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Do You Know?

What Is Truth?


“Pilate saith to Him:  What is Truth?
(John 18:38)

Proper Preparation

Down the Centuries, most probably some people have wondered why Christ did not answer this question of Pontius Pilate?

1.  There are those who consider this to be merely a rhetorical question - one to which the person asking the question does either not expect, or does not want, an answer to the question asked.

2.  Others wonder if Christ answered this question, but the Bible, for whatever reason, failed to record the answer?

3.  Still others take the position that Pontius Pilate had not properly prepared himself for the answer to this question.

For example, athletes who compete in the Olympics, who are wise and prudent, make specific preparations with their bodies before they compete.  The are careful to eat only certain kinds of food, they exercise their bodies, whether in a gym, or elsewhere.  In short, they prepare themselves by a specific training program in order to help them to win when they compete.

The same is true of the members of professional sports teams, as well as members of fire departments and police departments, etc.  They follow a certain regimen in order to keep their bodies in good physical condition so that their bodies can perform properly when they are on their respective jobs.

But the same is also true of writers and readers.  Both need to properly prepare themselves:  writers before writing, and readers before reading.  It is both wise and prudent to do this, otherwise it would be a waste of time for writers to write and for readers to read.

This is why the very first link on the Contents Page is:

Proper Preparation is Necessary Before Reading
Those readers who think they can skip this extremely important preparation do themselves a great disservice and injustice because the brief prayers on that page help all readers to better UNDERSTAND, not just to know, the Truths that are to be found on all of the other web pages on this web site.

Those who do this will be very happy they did this because, by doing this, God the Holy Ghost can send forth God's light and God's Holy Truth!  (Psalm 42:3)!



Bishop Saint Augustine - Veritas - Truth

Part One

What Is Truth?

Brief Quotations
(5 Lines or Less)

From the Bible

“Thou shalt not follow the multitude to do evil: neither shalt thou yield in judgment, to the opinion of the most part, to stray from the Truth” (Exodus 23:2).

“For there is no Truth in their mouth: their heart is vain” (Psalm 5:10).

“Direct me in Thy Truth, and teach me; for Thou art God my Saviour; and on Thee have I waited all the day long” (Psalm 24:5).

“All the ways of the Lord are Mercy and Truth, to them that seek after His covenant and His testimonies” (Psalm 24:10).

“Into Thy hands I commend my spirit: Thou hast redeemed me, O Lord, the God of Truth” (Psalm 30:6).

“Send forth Thy light and thy Truth: they have conducted me, and brought me unto Thy holy hill, and into Thy tabernacles” (Psalm 42:3).

“For Thy mercy is magnified even to the heavens: and Thy Truth unto the clouds” (Psalm 56:11).

“For God loveth mercy and Truth: the Lord will give grace and glory” (Psalm 83:12).

“For His mercy is confirmed upon us: and the Truth of the Lord remaineth for ever” (Psalm 116:2).

“My mouth shall meditate Truth, and my lips shall hate wickedness” (Proverbs 8:7).

“A deceitful tongue loveth not Truth: and a slippery mouth worketh ruin” (Proverbs 26:28).

“They that trust in him, shall understand the Truth: and they that are faithful in love shall rest in him: for grace and peace is to his elect” (Wisdom 3:9).

“For thy soul be not ashamed to say the Truth”  (Ecclesiasticus  4:24).

“What Truth can come from that which is false?”  (Ecclesiasticus  34:4).

“But above all these things pray to the most High, that he may direct thy way in Truth”  (Ecclesiasticus  37:19).

“But I will tell thee what is set down in the Scripture of Truth” (Daniel 10:21).

“These then are the things which you shall do: Speak ye Truth every one to his neighbour; judge ye Truth and judgment of peace in your gates” (Zacharias 8:16).

“And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we saw His glory, the glory as it were of the only begotten of the Father,) full of Grace and Truth” (John 1:14).

“For the law was given by Moses; Grace and Truth came by Jesus Christ” (John 1:17).

“And you shall know the Truth, and the Truth shall make you free” (John 8:32).

“I am the Way, and the Truth and the Life.  No man cometh to the Father but by Me” (John 14:6).

“But when the Paraclete [God the Holy Ghost] cometh, Whom I will send you from the Father, the Spirit of Truth, Who proceedeth from the Father, He shall give testimony of Me” (John 15:26).

“But when He [God the Holy Ghost], the Spirit of Truth, is come, He will teach you all Truth” (John 16:13).

“Pilate therefore said to Him:  Art Thou a king then?  Jesus answered:  Thou sayest that I am a king.  For this was I born, and for this came I into the world; that I should give testimony to the Truth.  Every one that is of the Truth, heareth My voice” (John 18:37).

“Am I then become your enemy, because I tell you the Truth?” (Galatians 4:16).

“Because they receive not the love of the Truth, that they might be saved. Therefore God shall send them the operation of error, to believe lying” (2 Thessalonians 2:10).

“If any man teach otherwise, and consent not to the sound words of our Lord Jesus Christ, and to that doctrine which is according to godliness. He is proud, knowing nothing, but sick about questions and strifes of words; from which arise envies, contentions, blasphemies, evil suspicions, conflicts of men corrupted in mind, and who are destitute of the Truth, supposing gain to be godliness” (1 Timothy 6:3-5).

“But the servant of the Lord must not wrangle: but be mild towards all men, apt to teach, patient. With modesty admonishing them that resist the Truth: if peradventure God may give them repentance to know the Truth.  And they may recover themselves from the snares of the devil, by whom they are held captive at his will” (2 Timothy 2:24-26).

“Ever learning, and never attaining to the knowledge of the Truth” (2 Timothy 3:7).

“For there shall be a time, when they will not endure sound doctrine; but, according to their own desires, they will heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears: And will indeed turn away their hearing from the Truth, but will be turned unto fables” (2 Timothy 4:3-4).

“No lie is of the Truth”  (1 John 2:21).

“And it is the Spirit which testifieth, that Christ is the Truth” (1 John 5:6).

From the Fathers of the Catholic Church

Everyone who can speak the Truth, yet speaks it not, will be judged by God (Saint Justin Martyr [b. Sichem, a.k.a. Neapolis, or Flavia Neapolis, modern day Nablus, Palestine c. 100 A.D. - d. Rome, Italy c. 165 A.D.], DIALOGUE, Chapter 82).

“If then these things are so, it is the same degree manifest that all doctrine which agrees with the Apostolic churches— those molds and original sources of the faith—must be reckoned for Truth, as undoubtedly containing that which the churches received from the Apostles, the Apostles from Christ, Christ from God. Whereas all doctrine must be prejudged as false which savors of contrariety to the Truth of the churches and Apostles of Christ and God” (Tertullian, Quintus Septimius Florens Tertullianus [b. Carthage, 155 A.D. - d. 225 A.D.], On the Prescription of Heretics, 21).

Revealed Truth, to be what it professes, must have an uninterrupted descent from the Apostles. Its teachers must be unanimous and persistent in their unanimity and it must bear no human master’s name as its designation.”  (Patriarch Saint Athanasius [b. Alexandria, Egypt 296 A.D. - d. Alexandria, Egypt on Wednesday, May 2, 373A.D.], Patriarch of Alexandria, Egypt, Father of Orthodoxy in the Catholic Church, “Four Discourses Against the Arians”, Discourse II, Chapter XVII, Introduction to Proverbs viii. 22, Continued, ¶ 36; emphasis added).

“Let them [heretics] not complain of what they do not understand,, or they will bring on them a double imputation, of irreligion and of ignorance. Rather let them investigate the matter in a docile spirit, and learning what hitherto they have not known, cleanse their irreligious ears with the spring of Truth and the Doctrines of Religion.”   (Patriarch Saint Athanasius [b. Alexandria, Egypt 296 A.D. - d. Alexandria, Egypt on Wednesday, May 2, 373A.D.], Patriarch of Alexandria, Egypt, Father of Orthodoxy in the Catholic Church, Epistle - “In Defense of the Nicene Definition”, Chapter II, Conduct Of the Arians Towards the Nicene Council, ¶ 1; emphasis added.)

Nor can Faith stand without the Rule of Truth.(Patriarch Saint Ambrose [b. in Gaul, possibly at Trier, Arles, or Lyons in 340 A.D. - d. at Milan, Italy on Friday, April 4, 397 A.D.] Patriarch of Milan [374 A.D. - Friday, April 4, 397 A.D.], “The Holy Spirit” , Book I, Chapter 2, ¶ 30; emphasis added.)

“Everyone who knows that he is in doubt about something, knows a Truth, and in regard to this that he knows he is certain.  Therefore, he is certain about a Truth.  Consequently, everyone who doubts if there be a Truth, has in himself a True thing on which he does not doubt; nor is there any True thing which is not True by Truth.  Consequently, whoever for whatever reason can doubt, ought not to doubt that there is Truth” (Bishop Saint Augustine, a.k.a. Aurelius Augustinus [b. Tagaste, Africa, Saturday, November 13, 354 A.D. - d. Hippo Regia, Africa, Wednesday, August 28, 430 A.D.], Bishop of Hippo Regia, Father and Doctor of the Catholic Church, the Doctor of Grace, a protégé of Patriarch Saint Ambrose [b. in Gaul, possibly at Trier, Arles, or Lyons in 340 A.D. - d. at Milan, Italy on Friday, April 4, 397 A.D.] Patriarch of Milan [374 A.D. - Friday, April 4, 397 A.D.], DE VERA RELIGIONE  39, 73; emphasis added.).

“Anyone who conceals the Truth for fear of some authority calls down the wrath of God upon himself, because he fears men more than God... Both are guilty:  he who conceals the Truth and he who speaks falsehood, because the former does not wish to make the Truth known and the latter desires not to refute it” (Bishop Saint Augustine, a.k.a. Aurelius Augustinus [b. Tagaste, Africa, Saturday, November 13, 354 A.D. - d. Hippo Regia, Africa, Wednesday, August 28, 430 A.D.], Bishop of Hippo Regia, Father and Doctor of the Catholic Church, the Doctor of Grace, a protégé of Patriarch Saint Ambrose [b. in Gaul, possibly at Trier, Arles, or Lyons in 340 A.D. - d. at Milan, Italy on Friday, April 4, 397 A.D.] Patriarch of Milan [374 A.D. - Friday, April 4, 397 A.D.], Ad Casulanus, Cause 11, Question 3, Quisquis.)

“For there the Truth hath left you no shadow of distance between the Begetter [God the Father] and the Only-begotten [God the Son, Jesus Christ]; there Christ Himself hath erased your measurements, and the Rock [God the Son, Jesus Christ] hath broken your staircase to pieces” (Bishop Saint Augustine, a.k.a. Aurelius Augustinus [b. Tagaste, Africa, Saturday, November 13, 354 A.D. - d. Hippo Regia, Africa, Wednesday, August 28, 430 A.D.], Bishop of Hippo Regia, Father and Doctor of the Catholic Church, the Doctor of Grace, a protégé of Patriarch Saint Ambrose [b. in Gaul, possibly at Trier, Arles, or Lyons in 340 A.D. - d. at Milan, Italy on Friday, April 4, 397 A.D.] Patriarch of Milan [374 A.D. - Friday, April 4, 397 A.D.],  On the Gospel of Saint John, TRACTATE LIX, CHAPTER XIII. 16-20, ¶ 2).

“Now is prefigured the glorification of the Son of man; but expressly, ‘Now is the Son of man glorified:’ just as it was not said, The Rock signified Christ; but, ‘That Rock was Christ’ (1 Corinthians 10:4)” (Bishop Saint Augustine, On the Gospel of Saint John, TRACTATE LXIII, CHAPTER XIII. 31, 32, paragraph # 2; emphasis added.)

The Rock (Petra) [God the Son, Jesus Christ] made Peter True, for the Rock was Christ  (1 Corinthians 10:4)” (Bishop Saint Augustine, Sermon XCVII, [CXLVII. Benedictine Edition.], on the Same Words of the Gospel of John XXI. 15, “Simon, Son of John, Lovest Thou Me More than These?” Etc.).

“This unity We ought firmly to hold and assert, especially those of Us that are Bishops who preside in the Church, that we may also prove the Episcopate itself  to be one and undivided. Let no one deceive the brotherhood by a falsehood: let no one corrupt the Truth of the Faith by perfidious prevarication. The Episcopate is one, each part of which is held by each one for the whole”  (Saint Cyprian [b. Marseilles, France in 476 A.D. - d. Monday, October 3, 546 A.D.]. Bishop Saint Cæsarius of Arles trained him and ordained him a Deacon [506 A.D.] and Consecrated him as the Bishop of Toulon [506 A.D.], TREATISE I, ON THE UNITY OF THE CHURCH, 5, 1; emphasis added.)

From Doctors of the Church

“Since there are therefore three states, or steps, of Truth, we ascend to the first by the toil of Humility, to the second by the emotion of compassion, to the third by the ecstasy of contemplation.”  (Saint Bernard of Clairvaux, Confessor, Cistercian Abbot [1090 A.D. - 1153 A.D.], Doctor of the Church, [b. at the Castle Fontaines, near Dijon, France in 1090 A.D. - d. at Clairvaux, France in 1153 A.D.], “The Steps of Humility”, 6.)

“God [is] the Sovereign Truth” (Saint Albert the Great, O.P., a.k.a. Albertus Magnus, [b. at Lauingen, Swabia c. 1206 A.D. - d. at Cologne, Germany 1280 A.D.], Dominican philosopher, theologian, and scientist, “On Union with God”, With Notes by Rev. P. J. Berthier, O.P., Imprimatur - Edm. Can. Surmont, Vicarius Generalis, Westmonasterii, Die 7 Decembris, 1911, Translated by A Benedictine of Princethorpe Priory, Chapter III, The Law of Man’s Perfection in this Life, p. 26; emphasis added.)

“God is Truth”.  (Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., [b. 1225 A.D. in Rocca Secca, Naples, Italy - d. Wednesday, March 7, 1274 A.D., in Fossa Nuova, Italy], Doctor of the Church, Summa Theologica, Part I, Question 16, Article 5; Summa Theologica, Part II-II, Question 93, Article 2, Reply to Objection 2. Summa Contra Gentiles, Book I, Chapter 60.)

“Truth cannot be Truth’s contrary”  (Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., Summa Contra Gentiles, Book IV, 8).

“Every Truth without exception, and whoever may utter it, is from the Holy Ghost”  (Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., Summa Theologica, Part I-II, Question 109, Article 1, Reply to Objection 1).

“The formal motive and object of Faith is first truth as manifested in Holy Scripture and the doctrine of the Church.  A person who does not commit himself to the doctrine of the Church, as to a Divine and unerring rule proceeding from the first truth as revealed in the Holy Scriptures, is without the Virtue of Faith; he assents to the truths of Faith in some other manner”  (Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., [b. 1225 A.D. in Rocca Secca, Naples, Italy - d. Wednesday, March 7, 1274 A.D., in Fossa Nuova, Italy], Doctor of the Church, Summa Theologica, Part II-II, Question 53, Article 3).

“Truth knows no distinction of persons.  Therefore, he who speaks the Truth is invincible, dispute with whom he may”  (Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., Commentary on Job, Chapter 13, Lesson 2).

“Do not be downcast: nor give up thy zeal, nor become the more torpid; but rather press onward with more eagerness; since even the Apostles, when they preached, although scourged, stoned, and constant inmates of the prisons, did not only after deliverance from dangers, but also in those very dangers, announce with greater forwardness the message of Truth” (Saint John Chrysostom [b. Antioch, c. 347 A.D. - d. at Commana in Pontus on Friday, September 14, 407 A.D.], Patriarch of Constantinople [Thursday, February 26, 398 A.D. - Thursday, June 24, 404 A.D.], exiled from his See the 2nd time on Thursday, June 24, 404 A.D., Father and Doctor of the Catholic Church, Homilies, Addressed to the People of Antioch, HOMILY I, ¶ 30).

“On the contrary indeed, they grew strong by dangers, and became more zealous for the True religion. For to suffer thus for Christ adds to one's love, and is as it were an earnest to high-souled men of further conflicts. These, O Egypt, are thy present tales and wonders”(Patriarch Saint Gregory (Theologos - the Divine) Nazianzen (Nazianzus) the Younger [b. Arianzus, in Asia Minor, c. 325 A.D. - d. Arianzus, in Asia Minor 389 A.D.].  Father of the Catholic Church.  Bishop of Sasima [c. 371]; Co-Adjutor Bishop [c. 372 - 375] for his Father Saint Gregory Nazianzen the Elder, who was the Bishop of Nazianzus [329 -374]; Patriarch of Constantinople [November 380  - June, 381]; and, the Bishop of Nazianzus [381 - 383]. One of the Three Cappadocian Hierarchs (the other two - Catholicus Saint Basil the Great and Saint John Chrysostom), ORATION XXXIV, On the Arrival of the Egyptians, ¶ IV; This Oration was preached at Constantinople in 380 A.D.).

From Popes

Pope Saint Felix III (II) [Saturday, March 13, 483 - Saturday, March 1, 492] said: “Not to oppose error, is to approve it, and not to defend Truth is to suppress it, and indeed to neglect to confound evil men, when we can do it, is no less a sin than to encourage them” (Dr. Rama Coomaraswamy, The Destruction of the Christian Tradition, p. 74).

“If people are scandalized at the Truth, it is better to allow the birth of scandal, than to abandon the Truth" (Saint Gregory I, the Great, [Friday, September 3, 590 - Monday, March 12, 604], Homily on Ezechiel, 7; cited by Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., [b. 1225 A.D. in Rocca Secca, Naples, Italy - d. Wednesday, March 7, 1274 A.D., in Fossa Nuova, Italy], Doctor of the Church, Summa Theologica, Part II-II, Question 43, Article 7).

“God is not only True, but Truth Itself.”  (Infallible Roman Catholic Pope Leo XIII, Gioacchino Pecci [Wednesday, February 20, 1878 - Monday, July 20, 1903], Encyclical, Æterni Patris, On the Restoration of Christian Philosophy, Monday, August 4, 1879 A.D.).

“One thing, however, remains always True - that the liberty which is claimed for all to do all things is not, as We have often said, of itself desirable, inasmuch as it is contrary to reason that error and Truth should have equal rights.”  (Infallible Roman Catholic Pope Leo XIII, Gioacchino Pecci [Wednesday, February 20, 1878 - Monday, July 20, 1903], Encyclical,  “Libertas Praestantissimum” On the Nature of Human Liberty, Wednesday, June 20, 1888,  ¶ 34. emphasis added.)

"For leaving aside Tradition which, as well as Scripture, is a source of Truth" (Infallible Roman Catholic Pope Saint Pius X, Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto [Tuesday, August 4, 1903 - Thursday, August 20, 1914], Encyclical Ad Diem Illum Laetissimum, On the Immaculate Conception - February 2, 1904, ¶ 18).

"Truth and its philosophic expression cannot change from day to day" (Pius XII, Eugenio Pacelli [Thursday, March 2, 1939 - Thursday, October 9, 1958], Humani Generis, Wednesday, April 12, 1950).

From Other Catholic Sources

“For they who separate the Son and alienate the Word from the Father, ought themselves to be separated from the Catholic Church and to be alien from the Christian name. Let them therefore be anathema to you, because they have ‘corrupted the word of Truth’ It is an Apostolic injunction, ‘If any man preach any other Gospel unto you than that ye have received, let him he accursed’” (Synod of Sardica [343 A.D.], Encyclical Letter,  ¶  49).

“The man of God welcomes the light that searches his deeds and finds them True” (Saint Casimir).

Ecclesiastical or secular statutes, if proven opposed to natural law, must be completely rejected (Gratian, distinction x, section 1, c.11, D. IX, [RF I, 18]; Gabriel Biel of Speyer in the Rheingau, DEFENSORIUM OBEDIENTIAE APOSTOLICAE [Dedicated to Pius II and Approved by Pius II], Octava Veritas [Eighth Truth]).

Anathema:  A thing or person struck by God’s malediction and intended for ruin.  Cf. I Cor. 12:13; Rom. 9:3; Gal. l:8-9.  Anathema, in actual Church discipline, is the term used for ipso facto [i.e. this is an automatic] excommunication incurred by those denying a solemnly defined Truth, as is concluded principally from the dogmatic canons of the Council of Trent and the Vatican Council, (i.e. Vatican 1)”  (Parente, Piolanti, Garofalo, Dictionary of Dogmatic Theology, “Anathema”.)

“It is certain that after the Truths of Faith and the commonly received theological conclusions, which represent what is surest in the sum of theological science, what we put forward on the authority of Saint Thomas [Aquinas] and of his best commentators does not command our adherence to the same extent as the principles which are its foundation.  Yet it is difficult to subtract from this synthesis a single important element without compromising its solidity and harmony” (Reverend Reginald Garrigou-Lagrange, O.P. [b. Auch, France 1877 A.D. - d. Rome, Italy, 1964 A.D.], who taught dogmatic and Spiritual theology for 53 years at the Pontifical University of Saint Thomas Aquinas, the Angelicum, in Rome, THE THREE AGES OF THE INTERIOR LIFE, Prelude of Eternal Life, Translated by Sister M. Timothea Doyle, O.P., Volume One, p. viii).

“As soon as a man seriously seeks Truth and goodness, this intimate conversation with himself tends to become conversation with God.  Little by little, instead of seeking himself in everything, instead of tending more or less consciously to make himself a center, man tends to seek God in everything, and to substitute for egoism love of God and of souls in Him.  This constitutes the Interior Life.  No sincere man will have difficulty in recognizing it.  The one thing necessary which Jesus spoke of to Martha and Mary [Luke 10:42] consists in hearing the word of God and living by it” (Reverend Reginald Garrigou-Lagrange, O.P., THE THREE AGES OF THE INTERIOR LIFE, Prelude of Eternal Life, Translated by Sister M. Timothea Doyle, O.P., Volume One, p. 4).

From Secular Sources

§

"To say of what is, that it is, or of what is not, that it is not, is True" (Aristotle, Metaphysics, Book 4).

§

“Time discovers Truth”  (Seneca, Epistles, on Anger, 2, 22).

§

"It takes two to speak the Truth - one to speak, and another to hear" (Henry David Thoreau, A Week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers).

§

"This above all: to thine own self be True,
And it must follow, as the night the day,
Thou canst not then be false to any man"
(William Shakespeare (1564–1616), British poet and dramatist. Hamlet, Act I, Scene 3, Polonius' Advice to his Son - Laertes, departing for France).

§

"Truth needs no flowers of speech" (Alexander Pope, p. 605).

§

"If you tell the Truth, you don't have to remember anything" (Mark Twain, Notebook entry, January or February 1894, Mark Twain's Notebook, edited by Albert Bigelow Paine [1935], p. 240).

§

"A lie can make it half way around the world before the Truth has time to put its boots on" (Attributed to Mark Twain as "a lie will fly around the whole world while the truth is getting its boots on", Standard player monthly, 1918, Volumes 3-4, Standard Pneumatic Action Co.)

"A lie will cover leagues while Truth is putting on its boots" (This is an uncredited variant.  It appears in The Judge, Volume 67, 1914, Judge Publishing Company).

“Falsehood proceeds from Maine to Georgia, while Truth is pulling on his boots” (This is the oldest known attribution [1831] and was made by Fisher Ames).

N.B.  This has also been attributed to Winston Churchill.

§

"[The] Truth is incontrovertible. Panic may resent it, ignorance may deride it, malice may distort it, but there it is" (Winston Churchill, Speech in the House of Commons, May 17, 1916 "Royal Assent").

§

"It is easier to perceive error than to find Truth, for the former lies on the surface and is easily seen, while the latter lies in the depth, where few are willing to search for it" (Johann Wolfgang von Goethe).

§

"It is easier to find a score of men wise enough to discover the Truth than to find one intrepid enough, in the face of opposition, to stand up for it" (A. A. Hodge).

§

"The world is made up, for the most part, of fools and knaves, both irreconcilable foes to Truth"  (George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham, in Letter to Mr. Clifford, on his Human Reason. Also, in The Works of His Grace, George Villiers, the Duke of Buckingham, London: T. Evans, 1770, volume 2, page 105).

§

"Once you eliminate the impossible, whatever remains, no matter how improbable, must be the Truth" (Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, Chapter - A Scandal in Bohemia, spoken by the character Sherlock Holmes).

§

"Plato is my friend — Aristotle is my friend — but my greatest friend is Truth" (Isaac Newton, Quaestiones Quaedam Philosophicae [Certain Philosophical Questions], c. 1664).

§

"Truth is Truth" (Charles Leavitt, Screenplay for K-PAX [1995], based on the novel by Gene Brewer).

§

"Truth is absolute" (Charles Leavitt, Screenplay for K-PAX [1995], based on the novel by Gene Brewer).

Part Two

What Is Truth?

Longer Quotations

From the Bible

“145:5. Blessed is he who hath the God of Jacob for his helper, whose hope is in the Lord his God:

145:6. Who made heaven and earth, the sea, and all things that are in them.

145:7. Who keepeth Truth for ever: who executeth judgment for them that suffer wrong: who giveth food to the hungry. The Lord looseth them that are fettered:

145:8. The Lord enlighteneth the blind. The Lord lifteth up them that are cast down: the Lord loveth the just.

145:9. The Lord keepeth the strangers, he will support the fatherless and the widow: and the ways of sinners he will destroy.

145:10. The Lord shall reign for ever: thy God, O Sion, unto generation and generation” (Psalm 145:5-10).

“For God so loved the world, as to give His only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in Him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.  For God sent not his Son into the world, to judge the world, but that the world may be saved by Him.  He that believeth in Him is not judged.  But he that doth not believe, is already judged:  because he believeth not in the name of the only begotten Son of God.  And this is the judgment:  because the Light is come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than the Light:  for their works were evil.  For every one that doth evil hateth the Light, and cometh not to the Light, that his works may not be reproved.  But he that doth Truth, cometh to the Light, that his works may be made manifest, because they are done in God” (John 3:16-21).

“I speak that which I have seen with My Father:  and you do the things that you have seen with your father.  They answered, and said to Mim:  Abraham is our Father.  Jesus saith to them:  If you be the children of Abraham, do the works of Abraham.  But now you seek to kill Me, a man Who have spoken the Truth to you, which I have heard of God.  This Abraham did not.  You do the works of your father.  They said therefore to Him:  We are not born of fornication:  we have one Father, even God.  Jesus therefore said to them:  If God were your Father, you would indeed love Me.  For from God I proceeded, and came; for I came not of Myself, but He sent Me:   Why do you not know My speech?  Because you cannot hear My word.  You are of your father the Devil, and the desires of your father you will do.  He was a murderer from the beginning, and he stood not in the Truth; because Truth is not in him.  When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own:  for he is a liar, and the father thereofBut if I say the Truth, you believe Me not.  Which of you shall convince Me of sin?  If I say the Truth to you, why do you not believe Me?  He that is of God, heareth the words of God.  Therefore you hear them not, because you are not of God.  The Jews therefore answered, and said to Him:  Do not we say well that thou art a Samaritan, and hast a devil?  Jesus answered:  I have not a devil:  but I honour My Father, and you have dishonoured Me.   But I seek not My own glory:  there is One that seeketh and judgeth” (John 8:38-50).

For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and injustice of those men that detain the Truth of God in injustice:  Because that which is known of God is manifest in them.  For God hath manifested it unto them.  For the invisible things of Him, from the creation of the world, are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made; His eternal power also, and Divinity:  so that they are inexcusable.  Because that, when they knew God, they have not glorified Him as God, or given thanks; but became vain in their thoughts, and their foolish heart was darkened.  For professing themselves to be wise, they became fools.  And they changed the glory of the incorruptible God into the likeness of the image of a corruptible man, and of birds, and of fourfooted beasts, and of creeping things.  Wherefore God gave them up to the desires of their heart, unto uncleanness, to dishonour their own bodies among themselves. Who changed the Truth of God into a lie; and worshipped and served the creature rather than the Creator, Who is Blessed for ever.  Amen.” (Romans 1:18-25).

“Put you on the armour of God, that you may be able to stand against the deceits of the Devil.  For our wrestling is not against flesh and blood; but against Principalities and Power, against the rulers of the world of this darkness, against the spirits of wickedness in the high places.  Therefore take unto you the armour of God, that you may be able to resist in the evil day, and to stand in all things perfect.  Stand therefore, having your loins girt about with Truth, and having on the breastplate of justice, And your feet shod with the preparation of the gospel of peace:  In all things taking the shield of faith, wherewith you may be able to extinguish all the fiery darts of the most wicked one.  And take unto you the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit (which is the word of God).  By all prayer and supplication praying at all times in the spirit; and in the same watching with all instance and supplication for all the saints:  And for me, that speech may be given me, that I may open my mouth with confidence, to make known the mystery of the Gospel.  For which I am an ambassador in a chain, so that therein I may be bold to speak according as I ought” (Ephesians 6:11-20).

Now the Spirit manifestly saith, that in the last times some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to spirits of error, and doctrines of devils, speaking lies in hypocrisy, and having their conscience seared, FORBIDDING TO MARRY, to abstain from meats, which God hath created to be received with thanksgiving by the faithful, and by them that have known the Truth.  For every creature of God is good, and nothing to be rejected that is received with thanksgiving; for it is sanctified by the word and God and prayer.  These things proposing to the brethren, THOU SHALT BE A GOOD MINISTER OF CHRIST JESUS, nourished up in the words of faith, and of the GOOD DOCTRINE WHICH THOU HAST ATTAINED UNTO” (1 Timothy 4:1-6.)

Know also this, that, in the last days, shall come dangerous times.  Men shall be lovers of themselves, covetous, haughty, proud, blasphemers, disobedient to parents, ungrateful, wicked,  Without affection, without peace, slanderers, incontinent, unmerciful, without kindness,  Traitors, stubborn, puffed up, and lovers of pleasures more than of God:  Having an appearance indeed of godliness, but denying the power thereof. Now these avoid. For of these sort are they who creep into houses, and lead captive silly women laden with sins, who are led away with divers desires:  Ever learning, and never attaining to the knowledge of the Truth” (2 Timothy 3:1-7.)

“I charge thee, before God and Jesus Christ, Who shall judge the living and the dead, by His coming, and His kingdom:  Preach the word: be instant in season, out of season: reprove, entreat, rebuke in all patience and doctrine. For there shall be a time, when they will not endure sound Doctrine; but, according to their own desires, they will heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears:  and will indeed turn away their hearing from the Truth, but will be turned unto fables.  But be thou vigilant, labour in all things, do the work of an evangelist, fulfil thy ministry. Be sober” (2 Timothy 4:1-5.)

“But there were also false prophets among the people, even as there shall be among you lying teachers, who shall bring in sects of perdition, and deny the Lord who bought them: bringing upon themselves swift destruction.  And many shall follow their riotousnesses, through whom the way of Truth shall be evil spoken of.  And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you. Whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their perdition slumbereth not.  For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but delivered them, drawn down by infernal ropes to the lower hell, unto torments, to be reserved unto judgment:  And spared not the original world, but preserved Noe, the eighth person, the preacher of justice, bringing in the flood upon the world of the ungodly.  And reducing the cities of the Sodomites, and of the Gomorrhites, into ashes, condemned them to be overthrown, making them an example to those that should after act wickedly.  And delivered just Lot, oppressed by the injustice and lewd conversation of the wicked.  For in sight and hearing he was just: dwelling among them, who from day to day vexed the just soul with unjust works.  The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly from temptation, but to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgment to be tormented.  And especially them who walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness, and despise government, audacious, self willed, they fear not to bring in sects, blaspheming.  Whereas angels who are greater in strength and power, bring not against themselves a railing judgment.  But these men, as irrational beasts, naturally tending to the snare and to destruction, blaspheming those things which they know not, shall perish in their corruption,  Receiving the reward of their injustice, counting for a pleasure the delights of a day: stains and spots, sporting themselves to excess, rioting in their feasts with you:  Having eyes full of adultery and of sin that ceaseth not: alluring unstable souls, having their heart exercised with covetousness, children of malediction:  Leaving the right way they have gone astray, having followed the way of Balaam of Bosor, who loved the wages of iniquity.  But had a check of his madness, the dumb beast used to the yoke, which speaking with man's voice, forbade the folly of the prophet.  These are fountains without water, and clouds tossed with whirlwinds, to whom the mist of darkness is reserved.  For, speaking proud words of vanity, they allure by the desires of fleshly riotousness, those who for a little while escape, such as converse in error:  Promising them liberty, whereas they themselves are the slaves of corruption. For by whom a man is overcome, of the same also he is the slave.  For if, flying from the pollutions of the world, through the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they be again entangled in them and overcome: their latter state is become unto them worse than the former.  For it had been better for them not to have known the way of justice, than after they have known it, to turn back from that holy commandment which was delivered to them.  For, that of the true proverb has happened to them: The dog is returned to his vomit: and, The sow that was washed, to her wallowing in the mire” (2 Peter 2:1-22).

From the Fathers of the Catholic Church

We may say that a True and genuine Catholic is the man who loves the Truth of God, the Church, and the Body of Christ; who does not put anything above Divine religion and the Catholic faith---neither the authority, nor the affection, nor the genius, nor the eloquence, nor the philosophy of any other human being.  He despises all that and, being firmly founded in the faith, is determined to hold and believe nothing but what the Catholic Church, as he has perceived, has held universally and from ancient times”  (Father Saint Vincent of Lerins [b. Toul, France, c. 400 A.D. - d. Island of Lerins, c. 450 A.D.], A Commonitory [an aid to memory] for the Antiquity and Universality of the Catholic Faith Against the Profane Novelties of All Heresies, Chapter 20).

“We Catholics reject heresy which often rears its head as something NEW while that which is ancient is condemned, e.g. a NEW translation or interpretation of Sacred Scripture to support some new teaching.  That we Catholics are on solid ground in taking such a position becomes more clear when you prayerfully consider this document from a Father of the Catholic Church who has written in part that “it will be said, if the words, the sentiments, the promises of Scripture, are appealed to by the Devil and his disciples, of whom some are false apostles, some false prophets and false teachers, and all without exception heretics, what are Catholics and the sons of Mother Church to do? How are they to distinguish Truth from falsehood in the Sacred Scriptures? They must be very careful to pursue that course which, in the beginning of this Commonitoria, We said that holy and learned men had commended to Us, that is to say, they must interpret the Sacred Canon [of Scripture] according to the Traditions of the Universal [Catholic] Church and in keeping with the rules of Catholic Doctrine, in which Catholic and Universal Church, moreover, they must follow universality, antiquity, consent. And if at any time a part opposes itself to the whole, novelty to antiquity, the dissent of one or a few who are in error to the consent of all or at all events of the great majority of Catholics, then they must prefer the soundness of the whole to the corruption of a part; in which same whole they must prefer the Religion of Antiquity to the profaneness of novelty; and in antiquity itself in like manner, to the temerity of one or of a very few they must prefer, first of all, the general decrees, if such there be, of a Universal Council, or if there be no such, then, what is next best, they must follow the consentient belief of many and great masters. Which rule having been faithfully, soberly, and scrupulously observed, we shall with little difficulty detect the noxious errors of heretics as they arise”  (Father Saint Vincent of Lerins [b. Toul, France, c. 400 A.D. - d. Island of Lerins, c. 450 A.D.], A Commonitory [an aid to memory] for the Antiquity and Universality of the Catholic Faith Against the Profane Novelties of All Heresies, Chapter 27, What Rule is to be observed in the Interpretation of Scripture; ¶ 70).

“Let us now look at the rest of what he [Julianus - a Pelagian heretic] has joined together in his selections. But what should be my course of proceeding? Ought I to set forth every passage of his for the purpose of answering it, or, omitting everything which the Catholic Faith contains, as not in dispute between us, only handle and confute those statements in which he strays away from the beaten path of Truth, and endeavors to graft on Catholic stems the poisonous shoots of his Pelagian heresy? This is, no doubt, the easier course. But I suppose I must not lose sight of a possible contingency, that any one, after reading my book, without perusing all that has been alleged by him, may think that I was unwilling to bring forward the passages on which his allegations depend, and by which are shown to be truly deduced the statements which I am controverting as false. I should be glad, therefore, if the Reader will, without exception, kindly observe and consider the two classes of contributions which occur in this little work of Ours.  That is to say, all that he has alleged, and the answers which on my side I give him” (Bishop Saint Augustine, a.k.a. Aurelius Augustinus [b. Tagaste, Africa, Saturday, November 13, 354 A.D. - d. Hippo Regia, Africa, Wednesday, August 28, 430 A.D.], Bishop of Hippo Regia, Father and Doctor of the Catholic Church, the Doctor of Grace, a protégé of Patriarch Saint Ambrose, On Marriage and Concupiscence in Two Books, Addressed to the Count Valerius, [419 A.D. - 420 A.D.], Book II, Chapter 10, In What Manner the Adversary's Cavils must Be Refuted).

From Doctors of the Church

"Prefer to arrive at knowledge over small streamlets, and do not plunge immediately into the ocean, since progress must go from the easier to the more difficult....DO NOT HEED BY WHOM A THING IS SAID, BUT RATHER WHAT IS SAID.  Make an effort thoroughly to understand whatever you read and hear.  In all doubt seek to penetrate to the Truth.  Try always to store away as much as possible in the chambers of your mind.  What is too far above strive not after for the present.  If so be you follow these directions you will produce useful flowers and fruits in the vineyard of the Lord of hosts, as long as you live"  (Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., [b. 1225 A.D. in Rocca Secca, Naples, Italy - d. Wednesday, March 7, 1274 A.D., in Fossa Nuova, Italy], Doctor of the Church, Letter to Brother John; emphasis added).

The beginner is sorely tempted to be more impressed by the prestige and personality of the teacher or the writer than by the Truth of what he teaches or writes; it is very much less trouble, but it is fatal to knowledge, to learning, to real wisdom-for this is concerned with the Truth that is uttered, never with the personality of the human vehicle.  This principle Saint Thomas himself carried to limitless lengths; statements or arguments must be accepted or rejected on their own merits, never on the merits of the human spokesman, be he Catholic, Infidel, Turk or Jew”  (Rev. Victor White, O.P., How to Study, Blackfriars, London, 1951, Comment on the Advice of Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P.; emphasis added).

The object of the intellect is Truth, a.k.a. the True, as the Angelic Doctor teaches:

The object of the intellect is something universal, namely, [an objective, universal quiddity] “being” and [an objective, universal Truth] “the True,” in which the act also of understanding is comprised. Wherefore the intellect can understand its own act. But not primarily, since the first object of our intellect, in this state of life, is not every being and everything True, but [an objective, universal quiddity] “being” and [an objective, universal Truth] “True,” as considered in material things, as we have said above (Q[84], A[7]), from which it acquires knowledge of all other things. (Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., [b. 1225 A.D. in Rocca Secca, Naples, Italy - d. Wednesday, March 7, 1274 A.D. in Fossa Nuova, Italy], Doctor of the Church, Summa Theologica, Part I, Question 87, Article 3, Reply to Objection 1; N.B.  The quotation marks are in the original direct quote; brackets [] indicate Our clarifications and/or explanations).

Judgements can be either True or False, as the Angelic Doctor teaches:

It is one thing to judge of things and another to judge of men. For when we judge of things, there is no question of the good or evil of the thing about which we are judging, since it will take no harm no matter what kind of judgment we form about it; but there is question of the good of the person who judges, if he judge truly, and of his evil if he judge falsely because “the True is the good of the intellect, and the false is its evil,” as stated in Ethic. vi, 2, wherefore everyone should strive to make his judgment accord with things as they are. On the other hand when we judge of men, the good and evil in our judgment is considered chiefly on the part of the person about whom judgment is being formed; for he is deemed worthy of honor from the very fact that he is judged to be good, and deserving of contempt if he is judged to be evil. For this reason we ought, in this kind of judgment, to aim at judging a man good, unless there is evident proof of the contrary. And though we may judge falsely, our judgment in thinking well of another pertains to our good feeling and not to the evil of the intellect, even as neither does it pertain to the intellect's perfection to know the Truth of contingent singulars in themselves.  (Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., Summa Theologica, Part II-II, Question 60, Article 4, Reply to Objection 2; N.B.  The quotation marks are in the original direct quote).

“(An example was given) to prelates of humility, so that they would not refuse to accept rebukes from their inferiors and subjects; and to subjects (was given) an example of zeal and freedom, so that they would not fear to correct their prelates, above all, when the crime was public and redounded to the danger of many...The rebuke was just and useful, its motive was not light:  it was a question of a danger to the preservation of the Evangelical Truth...The manner in which the rebuke was given was given was appropriate, for it was public and manifest.  For this reason, Saint Paul writes:  'I spoke to Cephas,' (that is, to Peter) 'before all,' for the simulation practiced by Peter redounded to the peril of all.”  (Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., AD GAL. 2:11-14, lecture III, no. 77, 83-84.)

From Popes

“Finally, I declare that I am completely opposed to the error of the Modernists who hold that there is nothing Divine in Sacred Tradition; or what is far worse, say that there is, but in a pantheistic sense, with the result that there would remain nothing but this plain simple fact-one to be put on a par with the ordinary facts of history-the fact, namely, that a group of men by their own labor, skill, and talent have continued through subsequent ages a school begun by Christ and his Apostles.”

I firmly hold, then, and shall hold, to my dying breath...  that the Absolute and Immutable Truth, Preached by the Apostles from the beginning, may never be believed to be different, may never be understood in any other way.”

“I promise that I shall keep all these articles faithfully, entirely, and sincerely, and guard them inviolate, in no way deviating from them in teaching, or in any way in word or in writing. Thus I promise, this I swear, so help me God....”  (Pope Saint Pius X, Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto [Tuesday, August 4, 1903 - Thursday, August 20, 1914], The Oath Against Modernism, Thursday, September 1, 1910. To be sworn to by all Roman Catholic Clergy, Pastors, Confessors, Preachers, Religious Superiors, as well as by all Professors in Philosophical and Theological Roman Catholic Seminaries. Motu Proprio, SACRORUM ANTISTITUM, Thursday, September 1, 1910, [AAS, 2-655; Fontes, n. 689, Vol. III, p. 774]).

(N.B.  The Modernist Heretics, who infiltrated the Vatican, beginning at the top with its "popes", have thrown out The Oath Against Modernism - an obvious conflict of interest! - along with the rest of everything else that is Roman Catholic - Deposit of Faith, Mass, and Sacraments.)

“But if our desire to obtain this is to be fulfilled, we must use every means and exert all our energy to bring about the utter disappearance of the enormous and detestable wickedness, so characteristic of our time -- the substitution of man for God; this done, it remains to restore to their ancient place of honor the most holy laws and counsels of the gospel; to proclaim aloud the Truths taught by the Church, and her teachings on the sanctity of marriage, on the education and discipline of youth, on the possession and use of property, the duties that men owe to those who rule the State; and lastly to restore equilibrium between the different classes of society according to Christian precept and custom” (Pope Saint Pius X, Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto [Tuesday, August 4, 1903 - Thursday, August 20, 1914], Encyclical E Supremi, On the Restoration of All Things in Christ, October 4, 1903, ¶ 9).

“True, we are passing through disastrous times, when we may well make our own the lamentation of the Prophet: There is no Truth and no mercy and no knowledge of God on the earth. Blasphemy and lying and homicide and theft and adultery have inundated it (Osee iv.,[1]-2). Yet in the midst of this deluge of evil, the Virgin Most Clement rises before our eyes like a rainbow, as the arbiter of peace between God and man: I will set my bow in the clouds and it shall be the sign of a covenant between me and between the earth (Gen. ix.,13). Let the storm rage and sky darken-not for that shall we be dismayed. And the bow shall be in the clouds, and I shall see it and shall remember the everlasting covenant (Ibid.16). And there shall no more be waters of a flood to destroy all flesh (Ibid.15.). Oh yes, if we trust as we should in Mary, now especially when we are about to celebrate, with more than usual fervor, her Immaculate Conception, we shall recognize in her that Virgin most powerful who with virginal foot did crush the head of the serpent (Office of the Immaculate Conception)” (Pope Saint Pius X, Encyclical Ad Diem Illum Laetissimum, On the Immaculate Conception - February 2, 1904, ¶ 33).

That there are among Christians in our time large numbers who live in utter ignorance of the truths necessary for salvation is a common lament nowadays, and one which is unhappily only too well founded.  And when We say among Christians We mean not only the masses and those in the lower walks of life, who are sometimes not to blame, owing to the inhumanity of masters whose demands leave them little time to think of themselves and their own interests, but We refer also and even more especially to all of those who, while endowed with a certain amount of talent and culture and possessing abundant knowledge of profane matters, have no care or thought for religion  (Pope Saint Pius X, Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto [Tuesday, August 4, 1903 - Thursday, August 20, 1914], Encyclical ACERBO NIMIS, Saturday, April 15, 1905, ¶ 8.)

Moreover, they [Modernist Heretics] lay the ax not to the branches and shoots, but to the very root, that is, to the faith and its deepest fibers. And once having struck at this root of immortality, they proceed to diffuse poison through the whole tree, so that there is no part of Catholic Truth which they leave untouched, none that they do not strive to corrupt. Further, none is more skillful, none more astute than they, in the employment of a thousand noxious devices; for they play the double part of rationalist and Catholic, and this so craftily that they easily lead the unwary into error; and as audacity is their chief characteristic, there is no conclusion of any kind from which they shrink or which they do not thrust forward with pertinacity and assurance To this must be added the fact, which indeed is well calculated to deceive souls, that they lead a life of the greatest activity, of assiduous and ardent application to every branch of learning, and that they possess, as a rule, a reputation for irreproachable morality. Finally, there is the fact which is all hut fatal to the hope of cure that their very doctrines have given such a bent to their minds, that they disdain all authority and brook no restraint; and relying upon a false conscience, they attempt to ascribe to a love of truth that which is in reality the result of pride and obstinacy” (Pope Saint Pius X, Encyclical PASCENDI DOMINICI GREGIS - On the Doctrine of the Modernists [Sunday, September 8, 1907]).

From Other Catholic Sources

The beginner is sorely tempted to be more impressed by the prestige and personality of the teacher or the writer than by the Truth of what he teaches or writes; it is very much less trouble, but it is fatal to knowledge, to learning, to real wisdom-for this is concerned with the Truth that is uttered, never with the personality of the human vehicle.  This principle Saint Thomas himself carried to limitless lengths; statements or arguments must be accepted or rejected on their own merits, never on the merits of the human spokesman, be he Catholic, Infidel, Turk or Jew”  (Rev. Victor White, O.P., How to Study, Blackfriars, London, 1951, Comment on the Advice of Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P.; emphasis added).

“The whole idea was to destroy, not the institution of the Church, but rather the Faith of the people, and even use the institution of the Church, if possible, to destroy the Faith through the promotion of a pseudo-religion: something that resembled Catholicism but was not the real thing.  Once the Faith was destroyed, she explained that there would be a guilt complex introduced into the Church . . . to label the 'Church of the past' as being oppressive, authoritarian, full of prejudices, arrogant in claiming to be the sole possessor of Truth, and responsible for the divisions of religious bodies throughout the centuries.  This would be necessary in order to shame Church leaders into an 'openness to the world', and to a more flexible attitude toward all religions and philosophies.  The Communists would then exploit this openness in order to undermine the Church” (Crying in the Wilderness Newsletter, #6, a "Brother Joseph" recounting what he heard the converted Catholic, Bella Dodd, who had been a former high-ranking Communist, tell everyone at a public lecture at Georgetown University in Washington, D.C. sometime during the early 1950's).

“I offer you my prayers and daily sufferings as a small, but sincere contribution on the part of the least of your sons, I pray that God may lead you with His Grace to follow the straight and painful way in defense of Eternal Truth, which does not change with the passing of years” (Fr. Paul Trinchard, Pray The Holy Mass:  Padre Pio da Pietrelcina, O.F.M. Cap. [b. Francesco Forgione at Pietrelcina, the region of Campania in Southern Italy on Wednesday, May 25, 1887 - d. at San Giovanni Rotondo, in the province of Foggia, in the Puglia region of Southern Italy on Monday, September 23, 1968], Letter to Paul VI, Friday, September 13, 1968;  p. 117.  N.B.  Padre Pio died 10 days later).

This letter was obviously ignored because on Wednesday, July 2, 1969, Pope Paul 6, Giovanni Battista Montini [Friday, June 21, 1963 - Sunday, August 6, 1978] is on record saying:

“If the world changes, should not religion also change?  It is for this very reason that the Church has, especially after the 2nd Vatican Council, undertaken so many reforms” (Dr. Rama Coomaraswamy, The Problems With The New Mass, TAN Books and Publishers, Inc.:  Paul 6, General Audience, Wednesday, July 2, 1969; p. 25).

“From these words Saint Gertrude understood that God often inspired his elect to do what was occasion of scandal to others, though not with the design of giving them scandal; and that we should never abstain from performing any good work in order to maintain a false peace with such persons: a lesson, indeed, worth treasuring and observing at every period of the Church’s history; for what has the Church or the world ever gained by unholy compliances, by timid concealment of miraculous favors, or by the false shame of those who, through human respect, fear openly to confess their belief in supernatural occurrences, the Truth of which they dare not altogether deny?  If the world is scandalized, let it be scandalized, since even the Eternal Truth Himself was not spared its censures” (THE LIFE AND REVELATIONS OF Saint GERTRUDE, Part.  I, Ch. 3, p. 28-29; emphasis added).

“Humility, then, moderates our appetite for excellence, it does not destroy that appetite; its work is to keep our hope reasonable. It has been said again and again for ages, that Humility is Truth. And that is True; but not so True that it can be left just like that and not be misunderstood. The crime reporter who thinks he is another Shakespeare may not be insane, but he is certainly not humble. There is an element of Truth necessary for Humility; at least a man must recognize his limitations if he is to keep his hope from aiming too high. But Humility is not an intellectual Virtue; its place is in the appetite of man, a faculty that searches for the good rather than the True. Truth is rather the rule of Humility than Humility itself; the two are so intimately connected that there is no danger whatever of Humility blushing furiously at the detection of its lies. It does not tell lies but lives the Truth”   (Father Walter Farrell, O.P., S.T.D., S.T.M., [b. Chicago, Illinois on Tuesday, July 21,1902 A.D. -  d. River Forest, Illinois on Friday, November 23, 1951 A.D.], a Moral Theologian, Member of the Thomistic Institute, A Companion to the Summa, Volume 3, Chapter XVIII -- The Fullness of Truth [Q. 155-165]).

The rewriting of “History, and especially Church History, has been a grand CONSPIRACY AGAINST THE TRUTH.  WE FIRMLY BELIEVE THAT THIS STATEMENT IS SCARCELY AN EXAGGERATION” (Archbishop Martin John Spalding [b. at Bardstown, Kentucky on Wednesday, May 23, 1810 A.D. - d. at Baltimore, Maryland on Wednesday, February 7, 1872 A.D.], Bishop of Louisville , Kentucky [1850 - 1864], seventh Archbishop of Baltimore, Maryland [1864 - Wednesday, February 7, 1872], quoted in A GENERAL HISTORY OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH by M. L'Abbe J.E. Darras, “Introduction”, Vol. I, p. xiii, emphasis added).

[N.B. Archbishop Martin John Spalding wrote the HISTORY OF THE REFORMATION, which was in reply to the HISTORY OF THE REFORMATION written by D’Aubigne with which the Archbishop had a number of problems and in which he considered there to be a number of various errors.  He satirically criticized the position of D’Aubigne about Papal Infallibility, having first given what he himself had been taught and what he considered the correct teaching and then he condemns D’Aubigne in an oblique rhetorical manner!]

The secondary object of the Infallibility [of the Roman Catholic Pope] is Truths of the Christian teaching on faith and morals, which are not formally revealed, but which are closely connected with the teaching of Revelation.  This doctrine is a necessary consequence of the doctrine of Infallibility ...To the secondary object of Infallibility belong:....The canonization of saints, that is, the final judgment that a members of the [Roman Catholic] Church has been assumed into eternal bliss and may be the object of general veneration...if the [Roman Catholic] Church could err in her opinion, consequences would arise which would be incompatible with the sanctity of the [Roman Catholic] Church”.  (Dr. Ludwig Ott, FUNDAMENTALS OF CATHOLIC DOGMA, Imprimatur 7 Oct., 1954, p. 299).

“3308.  A good choice presupposes that we have the right end in mind.  (Summa Theologica, II, 57, 5).  It is in retreat, solitude, and pious meditations that we must seek to know the end of man.  We must not forget that we have been created to praise and serve God, and by this means obtain eternal life.  A good choice presupposes also that one take the necessary means to attain the desired.  A person is far from the Truth, therefore, when he seeks first to make a choice in life and then to serve God;  he is inverting the right order of things.  We must first seek the glory of God, and secondly the state which is the best suited to attain that end.  (See the Exercises of Saint Ignatius, PRAELUDIUM ELECTIONIS.)”  (Rev. J. Berthier, A COMPENDIUM OF THEOLOGY, translated by Rev. Sidney A. Raemers, M.A., Ph.D., Volume IV, B. Herder Book Co., Imprimatur  December 17, 1933, ¶ 3308, pp.156).

1.  Opinions replace Truth.

In this world the first and fundamental doctrine of power consists of an affirmation that there is no truth.  Saint Augustine said that the difference between the city of this world and the City of God consists of the former having a thousand opinions, while the latter has only one Truth.  The basic difference between both cities, therefore, is not based on the content, but on the very existence of Truth.  It suffices to remember the dramatic dialogue between Jesus and Pilate.

What is most grave is that there is a technique to replace Truth by opinions.  This technique exists and is very useful.  It suffices to look at present religious, literary, and philosophical productions.  Opinions can be so cautiously expressed that it is impossible to get to know what the author’s thesis is, or even more paradoxical, doctrines that are mutually contradictory are juxtaposed as if they were consistent.
Let us look at the words:  "God is dead".  If the slogan were denial everybody would be able to understand.  However, here we have a subtly sophisticated idea through which "theologians" want to convey the deceitful impression that they are preserving the most assayed and chemically pure idea of God...through its "identification" with the most profound reality of man.

Even the ambiguous terms "conservative" and "progressive" [i.e. liberal; Modernist] conceal the relativistic technique, which leads every doctrinal issue in the direction of right wing and left wing.  Thus everything becomes relative; everything becomes a matter of opinions and an instrument of power.  Relativity of Truth and doctrine is the actual goal of these arbitrary developments of the Church’s present problems.  Is not this measure, proclaimed even by bishops and cardinals among Us, absurd and most unjust, as if it were an ideal to place us halfway between Truth and error?

2.   Is Gnosis Reappearing?

(Note:  The Cardinal prefers the term Gnosis instead of Modernism perhaps because these things are the modern-day version of Gnosticism.)  Let it be remembered that Gnosis, with its appeal to science and higher speculation, with its eagerness to understand mystery and to naturalize the Faith, was, during the second century, perhaps the worst danger in all the history of the Church.  I believe that the complex of errors circulating today can be called Gnosis, systematically speaking.  But....do many people know what they are talking about?  This is terrible, but they do not!

One does not act on rational grounds, but on one’s excessive desire to adapt oneself to the world.  Worldly power, however, has its own philosophy, and fashionable theologians translate fashionable opinions into theological language, not because they accept a doctrine as such, but because they accept these doctrines that flatter the powers of this world.

The present times are grave, not because it is not longer a question of opposition or contrast between Truth and error, but between Truth and non-truth, between the order of Truth and the dictatorship of public opinion.  PEOPLE BELIEVE THEY ARE FREE BECAUSE THIS APPEARS IN JURIDICAL TESTS; AS A MATTER OF FACT, THIS DECEIVING BELIEF IS EVIDENCE OF THEIR SERVITUDE.

Is the Church also under the despotism of public opinion?  Perhaps not the Church, but certainly many people within the Church are.  The Church could not be deprived of its freedom with the Holy Spirit’s provoking powerful reactions....

3.  What is Most Urgent?

The most urgent work is to restore the distinction between Truth and error in the Church.  We have reached a point where any exercise of ecclesiastical authority is considered an abuse of freedom, as if authority were a denial of freedom!  A thousand illegitimate powers severely and systematically curtain the conscience and liberty of people at a superficial level, while at the deepest level they detach them from the truth contained in the sources of revelation and the Magisterium.  I hope that just and authorized distinctions will be forthcoming.  PASTORAL AUTHORITY IS NO ART OF COMPROMISE AND CONCESSION, BUT THE ART OF SAVING SOULS THROUGH THE TRUTH.

This Truth is many times obscured by abusive liturgical deformations.  Today dangerous losses are discovered in the essential.  Not only is the Rite sacred, but also the presence in the Rite of the meaningful reality.  Once the Rite is mythologized the meaning of its contents is lost. No wonder that the Eucharist becomes for some a mere feast of human unity where God is just a spectator.  THIS IS NO LONGER HERESY, BUT APOSTASY.

The present situation in the Church is one of the most grave in its history, for this time the challenge does not come from outer persecution, but from inner perversion.  This is very grave.  But the gates of Hell will not prevail.   (Giuseppe Cardinal Siri [b. Sunday, May 20, 1906 in Genoa, Italy - d. Tuesday, May 2, 1989], Archbishop of Genoa, Italy.)
 

Part Three

What Makes Truth, Truth

Question:  What Makes Truth, Truth?

Answer:  God

Question:  Why?

Answer:

God is the One and Only Source of all Truth
God is the One and Only Foundation of Truth

God is the one and only Source of all Truth because God is the one and only Foundation of Truth because God IS, per se, Truth Itself.

The Science of Scholastic Philosophy demonstrates both the capability of the human mind to know things as they are in themselves, and the validity of the principles which it uses.

For example, this is why one can more easily understand those Truths of which the Common Doctor, Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P., [b. 1225 A.D. in Rocca Secca, Naples, Italy - d. Wednesday, March 7, 1274 A.D. in Fossa Nuova, Italy], Doctor of the Church, so eloquently writes and explains.

That God is the one and only Source of all Truth because God is the one and only Foundation of Truth because God IS, per se, Truth Itself, is demonastrable because Almighty God, Who is by His Divine Nature, the one and only Necessary Being, Who exists from all eternity, and Who alone possesses an Infinite Intellect, knows Himself in an Infinite degree, which is to say, insofar as He Himself is knowable in His Divine Essense.

Almighty God's Infinite Intellectual Knowledge extends not only to what He is in and of Himself, but also insofar as Almighty God is, in a sense, imitable, although imperfectly, by the finite beings which He has the power to create.

Please note that everything that Almighty God creates, He freely creates, and the object of that which Almighty God creates, i.e. the created, must be fashioned on the model of God's Divine ideas.

This becomes better understood by considering how a specific work of art is fashioned after the conceptualized ideal idea, or intellectual model, which the artist first forms of that specific work-object which is to be brought into existence by the said artist.

This initial process constitutes the first logical step before that said object is made, i.e. brought into physical being, physical existence, by the said artist, making it the sine qua non - without which - the specific work-object would not be brought into existence since its said existence depends not only upon the concept but the will to make it.

It logically follows that all created things correspond with the eternal perfect idea God formed of the nature, i.e. the essense, of that which God created.

This means that this adequate correspondence is their truth.  It is essential to their essence and is therefore it is immutable.

But the Truth resulting from human knowledge is only a mere reflection of the Truth manifested by God in His works.

Taking this higher view of the order of the universe, we may say that Truth resides, in the first place, in the Divine Intelligence which eternally conceives the idea of His works. It belongs, in the second place, to things insofar as they are realized in conformity with their eternal archetypal ideas. And finally, it passes from things into human knowledge as soon as the mind represents to itself things as they are.

This synthetic view, of course, finds its legitimate place at the end of the study of criteriology, because it would be unscientific to postulate it at the outset, during the analytical process, seeing that the existence of an Infinitely Perfect God needs to be proved by premisses which must themselves first be established.

 

Part Four

Further Considerations About Truth

Immutable, Absolute Truth is the Basis and
Essence of Each and Every Dogma of the Catholic Church

The ontological essence of each and every Dogma of the Catholic Church consists of three immutably essential elements, its sine qua non, without which a certain thing in not in any way a Catholic Dogma.

1. The ontological essence of each and every Dogma of the Catholic Church contains an absolute Truth which is stated in both a totally specific, incontrovertible, positive, unambiguous way,  as well as in a totally clear, explicit, definite, unequivocal, certain, precise manner and mode.

2. The ontological essence of each and every Dogma of the Catholic Church possesses, whether directly, or indirectly, whether by required conclusion and/or by necessary inference, the incontrovertible, strong, stable, infallible, definite, certain guarantee of the eternally unchangeable Divine Revelation as found in both Sacred Scripture and in the authentic Apostolic Tradition of the Catholic Church.

3. The ontological essence of each and every Dogma of the Catholic Church contains that absolute Truth which has been duly defined by the undivided  universal Catholic Church in her valid, lawful, and legal Œcumenical Councils, and which has been subsequently accepted everywhere and by all in the One, Holy, Catholic, Apostolic Church perfectly and Divinely Instituted by God the Son, the Eternal Word of God, the Divine Logos, Jesus Christ.

Summary

Each one of the above three immutably essential elements, when they are combined together, more than sufficiently explain the nature of the ontological essence - that which makes a thing to be what it is - of each and every Dogma of the Catholic Church.

“The man of God welcomes the light that searches his deeds and finds them true.”
(Saint Casimir, Prince of Poland, [b. in 1458 A.D. - d. at Grodno, Russia in 1484 A.D.]).

Truth is Treason in the Kingdom of Lies!

 
The Blessing
V. Sit + Nomen Domini benedictum.
R. Ex hoc nunc, et usque in saeculum.
V. Adjutorium nostrum in
Nomine Domini.
R. Qui fecit cœlum et terram.
V. Benedicat vos, Omnipotens Deus:
V. Pa + ter, et Fi + lius, et Spiritus + Sanctus, descendat super vos, et maneat semper.
R. Amen.
V. Blessed + be the Name of the Lord.
R. Now and for ever more.x
V. Our help is in the Name of the Lord.
mm
R. Who made Heaven and earth.
V. May Almighty God Bless thee:x
V. The Fa + ther, the + Son, and the Holy + Ghost, descend upon thee, and always remain with thee.
R. Amen.

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