestly Ordinands, likewise without saying any prayer.

After the Ordaining Bishop has concluded the imposition of his hands on the top of all of the Priestly Ordinands, the Ordaining Bishop waits for the last Priestly Ordinand to return to his pre-assigned place in the Sanctuary and waits for him to kneel down to receive the silent imposition of  hands from each of the Roman Catholic Priests who are present.

After all of the Priests who are present have finished the imposition of their hands on the top of the head of each kneeling Priestly Ordinand, all of the Priests go to the Altar steps on which they stand, on both the Epistle and Gospel sides of the Altar, and face the Priestly Ordinand(s) at an angle, as in the above photo.

The Ordaining Bishop, and all Priests who are present, raise their right hands and hold them extended over the Candidate(s) for the Holy Priesthood.

All is hushed in silence - it is as if  Heaven has opened and God the Holy Ghost comes down in visible form to take possession of His elect: “The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because the Lord hath anointed me” (Isaias 61:1).



That Part of the Form of the Holy Order of
The Sacrament of the Holy Priesthood Required for.Validity.


Da, quæsumus, Omnipotens Pater, in hunc famulum tuum (hos famulos tuos) Presbyterii dignitatem; innova in visceribus eius (eorum) Spiritum Sanctitatis; ut acceptum a te, Deus, secundi meriti munus obtineat (obtineant), censuramque morum exemplo suæ conversationis insinuet (insinuent).
.....
We beseech Thee, Almighty Father, invest this (these), Thy servant(s), with the dignity of the Priesthood. Do Thou renew in his (their) heart(s) the spirit of holiness, that he (they) may hold the Office, next to Ours in importance, which he has (they have) received from Thee, O Lord, and by the example of his life (their lives) point out a norm of conduct. 



Investiture with the Priestly Vestments
The Ordaining Bishop vests each Newly Ordained Priest
With the Vestments of the Sacrament of the Holy Priesthood.


Investiture with The Priestly Stole
A Vestment of the Office of the Holy Priesthood




Investiture with the Mass Chasuble
A Vestment of the Office of the Holy Priesthood


The Anointing of the Hands of the New Priest




Administration of the Power to Offer
The Holy Sacrifice of the Traditional Catholic Mass




Administration of
The Power to Forgive Sins



The Unfolding of the Mass Chasuble



The Promise of Obedience





Episcopal Consecration


 

A side-by-side comparison of the Liturgical Rite for the Administration of the Sacrament of the Episcopacy between the 1891 Roman Catholic Pontificale Romanum   and the 1968 .Satanic..Synod Vatican 2 pseudo-church..Roman Pontifical, is at this web page:

http://www.traditionalcatholicmass.com/home-m55.html

A side-by-side comparison of the Form for the Sacrament of the Episcopacy between the 1891 Roman Catholic Pontificale Romanum and the 1968 .Satanic..Synod Vatican 2 pseudo-church.. Roman Pontifical, is at this web page:

http://www.traditionalcatholicmass.com/home-m57.html



Summary

This completes the brief review of the Sacrament of Holy Orders which consists of Tonsure, Minor Orders, and Major Orders, each one of which is required before any Candidate for the Holy Catholic Priesthood can receive the Sacrament of the Holy Catholic Priesthood.  It is only after the .valid. reception of the Sacrament of the Holy Catholic Priesthood that a.validly.Ordained Roman Catholic Priest can.validly. begin to Offer the Holy Sacrifice of the Traditional Catholic Mass.

In other words, without the Sacrament of the Holy Priesthood, there can be no real,.valid.Mass.



A Continuation of
A Brief History of the
Traditional Catholic Mass
Of the Roman Catholic Church
Known as the Ancient Roman Rite of Mass

Now to continue with the Brief History of the Traditional Catholic Mass of the Roman Catholic Church, known as the Ancient Roman Rite of Mass, which can only be Offered by.validly.Ordained Roman Catholic Priests and Prelates (Bishops of whatever rank of Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction).

In summary, it is important to know and to understand that Christ’s example and command was the norm for the Apostles. At this Sacrifice-called the Mass-the Apostles did only that which Christ had done.



Some Liturgical, Theological,  and Historical Data

“Therefore, We believe that the Form of Words [for the  Consecration of the Most Precious Blood], as is found in the [Ancient] Canon [of the Traditional Catholic Mass], the Apostles received [directly] from Christ and their successors [directly] from them [the Apostles].” (Pope Innocent III, Lotario Dei Conti Di Segni [Thursday, January 8, 1198 - Saturday, July 16, 1216],  “Cum Marthae Circa”, Letter to John, Archbishop of Lyons, Friday, November 29, 1202; emphasis added.)

Therefore, it was according to the directions of Christ that the Apostles observed those things which Christ Himself had done and had prescribed to be done by the Apostles and all of their successors.

Saint Paul reminds us that the Apostles were only “Ministers of Christ and dispensers of the Mysteries of God.” (1 Corinthians 4:1.)


“Ambrose [Commentary on 1 Corinthians 11:27; quoted in the Gloss of Peter Lombard] says : ‘He is unworthy who celebrates the Mystery [the Traditional Catholic Mass] otherwise than Christ delivered it.’” (Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., “Summa Theologica”, Part II-II, Question 93, Article 1, Conclusion; emphasis added.)



Saint Thomas explains that any Priest, irregardless his office or the title of his office, incurs “the guilt of falsehood who... gives Worship [i.e. Offers a Mass] to God contrary to the manner established by....Divine Authority...”  (Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., Summa Theologica, Part II-II, Question 93, Article 1, Conclusion.)


“Ambrose says (De Sacramtum IV): ‘The [Double] Consecration is accomplished by the Words and Expressions of the Lord Jesus. Because, by all the other words spoken, praise is rendered to God, prayer is put up for the people, for kings, and others; but when the time comes for perfecting the Sacrament, the Priest no longer uses his own words, but the Words of Christ. Therefore, it is Christ’s Words that perfect this Sacrament.” (Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., Summa Theologica, Part III, Question 78, Article 1, On the Contrary.)


“The dispensing of the Sacraments belongs to the Church’s ministers.... but this [Double] Consecration is from God Himself.....  Consequently, the Church’s Ministers can make no laws regarding the Form of the  [DoubleConsecration... and the manner of celebrating...” (Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., Summa Theologica, Part III, Question 83, Article 3, Reply to Objection 8; emphasis added.)




An Apostle of Jesus Christ Consecrating a Bishop to Succeed Him

All of the Apostles knew exactly how to Offer the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass, including which prayers and rubrics to use, as well as how the Seven Sacraments are to be properly and .validly. and lawfully Administered.

But  the Successors of the Apostles needed what today is known as a Missal which has all of the prayers and rubrics in it in order to properly Offer the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass.
 
 


Saint Paul Preaching in Athens

Saint Paul traveled extensively and made many converts.  He also Ordained Priests and Consecrated Bishops.  These Priests and Bishops needed to have the text of the prayers and of the rubrics of the Mass written down so that they could follow them.  The first Missals, called Sacramentaries, were scrolls which could be used by these many Priests and Bishops whom Saint Paul, as well as the other Apostles, had Ordained and Consecrated.

The author of The Mass of the Apostles provides some interesting information, including the following data.

“There arose at a rather early period the Discipline of the Secret, already alluded to, embracing all the mysteries of the Faith, but surrounding with tenfold strictness the great Mystery of the Eucharistic Sacrifice, at which not even the catechumens might be present, and of which no profane ear might as much as hear the mention.  A studied cryptic expression was therefore used regarding it, intelligible to the initiated alone.  Yet that tremendous secrecy is in itself the best evidence of the belief in the Real Presence.  Else why should anyone have surrounded with such unspeakable sacredness and mystery a mere figure [i.e. a sign or symbol or type].” (Joseph Husslein, S.J., Ph.D., “The Mass of the Apostles”, Imprimatur by Patrick Cardinal Hayes, Archbishop of New York, September 10, 1929, Christ and the Eucharist, The Consecration and the Real Presence, p. 29.)


Abercius, Bishop of Hierapolis

“Abercius was Bishop of Hierapolis, a city in Phrygia.  Living at about the same time as St. Irenæus, [c. 150  A.D. - c. 215 A.D. to 220 A.D.] he was noted like him as a champion of the Faith against heresy.  He had traveled far and wide, east and west, in Italy and Mesopotamia, and everywhere, he tells us, found that the Christians partook of exactly the same Eucharistic Food in exactly the same way.  We possess in him therefore the most notable witness to the Catholicity of the Eucharistic Faith in the first ages of the Church.”  (Joseph Husslein, S.J., Ph.D., “The Mass of the Apostles”, Imprimatur by Patrick Cardinal Hayes, Archbishop of New York, September 10, 1929, The Voice of the Monuments, The Eucharist Through the Ages, pp. 306-307.)

“What I have enumerated is not, then, the invention of the Middle Ages, as some might have imagined, but each of the main features described can be found definitely mentioned in the Gospels, Epistles, and Acts of the Apostles.  Included as they were in the various devotions of the first Christians, all these features can be regarded as combined in the great central act of Apostolic worship, the Eucharistic Service.”

“Sufficient evidence, therefore, is supplied us as to the constitution of the so-called Primitive Rite and its substantial agreement with our present-day Mass or Liturgy.  Lesser details, too, there are to which I have not called attention.  Such are the Kiss of Peace, which was everywhere observed and continues today in our Solemn Mass, the prayers and standing and with extended arms, as the Priest still recites them today, and many other similar heritages from Apostolic Days.”

“Numerous allusions and references to the Mass, found in the writers of the first three centuries, often most remotely separate from each other and scattered over the then known earth, show the absolute uniformity of type in the Primitive Rite Everywhere.  That uniformity is equally made evident in the apocryphal Syrian Testamentum Domini and the Egyptian Church Orders, or earliest written Liturgies, which all agree with that most complete of early liturgical works, the Apostolic Constitutions, composed in Syria, and reasonably believed to approach in its general tone and type most closely to the ritual of the Apostolic Rite.”

“The remarkable uniformity in type of that Primitive Rite, as observed throughout the first centuries, is perhaps most strikingly evidenced in the conviction expressed by the second-century Fathers, that, namely, Christ Himself had personally instructed His Apostles in regard to that entire portion of the Mass which in the early Church was known as the Eucharistic Prayer, but which in the Eastern Church today corresponds to the Anaphora, and in the Western to the Preface and Canon combined.”


Pope St. Clement I of Rome

“Even in the first century St. Clement of Rome, writing only thirty years after the death of Sts. Peter and Paul, alludes to similar traditions. In his First Epistle to the Corinthians, an official document from the See of St. Peter, which we have seen was read for centuries in the churches, he expressly stated that the general ordering of the Divine worship in the Church had been definitely prescribed by Our Lord in person.  He wrote:

‘We must do all the things that the Lord told us to do at stated times, in proper order.  For He commanded that the offerings and services [liturgies] should be performed not rashly nor in disorder, but at fixed times and hours.  And He Himself by His most high will arranged where and by whom they should be celebrated, so that everything should be done piously according to His command’ (xl, 1-3).”

Christ Appearing to His Apostles After His Resurrection

“The Scripture itself tells us that during the period immediately following Christ’s Resurrection, Our Divine Lord showed Himself alive to His Apostles ‘by many proofs, for forty days appearing to them, and speaking of the Kingdom of God’ (Acts 1:3).   That Kingdom of God is, of course, His Holy Church.”

“How far Christ may at that time [Acts 1:3] have instructed His Apostles in the details of the Eucharistic Service we do not know, but there is no improbability that instructions may have been given them by Our Lord on this point.  Such, seemingly, was the universal belief of the Early Church.  Even at a much later period St. Jerome still refers to Christ having instructed His Apostles that ‘daily in the Sacrifice of His Body the Faithful may dare to say, Our Father, etc..’ [Saint Jerome, a.k.a. Eusebius Hieronymus, a.k.a. Sophronius [b. Stridon, Dalmatia c. 340 A.D. - d. Bethlehem, Palestine, Wednesday, September 30, 420 A.D.], Doctor of the Catholic Church,  Adv. Pelag. (Against the Pelagians), iii, 15.).  It all shows the persistence of these traditions.”

“ It certainly would most perfectly account for the almost incredible uniformity of type in the Primitive Rite, unless indeed the Apostles themselves should have come to an agreement under the direction of St. Peter.  Else each Apostle might have initiated his own Rite, embodying the essentials prescribed by Christ at the Last Supper.”   (Joseph Husslein, S.J., Ph.D., “The Mass of the Apostles”, Imprimatur by Patrick Cardinal Hayes, Archbishop of New York, September 10, 1929, The Eucharist Through the Ages, pp. 318-321.)

Commentary

It should be noted that the good Padre doesn't seem to be aware of the comment quoted by Saint Thomas concerning the fact that:


Apostle Saint James the Just
First Cousin of Christ

“We find it stated in De Consecr., Dist 1 that ‘James, the brother of the Lord according to the flesh, and Basil, the Bishop of Caesarea, EDITED the Rite of celebrating the Mass’ and from their authority it is manifest that whatever words are employed in this regard are chosen becomingly.” (Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., Summa Theologica, Part III, Question 83, Article 4, On the Contrary; emphasis added.)

Just what is Saint Thomas telling us? Christ and the Apostles spoke Aramaic. The Mass was edited, i.e.. the translation and publication of these early Missals was done by the First Cousin of Jesus Christ, the Apostle Saint James the Just - whose Mother was the Sister of the Blessed Virgin Mary - and which Apostle had remained at Jerusalem, with help from Saint Basil, the Bishop of Caesarea, which is a short distance to the West of Jerusalem.


Koine Greek, New Testament: John 3:16

These early Missals were written in what is called Koine Greek, the same Koine Greek used in writing most of the New Testament of the Bible. The Greek words chosen by the Apostle Saint James the Just and by his assistant, Bishop Saint Basil, were becoming, i.e. proper/elegant/tasteful. But these two did not compose the Mass either in Aramaic or in Greek.

Why does it seem that most history ignores this fact? In regard to the early Church, one finds Church Historians who write about what they call the Law of Secrecy which was intended to protect the members of the infant Church from persecution, so that, therefore, it was not intended to deceive.

The Evangelists did not intend to hand down the Forms of the Sacraments, which in the Primitive Church had to be kept concealed as Dionysius observed at the close of his book on the ecclesiastical hierarchy.” (Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., Summa Theologica, Part III, Question 78, Article 3, Reply to Objection 9.)


Pope St. Clement I of Rome

The author of The Mass of the Apostles continues:


That the Mass of the Apostles would be faithfully copied by their Successors was sufficiently clear.  Christ had made known to the Apostles, St. Clement [St. Clement of Rome, a.k.a. Pope St. Clement I (c. 88 - c. 97)]  writes in the Epistle referred to [First Epistle to the Corinthians] - and let us remember that he lived in the days of the Apostles - that contentions would arise regarding the Episcopal office.  In view of this foreknowledge, St. Clement  [St. Clement of Rome, a.k.a. Pope St. Clement I (c. 88 - c. 97)] continues, the Apostles ‘appointed the above-mentioned Bishops and provided for the future by establishing a rule of succession according to which well-tried men should succeed them in their office after their death.’”

“The point here is that these ‘well-tried’ men would have been intimately associated with the Apostles, and so would naturally have closely imitated them in their manner of performing the most sacred Episcopal function, the Offering of the Eucharistic Sacrifice.”

So it was possible to secure that sameness of type which we know characterized the early Masses”. (Joseph Husslein, S.J., Ph.D., “The Mass of the Apostles”, Imprimatur by Patrick Cardinal Hayes, Archbishop of New York, September 10, 1929, The Eucharist Through the Ages, pp. 321-322; emphasis added.)

The Law of Secrecy

The Law of Secrecy was observed because of the bloody persecution of the Catholic Church in the first 3 Centuries A.D. and also because of attempts, by evil people, to infiltrate the Catholic Church.

The Law of Secrecy..is not only the reason why the Bible does NOT contain the Form for the Seven Sacraments, but also why many other very important teachings were never recorded in the New Testament of the Bible, e.g. the entire Liturgical Rite used for Offering the Holy Sacrifice of the Traditional Catholic Mass, the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, that all of the Apostles were married, except Saint John, etc., etc.


Roman Emperor, Diocletian

However, even many of the documents in Rome, which were not protected by The Law of Secrecy, were destroyed, because of the campaign of book burning in which the precious data about the history of the Catholic Church at Rome, along with the Sacred Books, were destroyed by fire as the result of the persecution of the Catholic Church by the pagan Roman Emperor, Diocletian, a.k.a. Valerius Diocletianus [b. at Dioclea, near Salona, in Dalmatia, 245 A.D. - d. at Salona,  313 A.D.], Roman Emperor [284 A.D.- abdicated Monday, May 1, 305 A.D.].

A Manual of Church History

“This campaign of the destruction of such valuable documents began “in earnest in 303; within a brief space of time four edicts were published which threw into mourning the whole of Christendom.  The first ordained that the churches should be razed and the sacred books burnt, that all Christians should be accounted outlaws and lose their offices and dignities, and that those who were attached to the emperor’s household should lose their freedom.” (Father Franz Xavier Von Funk, Ph.D. [Doctorate in Philosophy in 1863 A.D.], [b. in the small market town of Abtsgemünd in Würtemberg, Germany on Monday, October 12, 1840 A.D. - d. at Tübingen, in Würtemberg, Germany, on Sunday, February 24, 1907 A.D.], Church Historian and Professor of Theology at the University of Tübingen, in Würtemberg, Germany, A Manual of Church History, Imprimatur, May 16, 1910 A.D., p. 47.)


Pope Saint Clement I

A Sacramentary called the Clementine Liturgy is regarded by some historians as being in universal use during the first three centuries.

After that, the East kept the Greek language and the West translated the Mass into Latin. This greatly assisted the missionaries of those times after Latin replaced Greek as a universal language throughout what was left of the ancient Roman Empire.

Both the unchangeable .Ontological Essence. and the   .Metaphysical Essence. of the Mass, which essences were perfectly instituted by the Eternal High Priest, Jesus Christ, are to be found in all historical .valid. liturgies of the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass, both in the East where the Mass is called the Divine Liturgy, and in the West, the principle one of the West being called the Ancient Roman Rite by some pre-Vatican 2 historical liturgists.


Pope Saint Clement I

Before Saint John the Apostle wrote the Apocalypse, or, as it is called in Greek, Apokalupis, the Bishop of Rome, Pope Saint Clement I [c. 88 A.D. - c. 97 A.D.], in about the year 92 A.D. commanded all of his Clergy: “Take care not to deviate from the established rule of [liturgical] service.” (O Epistola Ad Corinthios 40, 1.)

Note the words: Established Rule. How could the Bishop of Rome, Pope Saint Clement I, expect obedience from his Clergy unless actual Missals existed, which were then called Sacramentaries? Note his primary order: Do not change the Liturgy, i.e. the Mass.  This was prior to the year 100 A.D.!

Surprised?  Why? Saint Thomas tells us that the Forms of the Sacraments and the Prayers and Rubrics of the Holy Sacrifice of the Masswere handed down to the Church by the Apostles who received them from our Lord.” (Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., Summa Theologica, Part III, Question 78, Article 3, Reply to Objection 9; emphasis added.)


Saint Paul

Saint Paul says the same thing to us via the people of Corinth: what “I have delivered unto you, I have received of the Lord.” (1 Corinthians 11:23.)

Pope Saint Innocent I

The Bishop of Rome, Pope Saint Innocent I [Saturday, December 22, 401 - Sunday, March 12, 417], in his Letter to Decentius, the Bishop of Gubbio, is aware that Missals exist and requires that they NOT be changed:

“Who does not know that what has been handed down by Peter, the Prince of the Apostles, to the Roman Church is still observed unto this day and MUST BE OBSERVED BY ALL?”
Patriarch Saint Ambrose [b. in Gaul, possibly at Trier, Arles, or Lyons in 340 A.D. - d. at Milan, Italy on Friday, April 4, 397 A.D.], Patriarch of Milan [374 A.D. - Friday, April 4, 397 A.D.], quotes a considerable part of the Roman Canon and claims to be following Roman usage.

Bishop Saint Justin Martyr [b. Sichem, a.k.a. Neapolis, or Flavia Neapolis, modern day Nablus, Palestine c. 100 A.D. - d. Rome, Italy c. 165 A.D.], a Bishop and martyr, writing in Rome c. 150 A.D. gives us a good idea of what a complete Mass was like.

We have the oldest surviving actual missal from about the year 200 A.D.

The Apostolic Tradition of the Church Historian, and Bishop of Rome, Saint Hippolytus I, a.k.a. Hippolytus of Rome [b. in 155 A.D. - d. martyred at Sardinia in 236 A.D.], has the Roman Canon in Greek.

For the record, it should be noted that the reason why the Roman Catholic Church considers the Bishop of Rome, Hippolytus I a Saint, is because Hippolytus I, a.k.a. Hippolytus of Rome, was martyred at Sardinia in 236 A.D., despite the ironic fact that the Roman Catholic Church also considers him to be the 2nd anti-Pope [217 A.D. - 236 A.D.] of the Roman Catholic Church!

Also, for the historical record, it should be noted that shortly after being “elected” a  Bishop of Rome, the second “John XXIII found an ancient statue of Hippolytus, an anti-pope of the Third Century. He had the statue restored and placed at the entrance of the Vatican Library.” (Paul Bede Johnson [b. at Manchester, England on Friday, November 2, 1928 - present], “Pope John XXIII”, Hutchinson, 1975, pp. 37, 114-115, 130.)

Book 8 of the Apostolic Constitutions, written at the end of the 4th Century, refers to the Clementine Liturgy which it says was in use in the Catholic Church at Rome, a.k.a., the Roman Church, since the days of Christ and His Apostles.


Pope Saint Leo I

The Bishop of Rome, Pope Saint Leo I, the Great [Saturday, September 29, 440 - Thursday, November 10, 461], used a specific Missal which was found in the Capitulan library of the Cathedral of Verona.


Pope Saint Gelasius I

The Bishop of Rome, Pope Saint Gelasius I [Saturday, March 1, 492 - Wednesday, November 21, 496], the Son of the .validly. married Bishop, Bishop Valerio, used the same Missal which the Bishop of Rome, Pope Saint Leo I, the Great [Saturday, September 29, 440 - Thursday, November 10, 461], had used.  Saint Gelasius I re-issued this same Missal during his reign, probably to replace the older copies of this Missal which were wearing out from daily use.


Pope Vigilius I

The Bishop of Rome, Pope Vigilius I [Friday, March 29, 537 -  Saturday, June 7, 555], also used the same Missal which Saint Leo I had used, but, just as Pope Saint Gelasius I [Saturday, March 1, 492 - Wednesday, November 21, 496] had done, Vigilius I also had new copies of it made.


Pope Saint Gregory I

The Bishop of Rome, Pope Saint Gregory I, the Great [Friday, September 3, 590 - Monday, March 12, 604], did the same thing in 595 A.D.




Charlemagne and Alcuin of York

The English Monk, Alcuin of York, a.k.a. Alhwin, Alchoin [b. at York, England in c. 735 A.D. - d. on Wednesday, May 19, 804 A.D.], used the Missal of Pope Saint Gregory I, the Great [Friday, September 3, 590 - Monday, March 12, 604], but also the Gallicanized version of Pope Saint Gelasius I [Saturday, March 1, 492 - Wednesday, November 21, 496]. He fused these two together.  This version found its way back to Rome where, after a time, it was formally adopted by Rome in about the 10th Century.

Filioque

Historically and Liturgically, the Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed  is the Creed which is used on all Sundays, and major Feast Days, during the Holy Sacrifice of the Traditional Catholic Mass in the Roman Catholic ChurchThis Creed is very important because it is a very brief type of summary of the Roman Catholic Faith which must be believed by all Roman Catholics.

What was one of the reasons for the use of Filioque (and of the Son), which is an interpolation (considered by some to be an heretical interpolation) of the Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed?  Some claim it was found in the Frankish theological tradition, based upon the questionable teaching of Saint Augustine that “Whatever the Father has, the Son also has.”

However, one source provides a slightly different history:  “The addition [of Filioque into the Creed] seems first to have appeared in Spain, in the course of the disputes between the Spanish Catholics and the Arian Visigoths [heretics].  It was inserted in the so-called Athanasian Creed, promulgated by the Spaniards int he seventh century; and when they adopted the Nicene Creed soon afterwards they retained the word.  From Spain it found its way to the Carolingian Court and found an eager advocate in Charles the Great, who tried to impose it on the Papacy.” (Steven Runciman, The Eastern Schism, p. 29).  However, the Spanish Catholics may have also used this teaching of Saint Augustine so that the ultimate source for the use of  Filioque in Spain may have also been Saint Augustine?

Over the centuries, various authors have written on this subject.  Rather than re-hash so many volumes concerning it, herewith is a review of some of the more important historical facts concerning Filioque.

The Origin of the Problem

The West

The West claims that God the Holy Ghost proceeds “from the Father and the Son” because, according to Saint Augustine’s teaching:

Whatever the Father has, the Son also has.”   This has also been translated as:  “All things that the Father has are the Son’s also.”  (Saint Augustine, a.k.a. Aurelius Augustinus [b. Tagaste, Africa, Saturday, November 13, 354 A.D. - d. Hippo Regia, Africa, Wednesday, August 28, 430 A.D.], Bishop of Hippo Regia, Father and Doctor of the Catholic Church, the Doctor of Grace,  Volume III, On the Holy Trinity, Book II, Chapter 4, The Glorification of the Son by the Father Does Not Prove Inequality; emphasis added.)
Therefore, following the teaching of Saint Augustine, possibly the Catholics in Spain, and most definitely, the Frankish theological tradition, inserted the Filioque into the Creed.

The East

On the contrary, the error of this position is explained by the Patriarch of Constantinople, Photius [815 A.D. - 897 A.D.], said:

“If all things common to the Father and the Son are necessarily common to the Spirit... and if the procession is common to the Father and the Son, the Spirit therefore will then proceed from Himself; and He will be principle of Himself, and both cause and caused; a thing which even the myths of the ancient Greeks never fabricated.”  (Photius, Jacques Paul Migne [b. Saint-Flour, France on Saturday, October 25, 1800 - d. Paris, France on  Sunday, October 24, 1875], “Patrologiæ Graecæ Cursus Completus,” 2nd series, published in 166 volumes [1857 - 1866], Volume cii, 289-b.)
Synod of Aix-la-Chapelle [809 A.D.]
Charlemagne’s “Libri Carolingi”

NoteAix-la-Chapelle is also called Liége and Aachen.

Research indicates that in the year 809 A.D., Pope Leo III [Tuesday, December 26, 795 - Sunday, June 12, 816], was approached on the subject of the Filioque.  The Pope received a delegation of two Bishops and one Abbot from King Charlemagne (Charles the Great) [b. at Aix-la-Chapelle a.k.a..,  Liége , a.k.a. Aachen, on Thursday, April 2, 742 A.D. - d. at Aix-la-Chapelle on Monday, January 28, 814 A.D.; King of the Franks from 771 A.D. to 814 A.D.; Pacific Emperor from 800 A.D. to 814 A.D.], who had convoked a Synod at Aix-la-Chapelle (a.k.a. Liége; Aachen) in France in 809 A.D., which was attended not only by members of the Western Rites but also by an Easterner, a Monk from Jerusalem.

It was at this time and place that this Eastern Rite Monk learned of the addition of the term Filioque into the Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed.  It was only logical that he would protest against such a disregard for the Œcumenical Council of Constantinople I [381 A.D.].

Charlemagne sent ambassadors to Pope Leo III [Tuesday, December 26, 795 - Sunday, June 12, 816] in Rome along with a document called the Libri Carolingi.  One researcher relates the following concerning this document:

“The new emperor had no hesitation in laying down theological law, consciously or unconsciously assuming that dual function of priest-king that the Caesars had possessed.  It is never, in fact, wholly clear, in all those religious controversies throughout his reign upon which he pronounced as king, and later as emperor, what was his personal opinion expressed directly, what was received opinion formulated by his advisers and expressed under his seal, and what was his opinion but expressed through the medium of one or other of his advisers.  At the height of the iconoclastic controversy there appeared under his authority a treatise, now known as the Libri Carolini, which in effect sharply rapped the knuckles of both contending parties, in particular openly and specifically criticizing the pope for his immoderate defense of iconology which came perilously near image - worship - but condemning, too, the extremists who would strip churches bare.  It was not only a display of common sense remarkable for its time, but in its strong criticism of Rome made very clear that the Italian city by no means had a monopoly of religious or moral truth. Alcuin has been credited with the authorship of the supposed  Libri Carolini, but though Charlemagne would doubtless have consulted him, the vigour of the language, its opinions indifferently bruising the armour propre of Constantinople and Rome alike, make it manifestly his work.  The gentle, courteous Alcuin would never have used such a phrase as those who with their infamous and silly synods strive to bring into the Church practices which neither the Saviour nor his Apostles ever taught.”  (Russell Chamberlin, “The Emperor Charlemagne”, p. 210; emphasis added.)

Research also indicates that Charlemagne appears to lack any credentials at being either a philosopher or a theologian, not to mention a liturgist and an exegetic.  This means that, in his Libri Carolingi he obviously expressed only his person fallible opinion in all matters, including the matter of Filioque.

Another researcher writes that at the beginning of the ninth century no change had taken place in the constitution of the Church as we have described it, and especially none as to the authority for deciding matters of faith.  When the Frankish Bishops came to Pope Leo III [Tuesday, December 26, 795 - Sunday, June 12, 816], he assured them that, far from setting himself above the Fathers of the Council in 381, who made the additions to the Nicene Creed, he did not venture to put himself on a par with them, and therefore refused to sanction the interpolation of Filioque  into the Creed.  (Council. Gall. (ed. Sirmondi) ii, 256.  Janus, a.k.a., Father Johann Josef Ignaz von Döllinger [1799-1890], “The Pope and the Council,” authorized translation from the German, published by Roberts Brothers, Boston, Massachusetts, 1870, Chapter III, Section 7, Forgeries, p. 76.)

One source writes:  “In the matter of the liturgical dispute, the Pope, probably supposing that is would be imprudent to embitter it by an immediate decision, judged it well to temporize. To  Charlemagne’s ambassadors he declared that, if his advice were asked, he would counsel that the Filioque be not introduced.  He added that now the best would be not to sing the Creed any more in the imperial palace, since it was not sung at Rome.  Then, to give the Christian world a visible evidence of the community of faith between the East and the West, he had engraved on two tablets of silver, without the word Filioque, the identical texts of the Nicene Creed in Greek and in Latin.  These tablets were placed in the Basilica of St. Peter (Footnote # 113: Liber Pontif., I, 46, note; Hefele, V, 177f).” (Rev. Fernand Mourret, S.S., translated by Rev. Newton Thompson, S.T.D., A History of the Catholic Church, Volume Three, p. 410.)

Eastern Council of Constantinople [867 A.D.]

Patriarch Photius [815 A.D. - 897 A.D.] convoked a Council (N.B.:  This Council has not been received as Œcumenical by the West.) which was held at Constantinople in the summer of 867 A.D.  (Philip Hughes, The Church in Crisis:  A History of the General Councils 325-1870, p. 172.) and excommunicated Pope Nicholas I [April 24, 858 A.D. - November 13, 867 A.D.].

Epistle of Pope Saint Agatho I

Pope Saint Agatho I [Thursday, June 27, 678 - Monday, January 10, 681] also writes in an Epistle:  “We believe in God the Father, and His Only-Begotten Son, and the Holy Spirit, the Lord and Giver of life, Who proceedeth from the Father, Who with the Father and the Son together is worshipped and glorified.”

Letter of Pope John VIII [c. 872 A.D.]

Pope John VIII [Wednesday, December 14, 872 - Wednesday, December 16, 882] wrote a letter to Patriarch Photius [815 A.D. - 897 A.D.] in which Filioque is described as something newly added, but never used in the Church of Rome, and that the use of Filioque is vigorously condemned.

The Ultimate Conclusion

Irregardless whether it be either the pro or con position, it is an interesting historical fact to note that in all of the great defenses which have been made by the apologists FOR Filioque in the West that, to the best of Our knowledge, no one, especially in the West, has ever denied the historical fact that Filioque IS an interpolation of the Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed and that Filioque IS also an interpolation, by praxis, of John 15:26The ultimate conclusion is this: Filioque IS an interpolation.

A Brief Summary

“But when the Paraclete cometh, whom I will send you from the Father, the Spirit of Truth,  Who proceedeth from the Father, He shall give testimony of Me.”  (John 15:26; emphasis added.)

This Scripture should be more than sufficient proof that  Filioquedoes NOT belong in the Creed, whether it be  the Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed, or any other Creed, because Christ Himself teaches:  “I am the way and the Truth and life.  No man cometh to the Father, but by Me.” (John 14:6.)

It should be obvious, even to the most casual observer, that these acts of Popes Saint Leo III [Tuesday, December 26, 795 - Sunday, June 12, 816] and of Pope John VIII [872-882] condemning the insertion of “Filioque” into the Creed fit the definition of an act of Papal Infallibility.  It should also be pointed out that these two Popes were themselves obeying the solemn decree of the Fourth Œcumenical Council which, concerning the Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed, decreed:

“But such as dare either to put together another faith, or to bring forward or to teach or to deliver a different Creed... let them be .anathema. [i.e. excommunicated].” (First Œcumenical Council of Chalcedon, Session 5, Sunday, October 22, 451 A.D.)


The Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed


Credo in unum Deum, Patrem Omnipoténtem, Factórem cæli et terræ, visibílium ómnium et invisibílium.  Et in unum Dóminum Jesum Christum, Fílium Dei unigénitum, et ex Patre natum ante ómnia sæcula.  Deum de Deo, Lumen de Lúmine. Deum verum de Deo vero; génitum, non factum, consubstantiálem  Patri, per Quem ómnia facta sunt. Qui propter nos hómines, et propter nostram salútem, descéndit de cælis. 

Et incarnátus est de Spíritu Sancto, ex Maria Vírgine, ET HOMO FACTUS EST.

Crucifíxus étiam pro nobis; sub Póntio Piláto passus et sepúltus est.  Et resurréxit tértia die secúndum Scriptúras. Et ascéndit in Cælum. Sedet ad déxteram Patris; et íterum ventúrus est cum glória iudicáre vivos et mórtuos; cujus regni non erit finis. Et in Spíritum Sanctum, Dóminum et vivificántem, Qui ex Patre procédit. Qui cum Patre et Fílio simul adorátur et conglorificátur. Qui locútus est per prophétas.  Et Unam, Sanctam, Cathólicam et Apostólicam Ecclésiam. Confíteor unum baptísma in remissiónem peccatórum. Et expécto resurrectiónem mortuórum. + Et vitam ventúri sæculi.  Amen.

.....
I believe in one God, the Father Almighty, Creator of heaven and earth, and of all things visible and invisible. And in one Lord Jesus Christ, the only-begotten Son of God, born of the Father before all ages.  God of God, Light of Light. True God of True God; begotten not made, of one substance with the Father, by Whom all things were made. Who for us men, and for our salvation, came down from Heaven. 
 

And was born of the Holy Ghost from the Virgin Mary:  AND WAS MADE MAN.

He was also crucified for us; suffered under Pontius Pilate, and was buried.  And He rose on the third day, according to the Scriptures. And ascended into Heaven. He sitteth at the right hand of the Father; and He shall come again with glory to judge the living and the dead; and of His kingdom there shall be no end. And I believe in the Holy Ghost, the Lord and giver of life, Who proceedeth from the Father. Who is simultaneously adored and glorified together with the Father and the Son;  And Who spoke through the prophets. And in One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church. I confess one baptism for the remission of sins. And I look for the resurrection of the dead.  + And the life of the world to come.  Amen.



A 12th Century Missal

The 12th Century Missal had all of the same parts of the Mass as the pre-Vatican 2 Missal has.


A Medieval Cathedral
The Middle Ages in the Roman Catholic Church

But, during the Middle Ages, prayers were added which made the Mass very long.


Roman Catholic Council of Trent

The Roman Catholic Council of Trent reformed this abuse and restored the Roman Catholic Missal, primarily the Canon of the Mass, to that of Saint Gregory I’s edition of 595 A.D. (which was based upon the older Missal going back to Pope Saint Leo I [Saturday, September 29, 440 - Thursday, November 10, 461].


Pope Benedict XIV

“[Pope] Benedict XIV [Prospero Lambertini, (Wednesday, August 17, 1740 - Wednesday, May 3, 1758)] says that no pope has added to, or changed, the Canon [of the Mass] since St. Gregory [595 A.D.] (De SS. Missæ sacrificio, p. 162). .... We may say safely that a modern [1910 A.D.] Latin [Rite] Catholic who could be carried back to Rome in the early seventh century would -- while missing some features to which he is accustomed [e.g. Last Gospel] -- find himself on the whole quite at home with the service he saw there.” (The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume IX, Liturgy of the Mass, ¶ C. The Mass from the Fifth to the Seventh Century, p. 795-b, Adrian Fortescue,  Copyright © 1910 by Robert Appleton Company.)


Roman Catholic Council of Trent

The Roman Catholic Council of Trent  forbade any additions and/or changes to the restored Missal, except for the addition of new Feast Days and minor Rubrical clarifications, etc.


Pope Saint Pius V

The Bishop of Rome, Pope Saint Pius V, Antonio-Michele Ghislieri [Friday, January 7, 1566 - Monday, May 1, 1572] obeyed the Roman Catholic Council of Trent and the Bishop of Rome, Pope Paul IV, Gian Pietro Carafa [Monday, May 23, 1555 - Tuesday, August 18, 1559], who had approved the solemn Session 22 of the Roman Catholic Council of Trent on Monday, September 17, 1562.
 
 



In order to be consistent with their doctrine of infallibility, all future popes of the Roman Catholic Church are required to likewise obey the Roman Catholic Council of Trent and, also to be  consistent with their doctrine of infallibility, all future popes of the Roman Catholic Church are required to preserve, protect and defend the Quo Primum Tempore, issued on Tuesday, July 14, 1570, by the Bishop of Rome, Pope Saint Pius V, which Papal Bulla is to be found at the very beginning of his 1570 edition of the Missale Romanum.

In other words, according to the infallible teachings of the Roman Catholic Church, if any future council or any future pope, after the Dogmatic Roman Catholic Council Trent and Pope Saint Pius V was to try to change the Missale Romanum issued by Pope Saint Pius V on Tuesday, July 14, 1570, they would all be  .automatically   excommunicated..from the Roman Catholic Church, according to the penalties found in the infallible Quo Primum Tempore of the Roman Catholic Church.  Of course those who are not Roman Catholics can follow their own personal whims and do whatever they choose since they have no valid Masses or Sacraments, e.g. the members of the .anti-Catholic. .Satanic. .Synod Vatican 2 pseudo-church..of .automatically  excommunicated. .Apostates, .Modernist Heretics, and .NEW Theology Heretics.

The Bishop of Rome, Pope Saint Pius V, Antonio-Michele Ghislieri [Friday, January 7, 1566 - Monday, May 1, 1572], in his famous Quo Primum Tempore of Tuesday, July 14, 1570, not only forbade any changes to the liturgical rite of the Mass which is found in his Missale Romanum of Tuesday, July 14, 1570, but in Quo Primum Tempore Saint Pius V attached various penalties, including automatic excommunication, to anyone, and this includes all future popes of the Roman Catholic Church, who would even attempt to change His Missale Romanum.






anti-Catholic..Satanic..Synod Vatican 2 pseudo-church

Unfortunately, many of the Clergy and Laity of the  .anti-Catholic..Satanic..Synod Vatican 2 pseudo-church..of .automatically  excommunicated. .Apostates, .Modernist Heretics, and .NEW Theology Heretics.. (Lex Orandi, Lex Credendi. - the law of praying is the law of believing, a.k.a. .Legem Credendi, Lex Statuit Supplicandi) are ignorant of this important document and its severe penalties!




Pope Clement VIII

However, the only two things which Quo Primum Tempore does not forbid are minor rubrical clarifications and new feasts.  This explains why the Bishop of Rome, Pope Clement VIII, Ippolito Aldobrandini [Thursday, January 30, 1592 - Saturday, March 5, 1605] had no problem when he made a few minor rubrical clarifications in his Cum Sanctissimum on Wednesday, July 7, 1604.


Pope Urban VIII

The same is true of  the Bishop of Rome, Pope Urban VIII, Maffeo Barberini [Sunday, August 6, 1623 - Friday, July 29, 1644], with his minor rubrical clarifications in Si Quid Est of Saturday, September 2, 1634.


Pope Saint Pius X

The same is also true of the Bishop of Rome, Pope Saint Pius X, Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto [Tuesday, August 4, 1903 - Thursday, August 20, 1914], in his Divino Afflatu of Wednesday, November 1, 1911.

But, despite minor Rubrical clarifications and a very small number of new feasts which have been added to the  Missale Romanum, which is to say to the Ancient Roman Rite of Mass, both the .Ontological Essence.and the .Metaphysical Essence.of the Catholic Traditional Rite of the Mass, i.e. those things which make the Mass - the Mass - have always remained the same since Jesus Christ instituted this Holy Sacrifice of Himself to His Eternal Father.

Remember how Saint Peter has warned us to:

“Be sober and watch because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, goeth about seeking whom he may devour.” (1 Peter 5:8.)


John Scotus Eriugena

John Scotus Eriugena, [b. Paris, 810 A.D. - d. 877 A.D.], a.k.a. pultes Scotorum - the Scottish hodgepodge, who was an Irish teacher, theologian, philosopher and poet, the head of the palace school under Charles the Bald [b. 823 A.D. - d. Wednesday, October 6, 877 A.D.], attacked the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass in about 847 A.D., teaching the heresy that the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass is not a Sacrifice at all, but only a mere memorial supper meal.

“It is not hard to trace the intellectual pedigree of this Irish thinker: the two most philosophical of all the Fathers, Saint Augustine and Saint Gregory of Nyssa -- Neo-Platonists  both -- Saint Maximus the Confessor and, above all, the anonymous writer for so long called -- and thought to be -- Denis the Areopagite [a.k.a. pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite].” (Philip Hughes, A History of the Church to the Eve of the Reformation,  Volume 1, p. 711.)


 pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite

What had happened was that, in good faith, the very unfortunate John Scotus Eriugena had translated the works of the 5th Century Neo-Platonic philosopher, pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite, from the Greek.  Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite was not an Athenian but a Syrian and not a contemporary of the Apostles as had been thought, but rather a monk of the late 5th Century.


Proclus Lycaeus

As a matter of fact, pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite was not even a Catholic, but rather, although he was a convert from paganism, he was a Monophysite heretic. He was a contemporary of Proclus Lycaeus [b. in Byzantium on February 8, 412 - d. on April 17, 485], called "The Successor" or "Diadochos", and was a Greek Neo-Platonist philosopher, one of the last major Classical philosophers who set forth one of the most elaborate and fully developed systems of Neo-Platonism.


First Council of Chalcedon

Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite was also a contemporary of the furious controversies which swirled in consequence of the Fourth Œcumenical Council, the First Council of Chalcedon [Sunday, October 8, 451 A.D. -  Wednesday, November 1, 451 A.D.].

Therefore, because of this, and other reasons, it seems self-evident that the heretical Neo-Platonism of Saint Augustine, who was an ex-Manichaen heretic, Saint Gregory of Nyssa, Saint Maximus the Confessor, and, above all, of Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite, greatly influenced the  pultes Scotorum - the Scottish hodgepodgeJohn Scotus Eriugena, in an adverse way in regard to the teachings of the Catholic Church, especially about the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass and the Sacrament of the Most Holy Eucharist, especially the Mystery of FaithTransubstantiation!



Cathedral of Valence (Valencia)

One should not be surprised to learn that the very confused John Scotus Eriugena was condemned at the Council of Valence (Valencia) in 855 A.D. which called his heresies pultes Scotorum - the Scottish hodgepodge.



Periphyseon, a.k.a. De Divisione Naturæ

The primary work of John Scotus Eriugena was entitled De Divisione Naturæ[851 A.D.].  John Scotus Eriugena originally entitled it Periphyseon.


Bishop Prudentius of Troyes

That John Scotus Eriugena exceeded the bounds of Catholic Orthodoxy is the contention of Bishop Prudentius of Troyes [b. at Aragon, Spain - d. at Troyes, France on April 6, 861], a Bishop of Troyes.


Deacon Florus of Lyon

That John Scotus Eriugena exceeded the bounds of Catholic Orthodoxy is also the contention of Deacon Florus of Lyon, a.k.a. Florus Lugdunensis [b. c. 809 - d. c. January, 860], a Deacon at Lyon.


Liber de Predestination
The Book On Predestination

Both Bishop Prudentius of Troyes   and  Deacon Florus of Lyon   answered the Liber de Predestination of  John Scotus Eriugena in their works which personally attacked him, rather than being focused objectively only on his heresies. Their views prevailed in the Council of Valence (Valencia) in 855 A.D. in which Eriugena’s doctrine was condemned.


Cathedral of Langres

Their views also prevailed in the Council of Langres in 859 A.D., in which Eriugena’s doctrine was condemned.

Eriugena’s primary work, which the Church later condemned, was De Divisione Naturæ [851 A.D.] in which he presented a large pantheistic system, thus causing him to be considered by some as the Father of anti-Scholasticism.  In the 13th Century, the pantheism of De Divisione Naturæ was formally condemned.


Notre Dame Cathedral, Paris

The Council of Paris [1225 A.D.] coupled the condemnation of Eringena’s De Divisione Naturæ with the previous condemnations [1210 A.D.] of the heretical doctrines of Amalric of Chartres.
 
 

Amalric of Chartres a.k.a. Amalric of Bena
Hears His Sentence
Amalric and Innocent III
Chroniques de France

In 1210 A.D., and again in 1225 A.D., the Council of Paris condemned the heresies of Amalric of Chartres, a.k.a. Amalric of Bena, a.k.a. Amaury de Bène, a.k.a. Amaury de Chartres, a.k.a. Almaricus, a.k.a., Amalricus, a.k.a. Amauricus [b. at Bennes, a village between Ollé and Chauffours, in the diocese of Chartres in the late 12th Century - d.  between 1204 A.D. and 1207 A.D.], who was a French heretical theologian, after whom the Amalricians (somewhat similar to the Brethren of the Free Spirit) are named.


Amalric's Followers Were Burned
As Heretics by Order of King Philippe II
 


David of Dinant
Apparently He Fled Paris in Order to Avoid Being Burned At the Stake
As Were the Heretical Followers of Amalric of Chartres in the Above Painting

Along with the heresies of Amalric of Chartres, the Council of Paris [1225 A.D.] also condemned the heresies of David of Dinant [b. c. 1160 - d. c. 1225], a pantheistic philosopher.  Three Councils of Paris, 1210 A.D., 1215 A.D., and 1225 A.D., all condemned his work Quaternuli (Little Notebooks), which forced him to flee Paris.  His opponents were primarily Saint Albert the Great, O.P., and Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P.

Therefore, there can be no doubt that the pantheists of that time were still using John Scotus Eriugena's  treatise De Divisione Naturæ.

Tragically, the poor, confused Heretic, John Scotus Eriugena was killed by his own pupils in 877 A.D. at the age of 67.

Following in the footsteps of the confused John Scotus Eriugena, was another confused infamous heretic - Berengar of Tours.




Heretic Berengar of Tours

Editor’s Note:

Because of the long-term effects of the Heretic, Berengar of Tours, a.k.a. Berengarius of Tours, [b. 999 A.D. - d. 1088 A.D.], on the Roman Catholic Church in the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries, and his extended influence on other churches, including both the Protestant churches and the  .anti-Catholic. .Satanic. .Synod Vatican 2 pseudo-church.of .automatically.excommunicated. .Apostates, .Modernist Heretics, and .NEW Theology Heretics, it is necessary to provide some biographical and historical data about him.

A partial  summary  follows this data which data itself (not the summary) is a direct quote from the .source.provided at the end of this data, along with some photos, graphics, etc. to help Readers to be better able to associate this data with the persons, places, and things as each Reader reads the summary.  To prevent confusion with quotation marks, the actual text of this.source.is not placed in quotation marks in order to prevent confusion where the text itself quotes its own sources and sometimes its own sources have their own quotations.

Berengarius

We have reason to suppose that the Council of Reims [Rheims], when it condemned “certain heretics recently appearing in Gaul”, had in mind Berengarius and his followers. He was a rhetorician, with a vacillating mind and versatile character. He gathered about his person and won to his teaching a mass of restless souls who were intolerant of any yoke and eager for every novelty; such persons form the nucleus of every heresy in every period of history. Berengarius did not at all possess the powerful personality of an Arius, a Pelagius, or a Luther.

Born at Tours about the year 1000, a pupil of Fulbert of Chartres, but even then considered by that teacher as an unsound and dangerous spirit, he rose rapidly, through the brilliance of his talent and his intrigues, to the offices of scholasticus at Tours and archdeacon of Angers. His ambition was further stirred by the elevation of his friend Eusebius Bruno to the see of Angers in 1047, the protection offered him by Godfrey Martel, the Count of Anjou, and the success of his own teaching. From the first teachers of Gnosticism to John Scotus [Eriugena], most of the great heresiarchs who have appeared in the Church conceived and taught a new metaphysics.  Berengarius was not capable of doing so. “To assume a theatrical manner, to strive particularly to win praise for what is most striking and brilliant in the teaching office rather than for what is staid, to pretend long meditations, to speak with impressive modulations of voice, in short, to deceive undiscerning minds in such a way as to win a reputation for learning without being learned”, according to the description by one of his contemporaries, [27]

[Footnote:  27] Guitmund, bishop of Aversa, De corporis et sanguinis Christi veritate in Eucharistia, Bk. I; P. L., CXLIX, 1428. [Book 1; also in Jacques Paul Migne [b. Saint-Flour, France on Saturday, October 25, 1800 - d. Paris, France on  Sunday, October 24, 1875], “Patrologiæ Latinæ Cursus Completus”, published in 221 volumes [1862 - 1864], Volume  CXLIX  [149], 1428].
such is the truest account of his talent. We may consider the portrait exaggerated.  But what we know of the heresiarch’s life and writings shows that the picture is substantially true.

What will this schemer do? He will try to combine, with the current doctrines being spread around him by the new Manichæans about baptism, marriage, and the Eucharist, the most brilliant and daring teaching of Scotus Eriugena; he will attempt to cover his imprudent statements with isolated texts from St. Ambrose, St. Jerome, and St. Augustine; and he will adopt an attitude of haughty independence toward the Holy See, calling the pope pompifex and pulpifex. If it is true, as Guitmund, bishop of Aversa, relates, that afterward he hired poor students and sent them into all parts of France that they might spread his popularity, we more easily understand the nature and promptness of his success.

On account-of the blatant propaganda of his followers and the boldness of his statements Berengarius’ heresy appeared as one of the greatest dangers that had threatened Christian society. The doctrine of the Eucharist, which was the object of the heresiarch’s most violent attacks, was, in the eleventh century, not only the center of faith and Catholic piety, it was also the center of the whole social life.  Precisely in honor of the Eucharist so many masterpieces of architecture were built and religious music revived; in the presence of the Eucharist, agreements concluded for the peace of families and of society took on a sacred character; to the judgment of God present in the Eucharist appeal was made, with a faith sometimes mixed with superstition, by an accused person who alleged that he was the victim of a false charge. Although Berengarius did not altogether deny the doctrine of the Eucharist, he obstinately attacked the dogma of .Transubstantiation, gave the doctrine of the real presence an interpretation so idealistic that in the minds of the uneducated it amounted to a negation, and rejected the theory of the “material” manducatio Corporis Christi [eating the Body of Christ] in Communion so vigorously that Communion appeared to be nothing more than the symbol of a nourishment that was wholly spiritual.

Pope Leo IX, informed of the proportions which the new doctrine was assuming, judged that the vague condemnation decreed in 1049 by the Council of Reims [Rheims] was not sufficient. In a council held at Rome in 1050, he pronounced sentence of excommunication against Berengarius. However, he summoned Berengarius to appear before a council that would open at Vercelli in September of the same year [1050], so as to give him an opportunity to make a public retraction or, if possible, to explain his opinion in an orthodox sense.

Ever solicitous to win the support of the temporal powers, the heresiarch first went to see William, Duke of Normandy, the future conqueror of England, whose favor he hoped to gain. He went also to Paris to obtain the good will of King Henry I. But Henry, either distrustful of the innovator or prompted by political calculation,  did not let Berengarius set out for Vercelli. He imprisoned him. This imprisonment, however, did not last long. Berengarius bought his way out and sought refuge with the Count of Anjou.

The Council of Vercelli, after mature examination and long discussion, condemned both the doctrine of Berengarius and Scotus’ book to which he appealed. [33[

[Footnote:  33]  John Scotus [Eriugena] had said: “The Eucharist is the figure, the sign, and the pledge of the body of Christ”. Scholars are not agreed about Scotus’ doctrine in his “De corpore et sanguine Domini” (PL) CXXI, 125-70) [Jacques Paul Migne [b. Saint-Flour, France on Saturday, October 25, 1800 - d. Paris, France on  Sunday, October 24, 1875], “Patrologiæ Latinæ Cursus Completus”, published in 221 volumes [1862 - 1864], Volume  CXXI [121], 125-170].  Bossuet (“History of the Variations of the Protestant Churches”) Bk. IV, no. 32) speaks of this work as “an ambiguous book, where certainly the author did not always understand himself”. (Cf. Vernet, Op. cit.} column 731.]
The heresiarch [Berengarius] inveighed against “the band of simpletons,” against the “council of vanity” that had condemned him, he said, without understanding him. [34]
[Footnote:  34]  De sacra cœna, pp. 46 f.; Hefele-Leclercq, IV, 1058 f.]
The movement took a revolutionary turn. The King of France was alarmed for the peace of his kingdom. Without consulting the Pope, he assembled at Paris (October 16, 105 I) a national council to pass judgment on Berengarius. The latter, foreseeing that the decision of the council would be against him, did not attend and was condemned.  (“A History of the Catholic Church”, by Rev. Fernand Mourrett, S.S., Translated by Rev. Newton Thompson, S.T.D., Imprimatur, Saint Louis, November 17, 1931, + John J. Glennon, Archbishop, Volume Four, Part II, The Liberation of the Church, Chapter IV, From St. Leo IX to Gregory VII (1048-1073), pp.  148-151; emphasis added.)



A Summary


Pope Leo IX

The Bishop of Rome, Pope Leo IX, Bruno, of the Counts Egisheim-Dagsburg [Monday, February 12, 1049 - Wednesday, April 19, 1054] excommunicated Berengar of Tours, a.k.a. Berengarius of Tours, [b. 999 A.D. - d. 1088 A.D.], who was an eloquent and skillful dialectician, who had became the Archdeacon of Angers in 1039 A.D.

His first errors were in his attacks against the Sacrament of Matrimony and the Baptism of Children.  After he abandoned these heresies, he attacked the Doctrine of the Sacrament of the Holy Eucharist, especially the Mystery of Faith: Transubstantiation.
 


Brauweiler Abbey
.
.
.

Gladbach Abbey

In tracing his heresies to its source, one is helped by:

1.  Abbot Wolfhelm of Brauweiler Abbey [b.  ?  -  d.  1091], the Benedictine Abbot of Brauweiler Abbey, near Cologne, Germany. Abbot Wolfhelm of Brauweiler Abbey wrote a letter against the theology of Berengar of Tours which was addressed to Meginhard of Gladbach Abbey.


Patrologiæ Latinæ Cursus Completus

This letter is found in Jacques Paul Migne [b. Saint-Flour, France on Saturday, October 25, 1800 - d. Paris, France on  Sunday, October 24, 1875], Patrologiæ Latinæ Cursus Completus, published in 221 volumes [1862 - 1864], Volume CLIV [154], Hugo Flaviniacensis, Ekkehardus Uraugiensis, Wolphelmus Brunwillerensis.)


Christ Walked Through A Closed Door

2.  Bishop Guitmond, who stated that Berengar of Tours denied that the Body of Christ, after the Resurrection, could pass through closed doors into the room in which the Apostles were assembled, as the Gospel clearly testifies in John 20:19.


Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P.
On the Contrary

“Whoever has a Glorified Body has it in his power to be seen when he so wishes, and not to be seen when he does not wish it. Moreover Christ had this not only from the condition of His Glorified Body, but also from the power of His Godhead, by which power it may happen that even bodies not glorified are miraculously unseen: as was by a miracle bestowed on the Blessed Bartholomew, that ‘if he wished he could be seen, and not be seen if he did not wish it’ (Apocryphal History of the Apostles, 8:2). Christ, then, is said to have vanished from the eyes of the disciples, not as though He were corrupted or dissolved into invisible elements; but because He ceased, of His own will, to be seen by them, either while He was present or while He was departing by the Gift of Agility.” (Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., Summa Theologica, Part III, Question 54, Article 1, Reply to Objection 2; emphasis added.)

“By virtue of the Godhead united to it, that this Body, although a true one, entered in among the Disciples while the doors were shut. Accordingly, Augustine says in a Sermon for Easter (247) that some men [e.g. Berengar of Tours] argue in this fashion: ‘If it were a body; if what rose from the sepulchre were what hung upon the tree, how could it enter through closed doors?’ And he answers: ‘If you understand how, it is no miracle:  where reason fails, faith abounds’.”  (Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., Summa Theologica, Part III, Question 54, Article 1, Reply to Objection 1; emphasis added.)

“Our Lord rose again with a Glorified Body; and yet His Body was palpable, as appears from Luke 24:39: ‘Touch, and see; for a Spirit hath not flesh and bones’. Therefore the Glorified Bodies [of the Saints] also will be palpable.” (Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., Summa Theologica, Supplement, Question 83, Article 6, On the Contrary.)

From this it is logical to conclude that Berengar of Tours did not really understand the properties of a Glorified and Spiritualized body.

Therefore, it is no wonder that the even Greater Mystery of the Real Presence of Christ, whole and entire, under the appearances of bread and wine, confected by Transubstantiation,  would be even more unintelligible to Berengar.


Bishop Adelmann von Lüttich
The Bishop of Brescia

Bishop Adelmann von Lüttich [b. ? - d. c. 1061 A.D. at Brescia, Northern Italy], was the Superior of the School at Liege, and, in 1048 A.D., he was the Bishop of Brescia. Bishop Adelmann von Lüttich  wrote to Berengar of Tours in 1045 A.D. and in 1047 A.D. in which he advised Berengar of Tours that all of Germany had already been scandalized by his heretical innovations.


Langres Cathedral

Bishop Hugo of Langres [b.  ?  - d. in 1050 A.D.], was a former classmate of Berengar of Tours.

Bishop Hugo of Langres  wrote a letter to Berengar of Tours in which Bishop Hugo of Langres  tried to explain to Berengar of Tours that he was presumptuous in trying to reconcile the Mystery of the Sacrament of the Holy Eucharist with one’s finite understanding, and of looking upon this Glorious Mystery, as Berengar of Tours himself had said, with eyes different from those of the multitude.


Archbishop Lanfranc of Canterbury, England

Archbishop Lanfranc of Canterbury, England [b. between 1005 A.D. and 1010 A.D. - d. on Friday, May 24,  1089 A.D.] was originally a famous Italian Jurist.  But he ended his legal career in order to become a Benedictine Monk at Bec Abbey in Normandy, France where he later became the Prior of Bec Abbey, after which he became the Abbot of Saint Stephen's Abbey in Normandy.  Upon the conquest of England by William the Conqueror, Abbot Lanfranc became the Archbishop of Canterbury, England.  Archbishop Lanfranc of Canterbury, England  is also known as Lanfranc of Pavia (Italian: Lanfranco di Pavia); Lanfranc of Bec (French: Lanfranc du Bec); and, Lanfranc of Canterbury.

Instead of trying to humbly pray to God the Holy Ghost for His guidance to try to better understand these letters of explanation from two friends who tried to help him to realize that Transubstantiation. is a very profound Miracle and the Mystery of Faith, and that “If you understand how, it is no Miracle”,  Berengar of Tours then openly proclaimed, in letters to the Benedictine Monk, Lanfranc, then the Director of the Cloister School of Bec, in Normandy, France, that on the subject of the Holy Eucharist, he fully adopted the heretical opinions of John Scotus Eriugena.


Paschal Radbert
Liber De Sacramento Corporis et Sanguinis Christi

Paschasius Radbertus (Saint Paschal Radbert) [ b. at Soissons in 786 A.D. - d. in the Monastery of Corbie, c. 860 A.D.], wrote:  “Liber De Sacramento Corporis et Sanguinis Christi” (“A Book on the Sacrament of the Body and Blood of Christ”).  In his Book 1, Chapter 1, n. 2., he quotes Saint Ambrose:   Although the species of bread and wine are visible, yet we must believe that after Consecration, the Body and Blood of Christ are alone there.

Berengar of Tours  wrote that he openly rejected the teachings of Paschal Radbert.
 
 


First Œcumenical Council
First Council of Nicæa
[Saturday, June 20, 325 A.D. - Tuesday, August 25, 325 A.D.]

Historically, most Œcumenical Councils, Councils, and Synods of the Roman Catholic Church are usually somewhat similar to that of the First Council of Nicæa in 325 A.D.  Because graphics are not available of all Church Councils and Synods, this graphic is provided as a general representation of most of them.

Synod of Rome in 1050 A.D.

Berengar of Tours concluded a letter to Lanfranc by inviting Lanfranc to a disputation on the subject of  Transubstantiation. All of these letters of  Berengar of Tours  were read in the Synod of Rome in 1050 A.D.


Pope Leo IX

This was the reason why the Bishop of Rome, Pope Leo IX, Bruno, of the Counts Egisheim-Dagsburg [Monday, February 12, 1049 - Wednesday, April 19, 1054] thereupon immediately .excommunicated. Berengar of Tours.

Both the confused John Scotus Eriugena, and the even more confused Berengar of Tours, also taught the heresy that the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass is not a Sacrifice at all, but only a mere memorial supper meal.

The Councils of Rome and Vercelli in 1050 A.D.

Berengar of Tours was condemned by the Councils of Rome and Vercelli in 1050 A.D.

The Council of Paris in 1051 A.D.

Berengar of Tours and his followers were condemned by the Council of Paris in 1051 A.D. and threatened with death.

The 16th Century Protestants

Ironically, the 16th Century Protestants did not suddenly make up their heretical theology which denied  The Mystery of Faith: Transubstantiation, but instead they merely revived the heresies of the confused John Scotus Eriugena and the confused Berengar of Tours and others.

Synodal Council of Brixen

But what is even still more ironic, is that an heretical Bishop of Rome, an “Infallible” Roman Catholic Pope, also denied the Mystery of Faith: Transubstantiation, being accused of adhering to the heretical teachings of  Berengar of Tours  by the Synodal Council of Brixen.


Apostate & Heretic, Ex-Pope Gregory 7
Denied the Mystery of Faith which is:  Transubstantiation!
He was an.automatically.excommunicated.Apostate.and.Heretic.
“We [have] assembled by the authority of God in this place, having read the letter from the Synod of nineteen bishops held at Mentz [Monday, May 31, 1080 A.D.] against the licentious Hildebrand [Gregory 7th], the preacher of sacrilegious and incendiary doctrines; the defender of perjury and murder; who, as an old disciple of the heretic   Berengar, has endangered the Catholic and Apostolic Doctrine of the Body and Blood of Christ  [i.e. Transubstantiation]; the worshipper of divinations and of dreams; the notorious necromancer; himself possessed with an evil spirit, and therefore guilty of departing from the Truth; him We adjudge to be canonically deposed and expelled from his See, and unless, on hearing Our judgment, he shall descend from his throne, to be condemned for everlasting.” (Henry Hart Milman, D.D., History of Latin Christianity, New York, 1881 A.D., Volume III, p. 482, Decree of Deposition of Pope Gregory VII by the Synod of Brixen, Friday, June 25, 1080 A.D.; emphasis added.)

Research indicates that the charge against the Bishop of Rome, a.k.a. the “Infallible” Roman Catholic Pope, Pope “saint” Gregory 7, being a “defender of perjury and murder” is certainly true because he “unofficially” condoned the killing of all of the .validly. married Catholic Priests of Milan, and the selling of their Wives as sex slaves to rich rulers.

A delegation of the Patarine heretics of Milan went to the Vatican at which time G-7 (Gregory 7) rewarded them by giving them a Papal flag as a “reward” for their wholesale slaughter of the innocent, .validly. married Roman Catholic Priests of Milan.  Their Widows were then sold as sex slaves to wealthy perverts!

Albigensian Heretics

The Albigensian heretics tried to destroy the Church by first changing the Mass in the 12th Century, the Protestants in the 16th Century, and by...  The  .anti-Catholic..Satanic..Synod Vatican 2 pseudo-church..automatically  excommunicated. .Apostates, .Modernist Heretics, and .NEW Theology Heretics. in our age.



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In searching various historical records in regard to the INFILTRATION of the Roman Catholic Church, the following source is also very important:



They would elect a Pope of conciliation. The choice has already fallen on the patriarch of Venice - RoncalliChosen by whom?” I rejoined, surprised.  By our Masonic representatives in the Conclave, responded placidly my kind escort. And then it escaped me:

There are Freemasons in the Conclave?”  Certainly, was the reply,   the Church is in our hands. I rejoined perplexed:  “Who, then, is in charge in the Church?” After a brief pause, the voice of my escort uttered precisely: No one can say where the upper echelons are. The echelons are occult.

http://www.traditionalcatholicmass.com/home-m-6660.html



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PAGAN anti-MASS:


March 7, 1965
Automatically Excommunicated  Modernist Heretic and
Automatically Excommunicated  Apostate, pope paul 6 of the
anti-Catholic. Satanic..Synod Vatican 2 pseudo-church
First.Satanic..Synod Vatican 2 pseudo-church..non-Latin NEW mass
First anti-Catholic Satanic Novus Ordo Missae in the Vernacular
By a Clone of anti-Christ in the. Satanic..Synod Vatican 2 pseudo-church



Prophecy Fulfilled!



Automatically excommunicated heretic, apostate, innovator, and anti-Catholic infiltrator, Paul 6 actually admitted that he himself changed the Infallible & Unchangeable FORM  (Infallible Councils of Florence & Trent):
“For PASTORAL REASONS, however, and to facilitate concelebration, we have directed that the words of the Lord be identical in each form of the can [i.e. Eucharistic Prayers #1, #2, #3, and #4].  Thus, in each eucharistic prayer, we WISH that the words be as follows:  over the bread:  Accipite et Manducate ex Hoc Omnes:  Hoc Est Enim Corpus Meum, Quod Pro Vobis Tradetur; over the chalice:  Accipite et Bibite ex Eo Omnes:  Hic Est Enim Calix Sanguinis Mei Novi et Æterni Testamenti, Qui Pro Vobis et Pro Multis Effundetur in Remissionem Peccatorum.  Hoc Facite in Meam Commemorationem.  The words Mysterium Fidei, NOW TAKEN OUT OF THE CONTEXT OF THE WORDS OF CHRIST, are said by the priest as an introduction to the acclamation of the faithful.”  (Pope Paul VI, Missalis Romani, Thursday, April 3, 1969 A.D., ¶ 6; emphasis added.)


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The  .anti-Catholic..Satanic..Synod Vatican 2 pseudo-church.

The  .anti-Catholic..Satanic..Synod Vatican 2 pseudo-church..automatically  excommunicated. .Apostates, .Modernist Heretics, and .NEW Theology Heretics. in our age.

The very active six Protestant members of the notorious Concilium are Dr. George, Canon Ronald Jasper, Dr. Shephard, Dr. Konneth, Dr. Smith,  the Lutheran representative, who is reported to have publicly boasted: "We have finished the work that Martin Luther began"!

Brother Max Thurian  [b. at Geneva, Switzerland on Tuesday, August 16, 1921 - d. at Geneva, Switzerland, on Thursday, August 15, 1996], who was a Swiss Calvinist Protestant theologian who became the Sub-Prior and co-founder, in the 1940's, of the Protestant Community of Taizé, Saône-et-Loire, Burgundy, France.


Archbishop Helder Camara

Archbishop Helder Camara of Olinda-Recife, Brazil, had called P-6 a Communist Pope, according to the report in Le Monde [September 26, 1974]:

“Opening his arms to Mgr. Helder Camara who approached him, Paul VI exclaimed: ‘Good Morning, my Communist Bishop, How are you?’ The Archbishop retorted: ‘And Good Morning to you, Our Communist Pope!’”

Self-Admitted Communist pope, P-6, with 6 Protestants,
Who helped to change the Mass into a Protestant Supper-Meal.

These six Protestants represented the World Council of Churches, the Church of England, the Lutheran Church, and the Protestant Community of Taizé.

Brother Max Thurian, sixth from the left and in white, in this photo, was allegedly quoted as saying:

“This Novus Ordo Missæ [of Paul 6] is so profoundly Ecumenical that it is theologically possible for Protestants to celebrate the Lord’s Supper in the same words. The new simplified Offertory does not anticipate a sacrificial act and therefore does away with the difficulty which the old Offertory [found in the Ancient Roman Rite] presented to [false] Ecumenical efforts.”

Cardinal Heenan

Let us have NO DOUBTS at all about the role of the Pope, Paul 6.  Cardinal Heenan, in his forward to the English translation of the Novus Ordo Rite in November, 1969, wrote in part:...

The Novus Ordo was written “under the Holy Father’s [i.e. Paul 6’s] PERSONAL supervision”. Also, the Novus Ordo itself was “published by authority of Pope Paul VI”.

Those who hold the imposter Pope theory hold thin air. Why? Because while the future Bishop of Rome, a.k.a. the “Infallible” Roman Catholic Pope, Paul 6, was yet the Archbishop of Milan, one finds that he proposed the Novus Ordo Rite with ALL of its radical changes in his Lenten Pastoral of l958.


Rome and Canterbury Through Four Centuries


Bernard C. Pawley
Archdeacon of Canterbury

Margaret Pawley
.

This was two years after his 1956 meeting with “a delegation of four Anglican priests and a layman who stayed with him some ten days... the meetings were clandestine in the extreme...”   (Bernard C. Pawley [Archdeacon of Canterbury], and Margaret Pawley, Rome and Canterbury Through Four Centuries: A Study of the Relations Between the Church of Rome and the Anglican Churches 1530-1981, London & Oxford, 1974, ISBN: 9780264661230).

One more tantalizing quote from Cardinal Heenan. In his pastoral letter of Sunday, October 12, 1969 he wrote:

“WHY does the Mass keep changing? Here is the answer:....”
“It would have been foolhardy to introduce all the changes at once. It was obviously WISE TO CHANCE GRADUALLY AND GENTLY. If all the changes had been introduced together, you would have been SHOCKED.” (Op. Cit.; emphasis added.)

Despite the propaganda campaign to the contrary by the  .anti-Catholic..Satanic..Synod Vatican 2 pseudo-church, the Novus Ordo Rite, a.k.a. the Novus Ordo Missæ, the New Mass, is NOT a translation of the Ancient Roman Rite from Latin into English!

There is much agreement between the First Protestant Reform of 1549 in England and the
Reform of Paul VI [in Rome] since Vatican II.  Much of the same theological content of the Novus Ordo Rite is found in the Second Prayer Book of Edward VI of 1552 A.D.  This also includes other Protestant liturgies, e.g. those of Martin Luther, Calvin, Knox, etc.

There are Objective and Rational Concerns IF the NEW Mass is a Valid Rite of Mass

There ARE Problems with the NEW Mass.

QUESTIONING THE VALIDITY Of The Masses Using The New, All-English Canon

A Continuation of Questioning The Validity of the Masses Using the New, All English Canon

Further, not only the sacred prayers of the Canon have been changed and mutilated in the Novus Ordo Rite, or New Mass, which is only a modernized, updated, synthesized version of the 16th Century Protestant Memorial Supper-Meals, but the very words of the Consecration - part of the very Essence of the Mass, have been changed to a completely different theological meaning!

The Second Prayer Book of Edward VI was put out in 1552 by the first Protestant Archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Cranmer [b. Nottinghamshire, England in 1489 A.D. - d. burnt at the stake in Oxford, England in 1556 A.D.], which discouraged kneeling for communion, since, in its original Elizabethean English:

“Lest yet the same kneelynge myght be thought or taken otherwyse, we dooe declare that it is not mente thereby, that any adoracion is doone, or oughte to bee doone, eyther unto the Sacramentall bread or wyne there bodelye receyued, or unto anye reall and essenciall presence there beeyng of Chrystes naturall fleshe and bloude. For as concernynge the Sacramentall bread and wyne, they remayne styll in theyr verye naturall substaunces, and therfore may not bee adored, for that were Idolatrye to be abhorred of all faythfull christians. And as concernynge the naturall bodye and bloud of our sauiour Christ, they are in heauen and not here: for it is agaynst the trueth of Christes true naturall bodye, to be in moe places then in one at one tyme.    (Second Prayer Booke of Edward VI, Black Rubric, 1552.)
The American version of the  .anti-Catholic..Satanic..Synod Vatican 2 pseudo-church.. not only discourages kneeling for receiving Holy Communion, as did the Protestant Archbishop Cranmer - who considered it to be idolatry to kneel before what was only mere bread because Christ can not be in more than one place at one time and Christ is only in Heaven, but the heretical and apostate American Vatican 2 church Bishops actually forbid anyone from kneeling to receive Holy Communion.

We have been given to understand that in the July, 2002 Newsletter of the United States Bishops’  Committee on the Liturgy, standing to get the “host” (not on your tongue, but in your hand), is now a requirement!  This official Newsletter of the United States Bishops’  Committee on the Liturgy states in part:

“The bishops of the United States have decided that the normative posture for receiving Holy Communion should be standing.  Kneeling is NOT a licit [lawful] posture for receiving Holy Communion in the dioceses of the United States of America unless the bishop of a particular diocese has derogated from this norm in an individual and extraordinary circumstance.”
We have received a number of E-Mails from angry Catholics who either were arrested by the police and thrown into jail because they knelt to get a host, or cornbread, or a bagel, or whatever, plopped into their hand, or they witnessed this crime!

Historically, the Roman Catholic Council of Trent condemned this heretical and anti-Catholic theology in Session 22, Monday, September 17, 1562, including the Black Rubric.  It is no wonder that the Priests and Bishops of the Vatican 2 church are NOT Catholics and do NOT have a real valid Catholic Mass and do NOT have real valid Catholic Sacraments!

Because the Novus Ordo Rite, also called the Novus Ordo Missae, also called the New Mass, is nothing more than a modernized, synthesized, updated version of the 16th Century Protestant Memorial Supper-Meals, it can be said in all truth that the New Mass was actually condemned a priori by the Roman Catholic Council of Trent in Session 22, Monday, September 17, 1562!  Here is part of what the Council wrote:...

“Because that many errors are....”

“...at THIS TIME disseminated....”

“...and many things are taught and maintained by divers persons, in opposition to this Ancient Faith...the Sacred and Holy Synod..has resolved...”

“...to condemn and to eliminate from Holy Church by means of the canons subjoined.....”

“...whatsoever is opposed to this most pure faith and sacred doctrine...”

“Canon I. If anyone saith that in the Mass a true and proper sacrifice is not offered to God; or that to be offered is nothing else but that Christ is given us to eat, let him be anathema.”

“Canon VI. If anyone saith that the Canon of the Mass contains errors and is therefore to be CHANGED....”

“....Let him be .anathema.”

“Canon IX. If anyone saith that the Rite of the Roman Church, according to which a part of the (Ancient) Canon and the words of consecration are pronounced in a low tone is to be condemned....”

“Let him be .anathema.” (Roman Catholic Council of Trent, Session 22, Monday, September 17, 1562!)

Popes of the Roman Catholic Church, by the very nature of the Roman Catholic dogma of papal infallibility, must remain obedient to ALL of their papal predecessors and also to the Councils of the Roman Catholic Church, including Trent.

This simply means that IF any  Bishop of Rome, a.k.a. “Infallible” Roman Catholic Pope, disobeys one or all of his papal predecessors and/or any Synod or Council of the Roman Catholic Church, not only does that Bishop of Rome, a.k.a. “Infallible” Roman Catholic Pope, deny the dogma of papal infallibility, but he also thereby publicly admits that he himself is not infallible and that he must not be obeyed in anything because he has automatically fired himself as the pope in virtue of that Roman Catholic Church infallible dogma set forth in the Papal Bulla Cum ex Apostolatus Officio of  the Bishop of Rome, a.k.a. the Infallible Roman Catholic Pope, Paul IV , Gian Pietro Carafa [Monday, May 23, 1555 - Tuesday, August 18, 1559] which also carries with it the penalty of automatic excommunication, as well as the automatic deprivation of the papal office.

Of course, the Vatican 2 church anti-Catholic “popes” want to keep this infallible Papal Bulla of  the Bishop of Rome, a.k.a. the Infallible Roman Catholic Pope, Paul IV, Cum ex Apostolatus Officio, a big secret from everybody because this Papal Bulla proves that such popes as the 2nd John 23rd, Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli [Tuesday, October 28, 1958 - Monday, June 3, 1963], Paul 6, Giovanni Battista Montini [Friday, June 21, 1963 - Sunday, August 6, 1978], John-Paul 1, a.k.a. JP-1, Albano Luciani [Saturday, August 26, 1978 - Thursday, September 28, 1978], John-Paul 2, a.k.a. JP-2, Karol Wyotya [Monday, October 16, 1978 - Friday, April 1, 2005], and the current Bishop of Rome, a.k.a. the “Infallible” Roman Catholic Pope,, B-16, Joseph Ratzinger [Tuesday, April 19, 2005 - present], have all automatically excommunicated themselves and all automatically deprived themselves of what the Roman Catholic Church teaches is the Office of the Papacy!

In other words, these “Vatican 2 church” popes, according to the laws of the Roman Catholic Church, were never popes to begin with, because they were ineligible to ever be popes because all of them, based upon Our research, all of them taught heresy before they were elected the Bishop of Rome, a.k.a. the “Infallible” Roman Catholic Pope, and thus automatically incurred all of the penalties of Cum ex Apostolatus Officio!

On the contrary, the Bishops of Rome, a.k.a. the Infallible Roman Catholic Popes, are required to obey what the Roman Catholic Church teaches is the Office of the Papacy because it is by their obedience to the Roman Catholic Office of the Papacy, that the subsequent Bishops of Rome, a.k.a. the Infallible Roman Catholic Popes, affirm their own personal belief in the powers of that papal office. Many examples can be given. The Bishop of Rome, a.k.a. the Infallible Roman Catholic Pope, Innocent III’s Letter Cum Marthae circa to John, Archbishop of Lyons,  Friday, November 29, 1202, which says in part:

“You have asked [indeed] who has added to the form of the words which Christ Himself expressed when He changed the bread and wine into the Body and Blood, that in the Canon of the Mass which the general Church uses, which none of the Evangelists is read to have expressed...In the [Ancient] Canon of the Mass that expression Mysterium Fidei is found interposed among His words...Surely we find many such things omitted from the words as well as from the deeds of the Lord by the Evangelists, which the Apostles are read to have supplied by word or to have expressed by deed...From the expression, moreover, concerning which your brotherhood raised the question, namely Mysterium Fidei, certain people have thought to draw a protection against error, saying that in the Sacrament of the Altar the truth of the Body and Blood of Christ does not exist, but only the image and species and figure, inasmuch as Scripture sometimes mentions that what is received at the Altar is Sacrament and mystery and example. But such run into a snare of error, by reason of the fact that they neither properly understand the authority of Scripture, nor do they reverently receive the Sacraments of God, equally ‘ignorant of the Scriptures and the power of God’ (Matthew 22:29)...Yet Mysterium Fidei is mentioned since something is believed there other than what is perceived; and something is perceived other than what is believed. For the species of bread and wine is perceived therein, and the truth of the Body and Blood of Christ is believed and the power of unity and love...Therefore, We believe that the form of words, as is found in the [Ancient] Canon [of the Mass] the Apostles received from Christ, and their successors from them...” (Bishop of Rome, a.k.a. Infallible Roman Catholic Pope, Innocent III, Lando Da Sezza [Saturday, September 29, 1179 - January, 1180 (imprisoned by the Bishop of Rome, a.k.a. the Infallible Roman Catholic Pope, Alexander III, Rolando Bandinelli [Monday, September 7, 1159 - Sunday, August 30, 1181])], Letter Cum Marthae circa to John, Archbishop of Lyons,  Friday, November 29, 1202.)
Therefore, according to the teachings of the Roman Catholic Church, all valid and lawful popes of the Roman Catholic Church have remained obedient to their predecessors by their obedience to the office of the papacy itself, by which they affirm their own personal belief in the powers of the Papal Office of the Roman Catholic Church. Here are more examples:

The Bishop of Rome, a.k.a. the Infallible Roman Catholic Pope, Gregory XVI, Bartolomeo Alberto-Mauro-Cappellari [Wednesday, February 2, 1831 - Monday, June 1, 1846] in his Encyclical Cum in Ecclesia of Tuesday, September 17, 1833 said:....”

“They dare to hold meetings...and talks about the reform of the Church... required..... by the times in which we live... they are dangerous because by pretending to want to rejuvenate and restore the Church, they deceive ordinary people... We in the fullness of our Apostolic Authority reprove, and condemn..... these works....” (Bishop of Rome, Pope Gregory XVI, Bartolomeo Alberto-Mauro-Cappellari [Wednesday, February 2, 1831 - Monday, June 1, 1846],  Encyclical Cum in Ecclesia, Tuesday, September 17, 1833.)

“The erroneous opinions of these innovators which....WITH THEIR NEW RITUAL IN THE VERNACULAR THAT THEY PRETEND IS MORE SUITABLE TO MODERN  MENTALITY.. ..opinions of this kind come from...poisonous...sources... the Church long since condemned in Auctorem Fidei’.” (Bishop of Rome, Pope Gregory XVI, Bartolomeo Alberto-Mauro-Cappellari [Wednesday, February 2, 1831 - Monday, June 1, 1846],  Encyclical Quo Graviora, Friday, October 4, 1833.)

“Under the false pretext of purifying the rites and of restoring them ... they... lay snares for the Faithful... and tear them away from... the Church and plunge them into heresy and schism...” (Bishop of Rome, Pope Pius IX, Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti [Tuesday, June 16, 1846 - Thursday, February 7, 1878], Encyclical Omnem Solicitudinem, Wednesday, May 13, 1874.)

All VALID and LAWFUL popes of the Roman Catholic Church have remained obedient to their predecessors and to the Roman Catholic Doctrinal Councils, especially Trent. By their obedience to the office of the papacy, they each affirm their own personal belief in the powers of the papal office in the Roman Catholic Church.

The Bishop of Rome, Pope Gregory XVI, Bartolomeo Alberto-Mauro-Cappellari [Wednesday, February 2, 1831 - Monday, June 1, 1846], in his Encyclical Cum in Ecclesia, Tuesday, September 17, 1833,  said:

“They dare to hold meetings...and talks about the reform of the Church...required...by the times in which we live...they are dangerous because...by pretending to want to rejuvenate and restore the Church, they deceive ordinary people... in the fullness of Our Apostolic Authority reprove and condemn.... these works....”
“The erroneous opinions of these innovators which...WITH THEIR NEW RITUAL IN THE VERNACULAR THAT THEY PRETEND IS MORE SUITABLE TO MODERN MENTALITY....opinions of this kind come from...poisonous sources. ..the Church long since condemned in Auctorem Fidei.” (The Bishop of Rome, Pope Gregory XVI, Bartolomeo Alberto-Mauro-Cappellari [Wednesday, February 2, 1831 - Monday, June 1, 1846],  Encyclical Quo Graviora, Friday, October 4, 1833.)

“Under the false pretext of purifying the Rites and of restoring them...  they...  lay snares for the Faithful... and tear them away from... the Church and plunge them into heresy and schism...” (The Bishop of Rome, Pope Pius IX, Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti [Tuesday, June 16, 1846 - Thursday, February 7, 1878], Encyclical Omnem Solicitudinem, Wednesday, May 13, 1874.)

We now have-through the efforts of many enemies of the Catholic Church-a new church which history will call the Vatican 2 church, but which today calls itself the “Catholic Church”, and/or the “Roman Catholic Church”.

The Bishop of Rome, Pope Saint Celestine I [Saturday, September 10, 422  - Tuesday, July 27, 432] taught the principle: Legem Credendi Lex Statuit Supplicandi.  [The Liturgical form of prayer becomes the standard of Faith.]

This is sometimes shortened to simply Lex Orandi, Lex Credendi:  The Law of Praying is the Law of Believing.  This simply means that you declare, by a public, exterior liturgical act of worship, both your own personal interior beliefs of your faith and your own personal interior worship of God, externally expressed in public worship ceremonies.  Thus, you pray what you believe and you believe what you pray.

In other words, by the actual words of ones prayers, one expresses his faith, his belief.

The Vatican 2 church teaches those heresies going back for well over 1,000 years which the Roman Catholic Church long ago condemned.

Your eternal salvation depends upon remaining within the Catholic Church, for outside of it, there is no salvation.

But where is the Catholic Church today? The true and real members of the Mystical Body of Christ are the Church. This means very simply that although the Heretics may possess the buildings of the Catholic Church, Catholics who are faithful to the authentic Apostolic Tradition possess the Faith of the Catholic Church.

History has repeated itself.  In the 4th Century, Patriarch Saint Athanasius was exiled from his Patriarchate of Alexandria, Egypt a number of times, along with his Catholic Bishops and Priests.  Some of his faithful Catholics wrote him a letter about how they were no longer able to go to what had been their local Catholic Churches.  From exile, Patriarch Saint Athanasius responded to their letter with his letter in which he writes in part:

“May God console you! ... What saddens you ... is the fact that others have occupied the Churches by violence, while during this time you are on the outside. It is a fact that they have the premises -- but you have the Apostolic Faith. They can occupy our churches, but they are outside the true faith. You remain outside the places of worship, but the faith dwells within you. Let us consider: what is more important, the place or the Faith? The true Faith, obviously. Who has lost and who has won in this struggle -- the one who keeps the premises or the one who keeps the faith?”

 “True, the premises are good when the Apostolic Faith is preached there; they are holy if everything takes place there in a holy way ...”

“You are the ones who are happy; you who remain within the Church by your Faith, who hold firmly to the foundations of the Faith which has come down to you from Apostolic Tradition, and if an execrable jealously has tried to shake it in a number of occasions, it has not succeeded. They are the ones who have broken away from it in the present crisis.”

“No one, ever, will prevail against your Faith, beloved brothers, and We believe that God will give us our Churches back some day.”  (This proved to be an accurate prophecy because the Arian Heretics were eventually overcome and the Catholics were once more restored to their churches.)

“Thus, the more violently they try to occupy the places of worship, the more they separate themselves from the Church. They claim that they represent the Church but in reality they are the ones who are expelling themselves from it and going astray.”

“Even if Catholics faithful to Tradition are reduced to a handful, they are the ones who are the true Church of Jesus Christ.” (Patriarch Saint Athanasius [b. Alexandria, Egypt 296 A.D. - d. Alexandria, Egypt on Wednesday, May 2, 373A.D.], Patriarch of Alexandria, Egypt, Father of Orthodoxy in the Catholic Church, Coll. Selecta SS. Eccl. Patrum., Caillu and Guillou, Volume 32, pp 411-412.)

Since about 1969, there have been small groups scattered throughout this country. Same have Mass infrequently. Some of the larger groups rent halls. A very few actually have a Church building. Here is a picture of one such sanctuary for the Ancient Roman Rite and a refuge for real Catholics.

Remember the rallying cry of our enemies: TOLLE MISSAM, TOLLE ECCLESIAM:

Destroy the [Ancient] Mass and you destroy the [Catholic] Church!

We thank each one of you for your interest in reading this brief history of the Mass.  We pray that the good God to give you the Graces necessary to understand better, and to see more clearly through today's confusion-historically called the heresy of Modernism, which was condemned by the Bishop of Rome, a.k.a. the Infallible Roman Catholic Pope, Saint Pius X, Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto [Tuesday, August 4, 1903 - Thursday, August 20, 1914.]

There is also another heresy called the heresy of American Catholicism. (Viz. The Bishop of Rome,  Pope Leo XIII, Gioacchino Vincenzo Pecci [Wednesday, February 20, 1878 - Monday, July 20, 1903], Apostolic Letter “Testem Benevolentem”, Sunday, January 22, 1899, to James Cardinal Gibbons [b. at Baltimore, Maryland on Wednesday, July 23, 1834 - d. at Baltimore, Maryland on Thursday, March 24, 1921], Archbishop of Baltimore [Wednesday, October 3, 1877 - Thursday, March 24, 1921].)

May the good God bless each of you! “He that hath an ear, let him hear.” (Apocalypse 2:29.)




Did You Know?
The Tremendous Value of a VALID Mass
Offered by a VALID Priest or Prelate
Includes 17 Exceptional Blessings!




Every VALID Holy Sacrifice of the
Catholic Traditional Mass you devoutly attend:

1. Fulfills your Sacred SUNDAY duty and responsibility to your Infinite Creator, Almighty God, by uniting yourself with the Mass Celebrant who, as your Mediator with God, Offers to God an Infinite SACRIFICE of:

1) Adoration/Worship;
2) Thanksgiving;
3) Petition;
4) Propitiation/Reparation for your actual sins.
2. Renders the greatest gratitude and homage to the Sacred Humanity of our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ, God Incarnate.

3. At the hour of your death, will be your greatest consolation.

4. Will go with you to your Judgment to plead for pardon for you from the Just Judge.

5. Diminishes the temporal punishment due to your sins.

6. Supplies for many of your faults, negligences, and sins of omission.

7. Forgives your Venial Sins you are determined to avoid and for which you are truly sorry.  Forgives your unknown/forgotten sins which you never confessed.

8. Reduces Satan’s power over you.

9. Gives the Suffering Souls in Purgatory the greatest possible relief.

10. Is of more value/benefit to you than 1,000 Masses offered for you after your death.

11 You are preserved from many dangers/misfortunes which otherwise would have befallen you.

12.  Shortens your time in Purgatory by hundreds of earth years.

13. For each Mass, God will send one Holy Saint, and one Holy Angel, to comfort you at your death.

14. You kneel amid a multitude of Holy Angels from Heaven.

15.  Brings Blessings to you in regard to your temporal goods and concerns.

16.  Every Valid Holy Mass you devoutly attend which is Offered to Almighty God in honor of the Blessed Virgin Mary, e.g. Our Lady of Mount Carmel (July 16), Assumption (August 15), Immaculate Heart of Mary (August 22), Immaculate Conception (December 8), etc., Our Blessed Mother will shower you with her special love, Blessings, and protection in this life.  On your Day of Judgement, Our Lady will be permitted to plead for Mercy for you with her Divine Son, the Just Judge, with the same degree of fervor as the same number of Masses you devoutly attended in her honor.

17.  At every week-day Valid Holy Mass you devoutly attend (i.e. not at the Sunday Mass), which is Offered to Almighty God in honor of any particular Holy Angel or Holy Saint, thanking God for the favors bestowed on that Holy Angel or Holy Saint, you provide that Holy Angel or Holy Saint a new degree of honor, joy, and happiness in Heaven.  Because of this, you then receive the special love and protection of that Holy Angel or Holy Saint for yourself.




Did You Know?

Historical Statistics of over 45 Years
Prove Planned Chaos and Destruction Deliberate

By their fruits you shall know them. Do men gather grapes of thorns, or figs of thistles? Even so every good tree bringeth forth good fruit, and the evil tree bringeth forth evil fruit. A good tree cannot bring forth evil fruit, neither can an evil tree bring forth good fruit.” (Matthew 7:15-17.)

Stop the Council


Stop the Council!  Stop the Council!

(2nd pope John 23rd, on his deathbed.  Quoted in Kevin Haney, “The Stormy History of General Councils,” Latin Mass magazine, Spring 1995, attributed to Jean Guitton [b. at Saint-Étienne, Loire, in East-Central France on Sunday, August 18, 1901 - d. at Paris, France on Sunday, March 21, 1999]. The Council which 2nd pope John 23rd wanted to have stopped was Vatican 2.  But this was much too little and way too late!)




50% of priests believe in the Real Presence.
53% believe in abortion.
70% ages 18-44 believe Eucharist only “symbolic”.
77% believe mass attendance not necessary.
90% of religious lay teachers teach contraception.
94% decline in nuns.
97% decline in seminarians.
Over 100,000 Priests have left the Priesthood.

Given the foregoing, it should be plain that the fruits of Synod Vatican 2 - which the 2nd Pope John 23rd wanted stopped - are rotten.  Here are some of its historically rotten fruits filled with the stench of Satanism:

From 1965 to 1973, between 22,000 and 25,000 Priests left the Priesthood.

Today, this figure has reached over 110,000.

In addition, 157,000 out of 365,000, or about 43%, of what were once Roman Catholic parishes have no resident Priest.

In 1970 there were 1,003,670 women Religious with perpetual or provisional vows; in 1992 that number was down to 655,031 (cf. “In the Murky Waters of Vatican II”, ISBN 0-89555-636-7).

The 1998 edition of the Official Catholic Directory of the Vatican 2 church in the U.S. revealed that the number of seminarians was only 1,700, a decline of almost 97% from the 1965 figure of 48,992.

In countries such as France and Holland the percentage of Catholics going to the Vatican 2 church New Mass each Sunday has declined to a single digit.  In the U.S., attendance at Vatican 2 churches has steadily declined from 71% in 1963 to 25% percent in 1993, a decrease of 65%.

Newsweek polls and surveys show that only 15% of the members of the Vatican 2 church believe they should always obey the teachings of their church.

Almost as many Vatican 2 catholics think abortion is permissible as non-Catholics, and 75% of members of the Vatican 2 church disagree with their church on what it teaches in regard to the forbidding of divorce and contraception.

Another study revealed that only 25% of Vatican 2 church “catholics”  now believe in the Real Presence of Jesus Christ in the Holy Eucharist and only 50% of Vatican 2 priests still believe in the Real Presence.

Who could possibly claim that there is not a terrible crisis of Faith, especially in what used to be Roman Catholic Churches now illegally operated and owned by the Vatican 2 church?

Such are some of the rotten fruits of the Vatican 2 church that used to be the Roman Catholic Church before it was hijacked at Synod Vatican 2 by Communists, Freemasons, Satanists, and Modernist Infiltrators who should be congratulating themselves on their victory?!



In case you missed it, here are a few similar facts of how By their fruits you shall know them:

Did You Know?

An Index of Catholicism’s Decline


A Review by Pat Buchanan

As the Watergate scandal of 1973-1974 diverted attention from the far greater tragedy unfolding in Southeast Asia, so, too, the scandal of predator-priests now afflicting the Catholic Church may be covering up a far greater calamity.

Thirty-seven years after the end of the only church council of the 20th century, the jury has come in with its verdict: Vatican II appears to have been an unrelieved disaster for Roman Catholicism.

Liars may figure, but figures do not lie. Kenneth C. Jones of St. Louis has pulled together a slim volume of statistics he has titled Index of Leading Catholic Indicators: The Church Since Vatican II.

His findings make prophets of Catholic traditionalists who warned that Vatican II would prove a blunder of historic dimensions, and those same findings expose as foolish and naive those who believed a council could reconcile Catholicism and modernity. When [2nd] Pope John XXIII threw open the windows of the church, all the poisonous vapors of modernity entered, along with the Devil himself.


Index of Leading Catholic Indicators:
The Church Since Vatican II

Here are Jones's grim statistics of Catholicism's decline:

Priests.

While the number of priests in the United States more than doubled to 58,000, between 1930 and 1965, since then that number has fallen to 45,000. By 2020, there will be only 31,000 priests left, and more than half of these priests will be over 70.

Ordinations.

In 1965, 1,575 new priests were ordained in the United States. In 2002, the number was 450. In 1965, only 1 percent of U.S. parishes were without a priest. Today, there are 3,000 priestless parishes, 15 percent of all U.S. parishes.

Seminarians.

Between 1965 and 2002, the number of seminarians dropped from 49,000 to 4,700, a decline of over 90 percent. Two-thirds of the 600 seminaries that were operating in 1965 have now closed.

Sisters.

In 1965, there were 180,000 Catholic nuns. By 2002, that had fallen to 75,000 and the average age of a Catholic nun is today 68. In 1965, there were 104,000 teaching nuns. Today, there are 8,200, a decline of 94 percent since the end of Vatican II.

Religious Orders.

For religious orders in America, the end is in sight.

In 1965, 3,559 young men were studying to become Jesuit priests. In 2000, the figure was 389.

With the Christian Brothers, the situation is even more dire. Their number has shrunk by two-thirds, with the number of seminarians falling 99 percent. In 1965, there were 912 seminarians in the Christian Brothers. In 2000, there were only seven.

The number of young men studying to become Franciscan and Redemptorist priests fell from 3,379 in 1965 to 84 in 2000.

Catholic schools.

Almost half of all Catholic high schools in the United States have closed since 1965. The student population has fallen from 700,000 to 386,000. Parochial schools suffered an even greater decline. Some 4,000 have disappeared, and the number of pupils attending has fallen below 2 million -- from 4.5 million.

Though the number of U.S. Catholics has risen by 20 million since 1965, Jones' statistics show that the power of Catholic belief and devotion to the Faith are not nearly what they were.

Catholic Marriage.

Catholic marriages have fallen in number by one-third since 1965, while the annual number of annulments has soared from 338 in 1968 to 50,000 in 2002.

Attendance at Mass.

A 1958 Gallup Poll reported that three in four Catholics attended church on Sundays. A recent study by the University of Notre Dame found that only one in four now attend.

Only 10 percent of lay religious teachers now accept church teaching on contraception.

Fifty-three percent believe a Catholic can have an abortion and remain a good Catholic.

Sixty-five percent believe that Catholics may divorce and remarry.

Seventy-seven percent believe one can be a good Catholic without going to mass on Sundays.

By one New York Times poll, 70 percent of all Catholics in the age group 18 to 44 believe the Eucharist is merely a "symbolic reminder" of Jesus.

At the opening of Vatican II, reformers were all the rage.

They were going to lead us out of our Catholic ghettos by altering the liturgy, rewriting the Bible and missals, abandoning the old traditions, making us more ecumenical, and engaging the world.

And their legacy?

Four decades of devastation wrought upon the church, and the final disgrace of a hierarchy that lacked the moral courage of the Boy Scouts to keep the perverts out of the seminaries, and throw them out of the rectories and schools of Holy Mother Church.

Through the papacy of Pius XII, the church resisted the clamor to accommodate itself to the world and remained a moral beacon to mankind. Since Vatican II, the church has sought to meet the world halfway.

Jones' statistics tell us the price of appeasement.



Truly, by their fruits you shall know them!

 
Remember how they told you nothing about the secret of the pedophile clergy who, in apparently large numbers?, were victimizing some innocent children?!

Remember that even Pope JP-2 (this is what he called himself) tried to ignore the epidemic of the pedophile clergy?

According to a very reliable inside source, back in about 1992, We were told that the bishop of a very large Vatican 2 church diocese personally knew that over 50% of his priests who were in the parish churches in his diocese were actually pedophiles!  OVER 50%!!

When he was asked, by Our inside source, why he did not remove those over 50% pedophile priest predators from the parish churches in his  .anti-Catholic..Satanic..Synod Vatican 2 pseudo-church. diocese, this  .anti-Catholic..Satanic..Synod Vatican 2 pseudo-church..of .automatically  excommunicated. bishop replied that IF he did this, he would be shutting down over 50% of all of the churches in his diocese!

So it was all about $$$$ - money - not about protecting young innocent Catholic children from his pedophile priest predators!

So now, WHY do they fear the Truth concerning the facts found in the Prophecies of Daniel the Prophet, of Jesus Christ, and of Our Blessed Mother, which Prophecies have now been fulfilled?!

Because IF each  .anti-Catholic..Satanic..Synod Vatican 2 pseudo-church. bishop was to tell all of the Catholics in his  .anti-Catholic..Satanic..Synod Vatican 2 pseudo-church. diocese the Truth that:

1)  The NEW missal for the NEW mass is actually the God-condemned..book, sealed with the words of the abyss - Hell,.(Prophecy of Jesus Christ Thursday, November 27, 1902.)

2)  That the NEW mass contains words which are odious in My Sight  (Prophecy of Jesus Christ on Thursday, November 27, 1902.)

3)  That the true Pastors have been replaced by others formed by Hell  (Prophecy of the Blessed Virgin Mary on Tuesday, May 10, 1904).

4)  That the pastors who have been formed by Hell  are the NEW preachers of NEW sacraments, with NEW temples (how many ugly buildings have now replaced Catholic Traditional Churches or how many Catholic Traditional Churches have been remodeled with the Altars destroyed and replaced by meal tables with the Tabernacle now frequently found in some side chapel?), NEW baptisms, and NEW confraternities  (Prophecy of the Blessed Virgin Mary on Tuesday, May 10, 1904.)

5) That they have taken away the Continual Sacrifice [of the Catholic Mass], and they [have already placed] there the Abomination unto Desolation [the NEW mass]” (Daniel 11:31.)

How many Catholics would stop going to their old parish churches - 20%? 40%? 65%? 85%? 97%? - which are Catholic in name only, and which no longer have any valid Catholic Priest, valid Catholic Mass, and valid Catholic Sacraments, because many of them have been replaced by others formed by Hell!?

It seems self-evident that the  .anti-Catholic..Satanic..Synod Vatican 2 pseudo-church..bishops DO NOT want you to know about these Prophecies of Jesus Christ, of the Blessed Virgin Mary, and of Daniel the Prophet?

Just as in the case of the pedophile priest predators, so also now, it is still all about $$$$ - money - not about protecting innocent Catholic Laity - men, women, and children - from all of the Satanic evils which are found in the Prophetic warnings to all Catholics about:

a)  The God-condemned..book, sealed with the words of the abyss - Hell - the NEW missal of the NEW mass which contains words which are odious in My Sight which is the fulfillment of Daniel's Prophecy of the Abomination unto Desolation which took away the Continual Sacrifice of the Catholic Traditional Mass, i.e. the Ancient Roman Rite - which has been DESTROYED! (Father Joseph Gelineau S.J.)
b)  The pastors who have been formed by Hell  who are the NEW preachers of NEW sacraments, with NEW temples, NEW baptisms, and NEW confraternities!
So, why is it that each  .anti-Catholic..Satanic..Synod Vatican 2 pseudo-church.bishop has failed to tell the Truth to all of the Catholics in his  .anti-Catholic..Satanic..Synod Vatican 2 pseudo-church. diocese, and thereby to make them aware of these Prophetic warnings?



Commentary by Patriarch Jacobus Maria DeJesus, D.D.





Catholics - Did You Know?

The Holy Sacrifice of the Mass is the unbloody renewal of the bloody Sacrifice of Christ on the Cross, the Victim is one and the same.   (Pope Pius IV with Council of Trent, Session 22,  Monday, September 17, 1562, Chapter 2. De Fide - Unchangeable Dogma.)

Where in the Gospels does it say that, at the foot of the Cross, Saint John: dressed and acted like a clown, or a ventriloquist, or had an animal act, or danced, or acted like an idiot? Or that Our Blessed Mother, or Saint Mary Magdalen, or the Holy Women, or even Salome, danced around the foot of the Cross? NOWHERE!



Judgement shall begin at the House of God.
(1 Peter 4:17)

The day is coming when this..abomination
will be severely punished by God!


Lift up thy hands against their pride unto the end;
see what things the enemy hath done wickedly in the sanctuary.
(Psalm 73:3)

“And  they shall defile the Sanctuary  of Strength,  and shall take away the Continual Sacrifice, and  they shall place there..the Abomination unto Desolation.”  (Daniel  11:31; emphasis added.)

“When therefore you shall see the Abomination of Desolation, which was spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place:  he that readeth let him understand.... For there shall be then great tribulation, such as hath not been from the beginning of the world until now, neither shall be.  And unless those days had been shortened, no flesh should be saved:   but for the sake of the elect those days shall be shortened.”  (Matthew 24:15; 24:21-22; emphasis added.)

 


 


The   NOR.Novus Ordo Rite, a.k.a. Novus Ordo Missae
 



 



http://www.traditionalcatholicmass.com/home-m62.html





NO!  NO WAY!
IT IS NOT  CATHOLIC!



Do not be one of those timourous physicians who like their tranquility more than the saving of the sick...  Even though Salome should dance before Herod, should ask for John's head and should obtain it from the detestable King, John's duty is to cry out: NON LICET! [It is not permitted!].” (Bishop Saint Ivo of Chartres, a.k.a. Yves, I’ve, Yvo  [b. Beauvais, France or Auteuil, France, c. 1040 A.D. - d. Chartres, France, Tuesday, May 30, 1116 A.D.], Bishop of Chartres [1090 A.D. - Tuesday, May 30, 1116 A.D.], Letter # 24, To Bishop Hugh of Lyons, October, 1094 A.D.)



A  Letter


Pope Saint Pius X Pius X Consecrated the future Pope Benedict XV a Bishop

When receiving the Crozier, the newly Consecrated Bishop hears these words of his Episcopal Consecrator:

“Receive the staff of the Pastoral Office, so that in the correction of vices you may be lovingly severe, giving judgment without wrath, softening the minds of your hearers whilst fostering virtues, not neglecting strictness of discipline through love of tranquillity.”
This is why We wrote, as We did some years ago now, remembering how Saint Paul corrected Saint Peter for teaching heresy:  (But when Cephas was come to Antioch, I withstood him to the face, because he was to be blamed [Galatians 2:11]):
“To be faithful to the exercise of Our Ecclesiastical Episcopal Offices of Teacher, Preacher, Judge, and Pastor, what are We supposed to do when We witness, with Our own eyes and ears, whether in person, or through the media, whether in print, on radio and/or on television media, not to mention the internet, a never-ending attack by the .anti-Catholic.Satanic. .Synod Vatican 2 pseudo-church.. (lex orandi, lex credendi), whether through you, personally, as its leader, or indirectly through your bureaucracy, your heretical and/or apostate clergy, and/or your pedophile clergy, upon the Sacred Catholic Traditional liturgical Rites for offering the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass and for Administering the Seven Sacraments, the ontological essence and metaphysical essence of each which were perfectly instituted by the Eternal High Priest, Jesus Christ Himself, the proper interpretation of Sacred Scripture, the Authentic Apostolic Tradition, not to mention the victimization of your own Laity through subtle heresies which action slowly disintegrates the last vestiges deep within them of whatever little remains of their Faith of the Catholic Church?!”

YOU should be ashamed of yourself, John-Paul 2!  Why should We not ‘cry aloud, spare not, lift up your voice like a trumpet.’ (Isaias 58:1)?!   Therefore, in the fullness of Our own Power, Authority, and Jurisdiction, which We have received from the Eternal High Priest, Jesus Christ, now so many long years ago, which, of course, includes Our Valid and Lawful Line of Apostolic Succession, as well as Our Valid and Lawful reception of the Holy Sacrament of the Episcopacy as per an 1891 edition of the Pontificale Romanum, at the hands of Our Consecrator and all of Our Co-Consecrators, We hereby remind you of your innumerable Mortal Sins of Perjury for violating your Sacred Oaths - The Profession of Faith, The Oath Against Modernism, and The Oath of the Pope-Elect, plus your various .automatic   excommunications.. from the Roman Catholic Church - the direct result of your many .heresies, not to mention your .apostasy.- each one of which automatically declares you .anathema!

REPENT  NOW,  while you still have time, unless you prefer to burn in Hell for all eternity!  We pray for the Grace of Conversion for you and for all of your Clergy, Religious, and Laity.” (Excerpt from the Letter of Patriarch DeJesus, D.D., to the third pope of the .anti-Catholic..Satanic..Synod Vatican 2 pseudo-church, JP-2, Feast Day of the Holy Apostles, Saints Philip and James the Just, Wednesday, May 1, 2002 A.D., U.S.A.)




Obviously, JP-2 Failed to Repent!

 



NO!  NO WAY!
NEW masses ARE NOT  CATHOLIC!

 
 

 

Beginning Prayers
at the Foot of the Altar
Click on Picture for Video

Roman Catholics DO NOT
Applaud or Shake Hands
At the Catholic Traditional
Mass Because it is
the Unbloody Renewal
of Christ's Sacrifice on
the Cross at Calvary done
on an ALTAR of Sacrifice.


V-2 Priest Entertaining at NOR mass
Click on Picture for Video

BUT, Synod Vatican 2 “catholics”
DO Applaud and Shake Hands
Because all they have is an
Updated 16th Century Protestant
Memorial Supper Meal that is
Made up on a Supper TABLE.
Since it is NOT a Sacrifice,
It is NOT a REAL MASS.
This MEAL frequently has an
Entertainment Floor Show
with lots and lots of clapping!


 



NO!  NO WAY!
IT IS NOT  CATHOLIC!

 

 
Because The Sacraments of the New Law flow from the side of Christ, during His Holy Sacrifice, BUT IF there is no Holy Sacrifice of the unchangeable Catholic Mass, a.k.a. the unchangeable Traditional Ancient Roman Rite of the Catholic Mass, NOTHING flows from the side of Christ, and therefore the Sacraments, including Baptism, Penance, Holy Eucharist, Holy Orders, etc., are unable to function properly, including the giving of the Grace which  each of the Seven Sacraments signify.

Furthermore, since the NEW rite for the ordination of bishops has been in use since 1968, which was also made up by certain  .automatically   excommunicated..Apostates. and  .Modernist Heretics, as well as the  .automatically   excommunicated..Apostates. and  .NEW Theology Heretics,   who deliberately DESTROYED the Roman Catholic Traditional Rite for the Administration of the Sacrament of the Episcopacy, the .anti-Catholic..Satanic..Synod Vatican 2 pseudo-church.. has not had any new, .validly.  ordained   deacons, priests, and bishops since 1968, as We have proven  on another web page!

Therefore, the LAYMEN, who had been, and those LAYMEN today who are, ordained with the.invalid.1968 rite, are only what they had been before such an empty and.invalid. ceremony: LAYMEN!

For the record, even such ordinations by popes since 1968 are ALL .invalid.  - NO EXCEPTIONS!  This means that all of the LAYMEN, in the above photo taken in Saint Peter's Basilica in the Vatican, who are all prostrated before the fake and phony  pope JP-2,  an .automatically   excommunicated..Apostate. and  .Modernist Heretic, and .NEW Theology Heretic, expecting to be    .validly. Ordained Priests, left the Vatican after that empty ceremony of nothingness, still only LAYMEN due to a number of facts, one of which is the per se .invalid. 1968 rite the  fake and phony  pope JP-2 used.

Such LAYMEN, even though they incorrectly and wrongly think they are priests, and/or, bishops, actually have NO power of the Sacrament of Holy Orders to offer any valid   Masses and Administer any .valid.Sacraments in the  .anti-Catholic..Satanic..Synod Vatican 2 pseudo-church.
 


Therefore, today, more and more Roman-Collared LAYMEN are leaving the .anti-Catholic. .Satanic. .Synod Vatican 2 pseudo-church..because such LAYMEN pseudo-priests now realize that none of them have any Spiritual and Sacramental Power to Offer Mass and to Administer the Sacraments of  Baptism, Penance, Holy Eucharist, and Extreme Unction, just as such LAYMEN pseudo-prelates (bishops of whatever rank of ecclesiastical jurisdiction), now realize that none of them have any Spiritual and Sacramental Power to Offer Mass and to Administer the Sacraments of  Baptism, Penance, Holy Eucharist, Confirmation, Holy Orders, and Extreme Unction!

Roman-Collared LAYMEN also have the very real and terrible fear they will go to Hell because their fake and phony “sacraments” never had any power to prevent the Souls of their trusting Parishioners from going to Hell because these fake and phony priests and bishops have never had any Spiritual and Sacramental power to Absolve anyone from any sins, including Mortal Sins!

It’s True! I’m leaving! They lied about my “ordination”The 1968 Roman Pontifical, with which I was “ordained”,  IS NOT .VALID!  So, I am only a LAYMANNOT a PriestI can no longer live this LIE of  .invalid.  “masses” and..invalid.  “sacraments”!  How many are burning in Hell because I have no power to “Offer Holy Mass”, and to “forgive Mortal Sins”!

Likewise, Roman-Collared LAYMEN, "ordained" with the 1968, or later editions of, the Roman Pontifical, who think and act as though they really are priests and bishops and popes. are NOT able to Offer a lawful and .valid. Catholic Traditional Mass as it was before 1944 in the Roman Catholic Church, nor can they Administer any Sacraments of the Roman Catholic Church for the same reason - because of the immutable law of .Lex Orandi, Lex Credendi. - which means ALL Roman-Collared LAYMEN, ordained with the 1968, or later editions of, the Roman Pontifical, ARE de facto members, NOT of the Roman Catholic Church, but of anti-Christ's .Satanic..Synod Vatican 2 pseudo-church.

This also means that many Souls of faithful, sincere, trusting, but ignorant Catholics, have gone to Hell because of the illegal and .invalid. pseudo-masses of these Roman-Collared LAYMEN,

(which deprived the Souls of faithful, sincere, trusting, but ignorant Catholics, of Sanctifying Grace  by which  to desire to obtain Absolution for their Mortal Sins in the Roman Catholic Sacrament of Penance)
and the illegal and invalid  pseudo-sacraments of these Roman-Collared LAYMEN, such as the per se .invalid. and  illegal  rite of reconciliation found in anti-Christ's   .Satanic..Synod Vatican 2 pseudo-church.

Especially sad are the Souls in Hell whose Mortal Sins were unable to be absolved in the Roman Catholic Sacrament of Penance

(N.B.:  The anti-Catholic .Satanic..Synod Vatican 2 pseudo-church.. rite of reconciliation  is NOT a Sacrament, but a blatant demonic lie and deception!),
before their deaths, because such Roman-Collared LAYMEN have no Power of any kind:  1) to Offer any Masses; and, 2) to Administer any Sacraments, including the Roman Catholic Sacraments of Baptism and Penance.

Thus the temporary triumph of the  .automatically   excommunicated..Apostates. and  .Modernist Heretics, as well as the  .automatically   excommunicated..Apostates. and  .NEW Theology Heretics,   who deliberately DESTROYED everything Catholic!
 




Dr. Dietrich von Hildebrand's sincerity and honesty come through in his immediate response to his thoughtful question to Dr. Bella Dodd which was witnessed by his Wife, Mrs./Dr. Alice von Hildebrand.

Dr. Dietrich von Hildebrand was a victim of Synod Vatican 2, just like many hundreds of millions of other Roman Catholics.  It is interesting how, as time went on, apparently after he wrote “Trojan Horse in the City of God; The Catholic Crisis Explained”, 1967, that the following incident happened as testified by his Wife, Mrs./Dr. Alice von Hildebrand, in her excellent Article A Final Swing, from which We quote verbatim:

“She [Mrs./Dr. Bella V. Dodd, (b. at Picerno, Italy in October, 1904 - d. in April, 1969)] lectured extensively. It was at one of her talks that my husband and I made her acquaintance. We immediately perceived that she was an exceptional person: her intelligence, her sincerity, her humility, and her desire to make good for the harm that she had done.

Dodd visited us in New Rochelle, New York.

I recall that one day my husband-who had become increasingly worried about what was dubbed the spirit of Vatican II - said to her:

Bella, at times I wonder whether the Church has not been infiltrated.
I can solemnly testify that she answered:
Dear professor, you fear it; I know it. When I was a fanatic Communist,I was in close contact with four cardinals in the Vatican working for us. They are still very active today.
My husband jumped in his seat and said:
My nephew is German ambassador at the Holy See. Who are they?
Bella Dodd refused to answer: Bishop Sheen had not allowed her to reveal their names.”

(Mrs./Dr. Alice von Hildebrand, Article:  A Final Swing; emphasis added.This was written in defense of the book entitled:  AA-1025 Memoirs of a Communist's Infiltration Into the Church, by Sister Marie Carré, and a rebuttal against the article entitled Swinging at Windmills: A Close Look at Catholic Conspiracy Theories, by Sandra Louise Miesel who claims to be a medievalist and a Catholic journalist.)

This is neither the response, nor the reaction, of a heretic, of an innovator, of an infiltrator, but rather the response of a very, very totally sincere, honest Catholic who was worried about the Church and who was wondering whether or not the Roman Catholic Church had been infiltrated!





Judgement shall begin at the House of God.
(1 Peter 4:17)



 




The Holy SACRIFICE of the Catholic Traditional Mass
Perfectly Instituted by the Eternal High Priest, Jesus Christ
Offered According to the Ancient Roman Rite of the Catholic Church

"Therefore, brethren, stand fast; and hold the [Apostolic] Traditions which you have learned, whether by word, or by Our Epistle."  (2 Thessalonians 2:14.)





The Blessing
V. Sit + Nomen Domini benedictum.
R. Ex hoc nunc, et usque in saeculum.
V. Adjutorium nostrum in
Nomine Domini.
R. Qui fecit cœlum et terram.
V. Benedicat vos, Omnipotens Deus:
V. Pa + ter, et Fi + lius, et Spiritus + Sanctus, descendat super vos, et maneat semper.
R. Amen.
V. Blessed + be the Name of the Lord.
R. Now and for ever more.x
V. Our help is in the Name of the Lord.
mm
R. Who made Heaven and earth.
V. May Almighty God Bless thee:x
V. The Fa + ther, the + Son, and the Holy + Ghost, descend upon thee, and always remain with thee.
R. Amen.

Our Blessed Mother asks Catholics to
Pray her Traditional Rosary daily.
The Rosary will really make a
Powerful difference in Your Life!

The Memorare
Remember, O most gracious Virgin Mary, that never was it known that anyone who fled to thy protection, implored thy help or sought thy intercession, was left unaided. Inspired by this confidence, I fly unto thee, O Virgin of virgins, my Mother. To thee do I come; before thee I stand, sinful and sorrowful. O Mother of the Word Incarnate despise not my petitions, but in thy mercy hear and answer me. Amen. 
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