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Blatant Attacks Were Made Against the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass
With the Denial of the Divine Mystery of Transubstantiation


Introduction

Teachings of the Fathers of the Church and Theologians
Concerning Tradition and also the Holy Sacrifice of the Catholic Mass


Patriarch Saint Athanasius

“Let us note that the very tradition, teaching, and faith of the Catholic Church from the beginning, which the Lord gave, was preached by the Apostles, and was preserved by the Fathers. On this was the Church founded; and if anyone departs from this, he neither is, nor any longer ought to be called, a Christian.”  (Patriarch Saint Athanasius [b. Alexandria, Egypt 296 A.D. - d. Alexandria, Egypt on Wednesday, May 2, 373A.D.], Patriarch of Alexandria, Egypt, Father of Orthodoxy in the Catholic Church, “Letter to Serapion of Thmuis”, 359 A.D.; emphasis added.)


Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P.

Since, therefore, the sanctification of man is in the power of God Who sanctifies, it is not for man to decide what things should be used for his sanctification, but this is determined by Divine institution.”  (Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., [b. 1225 A.D. in Rocca Secca, Naples, Italy - d. Wednesday, March 7, 1274 A.D. in Fossa Nuova, Italy], Doctor of the Church: “Angelic Doctor”, “Common Doctor”; “Summa Theologica”, Part III, Question 60, Article 5,  Body; emphasis added).

“The Apostles and their successors are God’s vicars in governing the Church which is built on faith and the sacraments of faith....  Wherefore, just as they may not institute another Church, so neither may they deliver another faith, nor institute other sacraments:.... on the contrary, the Church is said to be built up with the Sacraments which flowed from the side of Christ while hanging on the cross.” (Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., “Summa Theologica”, Part III, Question 64, Article 2, Reply to Objection 3).

The sacrifice of Christis both a Sacrifice because it is offered up to Almighty God as a propitiation for our sins.....  and also a Sacrament because it is received.” (Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., “Summa Theologica”, Part III, Question 79, Article 5, Conclusion; emphasis added).

“The Apostles and their successors are God’s vicars in governing the Church which is built on faith and the sacraments of faith.  Wherefore, just as they may not institute another Church, so neither may they deliver another faith, nor institute other sacraments... .”  (Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P.,“Summa Theologica”, Part III, Question 64, Article 2, Reply to Objection 3; emphasis added).

But, the sacrifice of Christ “is both a Sacrifice because it is offered up to Almighty God as a propitiation for our sins..... and also a Sacrament because it is received.” (Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., “Summa Theologica”, Part III, Question 79, Article 5, Conclusion).

Christ’s example and command was the norm for the Apostles. At this Sacrifice-called the Mass-the Apostles did only that which Christ had done.

Saint Thomas, quoting Saint Ambrose, says: “He is unworthy who celebrates the Mystery [i.e.  the Sacrifice of the Mass] otherwise than as Christ delivered it.” (Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., “Summa Theologica”, Part II-II, Question 93, Article 1, Conclusion; emphasis added).

Saint Thomas explains that any clergyman, irregardless his office or the title of his office, incurs the guilt of falsehood who... “gives worship [i.e. the Mass] to God contrary to the manner established by.... Divine Authority.” (Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., “Summa Theologica”, Part II-II, Question 93, Article 1, Conclusion.)

Again, Saint Thomas quotes Saint Ambrose, “De Sacramentis IV”: “The Consecration is accomplished by the words and expressions of the Lord Jesus... the Priest uses... the words of Christ.  Therefore, it is Christ’s words that perfect this Sacrament.”   (Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., “Summa Theologica”, Part III, Question 78, Article 1, On the Contrary; emphasis added).

The dispensing of the Sacraments belongs to the Church’s ministers... but this Consecration is from God Himself... Consequently, the Church’s ministers can make no laws regarding the Form of the Consecration.... and the manner of celebrating.” (Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., “Summa Theologica”, Part III, Question 83, Article 3, Reply to Objection 8; emphasis added).

Although the Apostles knew exactly how to say Mass and which words to use, their successors did not have this special assistance of the Holy Ghost.

Saint Paul traveled extensively and made many converts, Ordaining Priests and Consecrating Bishops.  These Priests and Bishops needed to have the words of the Mass written down so that they could follow them.  The first Missals, called Sacramentaries, were scrolls which could be used by these many Priests and Bishops whom Saint Paul, as well as the other Apostles, had Ordained and Consecrated.

But in the early Church we have what historians call the Law of Secrecy:

The Evangelists did not intend to hand down the Forms of the Sacraments, which in the Primitive Church had to be kept concealed as Dionysius observed at the close of his book on the ecclesiastical hierarchy.” (Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., “Summa Theologica”, Part III, Question 78, Article 3, Reply to Objection 9; emphasis added).

The Law of Secrecy was observed because of the bloody persecution of the Catholic Church in the first 3 Centuries A.D. and also because of attempts, by evil people, to infiltrate the Catholic Church.

The Law of Secrecy is not only the reason why the Bible does NOT contain the Form for the Seven Sacraments, but also why many other very important teachings were never recorded in the New Testament of the Bible.  A few brief examples of what was deliberately NOT recorded in the New Testament of the Bible:

1:  The entire Liturgical Rite used for Offering the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass.

2:  The Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary into Heaven.

3:  That all of the Apostles were married, except for Saint John the Apostle.

4:  The specific Form of Words used in the Administration of the Seven Sacraments.

Sola Scriptura (Only the Scriptures) denies Sacred Tradition which is that part of Divine Revelation which is to be found in the writings of the Apostolic Father and the Fathers of the Catholic Church.

However, even many of the documents in Rome, which were not protected by The Law of Secrecy, were destroyed, because of the campaign of book burning in which the precious data about the history of the Catholic Church at Rome, along with the Sacred Books, were destroyed by fire as the result of the persecution of the Catholic Church by the pagan Roman Emperor, Diocletian, a.k.a. Valerius Diocletianus [b. at Dioclea, near Salona, in Dalmatia, 245 A.D. - d. at Salona,  313 A.D.], Roman Emperor [284 A.D.- abdicated Monday, May 1, 305 A.D.].

This campaign of the destruction of such valuable documents began “in earnest in 303 [A.D.]; within a brief space of time, four Edicts were published which threw into mourning the whole of Christendom.  The first ordained that the churches should be razed and the Sacred Books burnt, that all Christians should be accounted outlaws and lose their offices and dignities, and that those who were attached to the Emperor’s household should lose their freedom.” (Father Franz Xavier Von Funk, Ph.D. [Doctorate in Philosophy in 1863 A.D.], [b. in the small market town of Abtsgemünd in Würtemberg, Germany on Monday, October 12, 1840 A.D. - d. at Tübingen, in Würtemberg, Germany, on Sunday, February 24, 1907 A.D.], Church Historian and Professor of Theology at the University of Tübingen, in Würtemberg, Germany, “A Manual of Church History,” Imprimatur, May 16, 1910 A.D.; Volume 1, Part I: Christian Antiquity, Chapter 1, The Founding of the Church - Her Development and Persecutions, 16. The Ten Great Persecutions in the Roman Empire”, page 47; emphasis added.)

You can download the free PDF file for Volume 1 at:
https://ia800501.us.archive.org/3/items/manualofchurchh01funk/manualofchurchh01funk.pdf

You can download the free PDF file for Volume 2 at:
https://ia600504.us.archive.org/25/items/manualofchurchhi02funk/manualofchurchhi02funk.pdf


The Nature of Holy Mass
Attacks Made by Heretics upon the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass

“The persecutions which the evil enemy [i.e. the Devil] has stirred up at various times against the most Holy Sacrifice of the Mass are a proof how sacred a thing it must be, and how obnoxious to the Devil; otherwise he would not attack it with such violence.  In the first ten centuries of the Christian Church teachers of heresy were indeed not wanting, but none of them ventured to assail the Mass, much less did they attempt to do away with it.” (Father Martin Cochem, “Explanation of the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass”, Second Edition, Benziger Brothers Publishers, Imprimatur, Michael Augustine, Archbishop of New York, June 24, 1896, Chapter I, pp. 19-21; emphasis added.)

You can download the free PDF file for this book at:
https://ia600704.us.archive.org/12/items/cochemsexplanati00coch/cochemsexplanati00coch.pdf

Father Martin Cochem goes on to write about two groups of Heretics concerning which not much is written these days because of the similar, or identical heresies, to be found today in the New One World Order Satanic Synod Vatican 2 pseudo-church in which history repeats itself:

“At the commencement of the twelfth century the impious Albigenses appeared in France; amongst other disgraceful tenets they held marriage to be an unlawful state, and encouraged profligacy.”

“They did, it is true, take no exception to the celebration of solemn High Mass in the presence of a large assembly of people, but they would not tolerate Low Mass, at which but few persons assisted. In fact, they prohibited them, under pain of fines and imprisonment. In connection with these heretics Cesar of Heisterbach, who lived about the same time, relates the following incident:”

“Although the Albigenses had forbidden priests, under heavy penalties, from saying Low Mass, a certain pious priest would not allow himself to be deterred by so unjust a prohibition from saying Mass privately. When this became known, he was arrested and brought before the council, who said to him: ‘Information has reached us that, in defiance of our prohibition, you have said a Low Mass, and committed a grave offence; we have therefore caused you to be brought before us, to answer for yourself whether it is so’.”

“The priest instantly replied without any sign of fear: ‘I will answer in the words of the holy apostles, who said, when it was inquired of them before the Jewish Council whether they had violated the law by preaching in the name of Christ, * We ought to obey God rather than man/ (Acts v. 29.) For this reason, therefore, in spite of your unjust prohibition, I said Mass to the honor of God and of His blessed Mother.’”

“The judges, greatly infuriated by this bold reply, condemned the pious priest to have his tongue torn out in the presence of all the people. The priest suffered this cruel sentence with the utmost patience; he went straight to the church, his mouth yet bleeding, and, kneeling humbly before the altar at which he had said Mass, poured out his complaint to the Mother of God. Being unable any longer to speak with his tongue, he raised his heart to her with all the more fervor, entreating her that his tongue might be restored to him. So urgent was his supplication that the blessed Mother of God appeared to him, and with her own hand replaced his tongue in his mouth, saying that it was given back to him for the sake of the honor he had paid to God the Lord and to her by saying Mass, and exhorting him diligently to make use of it in that manner for the future. After returning heartfelt thanks to his benefactress the priest returned to the assembled people, and showed them that his tongue had been given back to him, thus putting to confusion the obstinate heretics, and all who had displayed hostility to the holy Mass.”

“The words of the blessed Father Cesar, in the preface to the little book whence this story is taken, allow of no doubt as to its truth. ‘I take God to witness,’ he says, ‘that I have inserted nothing in this work but what I have seen with my own eyes, or heard from the lips of men who would sooner die than utter a falsehood.’ Wherefore this true story ought to convince all who think otherwise that the holy Mass is specially pleasing to the most high God.”

“From the days of the apostles until the present time the holy sacrifice of the Mass has had no more vehement opponent than the unhappy Martin Luther, who not only attacked but decried this divine mystery. He did not do this of himself, nor when he first apostatized, but at a later period, and at the instigation of the devil. In fact the deluded man himself acknowledges in his writings that his teaching comes from the devil, and only at the suggestion of the evil one has he abolished the Mass as an act of idolatry, although he must have known full well that the devil is the hater of all that is good, and teaches mankind naught but what is evil.”

“Besides, Luther might have considered that if the Mass were idolatrous the devil would not oppose it, much less desire that it should be done away with; on the contrary, he would promote it and praise it, because the more Masses were said the more acts of idolatry would be committed, and greater dishonor done to the most high God.”

“In this wise [way] Satan has deprived not the Lutherans only, but all the Protestant sects that have arisen after him, of the salutary sacrifice of the holy Mass, and thereby done them an irreparable injury. In fact he has made this sublime mystery so repugnant to them that they declare it to be a denial of the sacrifice of the cross, and an accursed worshipping of idols, as we read in the Heidelberg catechism of the Calvinists.”

“Such horrible profanity is enough to fill every pious heart with dread, and cause every good Christian to stop his ears. We will not devote much time to the refutation of such blasphemies; one argument will suffice to overthrow them.”

“If these heretical doctrines were true, it would follow as a matter of course, that from the time of Christ no single person, not even were he an apostle or a martyr, could have been saved. The holy apostles and all their successors in the priesthood celebrated and offered to the most high God the sacrifice of the Mass; all holy martyrs and confessors heard [attended] Mass devoutly, and regarded it as the highest act of divine service. Now, if the holy Mass were idolatrous, and a denial of the one sacrifice of Christ, the holy apostles and all the faithful would have been guilty of idolatry, they would grievously have offended the divine Majesty, and rendered themselves worthy of eternal damnation. And since no person of any sense will credit such an assertion, no one can believe the Calvinistic teaching to be true.”

“Rather than to Calvin and Luther, let us listen to St. Fulgentius when he says: ‘Hold fast the doctrine, and never permit yourself to doubt, that the only-be gotten Son of God became man for us, and for us offered Himself to Almighty God, to Whom the Catholic Church throughout the world now offers in faith and charity unceasingly the oblation of bread and wine.’”

“Who is most worthy of our belief - a holy and enlightened teacher of the Church, or two apostates such as Calvin and Luther? To these latter one may apply the words addressed by the learned Peter of Clugny to some other heretics: ‘If your teaching were universally accepted, that is, if Christians were to abolish the holy sacrifice of the Mass, that would come to pass in this season of grace which never came to pass in the season of wrath: God would no longer be worshipped upon earth. Therefore, O ye enemies of God, listen when the Church of God tells you that a divine sacrifice is essential to her existence, and that in this sacrifice she offers the body and blood of the Saviour, and that alone; and what He did in His death, that she does whenever this offering is made.’”

“Such are the words of the aforesaid father. Let us therefore beware lest the same thing befall us that befell the unhappy heretics. For the evil one robbed them of the holy Mass to their unspeakable injury; but us Catholics, since he could not succeed in depriving us of it, he blinded in great measure so that we might not fully appreciate the magnitude of this holy sacrifice, and its immense potency. Doubtless it was due to Satan’s devices that for a considerable period this divine mystery was so seldom made the subject of sermons, that so little was said or written respecting it, and thus Catholics became careless about hearing Mass, or heard it indevoutly.”

“As a means of preventing this evil, the Council of Trent commanded those who had the care of souls frequently to preach about the holy Mass. The decree is as follows: ‘The holy synod charges pastors, and all who have the care of souls, that they frequently, during the celebration of Mass, expound, either themselves or by others, some portion of those things which are read at Mass; and that, amongst the rest, they explain some mystery of this most holy sacrifice, especially on the Lord's days and festivals.’ (Session xxii. ch. 8.).”

“If the people are ignorant of the great value of holy Mass, they do not love and esteem it as they ought; they never go to Mass on week-days, and on Sundays and holydays they are too often indifferent, irreverent, superficial; they absent themselves on a mere pretext, and without the slightest scruple of conscience.”

“But if they understand the vast efficacy and value of the holy Mass, they cannot fail to prize more highly this costly treasure, to love it more deeply, and assist at [attend] the divine oblation with greater reverence. There is in the Catholic Church no mystery more important, more consoling, more salutary, than this sublime mystery of the altar. If this truth were recognized aright, we should certainly see a larger attendance at Mass on week-days.”  (Father Martin Cochem, “Explanation of the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass”, Second Edition, Benziger Brothers Publishers, Imprimatur + Michael Augustine, Archbishop of New York, June 24, 1896, Chapter I, “The Nature of Holy Mass. The Attacks Made by Heretics upon the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass”, pp. 19-24; emphasis added.)

Protestantism

Summary of ex-Roman Catholic Clergy, and others, who made up invalid, unlawful and hideous abominations, called “supper-meals” or  a “mass”, to replace the Catholic Rite of Mass:

“Father” Martin Luther, O.S.A., Andreas Rudolph Bodenstein, City fathers and theologians of Wittenberg, Kaspar Kantz, Thomas Muntzer, Diobald Schwarz, “Bishop” Ulrich Zwingli, William Farel, “Father” Martin Bucer, O.P. , “Father” John Œcolampadius, “Father” John Calvin, Bugenhagen, Pierre Brully, “Archbishop” Thomas Cranmer, “Father” John Knox, The English Puritans, “Bishop” Laud, the Scottish Bishops, Richard Baxter, King Charles II, John Wesley, various Anglican Clergymen who “updated” the “Prayer Book of Charles II” an unknown number of times, e.g. those addressed by the future Cardinal Newman in the 19th Century.

A Few Examples of Some 16th Century Protestant Supper-Meals
Made Up on 16th Century Protestant Supper-Tables
Which Replaced the Catholic Mass and the Altar of Sacrifice

1519. Martin Luther [1483 A.D. - 1546 A.D.], ex-Augustinian Monk, proposed a German “mass”.

1521.  December 25, 1521.  Andreas Rudolph Bodenstein [b. c. 1480  - d. 1541], a.k.a. Carlstadt or Karlstadt.  On Christmas Day, 1521 at Wittenberg he appeared in the Castle Church without vestments and did a Supper-Meal “mass” without the Canon.

1522.  Kaspar Kantz, Prior of the Carmelite brothers at Nordlingen:  An Evangelical “mass”.

1523.  December, 1523.  Martin Luther, “Formula Missae”.

1524.  February 16, 1524.  Diobald Schwarz used the “Teutsche Messe” German “mass” for the first time at the Cathedral Chapel in Strassburg on February 16, 1524.  Between 1524 A.D. and 1539 A.D., 18 editions of it were published, each one was an “updated” version in one or many ways.

1524. Ulrich Zwingli [1484 A.D. - 1531 A.D.], ex-Catholic Bishop, “The Zurich Liturgy”.

1525. Martin Bucer, O.P. [1491 A.D.-1551 A.D.], ex-Dominican Monk, “The Strassburg Liturgy”.  He changed the word “mass” to “the Lord’s Supper”; “altar” changed to “table”; “Priest” to “parson” or “minister”; the Supper Meal was done facing the people; vestments were replaced by a black gown.  Sound familiar?! He was the link between the German and English Protestants.

1525. Ulrich Zwingli [1484 A.D. -1531 A.D.], ex-Catholic Bishop, did the “Liturgy of the Word”. Zurich abolished the Catholic Rite of the Mass.

1525.  October 29, 1525 A.D.  Martin Luther, “Deutsche Messe” - This Protestant Supper Meal “mass” was introduced in the town church of Wittenberg on October 29, 1525 A.D.

1540.  John Calvin [b. at Noyon, France, 1509 A.D. - d. 1564 A.D.], ex-Catholic Priest, 2nd updated version of “The Strassburg Liturgy”.

1542. Bugenhagen eliminated the Elevation in 1542, thus updating Luther’s Supper-Meal.  1st Updated Version of “Deutsche Messe”

1546.   January, 1546 A.D.  2nd Updated Version of “Deutsche Messe”. Frederick II [b. Saturday, December 9, 1482 A.D. - Sunday, February 26, 1556 A.D.], Elector Palatine of the Rhine, introduced the Protestant Reformation to the Palatinate (West of the Rhine river.) with the first German Mass in Heidelberg in January, 1546 A.D. Masses without communicants end. Devotion to, and reservation of, the Blessed Sacrament are forbidden.

1549.  Pentecost Sunday, 1549.  Thomas Cranmer [b. Nottinghamshire, England in 1489 A.D. - d. burnt at the stake in Oxford, England in 1556 A.D.], Protestant Archbishop of Canturbury, ex-Catholic Archbishop, “The Booke of the Common Prayer”, a.k.a. “First Prayer Book of Edward VI”, It was written in the English vernacular and emphasized people’s participation in the eucharist.  It required the Bible to be read from cover to cover; it retained fast days (to help the fishermen), but threw out all the feast days of the Saints.  Roman Catholics in Cornwall reject it and riot.

1552.  Thomas Cranmer, “The Booke of the Common Prayer”, a.k.a. “Second Prayer Book of Edward VI”.  Cranmer revised the “First Prayer Book of Edward VI” to placate the  Protestants.  No more Real Presence at Communion; the notorious Black Rubric forbade kneeling and required standing, to receive at communion (sound familiar?!); vestments, the Sign of the Cross at Confirmation, Holy Oil, reservation of the Blessed Sacrament, and prayers for the departed, were all forbidden.

1556.  John Knox [b. in or near Haddington, the county town of East Lothian, Scotland, sometime between 1505 and 1515 - d. at Edinburgh, Scotland on Friday, November 24,157], ex-Catholic Priest. He imposed the death penalty on Catholics who went to the Catholic Mass; he founded Presbyterianism.  “The Forme of Prayers”.

1556.  3rd Updated Version of “Deutsche Messe”. Frederick II [b. Saturday, December 9, 1482 A.D. - Sunday, February 26, 1556 A.D.], Elector Palatine of the Rhine, received communion in a Protestant service on [February 19, 1556 A.D.] the Sunday before his death. His nephew, Otto Heinrich [1502-1559], in ill health, succeeded him from 1556 - 1559.  Otto encouraged the Reformation, abolished the Mass and Catholic ceremonies in the Palatinate and was the Protestant leader at the Imperial Diet of 1556 - 1557.

1561.   Calvinist Frederick III [b. at Simmern on Sunday, February 14, 1515 A.D. - d. at Heidelberg on Tuesday, October 26, 1576 A.D.], Elector Palatine of the Rhine. 5th Updated Version of “The Strassburg Liturgy” - “The Form of Church Prayers”.  Calvinist Frederick III persecuted both Catholics and Lutherans and ordered the Altars, Baptismal fonts and pictures removed from the churches and established the use of plain white bread in communion.

1584. The English Puritans: “The Waldegrave Liturgy”, the 4th Updated Version of the John Knox “The Forme of Prayers”.

1586.  June, 1586. The English Puritans at Middleburg:  “A Booke of the Forme of Common Prayers”, a.k.a. “The Middleburg Liturgy”, a.k.a. “The Schilders Liturgy”.  This was also the 2nd Updated Version of “The Waldegrave Liturgy” and also the 5th Updated Version of the John Knox “The Forme of Prayers”

1645.  Tuesday, January 3, 1645.  The English Puritans:  “A Directory for the Publique Worship of God”, a.k.a. “The Westminster Directory”.  It officially replaced “The Booke of Common Prayer.”  The Westminster Assembly, a creation of the British Parliament, met on Wednesday, July 1, 1643 to unify the liturgy for Scotland, England and Ireland.  Stephen Marshall, the chairman, presented the first draft of it in May, 1644, before the full Assembly.  After making various changes, it was presented to the British Parliament on Tuesday, January 3, 1645.  The British Parliament in accepting it also officially abrogated “The Book of Common Prayer” on the same day.  The Church of Scotland adopted it by the Act of Assembly, on Friday, February 3, 1645.

1660.   King Charles II and the “Act of Uniformity” by the British Parliament.  “The Booke of Common Prayer”, the 3rd Updated Version  of “The Second Prayer Book of Edward VI”.

1661.  Puritan Richard Baxter [1615 A.D. - 1691 A.D.]:  “The Reformation of the Liturgy” (The Savoy Liturgy.)

1662:  King Charles II.  “The Prayer Book of Charles II”.  The 4th Updated Version of “The Booke of Common Prayer - The Second Prayer Book of Edward VI of 1552", and the 1st Updated Version of “The Scottish Prayer Book of 1637", a.k.a. “The Book of Common Prayer...For the Use of the Church of Scotland”, a.k.a. “Laud’s Liturgy”.  King Charles II gave his assent to a Bill for liturgical Uniformity on Friday, May 19, 1662, to which was attached penalties for noncompliance, which had been pieced together by the 9 remaining Anglican Bishops and which had been completed and adopted in December, 1661, by the Episcopal Convocations of Canterbury and York.

1784. John Wesley [1703 A.D. - 1791 A.D.]:  “The Sunday Service of the Methodists in North America.”

1789.    Friday,  October 16, 1789.  Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America:  “The Booke of Common Prayer” which is the 5th Updated Version of “The Second Prayer Book of Edward VI.”



Response to Protestant Attacks
Against the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass

Roman Catholic Council of Trent
Session 22, Monday, September 17, 1562, A.D.

Complete text at:
http://www.traditionalcatholicmass.com/home-m32.html

Chapter 1
On the Institution of
The Most Holy Sacrifice of the Mass

“Forasmuch as, under the former Testament, according to the testimony of the Apostle Paul, there was no perfection, because of the weakness of the Levitical priesthood; there was need, God, the Father of mercies, so ordaining, that another priest should rise, according to the order of Melchisedech, our Lord Jesus Christ, who might consummate, and lead to what is perfect, as many as were to be sanctified. He, therefore, our God and Lord, though He was about to offer Himself once on the altar of the cross unto God the Father, by means of his death, there to operate an eternal redemption; nevertheless, because that His priesthood was not to be extinguished by His death, in the last supper, on the night in which He was betrayed,--that He might leave, to His own beloved Spouse the Church, a visible sacrifice, such as the nature of man requires, whereby that bloody sacrifice, once to be accomplished on the cross, might be represented, and the memory thereof remain even unto the end of the world (1 Corinthians 11:24), and its salutary virtue be applied to the remission of those sins which we daily commit,--declaring Himself constituted a priest for ever, according to the order of Melchisedech, He offered up to God the Father His own body and blood under the species of bread and wine; and, under the symbols of those same things, He delivered (His own body and blood) to be received by His apostles, whom He then constituted priests of the New Testament; and by those words, Do this in commemoration of me (Luke 22:19; 1 Corinthians 11:24), He commanded them and their successors in the priesthood, to offer (them); even as the Catholic Church has always understood and taught. For, having celebrated the ancient Passover, which the multitude of the children of Israel immolated in memory of their going out of Egypt, He instituted the new Passover, (to wit) Himself to be immolated, under visible signs, by the Church through (the ministry of) priests, in memory of His own passage from this world unto the Father, when by the effusion of His own blood He redeemed us, and delivered us from the power of darkness, and translated us into his kingdom. And this is indeed that clean oblation, which cannot be defiled by any unworthiness, or malice of those that offer (it); which the Lord foretold by Malachias was to be offered in every place, clean to his name, which was to be great amongst the Gentiles (Malachias 1:11); and which the apostle Paul, writing to the Corinthians, has not obscurely indicated, when he says, that they who are defiled by the participation of the table of devils, cannot be partakers of the table of the Lord; by the table, meaning in both places the altar. This, in fine, is that oblation which was prefigured by various types of sacrifices  (Genesis 4:4; 8:20, etc.) , during the period of nature, and of the  [Old] law; in as much as it comprises all the good things signified by those sacrifices, as being the consummation and perfection of them all.”

Chapter 4
On the Canon of the Mass.

“And whereas it beseemeth, that Holy things be administered in a Holy manner, and of all Holy things this Sacrifice is the most Holy; to the end that it might be worthily and reverently Offered and Received, the Catholic Church instituted, many years ago, the Sacred Canon, so pure from every error, that nothing is contained therein which does not in the highest degree savor of a certain Holiness and Piety, and raise up unto God the minds of those that Offer [it]. For it is composed, out of the very words of the Lord, the Traditions of the Apostles, and the Pious institutions also of Holy Pontiffs.”

After Trent

“From the time of Saint Gregory I, the Great, [Friday, September 3, 590 - Monday, March 12, 604]--Certainly from the time when Saint Gregory became pope, our Canon was already fixed in its present order.  There are scarcely any changes to note in its history since then.  ‘No Pope has added to or changed the Canon since Saint Gregory’ says Benedict XIV (DE SS. MISSAE SACR., 162)...”

“From the tenth century, people took all manner of liberties with the text of the Missal.  It was the time of farced Kyries and Glorias, of dramatic and even theatrical ritual, of endlessly varying and lengthy prefaces, into which interminable accounts of stories from Bible history and lives of saints were introduced.  This tendency did not even spare the Canon...The Roman Catholic Council of Trent (1545-1563) restrained this tendency and ordered thatthe holy Canon composed many centuries agoshould be kept pure and unchanged; it also condemned those who say that theCanon of the Mass contains errors and should be changed’. (Sess. 22, Chap. 4, Canon 6; Father Heinrich Joseph Dominicus Denzinger [b. at Liège, Belgium on Sunday, October 10, 1819 A.D. - d. at Würzburg, Bavaria, Germany on Tuesday, June 19, 1883 A.D.], “Enchiridion Symbolorum et Definitionum”, # 819, 830.).”

“Pope [Saint] Pius V (1566-1572) published an authentic edition of the Roman Missal in 1570 and accompanied it with a Bull [“Quo Primum Tempore”] forbidding anyone to either add, or in any way change any part of itThis Missal is to be the only one used in the West, and everyone is to conform to it, except that local uses which can be proved to have existed for more than 200 years are to be kept... Since [Saint] Pius V our Canon, then, has been brought back to its original simplicity... So that of all liturgical prayers in the Christian world, no one is more ancient nor more venerable than the Canon of the Roman Mass.” (Adrian Fortescue, “Catholic Encyclopedia”, Volume 3, pp. 260-261, s.v. “Canon of the Mass”, 1908; emphasis added.)

 
The Blessing
V. Sit + Nomen Domini benedictum.
R. Ex hoc nunc, et usque in saeculum.
V. Adjutorium nostrum in
Nomine Domini.
R. Qui fecit cœlum et terram.
V. Benedicat vos, Omnipotens Deus:
V. Pa + ter, et Fi + lius, et Spiritus + Sanctus, descendat super vos, et maneat semper.
R. Amen.
V. Blessed + be the Name of the Lord.
R. Now and for ever more.x
V. Our help is in the Name of the Lord.
mm
R. Who made Heaven and earth.
V. May Almighty God Bless thee:x
V. The Fa + ther, the + Son, and the Holy + Ghost, descend upon thee, and always remain with thee.
R. Amen.

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