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Who Were the First Two Heretics
Who Attacked the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass
And Denied the Divine Mystery of Transubstantiation?

Heretics of the Middle Ages
 


John Scotus Eriugena
[b. Paris, 810 A.D. - d. 877 A.D.]

It is quite possible that the first actual direct attack against the theology of the Catholic Mass came in about the middle of the 9th Century, when John Scotus Eriugena, [b. Paris, 810 A.D. - d. 877 A.D.], an Irish teacher, theologian, philosopher and poet, the head of the palace school under Charles the Bald [b. 823 A.D. - d. Wednesday, October 6, 877 A.D.], attacked the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass in about 847 A.D.  How did this happen?

“It is not hard to trace the intellectual pedigree of this Irish thinker:  the two most philosophical of all the Fathers, Saint Augustine and Saint Gregory of Nyssa -- Neoplatonists both -- Saint Maximus the Confessor and, above all, the anonymous writer for so long called -- and thought to be -- Denis the Areopagite [a.k.a. pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite].” (Philip Hughes, “A History of the Church to the Eve of the Reformation”,Volume 1: - 711.)

Eriugena had translated the works of the 5th Century Neo-Platonic philosopher, pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite, from the Greek.  Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite was not an Athenian but a Syrian and not a contemporary of the Apostles as had been thought, but rather a monk of the late 5th Century. As a matter of fact, he was not even a Catholic, but rather, although he was a convert from paganism, he was a Monophysite heretic. He was a contemporary of Proclus [411-485] and of the furious controversies which swirled in consequence of the Fourth Œcumenical Council, the First Council of Chalcedon [Sunday, October 8, 451 A.D. -  Wednesday, November 1, 451 A.D.]

It seems self-evident that the heretical neo-Platonism of Saint Augustine [an ex-Manichaen heretic], Saint Gregory of Nyssa, Saint Maximus the Confessor, and, above all, of Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite, greatly influenced John Scotus Eriugena in an adverse way in regard to the teachings of the Catholic Church, especially about the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass and the Sacrament of the Most Holy Eucharist!

Eriugena’s primary work, which the Church later condemned, was “De Divisione Naturae” [851 A.D.] in which he presented a large pantheistic system, thus causing him to be considered by some as the Father of anti-Scholasticism.  In the 13th Century, the pantheism of  “De Divisione Naturae” was formally condemned. The Council of Paris [1225 A.D.] coupled the condemnation of Eringena’s work with the previous condemnations [1210 A.D.] of the doctrines of Amalric of Chartres and David of Dinant, and there can be no doubt that the pantheists of that time were using Eriugena’s treatise.

Besides falling into the heresy of pantheism, John Scotus Eriugena also fell into other heresies in about 847 A.D.  These are found in his heretical attacks against the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass.  He taught that the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass is only a mere “memorial meal” which heresy was later used by the 16th Century Protestants and the 20th Century Modernists.  He also taught that the Sacrament of the Holy Eucharist is merely a symbol or a figure of Christ, NOT the Real Transubstantiated Presence of Jesus Christ.  You will find proof for this where he wrote that “the Eucharist is the figure, the sign, and the pledge of the [i.e. not the real] body of Christ” “De Corpore et Sanguine Domini”.    (Jacques Paul Migne [b. Saint-Flour, France on Saturday, October 25, 1800 - d. Paris, France on  Sunday, October 24, 1875], “Patrologiæ Latinæ Cursus Completus”, published in 221 volumes [1862 - 1864], Volume CXXI, pp. 125-170.  Bishop Jacques Bénigne Bossuet [1627 - 1704], Bishop of Meaux, states that this work of Eriugena, i.e. “De Corpore et Sanguine Domini”, was “an ambiguous book, where certainly the author did not always understand himself” [Bishop Jacques Benigne Bossuet, [b. at Dijon, France on Monday, September 27, 1627 A.D. - d. at Paris, France on Saturday, April 12, 1704 A.D.] was the Bishop of Meaux, France; “History of the Variations of the Protestant Churches”, Book IV, no. 32.]; emphasis added).

This heresy was also utilized by the 16th Century Protestants and the 20th Century Modernists.

For the record, most probably the very first person to use the term “Transubstantiation” was Hildebert of Tours in about the year 1097 A.D. John Scotus Eriugena denied the Mystery of the Transubstantiation in his book, cited above!  He was condemned at the Council of Valence in 855 A.D. which called his heresies “pultes Scotorum” - the Scottish hodgepodge.  That he exceeded the bounds of orthodoxy is the contention of Prudentius of Troyes and Florus of Lyons who answered the “Liber de Predestination” in works full of bitter personal attacks on Eriugena. Their views prevailed in the Councils of Valencia in 855 A.D.  and Langres in 859 A.D., in which Eriugena’s doctrine was condemned.  He was killed by his own pupils at a very advanced age in 877 A.D.

So, back in the 9th Century, John Scotus Eriugena had actually revived in part the heresy of the old Manichæan Dualism of the 3rd Century which heresy, in turn, was revived again in the 11th Century by Berengar of Tours, a.k.a. Berengarius of Tours, [999 A.D. -1088 A.D.], and in the 10th - 12th Centuries by the Dualistic Patarines of Milan, in the 12th Century by the Neo-Manichæans called the Albigensians, in the 15th -16th Centuries by the Protestants and in the 20th Century by the Modernist Heretics and the New Theology Heretics.


Berengar of Tours
[b. 999 A.D. - d. 1088 A.D.]

“The persecutions which the evil enemy [i.e. the Devil] has stirred up at various times against the most Holy Sacrifice of the Mass are a proof how sacred a thing it must be, and how obnoxious to the Devil; otherwise he would not attack it with such violence.  In the first ten centuries of the Christian Church teachers of heresy were indeed not wanting, but none of them ventured to assail the Mass, much less did they attempt to do away with it.  The heretic Berengarius of Tours was the first who presumed to speak and write against the Holy Mass.  His erroneous teaching was exposed and triumphantly refuted by the Catholic theologians of the day; it was, moreover, condemned by the General Council of the Church.” (Father Martin Cochem, “Explanation of the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass”, Second Edition, Benziger Brothers Publishers, Imprimatur, Michael Augustine, Archbishop of New York, June 24, 1896, Chapter I, pp. 19-21; emphasis added.)

“Through God’s Infinite Wisdom, Providence, design and foreknowledge of all things, it has turned out that only in the Western Church has the doctrine of the Real Presence been assailed. We know this to be true from the striking testimony of history. Berengarius, Tanchelmus of Antwerp, whose heresies in the 12th Century were resisted and vanquished by Saint Norbert; Wyclif, the Sacramentarians, Calvin, Zwingli, and the whole host of 16th Century Protestant Revolutionaries, etc. -- all these deniers of the Real Presence arose in the West.”

“With the one notable exception of Cyrillos Lukaris (1572-1637) (cf. TNS, pp. 61-62), the doctrine of the Real Presence has never been attacked by heretics in the Eastern churches; on the contrary, it has always been believed and upheld, even by the schismatics since the 11th Century and by the early Oriental heretics. ‘In fact’, we read in ‘The Catholic Encyclopedia’ (Vol. V, p. 578, 1909 ed.), ‘even the Nestorians and Monophysites, who broke away from Rome in the fifth century, have, as is evident from their literature and liturgical books, preserved their faith in the Eucharist as unwaveringly as the Greeks, and this in spite of the dogmatic difficulties which, on account of their denial of the hypostatic union, stood in the way of a clear and correct notion of the Real Presence.’” (Patrick Henry Omlor, “No ‘Mystery of Faith’: No Mass”, ¶¶ 66-67).

So, WHO is Berengar of Tours?  Berengar of Tours, a.k.a. Berengarius of Tours, [b. 999 A.D. - d. 1088 A.D.], was a theologian who became the Archdeacon of Angers in 1039 A.D.

In about 1047 A.D., Berengar of Tours became involved in a Eucharistic controversy which went back to the 9th Century.  What had happened was that in 831 A.D., Saint Radbert Paschasius [b. Soissons, France in 786 A.D. - d. c. 860 A.D. in Corbie], the Abbot of Corbie, wrote “De Corpore et Sanguine Domini” (which was published in 844 A.D.) in which he taught, following the teachings of  Saint Ambrose [b. in Gaul, possibly at Trier, Arles, or Lyons in 340 A.D. - d. at Milan, Italy on Friday, April 4, 397 A.D.] Patriarch of Milan [374 A.D. - Friday, April 4, 397 A.D.], Father and Doctor of the Catholic Church, on the “real presence”, that in the Sacrament of the Most Holy Eucharist, the bread is converted into the real Body of Jesus Christ, the same Sacred Body which was born of the Blessed Virgin Mary and which was crucified.

Ratramnus, a monk of the same abbey, followed the “spiritual presence”.  This was something about which Bishop Saint Augustine, a.k.a. Aurelius Augustinus [b. Tagaste, Africa, Saturday, November 13, 354 A.D. - d. Hippo Regia, Africa, Wednesday, August 28, 430 A.D.], Bishop of Hippo Regia, Father and Doctor of the Catholic Church, the Doctor of Grace, a protégé of Patriarch Saint Ambrose, [b. in Gaul, possibly at Trier, Arles, or Lyons in 340 A.D. - d. at Milan, Italy on Friday, April 4, 397 A.D.] Patriarch of Milan [374 A.D. - Friday, April 4, 397 A.D.], Father and Doctor of the Catholic Church, had written with the sole purpose of trying “to repel a gross Capharnaite interpretation”? (Rev. Fernand Mourrett, S.S., “A History of the Catholic Church”, translated by Rev. Newton Thompson, S.T.D., Volume Three, Period of the Early Middle Ages, Part III, The Holy Roman Empire, Chapter XV, Pope Saint Nicholas I [858-867], Scotus Erigena, p. 472.), but yet without denying the reality of Christ’s Body and Blood.

This explains why Ratramnus, apparently ignorant of the sole purpose of Bishop Saint Augustine, or, at the very least, interpreting the texts of Saint Augustine with an excessively narrow logic, mistakenly took the position that in the Holy Eucharist there is no conversion of the bread, but, nevertheless, that the Body of Jesus Christ is present, but only in a “spiritual way”.  Hence, that it is not the “same” Sacred Body as that born of the Blessed Virgin Mary and which was crucified.

Also in the 9th Century, John Scotus Erigena took the position that the Sacrament of the Altar is merely a figure of the actual Body of Christ.  In other words, that it is only a memorial of the true Body and Blood of Christ.   Please keep in mind that in those days, the science of theology was in its infancy.  This simply means that theological language had not yet reached its technical perfection as it did later under the Scholastics, e.g. Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., when, in presenting a more thorough doctrine of Transubstantiation, the distinction between the identity “quoad essentiam”, and the identity “quoad speciem”, (the admission of a Sacramental presence, which is halfway between simply a natural presence and a purely symbolic presence), cleared away the confusion of the 9th and 11th Centuries, without, however, totally explaining a profound Infinite Divine Mystery which remains beyond the realm of the finite human mind.

So, this gives you some background data which explains why, in about 1047 A.D., Berengar of Tours based his teachings on the Holy Eucharist on the 9th Century John Scotus Erigena, a kind of kindred spirit, so to speak.  But this wasn’t limited to just the Holy Eucharist.  Rather, Berengar held erroneous opinions about the spiritual power, marriage, the baptism of children, and other points of doctrine. (Bernold of Constance, “De Berengerii Haeresiarchae Damnatione Multiplici” in Jacques Paul Migne [b. Saint-Flour, France on Saturday, October 25, 1800 - d. Paris, France on  Sunday, October 24, 1875], “Patrologiæ Latinæ Cursus Completus”, published in 221 volumes [1862 - 1864], CXLIX, 1456; Guitmond, “De Corporis et Sanguinis Christi veritate in Eucharistiâ”, Jacques Paul Migne [b. Saint-Flour, France on Saturday, October 25, 1800 - d. Paris, France on  Sunday, October 24, 1875], “Patrologiæ Latinæ Cursus Completus”, published in 221 volumes [1862 - 1864], CXLIX, 1429, 1480.)

Nevertheless, Berengar’s basic doctrinal concerns centered on the Holy Eucharist. But, in order to better understand his erroneous opinions, please note that his teacher, Fulbert of Chartres, considered his pupil to be an unsound and dangerous spirit. Later, Berengar became a rhetorician with the vacillating mind of a multifaceted eccentric.  It should be no surprise then to discover that Berengar had rationalistic tendencies and was a nominalist in his philosophy.  So, his thinking then goes like this:  Even in the study of the question of faith, reason is the best guide, but reason depends on and is limited by sense-perception.  Thus, since authority is not conclusive, one must reason according to the data of one’s senses.

Even more than the influence of John Scotus Erigena, this erroneous philosophy is in large part the basis which explains why Berengar denied Transubstantiation. However, it is not absolutely certain that he denied the Real Presence, although he certainly did hold false views in reference to it.


Transubstantiation

By “Transubstantiation” is meant the substantial conversion expressed by the term itself.  The term “Transubstantiation” itself was used for the first time by Archbishop Hildebert of Tours, a.k.a. Hildebert of Lavardin, a.k.a. Hydalbert, or Gildebert, or Aldebert  [b. c. 1055 - d. Monday, December 18, 1133], Archdeacon of Le Mans [1091 A.D.], Bishop of Le Mans [1096 A.D.] and Archbishop of Tours [1125 A.D.], in about the year 1097 A.D.)

For Berengar the question was “Is the Sacred Body of Christ present in the Holy Eucharist, and, if so, in what manner?”  To answer this question, Berengar appeals to various other sources in addition to John Scotus Erigena.

Examples include Saint Ambrose [b. in Gaul, possibly at Trier, Arles, or Lyons in 340 A.D. - d. at Milan, Italy on Friday, April 4, 397 A.D.] Patriarch of Milan [374 A.D. - Friday, April 4, 397 A.D.], Father and Doctor of the Catholic Church, Saint Jerome, and Saint Augustine.

These Fathers of the Catholic Church teach that the Sacrament of the Altar is the figure, the sign, the token of the Sacred Body and Precious Blood of Jesus Christ.  In their minds, these terms apply directly to what is external and sensible in the Holy Eucharist and do not, in any way, imply the negation of the real presence of the true Body of Christ, e.g. Saint Augustine, “Sermon 143", #3.

For Berengar, the Body and Blood of Christ are really present in the Holy Eucharist, but this presence is ONLY an intellectual or “spiritual presence”. The substance of the bread and the substance of the wine remain unchanged in their nature, but by Consecration they become ONLY “spiritually” the very Body and Blood of Christ. For Berengar, this “spiritual” Body and Blood of Christ is the “res sacramenti”, while the bread and the wine are the figure, the sign, the token, i.e. the “sacramentum”.

It should comes as no surprise to you then, that he would not get away with his erroneous teachings!  So it came about that there was a discussion with Berengar about his teachings on the Holy Eucharist with Hugues, Bishop of Langres, and Adelman écolâtre of Liège.  But, during this meeting, when Bishop Hugues of Langres informed Berengar that his teachings on the Mass and the Holy Eucharist were heretical, Berengar appealed to the authority of John Scotus Eriugena.  But such an appeal was fruitless because the Abbot of Le Bec, Abbot Lanfranc, [b. 1005 A.D. - d. 1089 A.D.], attacked as heretical the opinion of John Scotus Erigena and defended the doctrine of Radbert Paschasius.

So it came about that Berengar, in an attempt to defend his heretical opinion, wrote a letter to Abbot Lanfranc who received this letter in Rome where he had gone to take part in a Council at the Lateran. where it was read [1050 A.D.].

But, Pope Leo IX [Bruno, of the Counts Egisheim-Dagsburg, February 12, 1049 A.D. - Wednesday, April 19, 1054 A.D.], who had been advised of the extent to which the new teaching was growing, determined that the vague condemnations against Berengar, which had been decreed in 1049 A.D. by the Council of Reims, was not sufficient.

Therefore, Berengar was condemned by the Council of Rome of 1050 A.D. (a.k.a. the Lateran Council of 1050 A.D.), despite the fact that Cardinal Deusdedit [b. Todi, Italy in   ? A.D. - d. c. 1100 A.D.] attempted to defend Berengar!

Although Pope Leo IX pronounced the sentence of excommunication against Berengar, he also summoned Berengar to appear before a council that would open at Vercelli in September, 1050 A.D. in order to give Berengar an opportunity to make a public retraction or, if possible, to explain his opinion in an orthodox sense.

(N.B.:  “The Catholic Encyclopedia” of 1908 is in error about the year “1078” as the year in which Cardinal Deusdedit [b. Todi, Italy in   ? A.D. - d. c. 1100 A.D.] “took part in a Roman synod”.  Our research indicates the year was 1050 A.D.  True, there were Roman Synods in 1078 A.D., but none of them were about Berengar.  For example, the one from Monday, February 24, 1078 A.D. to Sunday, March 3, 1078, under Gregory 7th [Tuesday, April 22, 1073 - Monday, May 25, 1085] dealt with convoking an assembly of Roman Catholic Prelates and eminent men of Germany.)
Because King Henry I was the titular Abbot of Saint Martin of Tours, Berengar petitioned him for permission to go to the council of Vercelli. Now it seems likely that it was at this time that the conferences of Brionne and Chartres were also held in which Berengar unsuccessfully defended his opinions. (Cf. Durand of Troarn, “Liber De Corpore et Sanguine Christi”, xxxiii, in Jacques Paul Migne [b. Saint-Flour, France on Saturday, October 25, 1800 - d. Paris, France on  Sunday, October 24, 1875], “Patrologiæ Latinæ Cursus Completus”, published in 221 volumes [1862 - 1864], Volume CXLIX, # 1422).

The King, for reasons unknown, ordered Berengar to be imprisoned.  During his imprisonment, the Council of Vercelli of 1050 A.D. met in session and examined the teachings of Berengar.  Upon finding his teachings heretical, they condemned him and his heresies on the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass.

But the imprisonment of Berengar did not last long. The Bishop of Angers, Eusebius Bruno, was his disciple and supporter, while Geoffrey Martel, the Count of Anjou, was his protector.

In 1051 A.D.,  by order of King Henry I, a national Synod was held in Paris to judge both Berengar and Eusebius Bruno.  Neither was present, and both were condemned.  The Council of Tours was held before Wednesday, April 19, 1054 A.D.  It was attended by Cardinal Gerard and the Bishops of France.  It  was convoked in the name of Pope Leo IX (who died later on Wednesday, April 19, 1054 A.D.), by the monk Hildebrand (the future Gregory 7th) who presided over it as the papal legate.

Berengar felt that the Council would go against him.  So, he resolved to use every subterfuge and to invoke every right of appeal.  But, from the very beginning, Hildebrand gave him the choice of immediate recourse to the direct judgment of the pope or of letting the French council, assembled in the pope’s name, pass judgment on the main point at issue.  The whole assembly favored the latter alternative and desired to hear the heretic’s explanations.

During the proceedings, Berengar was called upon to declare, “yes” or “no”, whether he subscribed to the following proposition: “After the consecration, the bread and wine of the altar are the body and blood of Jesus Christ”.  Berengar, as he himself avowed, subscribed to this formula and swore that such was his faith, from the bottom of his heart.

But so much for oaths, because the heretic later revoked this declaration and distorted it while he pretended to explain it.  Thus began a confused series of affirmations and retractions which covered his career up to his last abjuration.

At yet another Council, this one held in Rome in 1059 A.D., Berengar was also physically present.  During this Council he again retracted his opinions, and again signed a Formula of Faith, which had been drawn up by Cardinal Humbert, in which Berengar affirmed the real and sensible presence of the true Body of Christ in the Holy Eucharist.” (Archbishop Gian Domenico Mansi of Lucca, a.k.a. Giovanni Mansi, [b. in Lucca on Saturday, February 16, 1692 A.D. - d. in Lucca on Wednesday, September 27, 1769 A.D.], an Italian Church Historian, who wrote a voluminous history of the Church Councils up to the Seventeenth Œcumenical Council, the First Council of Basel, Ferrara, Florence [Monday, April 9, 1438 A.D. - Thursday, August 7, 1445 A.D.], in 31 folio volumes, published in Florence and Venice between 1758 - 1798, “Sacrorum Conciliorum Nova et Amplissima Collectio”, Volume XIX, 900.)

But, on his return home, Berengar attacked this formula.  Eusebius Bruno abandoned him, and the Count of Anjou, Geoffrey the Bearded, vigorously opposed him. Berengar then appealed to Alexander II, Anselmo Da Baggio, a.k.a. Anselm the Elder  [Tuesday, October 1, 1061 - Monday, April 21, 1073], who, although he did intervene on his behalf, also asked him to renounce his heretical opinions. But Berengar contemptuously refused to do this. At this time Berengar wrote his infamous “De Sacrâ Coenâ Adversus Lanfrancum Liber Posterior”, the first book of which (it is now lost), had been written against the Council of Rome of 1059 A.D.

Once more he was condemned, this time by the Councils of Poitiers of 1075 A.D., and of Saint Maixeut of 1076 A.D.  In 1078 A.D., by order of Gregory 7th, Beregnar came to Rome once again.  In another Council held in the Basilica of Saint John Lateran, Berengar once more signed a Profession of Faith in which he affirmed the conversion of the bread into the Body of Christ, born of the Blessed Virgin Mary.

The following year, 1079 A.D., in yet another Council held in the Lateran, Berengar again signed a formula affirming the same doctrine, but in a more explicit way.  But then Gregory 7th recommended Berengar to the Bishops of Tours and Angers, forbidding that any penalty should be inflicted on Berengar or that anyone should call him a Heretic.

“We, assembled by the authority of God in this place, having read the letter from the Synod of nineteen bishops held at Mentz [Monday, May 31, 1080 A.D.] against the licentious Hildebrand [Gregory 7th], the preacher of sacrilegious and incendiary doctrines; the defender of perjury and murder; who, as an old disciple of the Heretic Berengar, has endangered the Catholic and Apostolic Doctrine of the Body and Blood of Christ [Transubstantiation]; the worshipper of divinations and of dreams; the notorious necromancer [sorcerer]; himself possessed with an evil spirit, and therefore guilty of departing from the Truth. Him We adjudge to be Canonically deposed and expelled from his See [of Rome], and unless, on hearing Our judgment, he shall descend from his throne, to be condemned for everlasting.” (Henry Hart Milman, D.D., “History of Latin Christianity”, New York, 1881 A.D., Volume III, p. 482, “Decree of Deposition of Pope Gregory VII by the Synod of Brixen”, Friday, June 25, 1080 A.D.; emphasis added.)

Certainly the Synod of Brixen was prejudiced to some extent against Gregory 7th which, among things, accused him of “upsetting the established order of the Church, destroying the harmony of the Empire, and waging war upon the body and soul of a peaceful Catholic King [Henry IV].” (Rev. Fernand Mourrett, S.S., translated by Rev. Newton Thompson, S.T.D., Imprimatur, Saint Louis, November 23, 1940, + John J. Glennon, Archbishop, “A History of the Catholic Church”, Volume Four, Period of the Later Middle Ages, p. 226.)

Yes, it was at the Synod of Brixen where Archbishop Guibert of Ravenna was elected the new Pope.  Even so, all of the charges against Gregory 7th, to the best of Our knowledge, have never been disproven, perhaps because at least his contemporaries knew that either most, or even all, of these charges were true?

“It was Gregory VII, as the legate Hildebrand, who presided over the stormy Council of Sens in 1054 at which Berengarius was heard and from which he was cited to Rome, and who, as pope, in 1079, accepting as sincere his latest Profession of Faith, took the old theologian into his special protection. So far as the Holy See was concerned this ended the controversy; but in France the discussion as to the sincerity of Berengarius continued as long as he lived.” (Philip Hughes, “A History of the Church To the Eve of the Reformation”, Volume 2, 313 A.D. - 1274 A.D., Chapter 6: The Restoration of Spiritual Independence, 1046 A.D. - 1123 A.D., Part 5. The Renaissance Of Catholic Thought, Gregory VII and St. Peter Damian.)

But that was only temporary because “Innocent III crowned his eventful pontificate by convoking, in 1215, the Twelfth Ecumenical (Fourth Lateran) Council.... The Pope [Innocent III] presided in person.  In defining the Catholic Doctrine of the Holy Eucharist [Transubstantiation] against the heresy of Berengarius, the Council adopted the term ‘Transubstantiation’.” (Rev. J.A. Birkhaeuser, former Professor of Church History and Canon Law, “History of the Church”, From its First Establishment to Our Own Times, Recommendation by James Cardinal Gibbons [b. at Baltimore, Maryland on Wednesday, July 23, 1834 - d. Thursday, March 24, 1921], Archbishop of Baltimore, May 18, 1888, pp. 380-381.)

“Was it that from the first the bold, logical mind of Berengar at Tours had cast a spell upon Hildebrand?  Was it a calm, stern sense of justice, which believed, and dared to assert, that Berengar’s opinions had been misrepresented by his blind or malignant enemies?  Was it that he was caught in the skillful web of Berengar’s dialectics?  Was his sagacity at fault for once; and was his keen foresight obtuse to the inevitable consequences which the finer instinctive dread of the greater part of the religious world felt to its very heart, that from the Doctrine of Transubstantiation, in its hardest, most material form, once defined, once avowed, once established by the Decrees of Popes and Councils, there was no retreat without shaking the Sacerdotal power to its base--that bolder men would inevitably either advance on Berengar’s [heretical] opinions, or teach undisguised that which Berengar concealed under specious phraseology?...”

“Gregory can hardly have supposed that by mildness, moderation, candor, he could propitiate to silence or to inactivity the busy, vain heresiarch [Heretic].  Be it as it may, Gregory had to bear, and he can hardly but have foreseen that he should have to bear, the [just] reproach that he himself doubted the Real Presence of the Body and Blood of the Redeemer in the Sacrament [of the Holy Eucharist, i.e. the Gregory 7th doubted the Mystery of the Transubstantiation] that he was an infidel [a pagan; an Apostate].” (Henry Hart Milman, D.D., “History of Latin Christianity”, New York, 1881 A.D., Volume III, Volume III, pp. 474-477.)

So it was no wonder that some Bishops considered that Gregory 7th held the same heresy as Berengar!  Likewise, it is not much of a surprise to find that some Bishops held a Council to charge Gregory 7th with heresy because of Gregory 7th's implicit denial of the Sacred Divine Mystery of Transubstantiation!

Likewise, this heresy also called into question the validity of Gregory 7th's Masses - did he really Transubstantiate during his own Masses?!  But this very inconvient problem is usually conveniently ignored, or glossed over,  by most Church Historians and Theologians.

In addition, Gregory 7's complicity in the killing of Catholic Priests, by certain Heretics, whom Gregory rewarded with a papal flag, is not generally known today, despite the strong case that can be made against Gregory 7th.   The same treatment is extended to another one of Gregory's other terrible crimes - this one against a certain group of women!

Today few people seem to know anything about these things.  We leave it to the Readers who might have an interest in this data to do their own historical research on these issues since the details are very, very sickening to Us and We really do not even want to think about them, let alone write even one word about them.  So, We now move to the next subject.

Gregory 7th made up what some Readers might think is a glorified wish list.  It is known as the “Dictatus Papæ” (Dictates of the Pope).  Here is the list:

"1. That the Roman church was founded by God alone.
2.  That the Roman pontiff alone can with right be called universal.
3.  That he alone can depose or reinstate bishops.
4.  That, in a council his legate, even if a lower grade, is above all bishops, and can pass sentence of deposition against them.
5.  That the pope may depose the absent.
6.  That, among other things, we ought not to remain in the same house with those excommunicated by him.
7.  That for him alone is it lawful, according to the needs of the time, to make new laws, to assemble together new congregations, to make an abbey of a canonry; and, on the other hand, to divide a rich bishopric and unite the poor ones.
8.  That he alone may use the imperial insignia.
9.  That of the pope alone all princes shall kiss the feet.
10.  That his name alone shall be spoken in the churches.  (Do not mention God's Name!)
11.  That this is the only name in the world.  (Totally ignore God's Name!)
12.  That it may be permitted to him to depose emperors.
13.  That he may be permitted to transfer bishops if need be.
14.  That he has power to ordain a clerk of any church he may wish.
15.  That he who is ordained by him may preside over another church, but may not hold a subordinate position; and that such a one may not receive a higher grade from any bishop.
16.  That no synod shall be called a general one without his order.
17.  That no chapter and no book shall be considered canonical without his authority.
18.  That a sentence passed by him may be retracted by no one; and that he himself, alone of all, may retract it.
19.  That he himself may be judged by no one.
20.  That no one shall dare to condemn one who appeals to the apostolic chair.
21.  That to the latter should be referred the more important cases of every church.
22.  That the Roman church has never erred; nor will it err to all eternity, the Scripture bearing witness.
23.  That the Roman pontiff, if he have been canonically ordained, is undoubtedly made a saint by the merits of Saint Peter; Saint Ennodius, bishop of Pavia, bearing witness, and many holy fathers agreeing with him.  As is contained in the decrees of Saint Symmachus the pope.
24.  That, by his command and consent, it may be lawful for subordinates to bring accusations.
25.  That he may depose and reinstate bishops without assembling a synod.
26.  That he who is not at peace with the Roman church shall not be considered Catholic.
27.  That he may absolve subjects from their fealty to wicked men.”  (Ernest F. Henderson, “Select Historical Documents of the Middle Ages”, London: George Bell and Sons, 1910, pp. 366-367.)
Conclusion:  Berengar, on his return to Tours, again attacked the formula he had signed.  Finally, at the Council of Bordeaux of 1080 A.D., Berengar made a final retraction. He then retired into solitude on the island of Saint Cosme, where he died, apparently in union with the Roman Catholic Church.

Editorial Commentary

Over the course of many years, We have discovered, with the usual exceptions, that most non-Catholics know the History of the Catholic Church much better than do Catholics!

Part of the reason for this is that Catholics have never been required to learn the History of the Catholic Church.  While the time necessary to use for any in-depth study of the History of the Catholic Church by the average Catholic Laic, is not possible in current day modern society, especially in the U.S.A., and other more advanced Western Countries, nevertheless, a general course in the History of the Catholic Church, which the Laity could at the very least read by devoting only  one or two hours per each one week, should not impose an extreme stress on every adult Catholic.

The goal is not to speed read, but rather to take one's time, especially on those specific historical subjects of personal interest.  A knowledge of Church History helps ordinary Catholics to put things into better perspective.  In doing this, Readers will realize that there really is nothing "new", per se, in terms of the attacks of the Devil against the One, Holy, Catholic Church.  Despite the historical Demonic attacks, the Catholic Church continues to survive and to exist!  Today it is possible to be able to download several books on Church History in English for free from the Internet.

Here are three sources:

1.  Father Franz Xavier Von Funk, Ph.D.:
 

Father Franz Xavier Von Funk, Ph.D.,  “A Manual of Church History.”

You can download the free PDF file for Volume 1 at:
https://ia800501.us.archive.org/3/items/manualofchurchh01funk/manualofchurchh01funk.pdf

You can download the free PDF file for Volume 2 at:
https://ia600504.us.archive.org/25/items/manualofchurchhi02funk/manualofchurchhi02funk.pdf

2.  Bishop Heinrich Brück, D.D.:
Dr. Heinrich Brueck, a.k.a. Bishop Heinrich Brück, D.D., “History of the Catholic Church, For Use in Seminaries and Colleges.”

You can download the free PDF file for Volume 1 at:
https://ia801301.us.archive.org/27/items/HistoryOfTheCatholicChurchV1/HistoryOfTheCatholicChurchV1.pdf

You can download the free PDF file for Volume 2 at:
https://ia801306.us.archive.org/20/items/HistoryOfTheCatholicChurchV2/HistoryOfTheCatholicChurchV2.pdf

3.  Mourret-Thompson:
Mourret-Thompson, “A History Of The Catholic Church” (Set of 8 Volumes.)

You will find the 8 Individual Links to each of the 8 volumes at:
https://archive.org/details/AHistoryOfTheCatholicChurch

Happy Reading!

Of course there are other sources, but "modern day" histories are not as reliable as some of the older history books.  Also, We understand that some "modern books" contain subtle errors, and/orpropaganda, and possibly even some lies!

Below is some basic historical data, primarily on various Roman Catholic Popes, especially on some of the evil Popes of the Past and Present.

The purpose is not to make Catholic Readers depressed or otherwise upset, especially at so many of the disgustingly evil things they did, but rather to help Catholic Readers put all of that kind of slimy garbage into a proper Spiritual, Religious, and historical perspective which is to remember that the Catholic Church was instituted by Jesus Christ, not by any Pope!

This is why, despite the very, very extreme xxxxxxxxxxx-rated content that follows about some very evil Popes, it actually serves a good purpose - it proves, over and over, that the Catholic Church is not founded on one or more sinful Popes, or others, but rather since it is founded on God the Son, Jesus Christ, all Catholics have the faith, hope, knowledge, and certainty that no matter how bad, how evil anyof its leaders might be (many such leaders have been very Holy Saints, e.g. Pope Saint Pius V, Pope Saint Pius X), Christ has promised to be with His Church until the end of the world:

18   And Jesus coming, spoke to them, saying:  All power is given to me in heaven and in earth.
19   Going therefore, teach ye all nations; baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.
20   Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you:   and behold I am with you all days, even to the consummation of the world.  (Matthew 28:18-20.)
Likewise, it is Jesus Christ,it is not any Pope, or Bishop, or Cardinal, who holds the Primacy - the Primacy is held only by Jesus Christ:
“12   Giving thanks to God the Father, who hath made us worthy to be partakers of the lot of the saints in light:
13   Who hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and hath translated us into the kingdom of the Son of his love,
14   In whom we have redemption through his blood, the remission of sins;
15   Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature:
16   For in him were all things created in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones, or dominations, or principalities, or powers:  all things were created by him and in him.
17   And he is before all, and by him all things consist.
18   And He [Christ] is the Head of the Body, the Church, Who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all things He [Christ]  [not any Bishop; not any Pope] may hold the Primacy:
19   Because in Him, it hath well pleased the Father, that all fullness should dwell.”  (Colossians 1:12-19.)
This should be a source of comfort and consolation for all Catholics today!  Let all Catholics realize, as they read the xxxxxxxxxxxx-garbage of certain evil Popes - those Popes are long since dead, and most probably burning in HellThe Church did not end with them!

The is the promise for the future as well.  No matter how evil the present Pope, F-1 really is, no matter what evil person the New One World Order puts in his place when he is either assassinated or dies a natural death, the Catholic Church, which today is in the modern-day Catecombs to avoid being destroyed by the ant-Catholic Infiltrators, like the layman, F-1, who is only a fake and phony pretend pope, will survive, just as it did in the Middle Ages from all of the evil popes of those times!

Thank you for taking time from your busy schedule to have prayerfully read the above, and to prayerfully read the xxxxxxxxxxx-rated garbage of certain evil popes that follow.

Footnotes Referenced Above

22. That the Roman church has never erred; nor will it err to all eternity, the Scripture bearing witness.

[Editorial Commentary: Wishful thinking:  “I consider that, if one equates the Church of Rome with her Head, that is with the Pope, it is correct to say that she can err, even in matters touching the Faith, by giving encouragement to heresy, in issuing certain  decrees, for example.  Several Roman Pontiffs (i.e. Popes) have in fact been guilty of heresy.” (Pope Adrian VI, Adrian Florensz [Monday, January 9, 1522 - Friday, September 14, 1523], Quaest. In IV Sent.; emphasis added.]

23. That the Roman pontiff, if he have been canonically ordained, is undoubtedly made a saint by the merits of Saint Peter; Saint Ennodius, bishop of Pavia, bearing witness, and many holy fathers agreeing with him.  As is contained in the decrees of Saint Symmachus the pope.

[Editorial Commentary: Not True:   On the contrary, historically, some Popes have been evil.  “I consider that, if one equates the Church of Rome with her Head, that is with the Pope, it is correct to say that she can err, even in matters touching the Faith, by giving encouragement to heresy, in issuing certain  decrees, for example.  Several Roman Pontiffs (i.e. Popes) have in fact been guilty of heresy.” (Pope Adrian VI, Adrian Florensz [Monday, January 9, 1522 - Friday, September 14, 1523], Quaest. In IV Sent.; emphasis added.)

xxxxxxxxxxxxx-rated Evil Popes of the Past and Present

“432.  Did not bad Popes do acts which their successors thought wrong?   Yes.  The conduct of some Popes in their personal lives it is impossible to justify.  They ought to have been thoroughly ashamed of themselves.” (Rev. Dr. Leslie Rumble, M.S.C., Rev. Charles M. Carty, Preface by Rt. Rev. Msgr. Fulton J. Sheen, D.D., “Radio Replies”, Volume I, ¶ 432, p. 97.)

“433.  Then where was the protection of Christ?  With His Church, preserving her as a Church, in spite of the personal iniquity of these men.  I have never claimed that the Pope can do no wrong.  As a man he will have temptations like other men, and he will be free to resist those temptations, or consent to them.  After all, he must save his soul like anyone else.  He is not going to be preserved from sin in spite of himself.  Why should he be compelled to be good?  Goodness results in Heaven, and Heaven must be earned.  Every man, infallible or not, must have his own struggle to be good and to save his soul.  The Pope is not, and has never claimed to be impeccable.  But for our sake, not for his own, God endows him with infallibility that he may tell us with certainty what we must believe and do in order to save ourselves; whether he lives up to it himself is quite another matter and his own business.  It is quite possible to give splendid advice and not live up to it oneself.”  (Rev. Dr. Leslie Rumble, M.S.C., Rev. Charles M. Carty, Preface by Rt. Rev. Msgr. Fulton J. Sheen, D.D., “Radio Replies”, Volume I, ¶ 432, p. 97.)

First, please consider this general observation made back in the 10th Century A.D. by a great defender and champion of the Popes about some of the Popes of those days:  “This is an unfortunate age, since for about one hundred and fifty years the Popes have entirely fallen away from the virtue of their predecessors, and have been more like apostates than Apostles.” (Genebrardus [a great defender of the Popes], “Chronicles”, 901 A.D.)

1) Pope Damasus I [Saturday, October 1, 366 - Tuesday, December 11, 384] who, although he was married, according to his Deacons he was guilty of indulging his passions in defiance of the Sacrament of Matrimony.  In other words, he was cheating on his Wife.

2) Pope Vigilius I [Friday, March 29, 537 -  Saturday, June 7, 555] bought the Papacy from Belisarius, the agent of the Emperor Justianian.  This is simony!  However, he was either dishonest or changed his mind, because he did break his promise and paid nothing.  But the fact remains that he would not have been made Pope by the Emperor Justianian if he had not been willing to enter into a contract, no matter how illicit, invalid and sinful, and thus the fact that he paid nothing when the time came to do so is immaterial!

3) Pope Sergius III [Tuesday, January 29, 904 - Tuesday, April 14, 911] “was the slave of all vices, and the most wicked of all men...” ( Labbe and Cossart, S.J., vol. ix., col. 517.)

“Observe how very much these Popes had degenerated from their predecessors...sought the Papacy with ambition and bribery; and when they got in, slighting the Worship of God, pursued animosities among themselves with the violence of the fiercest tyrants.” (Bartholomeo Platina, “The Lives of the Popes”, Volume I, p. 244.  He had been appointed Vatican Librarian by Pope Sixtus IV, Francesco Della Rovere [Wednesday, August 9, 1471 - Tuesday, August 12, 1484] in 1479.)

This same Pope Sergius III also had an illegitimate son, known to history as Pope John XI [February, 931-December, 935], by his mistress Marozia.  In order to get the Papal Office, Pope Sergius III had Pope Leo V [July, 903 A.D. - September, 903 A.D.] and Pope Christopher [October, 903 A.D. -  January, 904 A.D.] killed.  After he got the Papal Office, Pope Sergius III engaged in daily orgies in the Castle of San Angelo in Rome, which is very close to the Vatican.

4) Pope Anastasius III [April, 911 A.D. -  June, 913 A.D.] was a Priest, both handsome and licentious, who was made a Pope by his mistress, Marozia, who most probably had him killed after she got bored with him.

5) Pope Lando I [July, 913 A.D. - February, 914 A.D.] was made a Pope by his mistress, Marozia, who most probably had him killed after she got tired of him, most likely by the soldier whom Marozia made his successor, known to history as Pope John X.

6) Pope John X [March, 914 A.D. - May, 928 A.D.] was a soldier whose mistress, Marozia, made him the Pope, with the approval of her mother, who was also another of his mistresses, Theodora, who shared her other daughter, Theodora, as another of his mistresses. Pope John X was killed by being suffocated with a pillow after being thrown into a dungeon after being taken prisoner by Guido, the husband of Marozia.

7) Pope Leo VI [May, 928 A.D. - December, 928 A.D.], who had been a young Priest, was made a Pope by his mistress, Marozia, but who was killed a few weeks later on orders from Marozia.

8) Pope Stephen VII [December, 928 A.D. - February, 931 A.D.] was also made a Pope by his mistress Marozia only to fall from her favor and be killed on her orders so that her own son could become Pope John XI.

9) Pope John XI [February, 931 A.D. - December, 935 A.D.] was the illegitimate son of Pope Sergius III [Tuesday, January 29, 904 - Tuesday, April 14, 911] and was made the Pope by his mother, Marozia, when he was only 20 years old. But when his mother, Marozia, married her husband's brother, Hugo, the King of Lombardy, in 931, after poisoning her husband Guido, John XI's half brother Alberico imprisoned both John XI and his mother, Marozia, in March, 933, after which John XI was killed in prison in December, 935 A.D., probably on orders from his half-brother Alberico?

10) “Pope John XII, Octavian [Tuesday, December 16, 955 - Monday, May 14, 964], was a son of Alberic II. His Papal Election was secured [bought?] by his father [Alberic II]...A Synod convened in Saint Peter's, 963, summoned the Pope to answer for his crimes.  He refused to recognize it and was deposed.  A layman [who is generally considered an anti-Pope], Pope Leo VIII [Sunday, December 4, 963 - Friday, March 1, 965] was elected in his stead. The proceeding was uncanonical and the election regarded as invalid.  Pope John XII took sanguinary measures of reprisal, but died as Otto [Emperor Otho] was preparing to return to Rome.”  (Conde B. Pallen, Ph.D., LL.D., John J. Wynne, S.J., S.T.D., et Alii, “The New Catholic Dictionary”, 1929, Imprimatur: Patrick Cardinal Hayes, Tuesday, October 1, 1929, John XII, p. 511 b.)

Octavian, the future Pope John XII, “was a young man, only sixteen years old...His days and nights were spent in the company of young men and of disreputable women, in the pleasures of the table and of amusements and of the hunt, or in even more sinful sensual enjoyments.  It is related that sometimes, in the midst of dissolute revelry, the Prince (the future John XII) had been seen to drink to the health of the Devil.  Raised to the Papal Office, Octavian changed his name and took the name of John XII.  He was the first Pope thus to assume a new name.  But his new dignity brought about no change in his morals, and merely added the guilt of sacrilege....This Pope's life was a monstrous scandal...”  (Rev. F. Mourret, S.S., translated by Rev. N. Thompson, S.T.D., “A History of the Catholic Church”, Volume 3, pp. 510-511; emphasis added.)

“On reaching this city [Rome], We inquired of the Bishops the cause of your absence.  They replied by charging you with deeds which would have been unworthy of common stage-players.  All, both Clergy and Laity, accuse you of homicide, perjury, sacrilege, and incest...”  (Emperor Otho, Letter to Pope John XII, Sunday, November 6, 963 A.D.; emphasis added.)

His Holiness, Pope John XII, raped many women.  He also had many mistresses, two of whom included his own biological Sisters.  Plus, he forcibly had sex with his own Mother thereby adding incest to his long list of sinful crimes. It has also been claimed that every day he toasted the goddess Venus and the Devil.

If that was not enought, His Holiness, also had lots of sex parties, hosting dances and sex orgies every day.  It was customary for His Holiness, Pope John XII, to culminate these public drunken processions, peppered with obscene songs, in the various churches in the city of Rome where dirty dancing and sex orgies made a mockery of the Houses of God and in which innumerable sacriliges were committed.  God permitted His Holiness to be killed by the husband of the wife with whom His Holiness, Pope John XII, was in bed with at the time having sex.  Her husband used a hammer to hit His Holiness on his Holiness’ head with a death blow.  Thus His Holiness got the zenith of his life.

11) Pope Benedict V [Tuesday, May 22, 964 - Friday, July 4, 966] raped a girl in 966.  His Holiness, the Pope, was killed in 966 by a jealous husband whose wife was one of the mistresses.  The body of His Holiness, Pope Benedict V, had over 100 dagger wounds in it, all from the bloodied hand of the furious husband.

12) Pope Benedict VII [October, 974 - Thursday, July 10, 983] was killed by the husband with whose wife His Holiness, Pope Benedict VII was having sex with at the time.  Here again, another case where a Pope got the apogee of his life.

13) Pope Benedict IX, Theophylactus, 1st time: [1032 - 1044]; 2nd time:  [Thursday, April 10, 1045 - Thursday, May 1, 1045]; 3rd time:  [Monday, November 8, 1047 - Monday, July 17, 1048].

“With the downfall of the Crescentians a new party came into power at Rome.  On the death of [Pope] Sergius IV [Sergius IV, Peter (Monday, July 31, 1009 - Tuesday, May 12, 1012)], whilst the former were engaged in securing the succession of a certain Gregory, Alberic, Count of Tusculum, a descendant of Theophylactus and Theodora, broke into the city [Rome], took control of the proceedings, and succeeded in placing successively on the Papal throne three members of his family, two of them being his brothers and the other his son, all of whom had heretofore been laymen.”

Benedict VIII, Theophylactus [Monday, May 18, 1012 - Friday, April 9, 1024]. “His first election resulted in the choice of Theophylactus, who assumed the name of Benedict VIII [Theophylactus (Monday, May 18, 1012 - Friday, April 9, 1024)].  As there were thus two claimants, Gregory and Benedict agreed to refer their case to the German King,.Henry II (1002-1024) [who] gave judgment in Benedict's favour, who accordingly bestowed on him and his consort Kunigunda the imperial crown (1014).  Though a worldly man and chiefly solicitous for the political welfare of the Papacy, Benedict did not altogether neglect his spiritual duties..”

Pope John XIX, Romanus [April, 1024 - 1032].  “He was succeeded by his brother Romanus, as John XIX [April, 1024 - 1032]...who crowned Conrad II (1027).”

Pope Benedict IX, Theophylactus, 1st time: [1032 - 1044].  “The third of the line being their nephew Theophylactus, or Benedict IX.  Though only twelve years of age, he [Benedict IX] excelled in the viciousness of his life even John XII [Octavian (Tuesday, December 16, 955 - Monday, May 14, 964)], who, like him, had been the son of an Alberic and had been promoted to the Papacy when not yet of Canonical Age.  His evil life produced a general revolt in 1044, but the new Pope, Silvester III [Sylvester III, John (Monday, January 20, 1045 - Monday, February 10, 1045)], was compelled to evacuate the See after having occupied it only seven weeks.”

Pope Benedict IX, Theophylactus, 2nd time: [Thursday, April 10, 1045 - Thursday, May 1, 1045].  “In the following spring Benedict IX was, however, induced to resign the tiara in favour of the archpriest, John Gratian, now to be known as Gregory VI [Monday, May 5, 1045 - Sunday, December 20, 1046 (resigned)]. The new pontiff was a man of sterling worth, and, though he obtained his promotion by payment [to Pope Benedict IX, who sold the Papal Office to the highest bidder!], this may be excused on the score that corruption then prevailed universally.”

“But his election [Gregory VI] did not remove the difficulties and it was soon necessary to supplant him.  This was done in 1046 with the help of Henry III (1039-1056); Silvester and Gregory were deposed by a Council held at Sutri; the same was done for Benedict [Benedict IX] by a Council held at Rome, and Henry's nominee, Suidger, Bishop of Bamberg, was acclaimed Pope [Clement II, Suidger, Lord of Morsleben and Hornburg (Thursday, December 24, 1046 - Saturday, October 9, 1047)].  (Father Franz Xavier Von Funk, Ph.D. [Doctorate in Philosophy in 1863 A.D.], [b. in the small market town of Abtsgemünd in Würtemberg, Germany on Monday, October 12, 1840 A.D. - d. at Tübingen, in Würtemberg, Germany, on Sunday, February 24, 1907 A.D.], Church Historian and Professor of Theology at the University of Tübingen, in Würtemberg, Germany, A Manual of Church History, Imprimatur, May 16, 1910 A.D., Volume I, pp. 262, emphasis added.)

It should be noted that Pope Gregory VI, John Gratian [Monday, May 5, 1045 - Sunday, December 20, 1046 (resigned)] was commanded to condemn himself and to resign by the Council of Sutri.  In obeying this Council, some could argue that Pope Gregory VI set the legal precedent that a Pope CAN be commanded to do certain things by a Council!

Here is what the Council told him: “It would have been better for you to be poor as Peter than rich like Simon Magus: Pronounce your own condemnation! (Council of Sutri to Pope Gregory VI, John Gratian [Monday, May 5, 1045 - Sunday, December 20, 1046 (resigned)].)

Here is the text which the simoniac, Pope Gregory VI, used to judge and condemn himself and to resign: “I, Gregory VI, Bishop [N.B. He did NOT use the word Pope!], Servant of the Servants of God, judge that, having made myself guilty of the shameful crime and heresy of simony, ought [i.e. in the sense of it is just or fitting or proper rather than at some future time I should be - since this took effect immediately] to be deposed from the Roman Bishopric [N.B.: He did NOT say “Roman Papacy!”]. (Self-condemnation of Pope Gregory VI, John Gratian [Monday, May 5, 1045 - Sunday, December 20, 1046 (resigned)].)

Pope Benedict IX, Theophylactus, 3rd time:  [Monday, November 8, 1047 - Monday, July 17, 1048]. This time around, Pope Benedict IX poisoned Pope Clement II, Suidger, Lord of Morsleben and Hornburg [Thursday, December 24, 1046 - Saturday, October 9, 1047]so that he could once more be the Pope for a third time!

Some claim that Pope Benedict IX also poisoned Pope Damasus II, Poppo [Monday, July 17, 1048 - Wednesday, August 9, 1048] so that he could once more be the Pope for yet a fourth third time! But Pope Damasus II was succeeded instead by Pope Leo IX, Bruno, of the Counts Egisheim-Dagsburg [Monday, February 12, 1049 - Wednesday, April 19, 1054].

14) Pope Blessed Eugene III, Bernardo Paganelli Di Montemagno  [Thursday, February 15, 1145 - Wednesday, July 8, 1153], imitated  Pope Vigilius I [Friday, March 29, 537 -  Saturday, June 7, 555] by buying the Papal Office.  This is simony!  Saint Bernard rebuked him: “Can you point out to me one man in this great city of Rome who would have taken you as Pope unless he had received either gold or silver?”   (Saint Bernard of Clairvaux  [b. Castle Fontaines, near Dijon, France in 1090 A.D. - d. at Clairvaux, France on Friday, August 21, 1153 A.D.], Abbot of Clairvaux, Doctor of the Church.)

15) Pope Boniface VIII, Benedetto Caetani [Friday, December 24, 1294 - Thursday, October 11, 1303] had 6,000 people killed, had more than 1 son, and had, among other mistresses, a married woman and her daughter.  His Holiness, Pope Boniface VIII, is alleged to have been quoted as saing:  “Having sex is like rubbing one hand aginst the other.”

16) Pope Clement V, Bertrand De Got [Friday, June 5, 1305 - Friday, April 20, 1314] had for his mistress, Countess Perigord, the daughter of the Comte De Foix. His Holiness ordered a Dominican Priest, the Confessor of Emperor Henry VII of Luxemburg, to poison the Emperor by giving him an poisoned Consecrated Host.

17) Pope Benedict XII, Jacques Fournier [Monday, December 20, 1334 - Wednesday, April 25, 1342] had for his mistress the Sister of Petrarch and he later legitimized all of his children by her.

18) Pope Clement VI, Pierre Roger De Beaufort [Monday, May 7, 1342 - Wednesday, December 6, 1352] had many mistresses including the Countess of Turenne and Countess Cecile.  His Holiness frequently laid naked on his bed, which was covered with ermine, accompanied by his many mistresses.

19) Pope Gregory XII, Angelo Corrario or Correr [Sunday, November 30, 1406 - Tuesday, July 4, 1415 (resigned)] had many illigetimate sons.

20) Pope 1st John XXIII, Baldassare Cossa [Thursday, May 17, 1410 A.D. - Monday, May 29, 1415 A.D.], (last anti-Pope of the Western Schism), an ex-Pirate, had a long list of crimes which included the poisoning of Pope Alexander V, Pietro Philarghi [Monday, June 26, 1409 - Thursday, May 3, 1410], so that he, Baldassare Cossa, could become Pope.  His other many crimes included piracy, rape, sodomy, incest and other murders.

21) Pope Callistus [Calixtus] III, Alfonso Borgia [Sunday, April 8, 1455 - Friday, August 6, 1458] had 3 illigetimate sons, one of whom, Luis Juan, he made a Cardinal when he was about 20 years old.

22) Pope Pius II, AEneas Silvio De Piccolomini [Thursday, August 19, 1458 - Monday, August 15, 1464] had 2 mistresses and 2 illigetimate sons.

23) Pope Sixtus IV, Francesco Della Rovere [Wednesday, August 9, 1471 - Tuesday, August 12, 1484] in 1471 made 3 of his 5 known illigitmate sons Cardinals including Giuliano, the future Pope Julius II, Giuliano Della Rovere [Saturday, October 31, 1503 - Friday, February 21, 1513].

24) Pope Innocent VIII, Giovanni Battista Cibo [Friday, August 29, 1484 - Monday, July 25, 1492] had about 16 illigitmate children.

25)  Pope Alexander VI, Rodrigo Borgia [Thursday, August 11, 1492 - Tuesday, August 18, 1503] had hundreds of mistresses and at least 10 known illigitimate children, the most famous of whom was his daughter Lucrezia Borgia.  Both His Holiness and his son Cesare, whom he made a Cardinal at an early age, committed incest with Lucrezia Borgia, their Daughter/Sister, respectively. His Holiness attended at least one orgy in the Vatican where nude whores had sex on the floor directly in front of His Holiness.

In addition, Pope Alexander VI and his illigitmate son, Cardinal Cesare, killed many people, including many Cardinals who paid His Holiness a lot of money to be made Cardinals only to be murdered, usually by poison, so that His Holiness could sell the new vacancies to other ambitious Clergy who wanted to pay to be made Cardinals.  They, too, were also poisoned.

 This continued until His Holiness and his illigitimate son, Cardinal Cesare, accidentally poisoned themselves, instead of some Cardinals!  His Holiness died, but Cardinal Cesare was able to survive.

His Holiness, Pope Alexander VI, taught that it is morally ok to have large numbers of concubines just “so long as a man doesn't commit Matrimony”. He practiced what he preached because he himself had over 300 concubines in order to satisfy his lust for sex.

26) Pope Julius II, Giuliano Della Rovere [Saturday, October 31, 1503 - Friday, February 21, 1513], was the illigitimate son of Pope Sixtus IV, Francesco Della Rovere [Wednesday, August 9, 1471 - Tuesday, August 12, 1484], had 3 illigitimate Daughters when he was still a Cardinal.

27)  Pope Leo X, Giovanni De Medici [Sunday, March 9, 1513 - Thursday, December 1, 1521] was a homosexual who filled the Vatican with naked boys.

28) Pope Paul III, Alessandro Farnese, a.k.a. the Petticoat Cardinal [Saturday, October 13, 1534 - Thursday, November 10, 1549] had a mistress and made his two illigitmate Sons Cardinals who, at the time, were 14 and 16 years old.  He also made his Grandson a Cardinal.

29) Pope Gregory XIII, Ugo Boncompagni [Saturday, May 13, 1572 - Wednesday, April 10, 1585] had numerous illigitmate Sons, apparently from many concubines.

Freemasons Control the New One World Order
Satanic Synod Vatican 2 pseudo-church:

Freemasons Pre-Selected These
Heretics/Apostates to be “Pope”
Of the New One World Order
Satanic Synod Vatican 2 pseudo-church:


 

Freemasons Controlled
The New One World Order
Satanic Synod Vatican 2 pseudo-church:

Freemasons Walking Down the Aisle in the anti-Catholic
Heretical/Apostate Synod Vatican 2 Freemasonic church
WHICH IS NO LONGER CATHOLIC!
All of the People in this church are EX-Catholics!

All of the People in this church are EX-Catholics!
 



Automatically Excommunicated Heretic and Apostate,
anti-Catholic Infiltrator, Pro-Communist,
Freemason,Roncalli, a.k.a. 2nd John 23rd:

anti-Catholic Infiltrator, Freemason Cardinal Roncalli:

Automatically Excommunicated Heretic and Apostate,
anti-Catholic Infiltrator, Pro-Communist,
Freemason,Roncalli, a.k.a. 2nd John 23rd:
Encouraged Protestantization of the Catholic Mass and Faith:

1,  2nd John 23rd, 2nd John XXIII, Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli [b. at Sotto il Monte, Bergamo, Kingdom of Italy, on Friday, November 25, 1881 - d at the Apostolic Palace, Vatican City on Monday, June 3, 1963]; Pope:  [Tuesday, October 28, 1958 - Monday, June 3, 1963]. Automatically Excommunicated Heretic and Apostate,
anti-Catholic Infiltrator, Pro-Communist, Freemason, Roncalli, a.k.a. 2nd John 23rd.



Automatically Excommunicated Heretic and Apostate,
anti-Catholic Infiltrator, Pro-Communist,
Fifth-Column, Montini, a.k.a. Paul 6:

---
Bernard Clinton Pawley
From Rome to Canterbury Through Four Centuries

While Cardinal Montini [the future Pope Paul 6] was the Archbishop of Milan, he proposed the Novus Ordo Rite with all of its radical changes in his Lenten Pastoral Letter of 1958 A.D.! This was two years after his 1956 A.D.  meeting of “a delegation of four Anglican priests and a layman [These men were Protestants who obviously came not to be converted to the Roman Catholic Church!] who stayed with him some ten days... the meetings were clandestine in the extreme...” (B & M Pawley, From Rome to Canterbury Through Four Centuries.)


3 Photos of P-6 Wearing Jewish Ephod
of Jewish High Priest, Caiphas:

2. P-6, Paul 6, Giovanni Battista Enrico Antonio Maria Montini [b. at Concesio, Italy on Sunday, September 26, 1897 - d. at Castel Gandolfo, Italy on Sunday, August 6, 1978]; Pope: [Friday, June 21, 1963 - d. at Castel Gandolfo, Italy on Sunday, August 6, 1978].  Automatically Excommunicated Heretic and Apostate, anti-Catholic Infiltrator, Pro-Communist, Fifth-Column, Montini, a.k.a. Paul 6.

Automatically Excommunicated Heretic and Apostate,
Pro-Communist, JP-1:

JP-1 with Russian Patriarch Nikodim in the Vatican
Photo Taken about an Hour Before Nikodim Drank a Poisoned Drink
Which Had Been Intended for JP-1.  Nikodim fell off his Chair - Dead!

3.   JP-1, John-Paul 1,Albano Luciani  [b. at Canale d'Agordo, Belluno, Veneto, Kingdom of Italy, on Thursday, October 17, 1912 - d. at the Apostolic Palace, Vatican City, on Thursday, September 28, 1978]; Pope: [Saturday, August 26, 1978 - Thursday, September 28, 1978]. Automatically Excommunicated Heretic and Apostate, pro-Communist.


Automatically Excommunicated Heretic and Apostate,
anti-Catholic Infiltrator, Pro-Communist, JP-2:

Kissing Pagan Book:


Automatically Excommunicated Heretic and Apostate,
anti-Catholic Infiltrator, Pro-Communist, JP-2
Institued NUDE NEW NOR:

Automatically Excommunicated Heretic and Apostate,
anti-Catholic Infiltrator, Pro-Communist, JP-2 Burns in Hell:

4.  JP-2, John-Paul 2, Karol Wyotya, a..k.a. Karol Józef Wojtyla [b. at Wadowice, Republic of Poland on Tuesday, May 18, 1920 - d. at the Apostolic Palace, Vatican City  on  Friday, April 1, 2005]; Pope:  [Monday, October 16, 1978 - Friday, April 1, 2005].  Automatically Excommunicated Heretic and Apostate, anti-Catholic Infiltrator, Pro-Communist, JP-2.


Automatically Excommunicated Heretic and Apostate,
Freemason, B-16:

Automatically Excommunicated Heretic and Apostate,
Freemason, B-16 Doing Freemasonic Handshake with
Future Heretic/Apostate/Freemason F-1:

5.   B-16, Benedict 16, Joseph Alois Ratzinger [b. at Marktl am Inn, Bavaria, Germany on Saturday, April 16, 1927 - present]; Papacy: [Tuesday, April 19, 2005 - resigned on Thursday, February 28, 2013].  Automatically Excommunicated Heretic and Apostate, Freemason, B-16. Not a validly Consecrated Bishop.


Automatically Excommunicated Heretic and Apostate,
anti-Catholic Infiltrator, Pro-Communist, Freemason, F-1:
Condemned Christ:

Automatically Excommunicated Heretic and Apostate,
anti-Catholic Infiltrator, Pro-Communist, Freemason, F-1:
Not a Christian:


 

Automatically Excommunicated Heretic and Apostate,
anti-Catholic Infiltrator, Pro-Communist, Freemason, F-1:
Not a Catholic:

Automatically Excommunicated Heretic and Apostate,
anti-Catholic Infiltrator, Pro-Communist, Freemason, F-1:
Not a VALID Priest, Bishop, or Pope.  F-1 is only a Layman:

6.   F-1, Francis 1, Jorge Mario Bergoglio [b. at Flores, Buenos Aires, Argentina on Thursday, December 17, 1936 - present];  Pope:  [Wednesday, March 13, 2013 - present].  Automatically Excommunicated Heretic and Apostate, anti-Catholic Infiltrator, Pro-Communist, Freemason, F-1: Not even a validly Ordained Priest. Fake pope is only a layman!]


 
The Blessing
V. Sit + Nomen Domini benedictum.
R. Ex hoc nunc, et usque in saeculum.
V. Adjutorium nostrum in
Nomine Domini.
R. Qui fecit cœlum et terram.
V. Benedicat vos, Omnipotens Deus:
V. Pa + ter, et Fi + lius, et Spiritus + Sanctus, descendat super vos, et maneat semper.
R. Amen.
V. Blessed + be the Name of the Lord.
R. Now and for ever more.x
V. Our help is in the Name of the Lord.
mm
R. Who made Heaven and earth.
V. May Almighty God Bless thee:x
V. The Fa + ther, the + Son, and the Holy + Ghost, descend upon thee, and always remain with thee.
R. Amen.

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