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THE..Sanctuary
 _Versus

THE..Asylum
.
.THE..Sanctuary.Versus.THE..Asylum.

\Ever since the secular legalistic juxtaposition of.THE..Sanctuary.with.THE..Asylum.
 by the ancient Romans, from time to time since then, this confusion of.the proper definition of terms.has caused a great deal of problems by the failure to make the necessary proper and correct distinctions between the terms.Sanctuary.and.Asylum, most especially recently concerning the wall the United States is building at the Mexican border in order to protect legal American citizens from the flood of drugs, invaders, gangs, killers, thieves, rapists, thugs, hoodlums of all kinds, etc., attempting to illegally enter the United States of America, and by which act(s) of aggression,  such invaders break three of the Ten Commandments!

Also, anyone who knowingly helps, or knowingly otherwise assists, any them in any way, whether directly or indirectly, e.g. certain Americans who are de facto traitors to the U.S.A., and therefore criminals, whether ordinary citizens, or those in various levels of government - local, county, state, and/or federal, also automatically commit one or more Mortal Sins!

Bottom Line to any/all such sinful and evil acts: IF they who commit such sinful and evil acts die before going to Confession to one of the very, very, very few.Valid.Traditional Catholic Priests, who uses the.Valid.Traditional Catholic Sacrament of Penance, they will go to Hell for all eternity!



This Is What Hell LOOKS Like - No Light!



This Is What Hell FEELS Like!
Eternal Horrific Burning Pain From the Eternal Fire!
...
This is the Punishment for the Illegals and
Other Invaders, and for Those Who Knowingly Help Them
For Breaking Three of the Ten Commandments by Illegally Entering the U.S.A.!


I AM the Way, and the Truth, and the Life.”
(John 14:6)




The Formal, Universal Object of the Intellect is Truth.
The Formal, Universal Object of the Will is That Which is Good.




“Not only does he betray the Truth who transgresses against the Truth by openly speaking falsehood and not the Truth, but he also betrays it who does not openly speak the Truth, which must be openly proclaimed, or does not boldly defend it when it must be boldly defended.”   (Patriarch Saint John Chrysostom [b. Antioch, c. 347 A.D. - d. at Commana in Pontus on Friday, September 14, 407 A.D.], Patriarch of Constantinople [Thursday, February 26, 398 A.D. - Thursday, June 24, 404 A.D.], exiled from his See the 2nd time on Thursday, June 24, 404 A.D., Father and Doctor of the Catholic Church, Cause 11, Question 3, “Nolite”.)


Contents

Definition of Terms

A Real, True, and Valid Sanctuary

THE Traditional Catholic Sanctuary

The Traditional Catholic Altar of Sacrifice

THE Sanctuary of the Church IS THE Holy Altar

The mis-nomered Sanctuary

THE Secular Asylum

THE Right of Sanctuary

THE Right of Asylum

A Few Types of Asylum

Political Asylum

Educational Asylum

Asylum

Non compos mentis

Some Incorrect/Invalid/Illegal Laws Concerning the Subject of Sanctuary
Constantine I

Code of Theodosius

Codex Theodosianus

A Cacophony of Confusion by Charlemagne

Commentary on How Charlemagne, Himself, Violated the Roman Corpus Juris Civilis, Body of Civil Law
The Holy Altar IS the Sanctuary of the Church

Three Different Historical Religious Sanctuaries

The Pagan Sanctuaries

The Jewish Old Testament Sanctuary

The Catholic New Testament Sanctuaries

Comparisons Between The Old Testament Sanctuary and The New Testament Sanctuary

Clean Oblation of the Gentiles

The First Mass

But these opinions are wrong

Missale Apostolorum - The Missal of 60 A.D.

Quo Primum Tempore

The Traditional Catholic Mass is necessary for the UNIVERSAL well-being of all people

Examples of Heretical Attacks Against The Traditional Catholic Mass and Responses

Apostates and Heretics

John Scotus Eriugena

pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite

Proclus Lycaeus

First Council of Chalcedon

Council of Valence

De Divisione Naturæ

Bishop Prudentius of Troyes

Deacon Florus of Lyon

Liber de Predestination - The Book On Predestination

Council of Langres

Council of Paris

Amalric of Chartres a.k.a. Amalric of Bena

King Philippe II

David of Dinant

Quaternuli

Berengar of Tours

Pope Leo IX

King Henry I

Council of Vercelli

A Summary

Bishop Adelmann von Lüttich

Bishop Hugo of Langres

Archbishop Lanfranc of Canterbury, England

Paschal Radbert Liber De Sacramento Corporis et Sanguinis Christi

Synod of Rome in 1050 A.D.

The Councils of Rome and Vercelli in 1050 A.D.

The Council of Paris in 1051 A.D.

The 16th Century Protestants

Synodal Council of Brixen

Patarine Heretics of Milan

Albigensian Heretics

16th Century Protestant Apostates and Heretics

Roman Catholic Council of Trent

Pope Innocent III

De Sacramtum IV

Summa Theologica

Council of Florence

Cantate Domino

Missalis Romani

Prophecies Fulfilled!

Novus Ordo Missæ

Cardinal Heenan

Rome and Canterbury Through Four Centuries

Second Prayer Booke of Edward VI

Newsletter of the United States Bishops’ Committee on the Liturgy

A Side-by-Side Comparison of The Traditional Holy Altar of Sacrifice with The Updated 16th Century Protestant Supper Table

THE Holy Altar IS THE Sanctuary of the Church.

The Holy Communion Rail separates the Sanctuary from the Nave.

Only a Catholic Priest and Bishop Can Administer Holy Communion

It is at the Holy Communion Rail that REAL Catholics Reverently Receive Holy Communion.

For Those Who Are Confused, and/or, Who, for Whatever Reason(s) Prefer to Disagree With Any of the Above Data....

The Formal, Universal Object of the Intellect is Truth.
The Formal, Universal Object of the Will is That Which is Good.

The Blessing

The Memorare


The Formal, Universal Object of the Intellect is Truth.
The Formal, Universal Object of the Will is That Which is Good.


Definition of Terms

1.  A Real, True, and.Valid..Sanctuary.is a Religious physical and geographical place which houses a Religious altar of sacrifice.

Sanctuarium:  Holy Place, Church, Temple.  (Mediae Latinitatis Lexicon Minus Composuit, J.F. Niermeyer, column 1, page 937.)

Sanctorum:   Sanctuary of Church.  (Mediae Latinitatis Lexicon Minus Composuit, J.F. Niermeyer, column 2, page 937.)

2.  THE Traditional Catholic Sanctuary.is a Religious physical and geographical place which houses The Traditional Catholic Altar of Sacrifice for the Traditional Catholic Mass.

3.  .THE Holy Altar IS THE Sanctuary of the ChurchTherefore,.THE Sanctuary.of the Church. IS.THE Holy Altar!  Therefore,.THE Sanctuary.has nothing to do with the issue of.Asylum!  Said another way,.THE Sanctuary.has a totally different meaning due to the gross ignorance of those who claim the two terms,.Sanctuary.and.Asylum, are synonymous!  Grossly defective scholarship and history.

4.  .The mis-nomered Sanctuary.is a Secular illegal attempt to force.THE Traditional Catholic Sanctuary.to become THE Secular Asylum, thereby obfuscating and contradicting the Sacred and Liturgical purpose and function of.The Traditional Catholic Altar of Sacrifice.which is immune from all forms of Secular antagonistic attempts to force.THE Traditional Catholic Sanctuary.to de facto become.THE Secular Asylum, thereby attempting to legalize their irresponsibility, and their implicit renunciation of their own duties and responsibilities to those refugees who are honestly and legally seeking asylum.

5.  .THE Secular Asylum is a legally recognized secular physical and geographical place which houses legal.refugees, in contradistinction to invaders, and/or others, who have entered a country.illegally.

6.  .THE Right of Sanctuary.is a very subtle demonic.Fallacy.of Pagan Secular jurisprudence which was apparently concocted by Pagan Secular Humanists and their courts in an attempt to try to ultimately retaliate against, and to otherwise destroy, the real.THE Traditional Catholic Sanctuary. of the Catholic Church, because many of their pagan temples were being converted to Catholic Churches after Catholics emerged from the Catacombs, by shifting the onus of the responsibilities of taking care of those refugees who were honestly and legally seeking asylum from Pagan Secular jurisprudence, where it rightly belongs, onto the Catholic Church.

7.  .On the contrary,.THE Traditional Catholic Sanctuary.is exclusively Liturgical in terms of both its Ontological Essence, and its .Metaphysical Essence, both of which are the consequent result of both the Ontological Essence, and the.Metaphysical Essence, of the Holy Sacrifice of the Traditional Catholic Mass, perfectly instituted by the Eternal High Priest, Jesus Christ.

Historically, the Catholic Church has established some orphanages, homes for unwed Mothers, etc.  However, such buildings are not liturgical sanctuaries with an altar, per se, and are never physically located within any church or chapel building - an important distinction.

Therefore, such things are most certainly NOT a place for runaway criminals, or sundry pseudo-refugees.

Today, this latter criminal category is claimed by some to be the cause in the spike of an over 1,000%  rise of violent crime throughout the United States of America, especially in mis-nomered sanctuary cities and sanctuary states, which are really asylum.cities.and.asylum.states, in their furtive and surreptitious, anti-patriotism.

One is forced to wonder, since actions speak louder than words, IF perhaps their ultimate goal is to attempt to kill all Americans, in one way or another, especially by wild crime sprees, gang activities, etc., and to otherwise totally destroy the United States of America, despite denials from the fake news media to the contrary.

To make matters worse, the public impression, given by what has, de facto, become what some frustrated Patriotic Americans call.the Devil-Rat Political Party, is that its membership includes, among others, blatant.criminal, anti-American, politicians, judges, etc., who are notorious traitors to the U.S.A.,.because of their nefarious public.anti-American activities, most, or all, of which have been documented by the news media.

This has resulted in the impression, apparently proven by an alleged long list of actual facts, that in the process, at least some of the said .anti-American Traitors. have totally tried to empty the real meaning of the word .Sanctuary.which is exclusively. liturgical!

Therefore,.THE Right of Sanctuary, per se, is an egregious, abhorrent, detestable, repugnant, anti-factual, and very misleading, LIE!

On the contrary, the correct term is: .THE Right of Asylum.

Therefore, it is past time for the blatant incorrect use of, and the de facto criminalzation of, the word.Sanctuary. be stopped immediately by everyone!

8.  .3 Types of Asylum  include such things as:

8.1  .Political Asylum includes one or more people, who are persecuted for their political philosophy, and who seek Asylum in another country. Today this includes people living in Communist countries who are anti-Communist.

8.2  .Educational Asylum includes teachers who are being persecuted in various countries because they teach their classes certain truths about certain subjects forbidden to be taught by the intelligentsia of those countries.

8.3  .Mentally Ill Asylum includes an institution offering shelter and support to people who are mentally ill.

9.  THE.Asylum, per se, is a refuge from various types of oppression, and/or persecution, in various countries.

10.  .Non compos mentis.means “not of sound mind”.   Non compos mentis derives from the Latin non meaning “not”, compos meaning “having (command of)”, and mentis (genitive singular of mens), meaning “mind”.


Some Incorrect,.Invalid, Illegal Laws Concerning the Subject of Sanctuary

Constantine I

Code of Theodosius

A Cacophony of Confusion by Charlemagne



Constantine I

Roman Emperor Constantine I, a.k.a. Constantine the Great, a.k.a. C. Flavius Valerius Constantinus [b. at Naissus, Moesia Superior, Roman Empire, now Nisch in Servia, on Tuesday, February 27, c. 272 A.D. - d. after being Baptized by the heretical Arian Bishop, Eusebius of Nicomedia, in Nicomedia, at the Villa Aquilo, on Saturday, May 22, 337 A.D.]

Roman Emperor: Proclaimed Caesar by his troops on Wednesday, July 25, 306 A.D. - Tuesday, October 29, 312 A.D.

Caesar in the West: Self-proclaimed Augustus from 309 A.D.  Recognized as such in the East in April 310 A.D.

Ruled in competition with Flavius Severus 306 A.D. - 307 A.D.; Maximian 306 A.D. - 308 A.D., and 310 A.D.; Maxentius 306 A.D. - 312 A.D.; and Licinius 308 A.D. - 313 A.D.

Undisputed Augustus in the West, and Senior Augustus in the Empire:  Tuesday, October 29, 312 A.D. - Friday, September 19, 324 A.D.

Emperor of Entire Empire:  Friday, September 19, 324 A.D. - Saturday, May 22, 337.


Legal Reforms

“Constantine accomplished something more profound. He strove to inject the Christian spirit into the Roman law. Frederick Ozanam, in one of his most penetrating studies, notes the radical opposition between the pagan and the Christian law. In the pagan law he distinguishes three profound defects. First, the pagan law was the intangible and almost sacred domain of a small number of the initiated, the lawyers, who acquired a sort of mysterious and superstitious priesthood from such functions. A second defect of the pagan law, consequent upon the first, was to give it a power, ‘not only over possessions and life, but also over souls and conscience. Rome being deified, her will was divine, legitimate.’  ‘A third serious defect of the pagan law was that frightful inequality which all the efforts of conscience were unable to overcome.’  According to Roman law, woman was held in tutelage all her life; a son at birth was subject to the law of sale and even to abandonment; lower down the scale, slaves were without any rights at all.”

“This Roman law, when codified by the immortal pen of Gaius and Ulpian, had the beauty of the finest monuments of old Rome. But, Ozanam concludes, it reminds one too much of the Colosseum, a fine structure, where men were thrown to the lions.”

“The Constantinian law did not bring about a complete change in the prescriptions that violated Christianity and morality. A sudden transformation was impossible. But to Constantine we must trace the blessed juridical evolution which terminated in the Theodosian Code. ‘Constantine introduced three great novelties. First, an effort to give the law a character of publicity and sincerity. With Constantius disappeared the sacramental formularies of wills, of contracts, al1d of several acts of civil law. There also disappeared what the emperors called aucupatio syllabarum. that is, the sacramental syllables and the rest of juridical subtleties.’   Secondly, the temporal and the spiritual were not confused. Constantine, when appealed to by the Donatists to adjudicate a religious question, wrote to the Catholic bishops:

“‘They have made an appeal, as is done in the law suits of the pagans.... They ask judgment from me, who am myself waiting for the judgment of Christ. For I declare-as is true-that the judgment of bishops ought to be looked upon as if the Lord Himself were sitting in judgment.’”
“Constantine also began to rectify the inequality which looked upon women, children, and slaves as juridically incomplete persons. He gave mothers a more important place in the matter of inheritances from their children. They became their children’s legal guardians. The marriage bond recovered part of its dignity by the limitation of legal grounds for divorce. In May, 315, the Emperor wrote: ‘Let a law be promptly posted in all the cities of Italy, to deter parents from laying murderous hands on their newborn infants.’ A few years later (321), he wrote: ‘We have learned that in the provinces, because of the scarcity of food, people are selling and pledging their own children. We order that parents who are without personal resources be succored by our treasury.’ Henceforth the law punishes the murder of a son by a parent with the same penalty as provided for parricide. Lastly, the law punishes by death those who put one of their slaves to death.”

“Constantine in every possible way facilitated the freeing of slaves. Whoever, in the presence of the assembled people or in a church, declared his slave free, was considered to have fulfilled all the formalities by which Roman citizenship is conferred. By two imperial constitutions, ‘the Church was entrusted with a sort of official patronage for the enfranchisement of mankind. Consecrated localities were made places of refuge and exempt places. Now empowered to promote and to receive all kinds of emancipations, outside any legal formalities or any legal hindrances, the Bishops henceforth exercised the full weight of their religious authority in behalf of emancipation. Yet they had to be cautious not to wreck all the machinery of social life and to take into account deeply rooted habits which were maintained by men’s passions as well as by their needs. The sudden abolition of slavery would have brought starvation upon ancient society, which depended upon the product of servile labor for the necessities of life. It would have let loose immense populations without guides or resources, incapable of governing themselves. The Church, at that solemn moment, accepted from God and from Emperor Constantine, the task of freeing the world without upsetting it.’”  (“A History of the Catholic Church, by Rev. Fernand Mourret, S.S., Translated by the Rev. Newton Thompson, S.T.D., Volume One, Period of Early Expansion, B. Herder Book Co., 15 & 17 South Broadway, St. Louis, Mo., and 33 Queen Square, London, W. C., 1946, Nihil Obstat, Sti. Ludovici, die 15. Nov., 1931, Joannes Rothensteine, Censor Librorum, Imprimatur, Sti. Ludovici, die 17. Nov., 1931,  Joannes J. Glennon, Archiepiscopus, Part III, The Peace Inaugurated by Constantine, III. Religious Unity, pp. 542 - 545.)

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.


Code of Theodosius
..

Emperor Theodosius II
[b. on Tuesday, April 10, 401
d. on Thursday, July 28, 450]

Emperor Valentinian III
[b. at Ravenna, on
Tuesday,, July 2, 419
d. at Rome, on
Tuesday, March 16, 455]


The Roman Emperors and Their Secular Confusion of Terms

“The temples of the Most High God shall be open to those persons who are afraid.  Not only do we sanction that the altars and the surrounding oratory of the temple... but also the space up to the outside doors of the church, which people desiring to pray enter first, we order to be an altar of safety for those who seek sanctuary... We also command that those persons who seek sanctuary shall not have within the churches any arms at all....”  (Edict of the Emperors Theodosius and Valentinian.  Theod. Code 9, 45, 4).  (431).  [“The Book of Catholic Quotations”, Compiled From Approved Sources, Ancient, Medieval, and Modern, Selected and Edited by John Chapin, Farrar, Straus, and Cudahy, New York.  Nihil Obstat, John A. Goodwine, J.C.D., Censor Librorum.  Imprimatur Francis Cardinal Spellman, Archbishop of New York, September 7, 1956. “Sanctuary (Asylum), page 798, column 1.]

Please note that the Codex Theodosianus (Code of Theodosius, a.k.a., Theodosian Code) was a compilation of the laws of the Roman Empire under the Catholic Emperors since 312 A.D.  A commission was established by Emperor Theodosius II and his co-emperor, Valentinian III, on Tuesday, March 26, 429.  This compilation was published by a constitution on Monday, February 15, 438. It went into effect in the Eastern and Western parts of the Roman Empire on Saturday, January 1, 439.

Commentary

The above quote from the Edict of the Emperors Theodosius and Valentinian. is an example of how these two Roman Emperors, while trying to do something good, overstepped their power, authority and jurisdiction by their own violation of the Roman Corpus Juris Civilis, Body of Civil Law.  What they should have done instead was to put the burden on civil society, not on .the churches, per se.

In 408, when his father died, the seven-year-old boy, Theodosius II, automatically became the Emperor of the Eastern half of the Roman Empire. How much time he was able to devote to his studies is apparently not known.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.

Please refer to Our Commentary below concerning  -  How Charlemagne, Himself, Violated the Roman Corpus Juris Civilis, Body of Civil Law.


A Cacophony of Confusion by Charlemagne


Charlemagne

Right of Sanctuary.  Of all the privileges which the Merovingian kings granted to Church property, the principal one was immunity. Immunity was not merely a partial or total exemption from financial obligations and military service; it was also the right to administer justice on ecclesiastical land. Charlemagne made general what, under the Merovingian, had been granted by way of exception. He habitually added to every donation to the churches the privilege of immunity. The first consequence of this practice was the extension of the Right of Sanctuary. In all ages persons charged with crime who sought refuge in temples were considered free from arrest. But now lay justice was halted at the entrance to every domain of a Diocese or Abbey, made doubly sacred by its destined use and by the imperial immunity. To this refuge fled poor people pursued by the arm of the law.”

“At first this Right of Sanctuary was a salutary restraint upon outbursts of violence. Before long, however, it became an abuse. Charlemagne corrected this. He limited the Right of Sanctuary to the church building and its dependencies. He decided that a criminal seeking refuge on ecclesiastical land could be driven off it, that the lay count had a right to go there and make the arrest, and that the Bishop who should oppose the exercise of such right would be subject to a fine.  He declared murderers undeserving of this benefit and ordered that they be forced to go out of the churches by their being refused food. Sanctuary rescued an accused from death, but did not exempt him from canonical penance or from Episcopal Jurisdiction. Charlemagne’s purpose seemed to be to control and soften by the justice of the Bishops the excessively harsh and impassioned justice of the Lay Counts. This aim was partly attained by his regulation of the Right of Sanctuary and by the extension he gave to the competence of Episcopal Jurisdiction.”

“In consequence of a feudal custom introduced at this period, the right to administer justice became inherent in land ownership. By this title the Bishops could claim a right to administer justice on their lands. Charlemagne ratified and broadened that jurisdiction. He extended it even to crimes involving capital punishment. The Bishops found it necessary to surround themselves with police officers and auxiliary judges, who were called judices privati, villici, advocati. Charlemagne was glad to make use of this personnel, in whom he found guaranties of knowledge and equity and to whom complainants and accused gladly gave their confidence. The advocati of the churches held an annual court of justice at which they administered justice, assisted by notables called good men, boni homines. Thus ‘as the Bishops and other ecclesiastics had the greatest authority in the courts of justice...  the mild humaneness of the ecclesiastical laws overcame the rigor of the civil laws; in place of bloody punishments, merely salutary penalties began to be imposed.’”  (“A History of the Catholic Church, by Rev. Fernand Mourret, S.S., Translated by the Rev. Newton Thompson, S.T.D., Volume Three, Period of the Early Middle Ages, B. Herder Book Co., 15 & 17 South Broadway, St. Louis, Mo., and 33 Queen Square, London, W. C., 1946, Nihil Obstat, Sti. Ludovici, die 5. Dec., 1936, F. J. Holweck, Censor Librorum, Imprimatur, Sti. Ludovici, die 7. Dec., 1936,  Joannes J. Glennon, Archiepiscopus, Part III, The Holy Roman Empire, Chapter XIII, Charlemagne and the Church, pp. 387 - 389).

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.



Commentary on How Charlemagne, Himself,
Violated the Roman Corpus Juris Civilis, Body of Civil Law

The ultimate problem with the above system is that it had nothing to do with the way in which Christ instituted His Church.  Jesus Christ give His Church power, authority, and jurisdiction in Spiritual, Sacramental, Liturgical, and Ecclesiastical matters - NOT secular matters. The Sacrament of Holy Orders does not grant any secular power to Priests and Prelates of whatever ranks of Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction.

Said another way, the.Ontological. Essence.and the.Metaphysical. Essence.of the Sacrament of the Holy Priesthood, and of the Sacrament of the Holy Episcopacy, do NOT contain anything concerning the secular, civil government, including any of its secular, civil, governmental offices.

On the contrary, Charlemagne abused the Church, especially some of the Bishops, by requiring them to become part of the secular government.  Instead, at the very least, Charlemagne should have established an extra-judicial branch of his government, which was totally independent of the lay counts, who should have had all of their power declared null and void, and should have been reduced to the status of ordinary people with no political and judicial power.  The members of this extra-judicial branch of his government would have been taught certain basics of secular jurisprudence by those competent to do so, and an oversight group would have been responsible for making sure that all judgements were fair and impartial.

Ultimately, what he did do was really a contradiction, because it was he who ultimately was the one who decided that a criminal seeking refuge on ecclesiastical land could be driven off it, that the lay count had a right to go there and make the arrest, and that the Bishop who should oppose the exercise of such right would be subject to a fine.  He declared murderers undeserving of this benefit and ordered that they be forced to go out of the churches by their being refused food.

Thus the Cacophony of Confusion by Charlemagne, which established the Right of Sanctuary but which, in the final analysis, Charlemagne did not really acknowledge to be an actual Right, per se, and, at the same time, due to his very defective education (which some claim was so extensive he could neither read nor write, but which others claim was not true!), and, therefore, not surprisingly, gave the grossly wrong definition to the word.Sanctuary. On the contrary, he should have used the correct word:..Asylum.

So, it is only somewhat ironic that he obviously violated the.Asylums, since he also decided that a criminal seeking refuge on ecclesiastical land could be driven off it, that the lay count had a right to go there and make the arrest, etc.!

Hence, today, due to grossly defective scholarship, there are those who still wrongly think that there really is such a thing as the Right of Sanctuary, and are totally oblivious to the fact that the real and true correct word is:..Asylum, which is something concerning which secular society, in some FEW cases, but most certainly NEVER in the case of the invasion of illegals, gangs, etc., might possibly have a moral duty and responsibility, to whatever very limited extent, but NOT the Catholic Church!

In the final analysis the term -  Right of Sanctuary, is, at the very best, erroneous terminology -  erroneous nomenclature, or, as it is called in a few other languages: , terminologie erronée, falsche Terminologie, terminologia errata, etc.  Furthermore, civil or secular leaders have power, authority, and/or jurisdiction only over civil or secular matters, not ecclesiastical  matters.

However, what is so ironic here is the errantis voluntas nulla est - the will of a mistaken party is null and void.  What does this mean in plain English?

It was a Roman legal principle formulated by Pomponius in the Digest of the Corpus Juris Civilis, Body of Civil Law, which states that legal actions, which are undertaken by a person who is under the influence of error, are null and void.

So here is Charlemagne himself, a layman, who was obviously trying to do something good to help people, but who, apparently due to his defective education, especially in legal matters, was in error concerning the issue of civil power, authority and jurisdiction which has no power, authority and jurisdiction concerning the Catholic Church.

Therefore, rhe requirement that the Catholic Church, and not the civil authority, was to be responsible for the.asylum, of whoever, was, per the above Roman Corpus Juris Civilis, Body of Civil Law, per se,.invalid.and illegal!  Of course, the historical fact that Charlemagne, himself, violated his own.invalid.and illegal law, would seem to be indicative of his true and real character, personality, temperament, etc.?  Thus, Charlemagne, himself, violated the Roman Corpus Juris Civilis, Body of Civil Law!

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.



THE Holy Altar IS.THE.Sanctuary.of the Church

“Again it is not all humiliation without prospect, nor all sorrow without hope, for it is the glorified Christ Whom we behold present in His Sanctuary, and therefore we behold in His glory the pledge of our transfiguration in good season. As in the life of the Church the gloom of Good Friday and the joys of Easter, as in the life of every individual sorrow and hope of salvation, the daily need and confidence of Redemption, follow upon and blend with each other, so Christ is here present poor and humble, as He was once in the manger, and again He is here on the Throne of His majesty and glory; for it is He that hath overcome the world, who, elevated upon the Cross, draws all hearts to Himself, before whom all creatures bow down in adoration. Here is our Golgotha, where we grieve beneath the Cross, and our Thabor, where we build tabernacles to receive the peace of Heaven, dread Gethsemani and Easter morn, mystical death and the fountain of life. Thus our Saviour is here, invisible and yet visible, a hidden God and yet evident to our eyes.  For in this Sacrament there has appeared for us all the goodness and kindness of our God (Tit. 3, 4). Thus the human heart needs not mere humiliation, not mere grief, and again not mere exaltation, not all joy. For this earthly life is neither the one nor the other. But in Him, the Friend and Spouse of Souls, Who suffered all that man endures and yet much more, Who in grief silently and yet so audibly speaks words of encouragement to us, in the glorified Redeemer, Who cries out to us: ‘Have confidence, I have overcome the world’ (John 16, 33), in Him the Soul learns to understand the real meaning of life, and from Him she receives resolution and strength to immolate herself also with the Sacrifice offered on the Altar. Now she comprehends the Holy Sacrifice as the root and crown of all that is great, noble-minded and Sacred in mankind; now she takes pleasure in returning love for love, life for life, in giving herself in sacrifice unto Him Who first offered Himself and all things in Sacrifice for her. Thus the Altar becomes the Sanctuary of the Church, the fountain of living water from which flows all that is grand and sublime, all that is glorious and Divine over the wide world. Upon the Altar where the First-Born among His brethren dwells on His Cross and on His throne, mankind beholds its model, its future, its whole history;  here mankind understands all its sufferings, lays them on the Altar, where the Man of Sorrows blesses them and turns them into benefits; here mankind understands all its joys, for His exaltation is man's exaltation, His victory man's victory; in the beauty of His body, once wearied of struggle and torn by torments, mankind beholds the image of its own glory. (Hettinger).”  (Father Nicholas Gihr, “The Holy Sacrifice of the Mass; Dogmatically, Liturgically and Ascetically Explained”, Translated from the Sixth German Edition, Imprimatur. St. Louis, Mo., February 17th, 1902,   John J. Kain, Archbishop of St. Louis. Book I, Dogmatical and Ascetical Part, Chapter the Third, the Unbloody Sacrifice of the Altar, Article the Third, What Place the Eucharistic Sacrifice holds in the Organization of the Church; Its Meaning There and Purport,  24. The Holy Sacrifice of the Mass - The School and Source of Catholic Life, pp.  227-228; emphasis added.)


Three Different Historical Religious Sanctuaries

The Pagan Sanctuaries. are Religious physical and geographical places which house some kind of an altar.

The Jewish Old Testament Sanctuary. was the Religious physical and geographical Temple at Jerusalem which had an altar of incense inside the Temple and an altar of animal sacrifices outside of the Temple, but next to the Temple.

The Catholic New Testament Sanctuaries. are Religious physical and geographical places, called Churches and Chapels, which house the Holy Altar used for the unbloody Sacrifice of the Traditional Catholic Mass.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.


Examples of Pagan Sanctuaries
Please Note:
1None of Them Were Places of.Asylum.
2Those in the Graphics Below All Had An Altar

The Pagan Sanctuaries are Religious physical and geographical places which house some kind of an altar.


After a sacrifice: (left to right) a musician plays, a priest pours wine from a cup onto the altar, a young man holds a large skewer with meat on the end, an older participant or priest watches.  A painting from a wine bowl, about 430 B.C. - 410 B.C.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.
 


Pagan altar- a boar, ram, and a bull to be killed.  Part of the flesh to be burned on the Pagan altar.

A bull to be sacrificed on a Pagan Roman altar.

A Pagan altar for household gods.

A Pagan Roman sanctuary with an altar.

Another Pagan Roman sanctuary with an altar.

Another Pagan Roman sanctuary with an altar.

Exterior of a Pagan Roman Sanctuary.

Interior of this same Pagan Roman Sanctuary.

Pagan Outdoor Sanctuary with an altar.

Pagan Outdoor Sanctuary with an altar.

Pagan Roman Vestal Virgins Had an Altar of Incense

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.


The Jewish Old Testament Sanctuary

The Jewish Old Testament Sanctuary was the Religious physical and geographical Temple at Jerusalem which had an altar of incense inside the Temple and an altar of animal sacrifices outside of the Temple, but next to the Temple.

 

The Old Testament Sanctuary Foreshadowed the New Testament Sanctuary

The Ark of the Covenant
Sat in The Holy of Holies
Which Was The Sanctuary of the Sanctuaries


Note:   “And thou shalt rear up the Tabernacle
[N.B.:  This is not the New Testament Tabernacle for the Holy Eucharist.]
according to the pattern that was shewn thee in the mount.  Thou shalt make also a Veil of violet, and purple, and scarlet twice dyed, and fine twisted linen, wrought with embroidered work and goodly variety:  And thou shalt hang it up before four pillars of setim wood, which themselves also shall be overlaid with gold, and shall have heads of gold, but sockets of silver.  And the Veil shall be hanged on with rings, and within it thou shalt put the Ark of the Testimony, and the Sanctuary, and the Holy of the Holies shall be divided with it.”  (Exodus 26:31-33.)

In this source, that part of the Old Testament Tabernacle, which was in the area on the outside of the Veil, into which the Jewish Priests entered every day, was called the sanctuary, or holy place.

However, the area on the inside of the Veil, into which area no one but the High Priest ever went, and that was but only once a year, was called the Holy of Holies, which is, literally, the Sanctuary of the Sanctuaries, because it was the Most Holy of all Holy Places.

Only the Jewish High Priest entered the Holy of Holies, which was the Sanctuary of the Sanctuaries, once a year.  However,, before he entered it, a rope was tied around his waist in order to pull  out his dead body IF God struck him dead for the many sins of the Jews of the year just ended.



The Holy of Holies, The Ark of the Covenant
Was in the Old Testament Sanctuary



The Holy of Holies, The Ark of the Covenant
Was in the Old Testament Sanctuary




The Jewish Temple in Jerusalem



Note the Altar of Incense near the foot of the steps leading up to the Predella.






The Many, Imperfect, Old Testament Bloody Sacrifices
Prefigured the One, Perfect, Bloody Sacrifice of Jesus Christ on the Cross
Which Is The Only Perfect New Testament Sacrifice
Mystically Renewed on the Holy Altar in Every Traditional Catholic Mass

13   For if the blood of goats and of oxen, and the ashes of an heifer being sprinkled, sanctify such as are defiled, to the cleansing of the flesh:
14   How much more shall the blood of Christ, who by the Holy Ghost offered himself unspotted unto God, cleanse our conscience from dead works, to serve the living God?  (Hebrews 9:13-14.)



 The Old Testament Priesthood
Foreshadowed the New Testament Priesthood




The Inner Sanctuary (or Most Holy Place) was a 30 foot cube (3 Kings 6:15-29; 2; 2 Paralipomenon 3:8-14).  Such rooms were often elevated in temples of the ancient Near East.  Two massive golden Cherubim were on either side of the Ark, each 15 feet tall with 15 foot wingspans (3 Kings 6:23-28).  The Ark of the Covenant was between the two Cherubim (3 Kings 8:1-11; 2 Paralipomenon 5:2-14).

Two ornate wooden doors, overlaid with gold, separated the Inner Sanctuary from the Nave (3 Kings 6:31-32).

The Nave had oblique windows. (3 Kings 6:4).




3 Kings Chapter 6

The building of Solomon's temple.

6:1. And it came to pass in the four hundred and eightieth year after the children of Israel came out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of the reign of Solomon over Israel, in the month Zio, (the same is the second month) he began to build a House to the Lord.

6:2. And the House, which king Solomon built to the Lord, was threescore cubits in length, and twenty cubits in breadth, and thirty cubits in height.

6:3. And there was a porch before the temple, of twenty cubits in length, according to the measure of the breadth of the temple: and it was ten cubits in breadth, before the face of the temple.

6:4. And he made in the temple oblique windows.

6:5. And upon the wall of the temple, he built floors round about, in the walls of the House, round about the temple and the oracle, and he made chambers in the sides round about.

Upon the wall, i.e., joining to the wall.

He built floors round about... Chambers or cells adjoining to the temple, for the use of the temple and of the priests, so contrived as to be between the inward and outward wall of the temple, in three stories, one above another.

The oracle... The inner temple or Holy of Holies, where God gave His oracles.
6:6. The floor that was underneath was five cubits in breadth, and the middle floor was six cubits in breadth, and the third floor was seven cubits in breadth. And he put beams in the House round about on the outside, that they might not be fastened in the walls of the temple.

6:7. And the House, when it was in building, was built of stones, hewed and made ready: so that there was neither hammer nor axe, nor any tool of iron heard in the House when it was in building.

Made ready, etc... So the stones for the building of God's eternal temple in the Heavenly Jerusalem, (who are the faithful,) must first be hewn and polished here by many trials and sufferings, before they can be admitted to have a place in that celestial structure.
6:8. The door, for the middle side, was on the right hand of the House: and by winding stairs they went up to the middle room, and from the middle to the third.

6:9. So he built the House, and finished it: and he covered the House with roofs of cedar.

6:10. And he built a floor over all the House, five cubits in height, and he covered the House with timber of cedar.

6:11. And the Word of the Lord came to Solomon,

6:12. As for this House, which thou art building, if thou wilt walk in my statutes, and execute My judgments, and keep all My Commandments, walking in them, I will fulfil My Word to thee, which I spoke to David thy father.

6:13. And I will dwell in the midst of the children of Israel, and I will not forsake my people Israel.

6:14. So Solomon built the House, and finished it.

6:15. And he built the walls of the House on the inside, with boards of cedar, from the floor of the House to the top of the walls, and to the roofs, he covered it with boards of cedar on the inside: and he covered the floor of the house with planks of fir.

6:16. And he built up twenty cubits with boards of cedar at the hinder part of the temple, from the floor to the top: and made the inner House of the oracle to be the Holy of Holies.

6:17. And the temple itself, before the doors of the oracle, was forty cubits long.

6:18. And all the House was covered within with cedar, having the turnings, and the joints thereof artfully wrought, and carvings projecting out: all was covered with boards of cedar: and no stone could be seen in the wall at all.

6:19. And he made the oracle in the midst of the House, in the inner part, to set there the Ark of the Covenant of the Lord.

6:20. Now the oracle was twenty cubits in length, and twenty cubits in breadth, and twenty cubits in height. And he covered it, and overlaid it with most pure gold. And the Altar also he covered with cedar.

6:21. And the House before the oracle he overlaid with most pure gold, and fastened on the plates with nails of gold.

6:22. And there was nothing in the temple that was not covered with gold: the whole Altar of the oracle he covered also with gold.

6:23. And he made in the oracle two Cherubims of olive tree, of ten cubits in height.

6:24. One wing of the Cherub was five cubits, and the other wing of the Cherub was five cubits: that is, in all ten cubits, from the extremity of one wing to the extremity of the other wing.

6:25. The second Cherub also was ten cubits: and the measure, and the work was the same in both the Cherubims:

6:26. That is to say, one Cherub was ten cubits high, and in like manner the other Cherub.

6:27. And he set the Cherubims in the midst of the inner temple: and the Cherubims stretched forth their wings, and the wing of the one touched one wall, and the wing of the other cherub touched the other wall: and the other wings in the midst of the temple touched one another.

6:28. And he overlaid the Cherubims with gold.

6:29. And all the walls of the temple round about he carved with divers figures and carvings: and he made in them Cherubims and palm trees, and divers representations, as it were standing out, and coming forth from the wall.

6:30. And the floor of the House he also overlaid with gold within and without.

6:31. And in the entrance of the oracle, he made little doors of olive tree, and posts of five corners,

6:32. And two doors of olive tree: and he carved upon them figures of Cherubims, and figures of palm trees, and carvings very much projecting; and he overlaid them with gold: and he covered both the cherubims and the palm trees, and the other things, with gold.

6:33. And he made in the entrance of the temple posts of olive tree foursquare:

6:34. And two doors of fir tree, one of each side: and each door was double, and so opened with folding leaves.

6:35. And he carved Cherubims, and palm trees, and carved work standing very much out: and he overlaid all with golden plates in square work by rule.

6:36. And he built the inner court with three rows of polished stones, and one row of beams of cedar.

6:37. In the fourth year was the House of the Lord founded, in the month Zio:

6:38. And in the eleventh year, in the month Bul.  (which is the eighth month) the House was finished in all the works thereof, and in all the appurtenances thereof: and he was seven years in building it.


3 Kings Chapter 8

 The dedication of the temple: Solomon's prayer and sacrifices.

8:1. Then all the ancients of Israel, with the princes of the tribes, and the heads of the families of the children of Israel, were assembled to king Solomon, in Jerusalem: that they might carry the Ark of the Covenant of the Lord, out of the city of David, that is, out of Sion.

8:2. And all Israel assembled themselves to king Solomon, on the festival day, in the month of Ethanim, the same is the seventh month.

8:3. And all the ancients of Israel came, and the priests took up the Ark,

8:4. And carried the Ark of the Lord, and the tabernacle of the Covenant, and all the vessels of the Sanctuary, that were in the tabernacle: and the priests and the Levites carried them.

8:5. And king Solomon, and all the multitude of Israel, that were assembled unto him, went with him before the Ark, and they sacrificed sheep and oxen, that could not be counted or numbered.

8:6. And the priests brought in the Ark of the Covenant of the Lord into its place, into the oracle of the temple, into the Holy of Holies, under the wings of the Cherubims.

8:7. For the Cherubims spread forth their wings over the place of the Ark, and covered the Ark, and the staves thereof above.

8:8. And whereas the staves stood out, the ends of them were seen without, in the Sanctuary before the oracle, but were not seen farther out, and there they have been unto this day.

8:9. Now in the Ark there was nothing else but the two tables of stone [The Ten Commandments], which Moses put there at Horeb, when the Lord made a covenant with the children of Israel, when they came out of the land of Egypt.

Nothing else, etc... There was nothing else but the tables of the law within the Ark: but on the outside of the Ark, or near the Ark were also the Rod of Aaron, and a Golden Urn with Manna.  (Hebrews 9.4.)
8:10. And it came to pass, when the priests were come out of the Sanctuary, that a cloud filled the house of the Lord,

8:11. And the priests could not stand to minister because of the cloud: for the glory of the Lord had filled the House of the Lord.


2 Paralipomenon Chapter 3

The plan and ornaments of the temple: the cherubims, the veil, and the pillars.

3:1. And Solomon began to build the House of the Lord in Jerusalem, in mount Moria, which had been shewn to David his father, in the place which David had prepared in the thrashingfloor of Ornan the Jebusite.

3:2. And he began to build in the second month, in the fourth year of his reign.

3:3. Now these are the foundations, which Solomon laid, to build the House of God, the length by the first measure sixty cubits, the breadth twenty cubits.

3:4. And the porch in the front, which was extended in length according to the measure of the breadth of the House, twenty cubits: and the height was a hundred and twenty cubits: and he overlaid it within with pure gold.

3:5. And the Greater House he ceiled with deal boards, and overlaid them with plates of fine gold throughout: and he graved in them palm trees, and like little chains interlaced with one another.

3:6. He paved also the floor of the temple with most precious marble, of great beauty.

3:7. And the gold of the plates with which he overlaid the House, and the beams thereof, and the posts, and the walls, and the doors was of the finest: and he graved Cherubims on the walls.

3:8. He made also the House of the Holy of Holies: the length of it according to the breadth of the temple, twenty cubits, and the breadth of it in like manner twenty cubits: and he overlaid it with plates of gold, amounting to about six hundred talents.

3:9. He made also nails of gold, and the weight of every nail was fifty sicles: the upper chambers also he overlaid with gold.

3:10. He made also in the House of the Holy of Holies two Cherubims of image work: and he overlaid them with gold.

3:11. The wings of the Cherubims were extended twenty cubits, so that one wing was five cubits long, and reached to the wall of the House: and the other was also five cubits long, and reached to the wing of the other Cherub.

3:12. In like manner the wing of the other Cherub, was five cubits long, and reached to the wall: and his other wing was five cubits long, and touched the wing of the other Cherub.

3:13. So the wings of the two Cherubims were spread forth, and were extended twenty cubits: and they stood upright on their feet, and their faces were turned toward the House without.

3:14. He made also a veil of violet, purple, scarlet, and silk: and wrought in it Cherubims.

3:15. He made also before the doors of the temple two pillars, which were five and thirty cubits high: and their chapiters were five cubits.

3:16. He made also as it were little chains in the oracle, and he put them on the heads of the pillars: and a hundred pomegranates, which he put between the little chains.

3:17. These pillars he put at the entrance of the temple, one on the right hand, and the other on the left: that which was on the right hand, he called Jachin: and that on the left hand, Booz.


2 Paralipomenon Chapter 5

The ark is brought with great solemnity into the temple: the temple is filled with the Glory of God.

5:1. Then Solomon brought in all those things that David his father had vowed, the silver, and the gold, and all the vessels he put among the treasures of the House of God.

5:2. And after this he gathered together the ancients of Israel and all the princes of the tribes, and the heads of the families, of the children of Israel to Jerusalem, to bring the Ark of the Covenant of the Lord out of the city of David, which is Sion.

5:3. And all the men of Israel came to the king in the solemn day of the seventh month.

5:4. And when all the ancients of Israel were come, the Levites took up the Ark,

5:5. And brought it in, together with all the furniture of the tabernacle. And the priests with the Levites carried the vessels of the Sanctuary, which were in the Tabernacle.

5:6. And king Solomon and all the assembly of Israel and all that were gathered together before the Ark, sacrificed rams, and oxen without number: so great was the multitude of the victims.

5:7. And the priests brought in the Ark of the Covenant of the Lord into its place, that is, to the oracle of the temple, into the Holy of Holies under the wings of the Cherubims:

5:8. So that the Cherubims spread their wings over the place, in which the Ark was set, and covered the Ark itself and its staves.

5:9. Now the ends of the staves wherewith the Ark was carried, because they were some thing longer, were seen before the oracle: but if a man were a little outward, he could not see them.  So the Ark has been there unto this day.

5:10. And there was nothing else in the Ark but the two tables [The Ten Commandments] which Moses put there at Horeb when the Lord gave the Law to the children of Israel, at their coming out of Egypt.

5:11. Now when the priests were come out of the Sanctuary, for all the priests that could be found there, were Sanctified: and as yet at that time the courses and orders of the ministries were not divided among them,

5:12. Both the Levites and the singing men, that is, both they that were under Asaph, and they that were under Heman, and they that were under Idithun, with their sons, and their brethren, clothed with fine linen, sounded with cymbals, and psalteries, and harps, standing on the east side of the Altar, and with them a hundred and twenty priests, sounding with trumpets.

5:13. So when they all sounded together, both with trumpets, and voice, and cymbals, and organs, and with divers kind of musical instruments, and lifted up their voice on high: the sound was heard afar off, so that when they began to praise the Lord, and to say: Give glory to the Lord for he is good, for his mercy endureth for ever: the House of God was filled with a cloud.

5:14. Nor could the priests stand and minister by reason of the cloud. For the glory of the Lord had filled the House of God.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.


A Comparison Between
The Pagan Sacrifices
and
The Old Testament Jewish Sacrifices

Part One
An Introduction To Sacrifices
Sacrifices Are Part of a Liturgical Religious and Spiritual Life

2:16  [God said:]  Of every tree of paradise thou shalt eat:
2:17. But of the tree of knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat. For in what day soever thou shalt eat of it, thou shalt die the death.  (Genesis 2:16-17.)



3:1. Now the serpent was more subtle than any of the beasts of the earth which the Lord God had made. And he said to the Woman: Why hath God commanded you, that you should not eat of every tree of paradise?
3:2. And the Woman answered him, saying: Of the fruit of the trees that are in paradise we do eat:
3:3. But of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of paradise, God hath commanded us that we should not eat; and that we should not touch it, lest perhaps we die.
3:4. And the serpent said to the Woman: No, you shall not die the death.
3:5. For God doth know that in what day soever you shall eat thereof, your eyes shall be opened: and you shall be as gods, knowing good and evil.
3:6. And the Woman saw that the tree was good to eat, and fair to the eyes, and delightful to behold: and she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave to her Husband, who did eat.  (Genesis 3:1-6.)


3:9. And the Lord God called Adam, and said to him: Where art thou?
3:10. And he said: I heard Thy voice in paradise; and I was afraid, because I was naked, and I hid myself.

3:11. And He said to him: And who hath told thee that thou wast naked, but that thou hast eaten of the tree whereof I commanded thee that thou shouldst not eat?
3:12. And Adam said: The Woman, whom thou gavest me to be my Companion, gave me of the tree, and I did eat.
3:13. And the Lord God said to the Woman: Why hast thou done this? And she answered: The serpent deceived me, and I did eat.
3:14. And the Lord God said to the serpent: Because thou hast done this thing, thou art cursed among all cattle, and beasts of the earth: upon thy breast shalt thou go, and earth shalt thou eat all the days of thy life.
3:15. I will put enmities between thee and the Woman, and thy seed and her seed: she shall crush thy head, and thou shalt lie in wait for her heel.
3:16. To the Woman also He said: I will multiply thy sorrows, and thy conceptions: in sorrow shalt thou bring forth children, and thou shalt be under thy Husband's power, and he shall have dominion over thee.
3:17. And to Adam he said: Because thou hast hearkened to the voice of thy Wife, and hast eaten of the tree, whereof I commanded thee, that thou shouldst not eat, cursed is the earth in thy work: with labour and toil shalt thou eat thereof all the days of thy life.
3:18. Thorns and thistles shall it bring forth to thee, and thou shalt eat the herbs of the earth.
3:19. In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread till thou return to the earth out of which thou wast taken: for dust thou art, and unto dust thou shalt return.
3:20. And Adam called the name of his Wife Eve: because she was the Mother of all the living.
3:21. And the Lord God made for Adam and his Wife garments of skins, and clothed them.  (Genesis 3:9-21.)


3:22. And He [God] said: Behold Adam is become as one of US [The Holy Trinity], knowing good and evil: now therefore lest perhaps he put forth his hand and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever.
3:23. And the Lord God sent him out of the paradise of pleasure, to till the earth from which he was taken.
3:24. And He [God] cast out Adam: and placed before the paradise of pleasure Cherubims, and a flaming sword, turning every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.  (Genesis 3:22-24.)


Old Testament Spirituality

In the Old Testament, various sacrifices were offered to God, sometimes called offerings.  This was because of Original Sin, but also because of actual sin.

The first examples of this are the offerings of Cain and Able.
 



...
4:1. And Adam knew Eve his Wife; who conceived and brought forth Cain, saying: I have gotten a man through God.
4:2. And again she brought forth his Brother Abel. And Abel was a shepherd, and Cain a husbandman.
4:3. And it came to pass after many days, that Cain offered, of the fruits of the earth, gifts to the Lord.
4:4. Abel also offered of the firstlings of his flock, and of their fat: and the Lord had respect to Abel, and to his offerings.
4:5. But to Cain and his offerings He had no respect: and Cain was exceeding angry, and his countenance fell.
4:6. And the Lord said to him: Why art thou angry? and why is thy countenance fallen?
4:7. If thou do well, shalt thou not receive? but if ill, shall not sin forthwith be present at the door? but the lust thereof shall be under thee, and thou shalt have dominion over it.
4:8. And Cain said to Abel his Brother: Let us go forth abroad. And when they were in the field, Cain rose up against his Brother Abel, and slew him.
4:9. And the Lord said to Cain: Where is thy Brother Abel?  And he answered: I know not: am I my Brother's keeper?
4:10. And He said to him: What hast thou done? The voice of thy Brother's blood crieth to Me from the earth.  (Genesis 4:9-10.)



“Noe built an altar unto the Lord: and taking of all cattle and fowls that were clean, offered holocausts upon the altar.” (Genesis 8:20.)

An Important Note:

Noe did not offer a Supper Meal to God, but rather a burnt sacrificial offering of sacrifice because the purpose of an Altar is to make sacrifice upon it.

“For the use of an altar is to make sacrifice upon it; the use of a table is to serve men to eat upon it.’  (“Vindication of the Papal Bulla Apostolicae Curae”, by the Catholic Bishops of England, 1898, Section 38. “The Destruction of Altars”, page 64; emphasis added.)


Old Testament Jewish Temple at Jerusalem

The Old Testament of the Roman Catholic Bible provides proof of how Almighty God revealed the specific sacrifices which He, the Infinite Creator, wanted from each created human being with a rational Immortal Soul.  This explains why there are so many details concerning the various types of specific sacrifices in the Old Testament which were minutely regulated and performed by the Jewish Priesthood, but which were only a shadow of the good things to come.  (Hebrews 10:1).


Part Two
Two Types of Sacrifices Made by the Pagans and the Jews

Before Original Sin, no mention is made that God required Adam and Eve to offer any kind or type of sacrifice.  Instead, the Scripture mentions other things such as what follows.



1:27. And God created man to His own image: to the image of God He created him: male and female He created them.
1:28. And God Blessed them, saying: Increase and multiply, and fill the earth, and subdue it, and rule over the fishes of the sea, and the fowls of the air, and all living creatures that move upon the earth.  (Genesis 1:27-28.)
 



The Lord God Had Planted A Paradise of Pleasure



2:8. And the Lord God had planted a Paradise of Pleasure from the beginning: wherein he placed man whom he had formed...
2:21. Then the Lord God cast a deep sleep upon Adam: and when he was fast asleep, he took one of his ribs, and filled up flesh for it.
2:22. And the Lord God built the rib which He took from Adam into a Woman: and brought her to Adam.
2:23. And Adam said: This now is bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh; she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man.
2:24. Wherefore a Man shall leave Father and Mother, and shall cleave to his Wife: and they shall be two in one flesh.
2:25. And they were both naked: to wit, Adam and his Wife: and were not ashamed. (Genesis 2:8; 2:21-25.)

The Two Sacrificial Offerings of Cain and Abel

4:1. And Adam knew Eve his Wife; who conceived and brought forth Cain, saying: I have gotten a man through God.
4:2. And again she brought forth his Brother Abel. And Abel was a shepherd, and Cain a husbandman.
4:3. And it came to pass after many days, that Cain offered, of the fruits of the earth, gifts to the Lord.
4:4. Abel also offered of the firstlings of his flock, and of their fat: and the Lord had respect to Abel, and to his offerings.
4:5. But to Cain and his offerings He had no respect: and Cain was exceeding angry, and his countenance fell.....
4:8. And Cain said to Abel his Brother: Let us go forth abroad. And when they were in the field, Cain rose up against his Brother Abel, and slew him.
4:9. And the Lord said to Cain: Where is thy Brother Abel?  And he answered: I know not: am I my Brother's keeper?
4:10. And He said to him: What hast thou done? The voice of thy Brother's blood crieth to Me from the earth.  (Genesis 4:1-5;8-10.)


An Altar of Sacrifice
.


“Noe built an altar unto the Lord: and taking of all cattle and fowls that were clean, offered holocausts upon the altar.” (Genesis 8:20.)



Although Abel.offered.of the.firstlings of his flock, and of their fat, to God, the first time one finds the word altar.is in regard to the altar of Noe, which is clearly.an altar of sacrifice.



But this happened after the great deluge when.the waters prevailed upon the earth a hundred and fifty days. (Genesis 7:24.)

These.offerings, which were.sacrificed.on an.altar, most certainly established an important precedent for the post-deluge.altar of sacrifice, which simply carried forth the sacrificial.offerings.of the precedent of Abel whom it would seem had learned this from his Father, Adam who most probably was the very first person to make the very first.altar of sacrifice?  Proof for this is to be found in both the pagan and Jewish.altars of sacrifice.


Pagan and Jewish Offerings Were Killed On
An Altar of Sacrifice


Pagan Altars of Bloody Sacrifices
Were Places Upon Which Many Animals Were Killed and Burned
.
In the Above Example, A Boar, A Ram, and A Bull
Were Taken To A Pagan  Altar Of Sacrifice  To Be Killed
And Part of Their Flesh Was To Be Burned.




The Fairly Large Jewish Altar of Bloody Sacrifices
Upon Which Many Animals Were Killed and Burned


Pagan and Jewish
Altars of Incense


Pagan Roman Vestal Virgins Had A Sanctuary
Inside of Which Was An Altar Used For Burning Incense



The Jewish Temple in Jerusalem Had A Sanctuary
Which Included An Altar Used For Burning Incense
Which Was Done Only By The Jewish High Priest


N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.
The Catholic New Testament Sanctuaries
Include
An Altar of Sacrifice
Which Is Used During the Unbloody Holy Sacrifice of the Mass

The Catholic New Testament Sanctuaries are Liturgical Religious physical and geographical places which house the Holy Altar used for the unbloody.Holy Sacrifice of the Traditional Catholic Mass. as seen in the 2 brief videos below at the beginning of an Ancient Roman Rite of the Catholic Mass, a.k.a., the Traditional Catholic Mass.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.



Brief Video of an Ancient Roman Rite
Traditional Catholic Solemn High Mass
Processing to the Foot of the Altar
In Preparation for The Mass
Beginning Prayers at the Foot of the Altar
39 Seconds



Brief Video of an Ancient Roman Rite
Traditional Catholic Solemn High Mass
Includes the Recitation of Part of the Confiteor During
The Prayers at the Foot of the Altar
In Preparation to Ascend the Altar Steps to Go Up to the Altar of Sacrifice
Also Includes the Conclusion of the Incensing of
The Altar of Sacrifice and of the Mass Celebrant
Also, the Beginning of the Introit.
1 Minute, 13 Seconds



The Catholic New Testament Sanctuaries
Include
An Altar of Sacrifice
Which Is Used During the Unbloody Holy Sacrifice of the Mass
Although There is No Altar of Incense,
Incense IS Used At Several Different Times During Both
Solemn High Masses Offered by Catholic Priests
and
Solemn Pontifical High Masses Offered by Catholic Bishops



Here is One Example of Incense Being Used
For the Incensing of the Holy Altar of Sacrifice
During The Solemn High Mass of A Catholic Priest


Incense Is Put on Top of a Piece of Burning Charcoal in the Thurible
The Burning of the Incense Is A Symbol of Sacrifice and Prayer
The Destruction of the Incense By Fire Is A Symbol of Sacrifice
The Smoke Ascending Heavenward Is a Symbol of Prayer

1 Minute, 57 Seconds




The Predella is the floor of the platform on which The Holy Altar sits.
Steps ascend from the floor of the Sanctuary up to the Predella.


A Tabernacle

A Tabernacle Covered by
A Tabernacle Veil

Gothic Style Ciborium, Chalice Paten, Chalice



An Altar Missal on a Stand


An Altar Missal Stand



An Opened Altar Missal





A Catholic Sanctuary

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.





The New Testament Priesthood
Of the New and Eternal Covenant


The Altar of Sacrifice in the Sanctuary

“ALTAR, HIGH OR MAIN, the chief altar in a church, mounted by steps, and in the center of the sanctuary. At this altar most ceremonies take place.”  (Conde B. Pallen, Ph.D., LL.D., et Alii. John J. Wynne, S.J., S.T.D., Censor deputatus, “The New Catholic Dictionary”, 1929, Imprimatur: + Patrick Cardinal Hayes, Archbishop of New York, Tuesday, October 1, 1929, “Altar”, page 31 column a.)

“Jesus, the son of Sirach, depicts the appearance which the high-priest of the Old Law presented to the eyes of the people, when he entered the sanctuary in his festal attire. Now, if God even in the Old Law, which was but a weak figure of the wonderful mysteries of the New Covenant, prescribed such beautiful, such rich garments for the liturgical functions, ‘that Aaron and his sons shall use them when they go into the tabernacle of the testimony, or when they approach to the altar to minister in the sanctuary, lest being guilty of iniquity they die’ (Exodus 28:43), how much more is it the Lord’s will, that His beloved Spouse (Holy Church) should appear at the Altar robed in magnificence and splendor, whenever she celebrates that adorable Sacrifice” [1] which is, of course, the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass.

[1] Rev. Dr. Nicholas Gihr, “The Holy Sacrifice of the Mass; Dogmatically, Liturgically and Ascetically Explained”, Translated from the Sixth German Edition, Imprimatur. St. Louis, Mo., February 17th, 1902, + John J. Kain, Archbishop of St. Louis. Book II, Liturgical and Ascetical Part, Chapter the First, Preparation for the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass, 29. The Sacerdotal Vestments, page 267.

NOTE:  No mention is made in this book of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.


In the LITURGICAL  SANCTUARY of the Church
The Body and Blood of Christ Are Continually and Mystically Offered on the ALTAR

“Now such a presenting anew of the Sacrifice of the Cross becomes possible only when the offering upon our altars is in no way inferior to the Sacrificial Victim immolated on the Cross that is, only when in the Sanctuary of the Church the Body and Blood of Christ are continually and mystically offered.”  [1]    (Rev. Dr. Nicholas Gihr, “The Holy Sacrifice of the Mass;  Dogmatically, Liturgically and Ascetically Explained”,  Translated from the Sixth German Edition.   Freiburg im Breisgau. 1902. B. Herder, Publisher to the Holy Apostolic See Vienna (Austria), Munich (Bavaria), Strassburg(Alsace-Lorraine) , St. Louis, Mo.: B. Herder, 17 South Broadway.   Chapter the Third. The Unbloody Sacrifice of the Altar. Article First. The Truth and Reality of the Eucharistic Sacrifice. ii. The New Covenant of Grace requires a Perpetual Sacrifice and that the Sacrifice of the Body and Blood of Christ.  11. The New Covenant of Grace requires a Perpetual Sacrifice etc., page 83.)

NOTE:  No mention is made in this book of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.



[1]  Congruebat, ut (homines quotidianis peccatis implicati) haberent oblationem exteriorem; sed Dominus unica oblatione offerendo se omnes alias oblationes evacuaverat: ergo si non debuit reficere (to restore again), quod destruxerat, debuit dare nobis illam eandem, quam obtulit, et non aliam. Ergo sicut corpus Christi verum fuit oblatum in cruce, ita sacrificatur in altari (S. Bonav. 4, dist. 10, p. 1, art. 1, q. 1). Quoniam tempus gratiae revelatae requirit, quod jam non offeratur oblatio qualiscumque, sed pura, placida et plenaria; et nulla alia oblatio est talis, nisi ilia, quae in cruce fuit oblata, scilicet Christi corpus et sanguis; hinc est, quod necessario oportet in hoc sacraniento (Eucharistiae) non tantum figurative, verum etiam veraciter corpus Christi tamquam oblationem huic tempori debitam contineri (S. Bonavent., Brevil. P. 6, c. 9). Cf. Alger., De sacrament., 1. 2, c. 3.


“The destruction of the Altars was a measure so distinct in its meaning that we have never been able to conceive how that meaning could be misunderstood. The measure meant a bitter hatred of the Mass, and a hatred directed against the Mass itself, not merely against some obscure abuse such as recent writers have sought in vain to unearth from the ambiguous phrases of one or two theological writers. ‘Usum non tollit abusus’. Surely if these reformers had desired only to remove an abuse, but were full of reverence for the great Christian Sacrifice itself, they would not have destroyed and desecrated the Altars, and substituted tables in their place, alleging as their reason, in unqualified terms, that ‘the form of a table shall more move the simple from the superstitious opinions of the Popish Mass unto the right use of the Lord’s Supper. For the use of an Altar is to make Sacrifice upon it; the use of a table is to serve men to eat upon it’.”   [26.  “Ridley’s Works”, Parker Society’s edition, p. 322. See also Dom Gasquet/s “Edward VI. and Book of Common Prayer”, p. 266.]  (“A Vindication of The Bull ‘Apostolicæ Curæ’, A Letter on Anglican Orders, By the Cardinal Archbishop and Bishops of the Province of Westminster, In Reply to the Letter Addressed to Them By the Anglican Archbishops of Canterbury and York”,  Longmans, Green, and Co., 39 Paternoster Row, London, New York, and Bombay, 1898.  Chapter 38, The destruction of Altars; emphasis added.)

NOTE:  No mention is made in this document of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.


A Comparison Between
The  Jewish Old Testament Sanctuary
And
The Catholic New Testament Sanctuary
 
Jewish Old Testament
Catholic New Testament

The Holy of Holies

The Ark of the Covenant contained:
1) The 2 Tablets of the Ten Commandments;
2)  A golden dish of manna; 
3) The Rod of Aaron which had blossomed. 

It was a prophetic symbol of: 
1)  The Church of the New Testament which would keep the Ten Commandments; 
2) The Tabernacle in which the Eucharistic Christ would be present on the Holy Altar.


The Holy of Holies

Photo of a metal Tabernacle.  It is set in the center of the Holy Altar and the front
is covered with a cloth, as in the photo below:

 

Photo of a metal ciborium in which the Consecrated Hosts are contained.  It has a removeable cover. When in the Tabernacle,
it is covered with a white cloth.
 





Mass Celebrant holding Sacred Host above Ciborium at Ecce Agnus Dei before Administering Holy Communion.

The Predella is the floor of the platform
on which the Holy Altar sits.
Steps ascend from the
floor of the Sanctuary up to the Predella.


The  Jewish Old Testament Sanctuary
Was the Place Where The Jewish High Priest
Burnt Incense on the Altar of Incense
At Certain Times

The Catholic New Testament Sanctuary is the Place Where Catholic Priests and Prelates
Daily Offer the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass
On the Altar of Sacrifice


The bronze altar was used for bloody
animal sacrifices outside of the Temple
at Jerusalem as in the graphic below:

The Altar of Sacrifice
Is Used During the Offering of
The Unbloody Holy Sacrifice of the Mass
Which is that.Clean Oblation of the Gentiles


“...in the Mass, that same Christ is contained and immolated in an unbloody manner. Who once offered Himself in a bloody manner on the Altar of the Crossthe Victim is one and the same...”  (Roman Catholic Council of Trent, Session 22, Monday, September 17, 1562, On the Sacrifice of  the Mass, Chapter 2; emphasis added.)

“For from the rising of the sun even to the going down, My Name is great among the Gentiles, and in every place there is Sacrifice, and there is offered to My Name a Clean Oblation; for My Name is great among the Gentiles, saith the Lord of hosts.” (Malachias 1:11.)

Summary
..

1    For the [Old Testament] law having a shadow of the good things to come, not the very image of the things; by the selfsame sacrifices which they offer continually every year, can never make the comers thereunto perfect:
2    For then they would have ceased to be offered:  because the worshippers once cleansed should have no conscience of sin any longer:
3    But in them there is made a commemoration of sins every year.
4    For it is impossible that with the blood of oxen and goats sin should be taken away. (Hebrews 10:1-4; emphasis added.)


N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.



Christ Administering Holy Communion
To His Apostles During The First Mass



The First Mass

Father James L. Meagher, D.D. wrote a book entitled: How Christ Said the First Mass.   This book obviously provides data on the subject of The First Mass.

This data in this book includes:

“The rites and ceremonies, the ritual and liturgy, the forms of Divine worship Christ observed, when He changed the Passover into the Mass. The Beginnings of the Mass with its Ceremonies foretold in the Patriarchal Worship in the Old Testament, in the Hebrew Religion in Moses’ Tabernacle, and in the Temple of the Days of Christ.”
The title of one of his chapters is:  “The Vestments Christ and the Apostles Used in the Cenacle.”

Another section:  “The Fourth Part: How Christ and the Apostles Said the First Mass.”

Plus:

“Why the ministers put wine and water in the chalice for the Celebrant at Mass. Origin of the Canon, why it is said in a low voice.... Why the Clergy say the Mass with the Bishop while being Ordained. Why the Celebrant leans over the Altar beginning the Canon and saying the words of Consecration, .... How Christ incensed the bread and wine. Origin of incensing the Clergy at a High Mass....  Many questions rise in people’s minds to which they find no answer. A common opinion holds that Christ said the First Mass at the Last Supper according to a short form of blessing and prayer, then Consecrated the bread and wine, gave the Apostles Communion, and preached the sermon John’s Gospel gives. When the Apostles said Mass, they recited some Psalms, read the Scriptures, preached a sermon, Consecrated the bread and wine, recited the Lord’s Prayer and then gave Communion. In the Apostolic age the Saints added other prayers and ceremonies. Afterwards Popes and Councils still more developed the rites, composed new prayers, and that during the Middle Ages the Mass grew and expanded into the elaborate Liturgy and Ceremonial of our day.”

But these opinions are wrongFrom the beginning the Mass was said according to a long Liturgy and with ceremonies differing little from those of our time. No substantial addition was made after the apostolic age — what the early Popes did was minor. Little addition was made to the Ordinary of the Mass handed down from the days of Peter, founder of our Latin Liturgy.”

Concerning the use of Latin, a dead language, for the Mass, did you know:

“The sermons of these ancient preachers come down to us under the name of the Targuns and Midrashes. But they made no change in the ancient Hebrew of Moses and Temple, and synagogue services to our day [circa  1906 A.D.] remains in the pure Hebrew, which only the learned Jews now understand.  People who find fault because Mass is said in Latin, Greek , and tongues the people do not understand, do not  realize that Christ worshipped in the synagogues where the services were in a dead language. (3) Footnote 3: See Migne, Cursus Comp. S. Scripturæ, i. 529 to 600, etc.”  (Father James L. Meagher, D.D., How Christ Said the First Mass, p. 247).
NOTE:  No mention is made in this book of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.


Missale Apostolorum
The Missal of 60 A.D.

Although there does not seem to be any evidence that Christ Himself wrote the First Missal, which in the earlier centuries was called a Sacramentary or a Codex, there IS a very real possibility that Christ Himself dictated the words and the rubrics of the First Missal to the Apostles for Offering the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass.  The language would have been Aramaic.  IF this did in fact happen, it was probably sometime during the 40 Days before the Ascension of Christ into Heaven.  Later, it seems that this Rite of Mass was translated into Greek in what We call The Missale Apostolorum, a.k.a. The Missal of 60 A.D. which pre-dates the so-called “Clementine Liturgy” by about 30 to 40 years!

It is known that Christ certainly gave the Apostles the necessary instructions as to HOW to offer the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass.  Evidence for this is found implicitly in the Gospels and more explicitly with Saint Jerome [b. in Stridon, Dalmatia in c. 340 A.D. - d. in Bethlehem in 420 A.D.], a Doctor of the Catholic Church.

One researcher writes in part:

“How far Christ may at that time (Acts 1:3) have instructed His Apostles in the details of the Eucharistic Service we do not know, but there is no improbability that instructions may have been given them by Our Lord on this point.  Such, seemingly, was the universal belief of the Early Church.  Even at a much later period St. Jerome still refers to Christ having instructed His Apostles that ‘daily in the Sacrifice of His Body the Faithful may dare to say, “Our Father, etc.”’ (St. Jerome, ADV. PELAG. iii, 15).”

“It all shows the persistence of these traditions.  It certainly would most perfectly account for the almost incredible uniformity of type in the primitive rite, unless indeed the Apostles themselves should have come to an agreement under the direction of St. Peter.”  (Father Joseph Husslein, S.J., “The Mass of the Apostles”, pp. 320-321; emphasis added.)

NOTE:  No mention is made in this book of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.


Even as late as the 13th Century, a reference is made to The Missale Apostolorum, a.k.a. The Missal of 60 A.D., which implies that this was the first liturgical book used by the Apostles themselves for Offering the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass:

“We find it stated in De Consecr., dist. 1, that 'James, the brother of the Lord according to the flesh [i.e. the Apostle, Saint James the Just, Patriarch of Jerusalem], and Basil, Bishop of Caesarea, edited the rite of celebrating the Mass': and from their authority it is manifest that whatever words are employed in this matter, are chosen becomingly.” (Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., [b. 1225 A.D. in Rocca Secca, Naples, Italy - d. Wednesday, March 7, 1274 A.D. in Fossa Nuova, Italy], Doctor of the Church: “Angelic Doctor”, “Common Doctor”; “Summa Theologica”, Part III, Question 83, Article 4; emphasis added.)
NOTE:  No mention is made in this book of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.



Pope Saint Pius V
Antonio-Michele Ghislieri
[Friday, January 7, 1566 - Monday, May 1, 1572]



Pope Saint Pius V Issued His Papal Bulla
“Quo Primum Tempore”
In The Missale Romanum
On Tuesday, July 14, 1570
Which Forbids Future Changes to this Missal

Most Traditional Catholics are familiar with the Papal Bulla of Pope Saint Pius V,  Quo Primum Tempore, of Tuesday, July 14, 1570, by which, in accordance with the requirements of the Council of Trent (Session 22, Monday, September 17, 1562), he issued the Missale Romanum.

In this Papal Bulla the Pope writes in part:

“Whereas amongst other decrees of the holy Roman Catholic Council of Trent, We were charged with revision and re-issue of the sacred books, to wit, the Catechism, the Missal and the Breviary... (considering that it is altogether fitting that there should be in the Church only one appropriate manner of Psalmody and one sole rite of celebrating Mass), deemed it necessary to give Our immediate attention to what still remained to be done, namely the re-editing of the Missal with the least possible delay... We resolved accordingly to delegate this task to a select committee of scholars; and they, having at every stage of their work and with the utmost care collated the ancient codices in Our Vatican Library and reliable, original or amended, codices from elsewhere, and having also consulted the writing of ancient and approved authors who have bequeathed to us records relating to the said Sacred Rites, thus restored the Missal [of The Ancient Roman Rite] itself to the pristine form and Rite of the Holy Fathers.” (Op. Cit., emphasis added.)
As most Traditional Catholics already know, this Papal Bulla also forbids any future changes to the Missal by anyone under the censure of various penalties, including automatic excommunication (this excludes adding feast days and making minor rubrical clarifications).  This explains why We personally use a Missale Romanum which was printed in 1943.  Those printed after 1943 are defective, except for reprints of 1943, or earlier editions, of this Missal.

NOTE:  No mention is made in this document by Pope Saint Pius V of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.



A Missale Romanum Printed in 1587 A.D.



The Traditional Catholic Mass is necessary for the UNIVERSAL well-being of all people because all people, in one way or another, derive some limited benefits from the Infinite value of each Traditional Catholic Mass.


For Readers who are interested in a brief history of the Traditional Catholic Mass of the Roman Catholic Church, known as The Ancient Roman Rite of Mass, please click on this link.  Thank You.

Examples of Heretical Attacks
Against The Traditional Catholic Mass


Today, why are so many people surprised when they come face to face with the reality that Jesus Christ Himself perfectly instituted both the unchangeable. .Ontological Essence..and the  .Metaphysical Essence..for each of the Seven Sacraments, and also both the unchangeable. .Ontological Essence..and the. .Metaphysical Essence..for the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass?





Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P.  teaches:
“Since, therefore, the sanctification of man is in the power of God Who Sanctifies, it is NOT for man to decide what things should be used for his Sanctification, but this IS determined by Divine Institution.” (Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., [b. 1225 A.D. in Rocca Secca, Naples, Italy - d. Wednesday, March 7, 1274 A.D. in Fossa Nuova, Italy], Doctor of the Church, Summa Theologica, Part III, Question 60, Article 5,  Body; emphasis added.)
NOTE:  No mention is made in this book of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

“The Apostles and their successors are God’s Vicars in governing the Church which is built on Faith and the Sacraments of Faith....  Wherefore, just as they may not institute another Church, so neither may they deliver another faith, nor institute other sacraments:....

“...on the contrary, the Church is said to be built up with the Sacraments which flowed from the side of Christ while hanging on the cross.” (Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., Summa Theologica, Part III, Question 64, Article 2, Reply to Objection 3.)

NOTE:  No mention is made in this book of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.


Sadly, historically some people thought they knew better than Jesus Christ what was necessary for a real Mass because they considered The Traditional Catholic Mass to be defective.  Thus, they attacked The Traditional Catholic Mass in one way or another, beginning with John Scotus Eriugena in about 847 A.D.





“3 For there shall be a time, when they will not endure sound doctrine; but, according to their own desires, they will heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears:
4 And will indeed turn away their hearing from the Truth, but will be turned unto fables.”  (2 Timothy 4:3-4.)



Historically, This Prophecy Was Fulfilled by
The Following Apostates and Heretics





John Scotus Eriugena

John Scotus Eriugena, [b. Paris, 810 A.D. - d. 877 A.D.], a.k.a. pultes Scotorum - the Scottish hodgepodge, who was an Irish teacher, theologian, philosopher and poet, the head of the palace school under Charles the Bald [b. 823 A.D. - d. Wednesday, October 6, 877 A.D.], attacked the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass in about 847 A.D., teaching the heresy that the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass is not a Sacrifice at all, but only a mere memorial supper meal.

“It is not hard to trace the intellectual pedigree of this Irish thinker: the two most philosophical of all the Fathers, Saint Augustine and Saint Gregory of Nyssa -- Neo-Platonists  both -- Saint Maximus the Confessor and, above all, the anonymous writer for so long called -- and thought to be -- Denis the Areopagite [a.k.a. pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite].” (Philip Hughes, A History of the Church to the Eve of the Reformation,  Volume 1, p. 711.)

NOTE:  No mention is made in this book of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.





 pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite

What had happened was that, in good faith, the very unfortunate John Scotus Eriugena had translated the works of the 5th Century Neo-Platonic philosopher, pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite, from the Greek.  Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite was not an Athenian but a Syrian and not a contemporary of the Apostles as had been thought, but rather a monk of the late 5th Century.





Proclus Lycaeus

As a matter of fact, pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite was not even a Catholic, but rather, although he was a convert from paganism, he was a Monophysite heretic. He was a contemporary of Proclus Lycaeus [b. in Byzantium on February 8, 412 - d. on April 17, 485], called "The Successor" or "Diadochos", and was a Greek Neo-Platonist philosopher, one of the last major Classical philosophers who set forth one of the most elaborate and fully developed systems of Neo-Platonism.





First Council of Chalcedon

Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite was also a contemporary of the furious controversies which swirled in consequence of the Fourth Ścumenical Council, the First Council of Chalcedon [Sunday, October 8, 451 A.D. -  Wednesday, November 1, 451 A.D.].

Therefore, because of this, and other reasons, it seems self-evident that the heretical Neo-Platonism of Saint Augustine, who was an ex-Manichaen heretic, Saint Gregory of Nyssa, Saint Maximus the Confessor, and, above all, of Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite, greatly influenced the  pultes Scotorum - the Scottish hodgepodgeJohn Scotus Eriugena, in an adverse way in regard to the teachings of the Catholic Church, especially about the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass and the Sacrament of the Most Holy Eucharist, especially the Mystery of FaithTransubstantiation!



Cathedral of Valence (Valencia)

One should not be surprised to learn that the very confused John Scotus Eriugena was condemned at the Council of Valence (Valencia) in 855 A.D. which called his heresies pultes Scotorum - the Scottish hodgepodge.

NOTE:  No mention is made in this document of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.




Periphyseon, a.k.a. De Divisione Naturæ

The primary work of John Scotus Eriugena was entitled De Divisione Naturæ[851 A.D.].  John Scotus Eriugena originally entitled it Periphyseon.

NOTE:  No mention is made in this book of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.




Bishop Prudentius of Troyes

That John Scotus Eriugena exceeded the bounds of Catholic Orthodoxy is the contention of Bishop Prudentius of Troyes [b. at Aragon, Spain - d. at Troyes, France on April 6, 861], a Bishop of Troyes.





Deacon Florus of Lyon

That John Scotus Eriugena exceeded the bounds of Catholic Orthodoxy is also the contention of Deacon Florus of Lyon, a.k.a. Florus Lugdunensis [b. c. 809 - d. c. January, 860], a Deacon at Lyon.





Liber de Predestination
The Book On Predestination

Both Bishop Prudentius of Troyes   and  Deacon Florus of Lyon  answered the Liber de Predestination of  John Scotus Eriugena in their works which personally attacked him, rather than being focused objectively only on his heresies.

Their views prevailed in the Council of Valence (Valencia) in 855 A.D. in which Eriugena’s doctrine was condemned.

NOTE:  No mention is made in this document of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.




Cathedral of Langres

Their views also prevailed in the Council of Langres in 859 A.D., in which Eriugena’s doctrine was condemned.  NOTE:  No mention is made in this document of the Sanctuary being a place of Asylum.

Eriugena’s primary work, which the Church later condemned, was De Divisione Naturæ [851 A.D.] in which he presented a large pantheistic system, thus causing him to be considered by some as the Father of anti-Scholasticism.

NOTE:  No mention is made in this heretical book of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.


In the 13th Century, the pantheism of De Divisione Naturæ was formally condemned.

NOTE:  No mention is made in this document of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.





Notre Dame Cathedral, Paris

The Council of Paris [1225 A.D.] coupled the condemnation of Eringena’s De Divisione Naturæ with the previous condemnations [1210 A.D.] of the heretical doctrines of Amalric of Chartres.

NOTE:  No mention is made in this document of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.



Amalric of Chartres a.k.a. Amalric of Bena
Hears His Sentence
Amalric and Innocent III
Chroniques de France

In 1210 A.D., and again in 1225 A.D., the Council of Paris condemned the heresies of Amalric of Chartres, a.k.a. Amalric of Bena, a.k.a. Amaury de Bène, a.k.a. Amaury de Chartres, a.k.a. Almaricus, a.k.a., Amalricus, a.k.a. Amauricus [b. at Bennes, a village between Ollé and Chauffours, in the diocese of Chartres in the late 12th Century - d.  between 1204 A.D. and 1207 A.D.], who was a French heretical theologian, after whom the Amalricians (somewhat similar to the Brethren of the Free Spirit) are named.

NOTE:  No mention is made in this document of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.




Amalric's Followers Were Burned
As Heretics by Order of King Philippe II





David of Dinant
Apparently He Fled Paris in Order to Avoid Being Burned At the Stake
As Were the Heretical Followers of Amalric of Chartres in the Above Painting

Along with the heresies of Amalric of Chartres, the Council of Paris [1225 A.D.] also condemned the heresies of David of Dinant [b. c. 1160 - d. c. 1225], a pantheistic philosopher.


Three Councils of Paris, 1210 A.D., 1215 A.D., and 1225 A.D., all condemned his work Quaternuli (Little Notebooks), which forced him to flee Paris.  His opponents were primarily Saint Albert the Great, O.P., and Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P.

NOTE:  No mention is made in this book of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.


Therefore, there can be no doubt that the pantheists of that time were still using John Scotus Eriugena's  treatise De Divisione Naturæ.

NOTE:  No mention is made in this book of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.


Tragically, the poor, confused Heretic, John Scotus Eriugena was killed by his own pupils in 877 A.D. at the age of 67.

Following in the footsteps of the confused John Scotus Eriugena, was another confused infamous heretic - Berengar of Tours.





Heretic Berengar of Tours

Editor’s Note:

Because of the long-term effects of the Heretic, Berengar of Tours, a.k.a. Berengarius of Tours, [b. 999 A.D. - d. 1088 A.D.], on the Roman Catholic Church in the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries, and his extended influence on other churches, including both the Protestant churches and the  .anti-Catholic. .Satanic. .Synod Vatican 2 pseudo-church.of .automatically.excommunicated. .Apostates, .Modernist Heretics, and .NEW Theology Heretics, it is necessary to provide some biographical and historical data about him.

A partial  summary  follows this data which data itself (not the summary) is a direct quote from the .source.provided at the end of this data, along with some photos, graphics, etc. to help Readers to be better able to associate this data with the persons, places, and things as each Reader reads the summary.  To prevent confusion with quotation marks, the actual text of this.source.is not placed in quotation marks in order to prevent confusion where the text itself quotes its own sources and sometimes its own sources have their own quotations.

Berengarius

We have reason to suppose that the Council of Reims [Rheims], when it condemned “certain heretics recently appearing in Gaul”, had in mind Berengarius and his followers. He was a rhetorician, with a vacillating mind and versatile character. He gathered about his person and won to his teaching a mass of restless souls who were intolerant of any yoke and eager for every novelty; such persons form the nucleus of every heresy in every period of history. Berengarius did not at all possess the powerful personality of an Arius, a Pelagius, or a Luther.

Born at Tours about the year 1000, a pupil of Fulbert of Chartres, but even then considered by that teacher as an unsound and dangerous spirit, he rose rapidly, through the brilliance of his talent and his intrigues, to the offices of scholasticus at Tours and archdeacon of Angers. His ambition was further stirred by the elevation of his friend Eusebius Bruno to the see of Angers in 1047, the protection offered him by Godfrey Martel, the Count of Anjou, and the success of his own teaching. From the first teachers of Gnosticism to John Scotus [Eriugena], most of the great heresiarchs who have appeared in the Church conceived and taught a new metaphysics.  Berengarius was not capable of doing so.

“To assume a theatrical manner, to strive particularly to win praise for what is most striking and brilliant in the teaching office rather than for what is staid, to pretend long meditations, to speak with impressive modulations of voice, in short, to deceive undiscerning minds in such a way as to win a reputation for learning without being learned”, according to the description by one of his contemporaries, [27]
[Footnote:  27] Guitmund, bishop of Aversa, De corporis et sanguinis Christi veritate in Eucharistia, Bk. I; P. L., CXLIX, 1428. [Book 1; also in Jacques Paul Migne [b. Saint-Flour, France on Saturday, October 25, 1800 - d. Paris, France on  Sunday, October 24, 1875], “Patrologiæ Latinæ Cursus Completus”, published in 221 volumes [1862 - 1864], Volume  CXLIX  [149], 1428].
such is the truest account of his talent. We may consider the portrait exaggerated.  But what we know of the heresiarch’s life and writings shows that the picture is substantially true.

What will this schemer do? He will try to combine, with the current doctrines being spread around him by the new Manichæans about baptism, marriage, and the Eucharist, the most brilliant and daring teaching of Scotus Eriugena; he will attempt to cover his imprudent statements with isolated texts from St. Ambrose, St. Jerome, and St. Augustine; and he will adopt an attitude of haughty independence toward the Holy See, calling the pope pompifex and pulpifex. If it is true, as Guitmund, bishop of Aversa, relates, that afterward he hired poor students and sent them into all parts of France that they might spread his popularity, we more easily understand the nature and promptness of his success.

On account-of the blatant propaganda of his followers and the boldness of his statements Berengarius’ heresy appeared as one of the greatest dangers that had threatened Christian society. The doctrine of the Eucharist, which was the object of the heresiarch’s most violent attacks, was, in the eleventh century, not only the center of faith and Catholic piety, it was also the center of the whole social life.

Precisely in honor of the Eucharist so many masterpieces of architecture were built and religious music revived; in the presence of the Eucharist, agreements concluded for the peace of families and of society took on a sacred character; to the judgment of God present in the Eucharist appeal was made, with a faith sometimes mixed with superstition, by an accused person who alleged that he was the victim of a false charge.

Although Berengarius did not altogether deny the doctrine of the Eucharist, he obstinately attacked the dogma of .Transubstantiation, gave the doctrine of the real presence an interpretation so idealistic that in the minds of the uneducated it amounted to a negation, and rejected the theory of the “material” manducatio Corporis Christi [eating the Body of Christ] in Communion so vigorously that Communion appeared to be nothing more than the symbol of a nourishment that was wholly spiritual.

Pope Leo IX, informed of the proportions which the new doctrine was assuming, judged that the vague condemnation decreed in 1049 by the Council of Reims [Rheims] was not sufficient. In a Council held at Rome in 1050, he pronounced sentence of excommunication against Berengarius.

NOTE:  No mention is made in this document of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.


However, he summoned Berengarius to appear before a council that would open at Vercelli in September of the same year [1050], so as to give him an opportunity to make a public retraction or, if possible, to explain his opinion in an orthodox sense.

Ever solicitous to win the support of the temporal powers, the heresiarch first went to see William, Duke of Normandy, the future conqueror of England, whose favor he hoped to gain. He went also to Paris to obtain the good will of King Henry I. But Henry, either distrustful of the innovator or prompted by political calculation,  did not let Berengarius set out for Vercelli. He imprisoned him. This imprisonment, however, did not last long. Berengarius bought his way out and sought refuge with the Count of Anjou.
The Council of Vercelli, after mature examination and long discussion, condemned both the doctrine of Berengarius and Scotus’ book to which he appealed. [33[
[Footnote:  33]  John Scotus [Eriugena] had said: “The Eucharist is the figure, the sign, and the pledge of the body of Christ”. Scholars are not agreed about Scotus’ doctrine in his “De corpore et sanguine Domini” (PL) CXXI, 125-70) [Jacques Paul Migne [b. Saint-Flour, France on Saturday, October 25, 1800 - d. Paris, France on  Sunday, October 24, 1875], “Patrologiæ Latinæ Cursus Completus”, published in 221 volumes [1862 - 1864], Volume  CXXI [121], 125-170].  Bossuet (“History of the Variations of the Protestant Churches”) Bk. IV, no. 32) speaks of this work as “an ambiguous book, where certainly the author did not always understand himself”. (Cf. Vernet, Op. cit.} column 731.]

NOTE:  No mention is made in this book of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.



The heresiarch [Berengarius] inveighed against “the band of simpletons,” against the “council of vanity” that had condemned him, he said, without understanding him. [34]
[Footnote:  34]  De sacra cśna, pp. 46 f.; Hefele-Leclercq, IV, 1058 f.]
The movement took a revolutionary turn. The King of France was alarmed for the peace of his kingdom. Without consulting the Pope, he assembled at Paris (October 16, 105 I) a national council to pass judgment on Berengarius. The latter, foreseeing that the decision of the council would be against him, did not attend and was condemned.  (“A History of the Catholic Church”, by Rev. Fernand Mourrett, S.S., Translated by Rev. Newton Thompson, S.T.D., Imprimatur, Saint Louis, November 17, 1931, + John J. Glennon, Archbishop, Volume Four, Part II, The Liberation of the Church, Chapter IV, From St. Leo IX to Gregory VII (1048-1073), pp.  148-151; emphasis added.)

NOTE:  No mention is made in the above documents of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.




A Summary


Pope Leo IX

The Bishop of Rome, Pope Leo IX, Bruno, of the Counts Egisheim-Dagsburg [Monday, February 12, 1049 - Wednesday, April 19, 1054] excommunicated Berengar of Tours, a.k.a. Berengarius of Tours, [b. 999 A.D. - d. 1088 A.D.], who was an eloquent and skillful dialectician, who had became the Archdeacon of Angers in 1039 A.D.

NOTE:  No mention is made in this document of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.


His first errors were in his attacks against the Sacrament of Matrimony and the Baptism of Children.  After he abandoned these heresies, he attacked the Doctrine of the Sacrament of the Holy Eucharist, especially the Mystery of Faith: Transubstantiation.
 


Brauweiler Abbey
.
.
.

Gladbach Abbey

In tracing his heresies to its source, one is helped by:

1.  Abbot Wolfhelm of Brauweiler Abbey [b.  ?  -  d.  1091], the Benedictine Abbot of Brauweiler Abbey, near Cologne, Germany. Abbot Wolfhelm of Brauweiler Abbey wrote a letter against the theology of Berengar of Tours which was addressed to Meginhard of Gladbach Abbey.


Patrologiæ Latinæ Cursus Completus

This letter is found in Jacques Paul Migne [b. Saint-Flour, France on Saturday, October 25, 1800 - d. Paris, France on  Sunday, October 24, 1875], Patrologiæ Latinæ Cursus Completus, published in 221 volumes [1862 - 1864], Volume CLIV [154], Hugo Flaviniacensis, Ekkehardus Uraugiensis, Wolphelmus Brunwillerensis.)

NOTE:  No mention is made in this document of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.



Christ Walked Through A Closed Door

2.  Bishop Guitmond, who stated that Berengar of Tours denied that the Body of Christ, after the Resurrection, could pass through closed doors into the room in which the Apostles were assembled, as the Gospel clearly testifies in John 20:19.


Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P.
On the Contrary

“Whoever has a Glorified Body has it in his power to be seen when he so wishes, and not to be seen when he does not wish it. Moreover Christ had this not only from the condition of His Glorified Body, but also from the power of His Godhead, by which power it may happen that even bodies not glorified are miraculously unseen: as was by a miracle bestowed on the Blessed Bartholomew, that ‘if he wished he could be seen, and not be seen if he did not wish it’ (Apocryphal History of the Apostles, 8:2). Christ, then, is said to have vanished from the eyes of the disciples, not as though He were corrupted or dissolved into invisible elements; but because He ceased, of His own will, to be seen by them, either while He was present or while He was departing by the Gift of Agility.” (Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., Summa Theologica, Part III, Question 54, Article 1, Reply to Objection 2; emphasis added.)

NOTE:  No mention is made in this extensive book of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.


“By virtue of the Godhead united to it, that this Body, although a true one, entered in among the Disciples while the doors were shut. Accordingly, Augustine says in a Sermon for Easter (247) that some men [e.g. Berengar of Tours] argue in this fashion: ‘If it were a body; if what rose from the sepulchre were what hung upon the tree, how could it enter through closed doors?’ And he answers: ‘If you understand how, it is no miracle:  where reason fails, faith abounds’.”  (Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., Summa Theologica, Part III, Question 54, Article 1, Reply to Objection 1; emphasis added.)

NOTE:  No mention is made in this extensive book of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.



“Our Lord rose again with a Glorified Body; and yet His Body was palpable, as appears from Luke 24:39: ‘Touch, and see; for a Spirit hath not flesh and bones’. Therefore the Glorified Bodies [of the Saints] also will be palpable.” (Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., Summa Theologica, Supplement, Question 83, Article 6, On the Contrary.)

NOTE:  No mention is made in this extensive book of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.


From this it is logical to conclude that Berengar of Tours did not really understand the properties of a Glorified and Spiritualized body.

Therefore, it is no wonder that the even Greater Mystery of the Real Presence of Christ, whole and entire, under the appearances of bread and wine, confected by Transubstantiation,  would be even more unintelligible to Berengar.




Bishop Adelmann von Lüttich
The Bishop of Brescia

Bishop Adelmann von Lüttich [b. ? - d. c. 1061 A.D. at Brescia, Northern Italy], was the Superior of the School at Liege, and, in 1048 A.D., he was the Bishop of Brescia. Bishop Adelmann von Lüttich  wrote to Berengar of Tours in 1045 A.D. and in 1047 A.D. in which he advised Berengar of Tours that all of Germany had already been scandalized by his heretical innovations.




Langres Cathedral

Bishop Hugo of Langres [b.  ?  - d. in 1050 A.D.], was a former classmate of Berengar of Tours.

Bishop Hugo of Langres  wrote a letter to Berengar of Tours in which Bishop Hugo of Langres  tried to explain to Berengar of Tours that he was presumptuous in trying to reconcile the Mystery of the Sacrament of the Holy Eucharist with one’s finite understanding, and of looking upon this Glorious Mystery, as Berengar of Tours himself had said, with eyes different from those of the multitude.




Archbishop Lanfranc of Canterbury, England

Archbishop Lanfranc of Canterbury, England [b. between 1005 A.D. and 1010 A.D. - d. on Friday, May 24,  1089 A.D.] was originally a famous Italian Jurist.  But he ended his legal career in order to become a Benedictine Monk at Bec Abbey in Normandy, France where he later became the Prior of Bec Abbey, after which he became the Abbot of Saint Stephen's Abbey in Normandy.  Upon the conquest of England by William the Conqueror, Abbot Lanfranc became the Archbishop of Canterbury, England.  Archbishop Lanfranc of Canterbury, England  is also known as Lanfranc of Pavia (Italian: Lanfranco di Pavia); Lanfranc of Bec (French: Lanfranc du Bec); and, Lanfranc of Canterbury.

Instead of trying to humbly pray to God the Holy Ghost for His guidance to try to better understand these letters of explanation from two friends who tried to help him to realize that Transubstantiation. is a very profound Miracle and the Mystery of Faith, and that “If you understand how, it is no Miracle”,  Berengar of Tours then openly proclaimed, in letters to the Benedictine Monk, Lanfranc, then the Director of the Cloister School of Bec, in Normandy, France, that on the subject of the Holy Eucharist, he fully adopted the heretical opinions of John Scotus Eriugena.




Paschal Radbert
Liber De Sacramento Corporis et Sanguinis Christi

Paschasius Radbertus (Saint Paschal Radbert) [ b. at Soissons in 786 A.D. - d. in the Monastery of Corbie, c. 860 A.D.], wrote:  “Liber De Sacramento Corporis et Sanguinis Christi” (“A Book on the Sacrament of the Body and Blood of Christ”).  In his Book 1, Chapter 1, n. 2., he quotes Saint Ambrose:   Although the species of bread and wine are visible, yet we must believe that after Consecration, the Body and Blood of Christ are alone there.

NOTE:  No mention is made in this book of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.

Berengar of Tours  wrote that he openly rejected the teachings of Paschal Radbert.



First Ścumenical Council
First Council of Nicæa
[Saturday, June 20, 325 A.D. - Tuesday, August 25, 325 A.D.]

Historically, most Ścumenical Councils, Councils, and Synods of the Roman Catholic Church are usually somewhat similar to that of the First Council of Nicæa in 325 A.D.  Because graphics are not available of all Church Councils and Synods, this graphic is provided as a general representation of most of them.


Synod of Rome in 1050 A.D.

Berengar of Tours concluded a letter to Lanfranc by inviting Lanfranc to a disputation on the subject of  Transubstantiation. All of these letters of  Berengar of Tours  were read in the Synod of Rome in 1050 A.D.

NOTE:  No mention is made in these documents of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.



Pope Leo IX

This was the reason why the Bishop of Rome, Pope Leo IX, Bruno, of the Counts Egisheim-Dagsburg [Monday, February 12, 1049 - Wednesday, April 19, 1054] thereupon immediately .excommunicated. Berengar of Tours.

NOTE:  No mention is made in this document of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.


Both the confused John Scotus Eriugena, and the even more confused Berengar of Tours, also taught the heresy that the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass is not a Sacrifice at all, but only a mere memorial supper meal.

NOTE:  No mention is made in these documents of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.



The Councils of Rome and Vercelli in 1050 A.D.

Berengar of Tours was condemned by the Councils of Rome and Vercelli in 1050 A.D.

NOTE:  No mention is made in these documents of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.



The Council of Paris in 1051 A.D.

Berengar of Tours and his followers were condemned by the Council of Paris in 1051 A.D. and threatened with death.

NOTE:  No mention is made in this document of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.



The 16th Century Protestants

Ironically, the 16th Century Protestants did not suddenly make up their heretical theology which denied  The Mystery of Faith: Transubstantiation, but instead they merely revived the heresies of the confused John Scotus Eriugena and the confused Berengar of Tours and others.


Synodal Council of Brixen

But what is even still more ironic, is that an heretical Bishop of Rome, an “Infallible” Roman Catholic Pope, also denied the Mystery of Faith:Transubstantiation, being accused of adhering to the heretical teachings of  Berengar of Tours  by the Synodal Council of Brixen.

NOTE:  No mention is made in this document of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.



Apostate & Heretic, Ex-Pope Gregory 7
Denied the Mystery of Faith which is:  Transubstantiation!
He was an.automatically.excommunicated.Apostate.and.Heretic.
“We [have] assembled by the authority of God in this place, having read the letter from the Synod of nineteen bishops held at Mentz [Monday, May 31, 1080 A.D.] against the licentious Hildebrand [Gregory 7th], the preacher of sacrilegious and incendiary doctrines; the defender of perjury and murder; who, as an old disciple of the heretic   Berengar, has endangered the Catholic and Apostolic Doctrine of the Body and Blood of Christ  [i.e. Transubstantiation]; the worshipper of divinations and of dreams; the notorious necromancer; himself possessed with an evil spirit, and therefore guilty of departing from the Truth; him We adjudge to be canonically deposed and expelled from his See, and unless, on hearing Our judgment, he shall descend from his throne, to be condemned for everlasting.” (Henry Hart Milman, D.D., History of Latin Christianity, New York, 1881 A.D., Volume III, p. 482, Decree of Deposition of Pope Gregory VII by the Synod of Brixen, Friday, June 25, 1080 A.D.; emphasis added.)

NOTE:  No mention is made in this document of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.


Research indicates that the charge against the Bishop of Rome, a.k.a. the “Infallible” Roman Catholic Pope, Pope “saint” Gregory 7, being a “defender of perjury and murder” is certainly true because he “unofficially” condoned the killing of all of the .validly. married Catholic Priests of Milan, and the selling of their Wives as sex slaves to rich rulers.

A delegation of the Patarine heretics of Milan went to the Vatican at which time G-7 (Gregory 7) rewarded them by giving them a Papal flag as a “reward” for their wholesale slaughter of the innocent, .validly. married Roman Catholic Priests of Milan.  Their Widows were then sold as sex slaves to wealthy perverts!


Albigensian Heretics

The Albigensian heretics tried to destroy the Church by first changing the Mass in the 12th Century, the Protestants in the 16th Century, and by...  The  .anti-Catholic..Satanic..Synod Vatican 2 pseudo-church..automatically  excommunicated. .Apostates, .Modernist Heretics, and .NEW Theology Heretics. in our age.





16th Century Protestant Apostates and Heretics

“The destruction of the Altars was a measure so distinct in its meaning that we have never been able to conceive how that meaning could be misunderstood. The measure meant a bitter hatred of the Mass, and a hatred directed against the Mass itself, not merely against some obscure abuse such as recent writers have sought in vain to unearth from the ambiguous phrases of one or two theological writers. ‘Usum non tollit abusus’. Surely if these reformers had desired only to remove an abuse, but were full of reverence for the great Christian Sacrifice itself, they would not have destroyed and desecrated the Altars, and substituted tables in their place, alleging as their reason, in unqualified terms, that ‘the form of a table shall more move the simple from the superstitious opinions of the Popish Mass unto the right use of the Lord’s Supper. For the use of an Altar is to make Sacrifice upon it; the use of a table is to serve men to eat upon it’.”   [26.  “Ridley’s Works”, Parker Society’s edition, p. 322. See also Dom Gasquet/s “Edward VI. and Book of Common Prayer”, p. 266.]  (“A Vindication of The Bull ‘Apostolicæ Curæ’, A Letter on Anglican Orders, By the Cardinal Archbishop and Bishops of the Province of Westminster, In Reply to the Letter Addressed to Them By the Anglican Archbishops of Canterbury and York”,  Longmans, Green, and Co., 39 Paternoster Row, London, New York, and Bombay, 1898.  Chapter 38, The destruction of Altars; emphasis added.)

NOTE:  No mention is made in this document of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.



Agreement between the first Protestant Reform of 1549 in England by Cranmer and the Reform of Paul VI [in Rome] since Vatican II.

NOTE:  No mention is made in this document of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.


Roman Catholic Response to the Protestant Attack Against
The Holy Sacrifice of the Traditional Catholic Mass


The Roman Catholic Council of Trent
Officially Responded to, And Totally Refuted,
The Apostasy and Heresies of 16th Century Protestantism



Infallible Pope Pius IV
Giovanni Angelo De Medici

Infallible Pope Pius IV, Giovanni Angelo De Medici [Friday, December 25, 1559 - Thursday, December 9, 1565], with the Roman Catholic Council of Trent, Session 22, Monday, September 17, 1562, A.D., Promulgated the Nine Canons on the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass.


The Roman Catholic Council of Trent, with Pope Pius IV,
Refuted the Heresies of 16th Century Protestantism
By Clearly Setting Forth the Dogmas on The Traditional Catholic Mass
In Session 22, Monday, September 17, 1562, A.D.


NOTE:  No mention is made in this document of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.


The Roman Catholic Council of Trent
Dogmatic Canons and Decrees
On the Sacrifice of the Mass
Session 22, Monday, September 17, 1562.



Canons 1-9

CANON I.  If any one saith, that in the Mass a true and real Sacrifice is not offered to God; or, that to be offered is nothing else but that Christ is given us to eat; let him be .anathema.”

CANON II.  If any one saith, that by those words, Do this for the commemoration of me (Luke xxii. 19), Christ did not institute the Apostles Priests; or, did not ordain that they, and other Priests should offer His own Body and Blood; let him be .anathema.”

CANON III.  If any one saith, that the Sacrifice of the Mass is only a sacrifice of praise and of thanksgiving; or, that it is a bare commemoration of the Sacrifice consummated on the Cross, but not a propitiatory sacrifice; or, that it profits him only who receives; and that it ought not to be offered for the living and the dead for sins, pains, satisfactions, and other necessities; let him be .anathema.”

CANON IV.  If any one saith, that, by the Sacrifice of the Mass, a blasphemy is cast upon the most Holy Sacrifice of Christ consummated on the Cross; or, that it is thereby derogated from; let him be .anathema.”

CANON V.   If any one saith, that it is an imposture to celebrate Masses in honour of the saints, and for obtaining their intercession with God, as the Church intends; let him be .anathema.”

CANON VIIf any one saith, that the Canon of the Mass contains errors, and is therefore to be abrogated [abolished; discontinued; removed]; let him be .anathema.”

CANON VII.   If any one saith, that the ceremonies, vestments, and outward signs, which the Catholic Church makes use of in the celebration of Masses, are incentives to impiety, rather than offices of piety; let him be .anathema.”

CANON VIII.   If any one saith, that Masses, wherein the Priest alone communicates Sacramentally, are unlawful, and are, therefore, to be abrogated [abolished; discontinued; removed]; let him be .anathema.”

“Canon IX.  If anyone says that the [Ancient Roman] Rite of the Roman Church...is to be condemned...let him be .anathema.”

.

The Roman Catholic Church
Teaches that the Form of Words Was Instituted by Jesus Christ
Which Must Be Used for the Double Consecration



“Therefore, We believe that the Form of Words [for the  Consecration of the Most Precious Blood], as is found in the [Ancient] Canon [of the Traditional Catholic Mass], the Apostles received [directly] from Christ and their successors [directly] from them [the Apostles].” (Pope Innocent III, Lotario Dei Conti Di Segni [Thursday, January 8, 1198 - Saturday, July 16, 1216],  “Cum Marthae Circa”, Letter to John, Archbishop of Lyons, Friday, November 29, 1202; emphasis added.)

NOTE:  No mention is made in this document of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.


Therefore, it was according to the directions of Christ that the Apostles observed those things which Christ Himself had done and had prescribed to be done by the Apostles and all of their successors because Saint Paul reminds us that the Apostles were only “Ministers of Christ and dispensers of the Mysteries of God.” (1 Corinthians 4:1.)





“Ambrose says (De Sacramtum IV): ‘The [Double] Consecration is accomplished by the Words and Expressions of the Lord Jesus. Because, by all the other words spoken, praise is rendered to God, prayer is put up for the people, for kings, and others; but when the time comes for perfecting the Sacrament, the Priest no longer uses his own words, but the Words of Christ. Therefore, it is Christ’s Words that perfect this Sacrament.” (Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., Summa Theologica, Part III, Question 78, Article 1, On the Contrary; emphasis added.)

NOTE:  No mention is made in this document of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.





“The dispensing of the Sacraments belongs to the Church’s ministers.... but this [Double] Consecration is from God Himself.....  Consequently, the Church’s Ministers can make no laws regarding the Form of the  [Double]  Consecration... and the manner of celebrating...” (Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., Summa Theologica, Part III, Question 83, Article 3, Reply to Objection 8; emphasis added.)

NOTE:  No mention is made in this extensive book of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.



In order to be consistent with their doctrine of infallibility, all future popes of the Roman Catholic Church are required to likewise obey the Roman Catholic Council of Trent and, also to be  consistent with their doctrine of infallibility, all future popes of the Roman Catholic Church are required to preserve, protect and defend the Quo Primum Tempore, issued on Tuesday, July 14, 1570, by the Bishop of Rome, Pope Saint Pius V, which Papal Bulla is to be found at the very beginning of his 1570 edition of the Missale Romanum.

In other words, according to the infallible teachings of the Roman Catholic Church, if any future council or any future pope, after the Dogmatic Roman Catholic Council Trent and Pope Saint Pius V was to try to change the Missale Romanum issued by Pope Saint Pius V on Tuesday, July 14, 1570, they would all be.automatically. excommunicated. from the Roman Catholic Church, according to the penalties found in the infallible Quo Primum Tempore of the Roman Catholic Church.

NOTE:  No mention is made in this document of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.

.

The Roman Catholic Church
Infallibly Decreed the Exact Form of Words
Which Must Be Used for the Double Consecration




Council of Florence
[1438 A.D. - 1445 A.D.]
m
An Infallible Pope with An Infallible Council
Both Verified and Infallibly Decreed - FOREVER
The FORM for the Double Consecration During the Mass
m
Cantate Domino
An Infallible Papal Bulla of
..

The Infallible Roman Catholic Pope Eugene IV
Gabriele Condulmer
[Thursday, March 3, 1431 - Tuesday, February 23, 1447]
The Papal Bulla of Union with the Copts
Infallible Ścumenical Council of Florence
Session 11, Friday, February 4, 1442

39.  However, since no explanation was given in the aforesaid Decree of the Armenians in respect of the Form of words which the Holy Roman Church, relying on the teaching and authority of the Apostles Peter and Paul, has always been wont to use in the Consecration of the Lord’s Body and Blood, We concluded that it should be inserted in this present text.

40.  It uses this Form of words in the Consecration of the Lord’s Body:

For this is My Body’.
(Latin: Hoc est enim Corpus Meum.)
41.  And [It uses this Form of words in the Consecration] of His Blood:
‘For this is the Chalice of My Blood, of the New and Everlasting Covenant; the Mystery of Faith, which will be shed for you and for many unto the remission of sins’.
(Latin: Hic est enim calix Sanguinis Mei, Novi et Æterni  Testamenti;  Mysterium Fidei, qui pro vobis et pro multis effundetur in remissionem peccatorum.)



NOTE:  No mention is made in this document of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.




So,  WHAT Did the. Self-Admitted Communist, Paul 6, Do?
 



Automatically excommunicated heretic, apostate, innovator, and anti-Catholic infiltrator, Paul 6 actually admitted that he himself changed the Infallible & Unchangeable FORM  (Infallible Councils of Florence & Trent):
“For PASTORAL REASONS, however, and to facilitate concelebration, we have directed that the words of the Lord be identical in each form of the can [i.e. Eucharistic Prayers #1, #2, #3, and #4].  Thus, in each eucharistic prayer, we WISH that the words be as follows:  over the bread:  Accipite et Manducate ex Hoc Omnes:  Hoc Est Enim Corpus Meum, Quod Pro Vobis Tradetur; over the chalice:  Accipite et Bibite ex Eo Omnes:  Hic Est Enim Calix Sanguinis Mei Novi et Æterni Testamenti, Qui Pro Vobis et Pro Multis Effundetur in Remissionem Peccatorum.  Hoc Facite in Meam Commemorationem.  The words Mysterium Fidei, NOW TAKEN OUT OF THE CONTEXT OF THE WORDS OF CHRIST, are said by the priest as an introduction to the acclamation of the faithful.”  (Pope Paul VI, Missalis Romani, Thursday, April 3, 1969 A.D., ¶ 6; emphasis added.)
NOTE:  No mention is made in this document of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.




Prophecies Fulfilled!



Prophecy




Prophecy Fulfilled!






Prophecy Fulfilled!



Prophecy Fulfilled!



Prophecy



Prophecy Fulfilled!



In searching various historical records in regard to the INFILTRATION of the Roman Catholic Church, the following source is also very important:


They would elect a Pope of conciliation. The choice has already fallen on the patriarch of Venice - RoncalliChosen by whom?” I rejoined, surprised.  By our Masonic representatives in the Conclave, responded placidly my kind escort. And then it escaped me:
There are Freemasons in the Conclave?”  Certainly, was the reply,   the Church is in our hands. I rejoined perplexed:  “Who, then, is in charge in the Church?” After a brief pause, the voice of my escort uttered precisely: No one can say where the upper echelons are. The echelons are occult.

http://www.traditionalcatholicmass.com/home-m-6660.html

NOTE:  No mention is made in this extensive book of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.



Prophecy Given, Prophecy Fulfilled

NOTE:  No mention is made in this document of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.



Another Prophecy

NOTE:  No mention is made in this book of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.



Prophecy Fulfilled!

NOTE:  No mention is made in this document of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.





Prophecy Fulfilled!





Prophecy Fulfilled!

The  .anti-Catholic..Satanic..Synod Vatican 2 pseudo-church.

The  .anti-Catholic..Satanic..Synod Vatican 2 pseudo-church..automatically  excommunicated. .Apostates, .Modernist Heretics, and .NEW Theology Heretics. in our age.

The very active six Protestant members of the notorious Concilium are Dr. George, Canon Ronald Jasper, Dr. Shephard, Dr. Konneth, Dr. Smith,  the Lutheran representative, who is reported to have publicly boasted: "We have finished the work that Martin Luther began"!

Brother Max Thurian  [b. at Geneva, Switzerland on Tuesday, August 16, 1921 - d. at Geneva, Switzerland, on Thursday, August 15, 1996], who was a Swiss Calvinist Protestant theologian who became the Sub-Prior and co-founder, in the 1940's, of the Protestant Community of Taizé, Saône-et-Loire, Burgundy, France.



Archbishop Helder Camara

Archbishop Helder Camara of Olinda-Recife, Brazil, had called P-6 a Communist Pope, according to the report in Le Monde [September 26, 1974]:

“Opening his arms to Mgr. Helder Camara who approached him, Paul VI exclaimed: ‘Good Morning, my Communist Bishop, How are you?’ The Archbishop retorted: ‘And Good Morning to you, Our Communist Pope!’”




Self-Admitted Communist pope, P-6, with 6 Protestants,
Who helped to change the Mass into a Protestant Supper-Meal.

These six Protestants represented the World Council of Churches, the Church of England, the Lutheran Church, and the Protestant Community of Taizé.

Brother Max Thurian, sixth from the left and in white, in this photo, was allegedly quoted as saying:

“This Novus Ordo Missæ [of Paul 6] is so profoundly Ecumenical that it is theologically possible for Protestants to celebrate the Lord’s Supper in the same words. The new simplified Offertory does not anticipate a sacrificial act and therefore does away with the difficulty which the old Offertory [found in the Ancient Roman Rite] presented to [false] Ecumenical efforts.”




Cardinal Heenan

Let us have NO DOUBTS at all about the role of the Pope, Paul 6.  Cardinal Heenan, in his forward to the English translation of the Novus Ordo Rite in November, 1969, wrote in part:...

The Novus Ordo was written “under the Holy Father’s [i.e. Paul 6’s] PERSONAL supervision”. Also, the Novus Ordo itself was “published by authority of Pope Paul VI”.

NOTE:  No mention is made in this document of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.


Those who hold the imposter Pope theory hold thin air. Why? Because while the future Bishop of Rome, a.k.a. the “Infallible” Roman Catholic Pope, Paul 6, was yet the Archbishop of Milan, one finds that he proposed the Novus Ordo Rite with ALL of its radical changes in his Lenten Pastoral of l958.





Rome and Canterbury Through Four Centuries
..

Bernard C. Pawley
Archdeacon of Canterbury

Margaret Pawley
.

This was two years after his 1956 meeting with “a delegation of four Anglican priests and a layman who stayed with him some ten days... the meetings were clandestine in the extreme...”   (Bernard C. Pawley [Archdeacon of Canterbury], and Margaret Pawley, Rome and Canterbury Through Four Centuries: A Study of the Relations Between the Church of Rome and the Anglican Churches 1530-1981, London & Oxford, 1974, ISBN: 9780264661230).

NOTE:  No mention is made in this book of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.



One more tantalizing quote from Cardinal Heenan. In his pastoral letter of Sunday, October 12, 1969 he wrote:
“WHY does the Mass keep changing? Here is the answer:....”
“It would have been foolhardy to introduce all the changes at once. It was obviously WISE TO CHANCE GRADUALLY AND GENTLY. If all the changes had been introduced together, you would have been SHOCKED.” (Op. Cit.; emphasis added.)

NOTE:  No mention is made in this document of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.



Despite the propaganda campaign to the contrary by the  .anti-Catholic..Satanic..Synod Vatican 2 pseudo-church, the Novus Ordo Rite, a.k.a. the Novus Ordo Missæ, the New Mass, is NOT a translation of the Ancient Roman Rite from Latin into English!

There is much agreement between the First Protestant Reform of 1549 in England and the
Reform of Paul VI [in Rome] since Vatican II.  Much of the same theological content of the Novus Ordo Rite is found in the Second Prayer Book of Edward VI of 1552 A.D.  This also includes other Protestant liturgies, e.g. those of Martin Luther, Calvin, Knox, etc.

There are Objective and Rational Concerns IF the NEW Mass is a Valid Rite of Mass

There ARE Problems with the NEW Mass.

QUESTIONING THE VALIDITY Of The Masses Using The New, All-English Canon

A Continuation of Questioning The Validity of the Masses Using the New, All English Canon

Further, not only the sacred prayers of the Canon have been changed and mutilated in the Novus Ordo Rite, or New Mass, which is only a modernized, updated, synthesized version of the 16th Century Protestant Memorial Supper-Meals, but the very words of the Consecration - part of the very Essence of the Mass, have been changed to a completely different theological meaning!

NOTE:  No mention is made in these books of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.



The Second Prayer Book of Edward VI was put out in 1552 by the first Protestant Archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Cranmer [b. Nottinghamshire, England in 1489 A.D. - d. burnt at the stake in Oxford, England in 1556 A.D.], which discouraged kneeling for communion, since, in its original Elizabethean English:
“Lest yet the same kneelynge myght be thought or taken otherwyse, we dooe declare that it is not mente thereby, that any adoracion is doone, or oughte to bee doone, eyther unto the Sacramentall bread or wyne there bodelye receyued, or unto anye reall and essenciall presence there beeyng of Chrystes naturall fleshe and bloude. For as concernynge the Sacramentall bread and wyne, they remayne styll in theyr verye naturall substaunces, and therfore may not bee adored, for that were Idolatrye to be abhorred of all faythfull christians. And as concernynge the naturall bodye and bloud of our sauiour Christ, they are in heauen and not here: for it is agaynst the trueth of Christes true naturall bodye, to be in moe places then in one at one tyme.    (Second Prayer Booke of Edward VI, Black Rubric, 1552.)
NOTE:  No mention is made in this book of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.



The American version of the  .anti-Catholic..Satanic..Synod Vatican 2 pseudo-church.. not only discourages kneeling for receiving Holy Communion, as did the Protestant Archbishop Cranmer - who considered it to be idolatry to kneel before what was only mere bread because Christ can not be in more than one place at one time and Christ is only in Heaven, but the heretical and apostate American Vatican 2 church Bishops actually forbid anyone from kneeling to receive Holy Communion.

We have been given to understand that in the July, 2002 Newsletter of the United States Bishops’  Committee on the Liturgy, standing to get the “host” (not on your tongue, but in your hand), is now a requirement!  This official Newsletter of the United States Bishops’  Committee on the Liturgy states in part:
“The bishops of the United States have decided that the normative posture for receiving Holy Communion should be standing.  Kneeling is NOT a licit [lawful] posture for receiving Holy Communion in the dioceses of the United States of America unless the bishop of a particular diocese has derogated from this norm in an individual and extraordinary circumstance.”
NOTE:  No mention is made in this document of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.



We have received a number of E-Mails from angry Catholics who either were arrested by the police and thrown into jail because they knelt to get a host, or cornbread, or a bagel, or whatever, plopped into their hand, or they witnessed this crime!
A Side-by-Side Comparison of
The Traditional  Holy Altar of Sacrifice  of the Catholic Church in
THE Sanctuary of The One, Holy, Catholic, Apostolic Church
with
The Updated 16th Century Protestant Supper Table in
The Updated 16th Century Protestant Supper Table Hall of
The.Satanic. Synod. Vatican.2. pseudo-church.
Traditional
THE Holy Altar IS THE Sanctuary of
The One, Holy, Catholic, Apostolic Church
Updated - anti-Traditional
16th Century Protestant Supper Table of
The.Satanic. Synod. Vatican.2. pseudo-church

Traditional  Holy Altar of Sacrifice

Updated - anti-Traditional
16th Century Protestant Supper Table

Sanctuary of Above
Traditional  Holy Altar of Sacrifice

16th Century Protestant Supper Table Hall
Of Above 16th Century Protestant Supper Table

Traditional  Holy Altar of Sacrifice

Updated - anti-Traditional
16th Century Protestant Supper Table

Sanctuary and Nave of Above
Traditional  Holy Altar of Sacrifice

16th Century Protestant Supper Table Hall
Of Above 16th Century Protestant Supper Table

Traditional  Holy Altar of Sacrifice

Updated - anti-Traditional
16th Century Protestant Supper Table

Sanctuary and Nave of Above
Traditional  Holy Altar of Sacrifice

16th Century Protestant Supper Table Hall
Of Above 16th Century Protestant Supper Table

Traditional  Holy Altar of Sacrifice

Updated - anti-Traditional
16th Century Protestant Supper Table

Sanctuary and Nave of Above
Traditional  Holy Altar of Sacrifice

16th Century Protestant Supper Table Hall
Of Above 16th Century Protestant Supper Table

Traditional  Holy Altar of Sacrifice

Updated - anti-Traditional
16th Century Protestant Supper Table

Sanctuary and Nave of Above
Traditional  Holy Altar of Sacrifice

16th Century Protestant Supper Table Hall
Of Above 16th Century Protestant Supper Table

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.


The Bottom Line

THE Holy Altar IS THE Sanctuary of the Church.
Therefore,.THE Sanctuary of the Church. IS.THE Holy Altar!

ALL of the above data, concerning the Traditional Catholic Mass, with its Traditional Catholic Sanctuary and Traditional Catholic Altar of Sacrifice, proves that NOT ONCE is to be found any evidence of any type of Asylum.

The same anti-Asylum is also to be found among the Pagan altars of sacrifice (except perhaps for some Roman Pagans? - but excluding the Pagan Roman Vestal Virgins who had an altar of incense).

Very definitely, this same anti-Asylum is also to be found among the Jews, including at the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem, which had an altar of incense inside of the Temple, which Temple was entered only by the Jewish Priests, and the Holy of Holies, which was entered only by the Jewish High Priest, where the altar of incense was set, and a huge altar of sacrifice, outside of the Temple, but next to it,  on which many kinds of animals were killed and burned.

However, insofar as the The Updated 16th Century Protestant Supper Table in The Updated, 16th Century Protestant Supper Table Hall of the.Satanic. Synod. Vatican.2. pseudo-church.  is concerned, and which is anti-Traditional, it is self-evident that such places DO NOT HAVE a REAL Traditional Catholic Mass, nor a REAL Traditional Catholic Sanctuary, with a REAL Traditional Catholic Altar of SACRIFICE.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.



However, what they DO have is only an updated, modernized, heretical and apostate 16th Century Protestant Memorial SUPPER MEAL - which is NOT a MASS.

What they DO have is only an updated, modernized, 16th Century Protestant Memorial SUPPER TABLE, which is NOT an Altar of Sacrifice.

What they DO have is only a wide-open SUPPER HALL, which is NOT a Sanctuary with a Holy Communion Rail because they do NOT have the Holy Communion Rail.


The Holy Communion Rail separates the Sanctuary from the Nave.






Brief Video of an Ancient Roman Rite
Traditional Catholic Solemn High Mass
The Celebrant of the Mass Administering
Holy Communion onto the tongue
to the Faithful who are kneeling
at the Holy Communion Rail
1 Minute, 31 Seconds

It is at the Holy Communion Rail that REAL Catholics Reverently Receive Holy Communion.


What they DO have are Laymen, who wrongly think they are real and.valid.Catholic Priests and Prelates, who face the people, as they entertain their audience with anti-Liturgical acts of all kinds.




Traditional Catholics have.validly.Ordained Catholic Priests and.validly.Consecrated Catholic Bishops, who FACE the Altar of Sacrifice, with their BACKS turned towards the Congregation, which is in the Nave, on the other side of the Holy Communion Rail, while they function as an Alter Christus at the Holy Altar of Sacrifice, pleading for Grace and Mercy for their Congregation.

Therefore, one should not be surprised if/when they turn their Updated 16th Century Protestant Supper Hall into a place of Asylum  for all kinds of invaders, illegals, drug dealers, etc., etc., because there is nothing HOLY there!

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.




The prophecized Abomination of Desolation!


But, what they DO HAVE is the prophecized Abomination of Desolation!




Dancing priest during NOR mess
27 Seconds



Dancing priests during NOR mess
14 Seconds




They Are NOT.Sanctuary.Cities and.Sanctuary.States
But They ARE.Asylum.Cities and.Asylum.States


N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.


Asylum.Cities, Counties, & States:
The Trojan Horse Reborn

The Trojan Horse is a story from the Trojan War about the subterfuge that the Greeks used to enter the independent city of Troy and win the war. In the canonical version, after a fruitless 10-year siege, the Greeks constructed a huge wooden horse, and hid a select force of men inside. The Greeks pretended to sail away, and the Trojans pulled the horse into their city as a victory trophy. That night the Greek force crept out of the horse and opened the gates for the rest of the Greek army, which had sailed back under cover of night. The Greeks entered and destroyed the city of Troy, ending the war.



FIRST WARNING!

ALL Invaders and Illegals Are on Their Way to Hell!

WHY?  They Are Breaking God’s Commandment!
5th. Commandment: “Thou Shalt Not Kill.”

HOW?  Many Invaders and Other Illegals: Kill American Citizens in Various Ways.

N.B.: It is a Mortal Sin to Break This Commandment.

So, IF they die before going to Confession to one of the very, very, very few.Valid.Traditional Catholic Priests, who uses the.Valid.Traditional Catholic Sacrament of Penance, they will go to Hell!

Also, anyone who knowingly helps, or knowingly otherwise assists, any them in any way, whether directly or indirectly, e.g. certain Americans who are de facto traitors to the U.S.A., and therefore criminals, whether ordinary citizens, or those in various levels of government - local, county, state, and/or federal, also automatically commit one or more Mortal Sins!

Bottom Line to any/all such sinful and evil acts: IF they who commit such sinful and evil acts die before going to Confession to one of the very, very, very few.Valid.Traditional Catholic Priests, who uses the.Valid.Traditional Catholic Sacrament of Penance, they will go to Hell for all eternity!


SECOND  WARNING!

ALL Invaders and Illegals Are on Their Way to Hell!

WHY?  They Are Breaking God’s Commandment!
7th Commandment: “Thou Shalt Not Steal.”

HOW?  Many Invaders and Other Illegals:

Steal Social Security Cards/Numbers  to get SS Money.
Rob American Businesses and Citizens.
Steal U.S. Mail of American Businesses and Citizens.
Steal Property of American Businesses and Citizens.
N.B.: It is a Mortal Sin to Break This Commandment.

So, IF they die before going to Confession to one of the very, very, very few.Valid.Traditional Catholic Priests, who uses the.Valid.Traditional Catholic Sacrament of Penance, they will go to Hell!

Also, anyone who knowingly helps, or knowingly otherwise assists, any them in any way, whether directly or indirectly, e.g. certain Americans who are de facto traitors to the U.S.A., and therefore criminals, whether ordinary citizens, or those in various levels of government - local, county, state, and/or federal, also automatically commit one or more Mortal Sins!

Bottom Line to any/all such sinful and evil acts: IF they who commit such sinful and evil acts die before going to Confession to one of the very, very, very few.Valid.Traditional Catholic Priests, who uses the.Valid.Traditional Catholic Sacrament of Penance, they will go to Hell for all eternity!


THIRD  WARNING!

ALL Invaders and Illegals Are on Their Way to Hell!

WHY?  They Are Breaking God’s Commandment!
10th Commandment:  “Thou Shalt Not Covet Thy Neighbor's Goods.”

HOW?  Many Invaders and Other Illegals:

Rob American Businesses and Citizens.
Steal Jobs Which Are for American Citizens.
Steal Property of American Businesses and Citizens.
N.B.: It is a Mortal Sin to Break This Commandment.

So, IF they die before going to Confession to one of the very, very, very few.Valid.Traditional Catholic Priests, who uses the.Valid.Traditional Catholic Sacrament of Penance, they will go to Hell!

Also, anyone who knowingly helps, or knowingly otherwise assists, any them in any way, whether directly or indirectly, e.g. certain Americans who are de facto traitors to the U.S.A., and therefore criminals, whether ordinary citizens, or those in various levels of government - local, county, state, and/or federal, also automatically commit one or more Mortal Sins!

Bottom Line to any/all such sinful and evil acts: IF they who commit such sinful and evil acts die before going to Confession to one of the very, very, very few.Valid.Traditional Catholic Priests, who uses the.Valid.Traditional Catholic Sacrament of Penance, they will go to Hell for all eternity!



This Is What Hell LOOKS Like - No Light!




This Is What Hell FEELS Like!
Eternal Horrific Burning Pain From the Eternal Fire!
...
This is the Punishment for the Illegals and
Other Invaders, and for Those Who Knowingly Help Them
For Breaking Three of the Ten Commandments by Illegally Entering the U.S.A.!


Automatically Excommunicated Invaders and Illegals
Who Are Actually On Their Way to Hell!

They Believe the Communist Heresy:
Liberation Theology

Liberation Theology

The Communist KGB Invented the Heresy Known as:
Liberation Theology


N.B.: It is a Mortal Sin to Believe This Communist Heresy!

So, IF they die before going to Confession to one of the very, very, very few.Valid.Traditional Catholic Priests, who uses the.Valid.Traditional Catholic Sacrament of Penance, they will go to Hell!

Also, anyone who knowingly helps, or knowingly otherwise assists, any of those who not only believe this Communist Heresy, but also who are in one way or another acting on the basis of this Heresy, e.g. any/all invaders and/or illegals, in any way, whether directly or indirectly, e.g. certain Americans who are de facto traitors to the U.S.A., and therefore criminals, whether ordinary citizens, or those in various levels of government - local, county, state, and/or federal, also automatically commit one or more Mortal Sins!

Bottom Line to any/all such sinful and evil acts: IF they who commit such sinful and evil acts die before going to Confession to one of the very, very, very few.Valid.Traditional Catholic Priests, who uses the.Valid.Traditional Catholic Sacrament of Penance, they will go to Hell for all eternity!


Veritas Locuta; Causa Finita!
For Those Who Are Confused, and/or,
Who, for Whatever Reason(s) Prefer to Disagree With Any of the Above Data:
...
The Formal, Universal Object of the Intellect is Truth.
The Formal, Universal Object of the Will is That Which is Good.

Some people claim that they somehow just FEEL that something is either true or false, just as some people claim that they somehow just FEEL that something is either good or bad.

On the contrary, FEELINGS, per se, have nothing to do with the formal, universal object of the Intellect, which is one of the two powers of the Immortal Human Soul, and the formal, universal object of the Will, which is other of the two powers of the Immortal Human Soul, which Almighty God infuses into each Immortal Human Soul at the instant of Conception.

For those who may be confused, or unwilling to accept such basic true facts, for whatever reason(s), please consider what the Angelic Doctor teaches about Truth, but in a somewhat more technical manner:

“The object of the Intellect is something universal, namely, [an Objective, Universal Quiddity] ‘being’ and [an Objective, Universal Truth] ‘the true’, in which the act also of understanding is comprised. Wherefore the Intellect can understand its own act. But not primarily, since the first object of our Intellect, in this state of life, is not every being and everything true, but [an Objective, Universal Quiddity] ‘being’ and [an Objective, Universal Truth] ‘true’, as considered in material things, as we have said above (Question [84], Article [7]), from which it acquires knowledge of all other things.” (Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., [b. 1225 A.D. in Rocca Secca, Naples, Italy - d. Wednesday, March 7, 1274 A.D. in Fossa Nuova, Italy], Doctor of the Church: “Angelic Doctor”, “Common Doctor”; “Summa Theologica”, Part I, Question 87, Article 3, Reply to Objection 1; clarifications and emphasis added.)
NOTE:  No mention is made in this extensive book of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.



But it does not pertain to the intellect's perfection [as opposed to the object of the intellect] to know the Truth of contingent singulars in themselves, as stated below.

Therefore, feelings, per se, are unable to attain the proper object of the Intellect, i.e. an objective, universal quiddity or, “being”, and an objective, universal Truth “the true,” because feeling is neither an operation of, nor an object of, the Intellect, and this for the additional reason that feelings are subjective, not objective, and hence unable to attain such an objective, universal quiddity and an objective, universal Truth, due to the inherent limitations of the very nature of, or .Ontological. Essence. of, emotional feelings as such!

Nor is any emotional feeling, as an operation of the Will, the formal object of which is that which is good.  The Will, as mentioned above, is the other power of the Immortal Human Soul, and complements the first power of the Immortal Human Soul, the Intellect, because the Will primarily and naturally acts only after the Intellect acts, and not in potentia, but in actu, as Scholastic Philosophy teaches.

The Angelic Doctor gives a more precise definition of the Object of the Will in this exampled text:

“I answer that, As the Intellect is moved by the object and by the Giver of the power of intelligence, as stated above (A[3]), so is the Will moved by its object, which is good, and by Him [God] Who creates the power of willing. Now the Will can be moved by good as its object, but by God alone sufficiently and efficaciously. For nothing can move a movable thing sufficiently unless the active power of the mover surpasses or at least equals the potentiality of the thing movable. Now the potentiality of the Will extends to the [objective] universal good; for its object is the [objective] universal good; just as the Object of the Intellect is the [objective] universal being. But every created good is some particular good; God alone is the [objective] Universal Good. Whereas He alone fills the capacity of the Will, and moves it sufficiently as its object. In like manner the power of willing is caused by God alone. For to will is nothing but to be inclined towards the Object of the Will, which is [the objective] Universal Good. But to incline towards the [objective] Universal Good belongs to the First Mover [God], to Whom the ultimate end is proportionate; just as in human affairs to him that presides over the community belongs the directing of his subjects to the common weal. Wherefore in both ways it belongs to God to move the Will; but especially in the second way by an interior inclination of the Will.” (Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., [b. 1225 A.D. in Rocca Secca, Naples, Italy - d. Wednesday, March 7, 1274 A.D. in Fossa Nuova, Italy], Doctor of the Church: “Angelic Doctor”, “Common Doctor”; “Summa Theologica”, Part I, Question 105, Article 4; clarifications and emphasis added.)
NOTE:  No mention is made in this extensive book of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.



Therefore, from the above, it should be self-evident to all honest, sincere people that emotional feelings, which are subjective, are not included in the above definition of the universal objective of the Will which is that which is good, or as the above text states: the [objective] universal good - but with this caveat, namely:  but by God alone sufficiently and efficaciously. For nothing can move a movable thing sufficiently unless the active power of the mover surpasses or at least equals the potentiality of the thing movable.

Nevertheless, there is an intimate interaction between the will and the passions as you will discover below. And, of course, the passions include emotional feelings.

Feelings are part of what is called the sense appetite as a Commentator on the Summa Theologica writes:

“While it is true that an angel can know and will, it is also unquestionably true that an angel cannot feel the excitement of racing blood, tragedy's sudden stab in the heart; it cannot be carried outside of itself with anger, faint at the sight of a snake or be overwhelmed by a rush of sorrow. For there is no room in the angels for emotions in the sense of passions or feelings. The angels, you see, have no bodies; and these passions are distinctly sensible or animal, movements of the sense appetite.” (Father Walter Farrell, O.P., S.T.D., S.T.M., [b. Chicago, Illinois on Tuesday, July 21,1902 A.D. -  d. River Forest, Illinois on Friday, November 23, 1951 A.D.], a Moral Theologian, Member of the Thomistic Institute, A Companion to the Summa, Volume 1, Chapter XI Angelic Saints and Sinners [Q. 59-60; 62-62].)
NOTE:  No mention is made in this extensive book of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.



So then human feelings are emotions in the sense of passions or feelings and passions are distinctly sensible or animal, movements of the sense appetite.

This Commentator then goes on to conclude:

“Lest we rush to the conclusion that angels are cold, clammy, impersonal creatures, it would be well to remember that an angel's joyous song heralded the Savior's arrival in Bethlehem: that an angel shared the agony of Christ in the Garden -- and comforted Him; that the archangel Gabriel minced no words in reply to Zachary's disbelief of his message and did not hesitate to rap him sharply on the knuckles with that severe sentence, “thou shalt be dumb.” Yet it was this same severe angel who immediately appreciated Mary's fear and surprise, and his first words were words of assurance to dispel that fear; the archangel Raphael was a matchmaker of the first order, smoothing the way for the seemingly impossible marriage of young Tobias. These are not the actions of living icebergs.”

“The doubt about the warmth of the angels, however, persists. We think a man or woman without feelings, as fishy-eyed as a gambler, has something missing, is somehow queer, inhuman. As a matter of fact, we are right: such people are queer, as queer as a man without a head, for something belonging to human nature is not there. Lack of emotion is not at all virtuous; it may be a misfortune, making a man a monstrosity; or it may well be a vice. For man has not only a soul, he also has a body; he is not only rational, he is also animal; he has an intellectual appetite, but he also has a sensitive appetite. The movement of that sense appetite towards sensible objects, coming from the imaginative picture of good or evil and involving a physical or corporal reaction, is ordinarily called emotion, feeling or passion.  So, for example, an actress who throws herself into a part can actually produce the corporal changes that mark out the path along which the sense appetite is running -- she can weep, blush, turn pale, tremble, gasp.”

“These passions, amoral in themselves, are of immense value to man. By their help a man can muster up the courage to ask for a raise in salary, by the simple trick, for instance, of getting himself angry enough; the atmosphere of a church or a few minutes on our knees can awaken the will's desire to pray. These passions, in a word, react on the intellectual appetite, spur it into action or, being deliberately aroused by the will, complete the circle and make the action of our will that much more intense. Using these passions of ours, the cunning of God not infrequently coaxes us into greater spiritual activity by doling out sensible sweetness and consolation to His children, coddling them a little or bestowing a pat of encouragement and reward.”

By reason of this intimate interaction between the will and the passions, these latter can also be an immense danger to a man. They can overwhelm the intellectual appetite and put a man at the mercy of the same motive power that dictates the actions of beasts; in opposition to the will they can terrify it into paralysis, weaken its action, cool its intensity to a vapid, lukewarm, nauseous thing. The men who succumb to the terror of persecution, the seduction of sin's occasion, the respect of men, the despair of life are all living witnesses of the danger of passion out of control. On a milder scale, the steady death rate in good resolutions is eloquent testimony to the existence of a rival appetite which the will cannot regard lightly.”  (Father Walter Farrell, O.P., S.T.D., S.T.M., [b. Chicago, Illinois on Tuesday, July 21,1902 A.D. -  d. River Forest, Illinois on Friday, November 23, 1951 A.D.], a Moral Theologian, Member of the Thomistic Institute, A Companion to the Summa, Volume 1, Chapter XI Angelic Saints and Sinners [Q. 59-60; 62-62]; emphasis added).

NOTE:  No mention is made in this extensive book of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.



Therefore, one's passions or emotional feelings can also be an immense danger to a man.  In and of themselves, then, the passions or emotional feelings by their very nature have nothing to do with the Truth, per se, and thus are invalid when it comes to making a judgment about whether a certain person is good or evil, or has acted in a good or in an evil manner.  They are certainly NOT objective in any sense of the word!

Concerning the making of a judgement, when a person is highly emotional, or otherwise distressed or distraught or upset because the passions or emotions have been stirred up by whatever efficient cause or instrumental cause, one can usually predict with great probability that the outcome of such a judgement will be False, as opposed to True, if for no other reason than that it will be irrational!  If a person's passions are thus predisposed say to anger or hatred or violence, there is a very good chance that the outcome of any judgment made at such a time will be saturated by anger, hatred or violence, etc.!

And so it is that judgements can be either True or False, as the Angelic Doctor teaches:

“It is one thing to judge of things and another to judge of men. For when we judge of things, there is no question of the good or evil of the thing about which we are judging, since it will take no harm no matter what kind of judgment we form about it; but there is question of the good of the person who judges, if he judge truly, and of his evil if he judge falsely because ‘the true is the good of the intellect, and the false is its evil’, as stated in Ethic. vi, 2, wherefore everyone should strive to make his judgment accord with things as they are. On the other hand when we judge of men, the good and evil in our judgment is considered chiefly on the part of the person about whom judgment is being formed; for he is deemed worthy of honor from the very fact that he is judged to be good, and deserving of contempt if he is judged to be evil. For this reason we ought, in this kind of judgment, to aim at judging a man good, unless there is evident proof of the contrary. And though we may judge falsely, our judgment in thinking well of another pertains to our good feeling and not to the evil of the intellect, even as neither does it pertain to the intellect's perfection to know the Truth of contingent singulars in themselves.”  (Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., [b. 1225 A.D. in Rocca Secca, Naples, Italy - d. Wednesday, March 7, 1274 A.D. in Fossa Nuova, Italy], Doctor of the Church: “Angelic Doctor”, “Common Doctor”; “Summa Theologica”, Part II-II, Question 60, Article 4, Reply to Objection 2).
NOTE:  No mention is made in this extensive book of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.



Conclusion

Therefore, HOW is it possible to rationally respond to such irrational emotional feelings and reactions? The object of the sense appetite is not Truth, it is not logic, and it is not objective in the sense of universal predicables, of human judgements.

So then human feelings are emotions in the sense of passions or feelings and passions are distinctly sensible or animal, movements of the sense appetite.

All irrational behavior betokens a weak position, when compared to the strength and power of an universal, objective, absolute Truth, which certain people attempt to overcome, not with the rational force of Truth, but with the proverbial knee-jerk reaction of the irrational force of their emotions negatively impacted by their feelings and passions which can become the cause of terrible danger to their own immortal Souls!

And this is but an example of what is meant by what theologians and Saints commonly say, that one [new] sin is often the punishment of another [previous] sin [e.g. in this case, such sins as - anger, vindictiveness, hatred, etc.].   (Father Alphonsus Rodriguez, S.J., a.k.a. Alonso Rodriguez, S.J. [b. at Valladolid, Spain, in 1526 A.D. - d. at Seville, Spain on Sunday, February 21, 1616 A.D.], “Practice of Perfection and Christian Virtues”, Newly Translated from the Original Spanish by  Joseph Rickaby, S.J., Volume  I, Chapter  X, Another Weighty Reason for Setting Great Store by Little Things, ¶ 6.)

NOTE:  No mention is made in this extensive book of.The..Sanctuary.being a place of.The..Asylum.

N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.



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N.B.: .Sanctuarium.and.Sanctorum.are Latin terms which do NOT mean.Asylum.
 




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